Viñales Valley in Cuba

Monday, 9 September 2019 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage

© Kirua

© Kirua

Viñales Valley (Valle de Viñales) is a karstic depression in Cuba. The valley has an area of 132 km² (51 sq mi) and is located in the Sierra de los Órganos mountains (part of Guaniguanico range), just north of Viñales in the Pinar del Río Province.

Tobacco and other crops are cultivated on the bottom of the valley, mostly by traditional agriculture techniques. Many caves dot the surrounding hillfaces (Cueva del Indio, Cueva de José Miguel). The conspicuous limestone cliffs rising like islands from the bottom of the valley are called mogotes. They can be up to 300m tall. Viñales is a major tourist destination offering mainly hiking and rock climbing. The local climbing scene has started to take off in the last few years with many new routes being discovered resulting in an increase in local tourism.

Cueva del Indio © Z thomas/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Severin.stalder/cc-by-sa-3.0 Hotel Horizontes Los Jazmines © flickr.com - Abderrahman Ait Ali/cc-by-sa-2.0 © Kirua Uncertified ecological tabacco farming © Arnoud Joris Maaswinkel/cc-by-sa-4.0 Tabacco © flickr.com - Guillaume Baviere/cc-by-2.0 Tabacco drying © flickr.com - Guillaume Baviere/cc-by-2.0 Mural © Helene84/cc-by-sa-4.0 Mural © flickr.com - Abderrahman Ait Ali/cc-by-sa-2.0 Finca San Vicente © flickr.com - Guillaume Baviere/cc-by-2.0
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Hotel Horizontes Los Jazmines © flickr.com - Abderrahman Ait Ali/cc-by-sa-2.0
There are some mountain formations, unique in the island, called mogotes. These mogotes constitute unique geomorphological formations where some of them come to measure great height. These mogotes resemble a great diversity of forms because they are only comparable with those located in China and the peninsula of Malacca. In the valley, there are other elevations, such as Alturas de Pizarras, which are formed by a variety of rocks, the oldest existing throughout the country and also in the Caribbean area.

In the valley of Dos Hermanas, we can find the Mural of Prehistory, which is painted on a stone of one of the elevations. This mural shows the evolution of life in a natural sense of Cuba. The Mural of Prehistory is located in the mogote called Pita. It can be found on a perpendicular slope. The rock was washed and drains were also made in it to avoid erosion in the future due to the rain. It is 120 meters high and 160 meters in length. The artist was Leovigildo González Morillo, who was Director of Cartography of the Academy of Sciences of Cuba. In are going Guanahatabeyes Indians, species of mammals, gigantic animals, as well as some mollusks. In the Mural can be seen in 12 pieces the evolutionary process of men and animals in the Sierra de los Organs, in its different stages.

Read more on UNESCO.org – Valle de Viñales and Wikipedia Valle de Viñales (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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