Transatlantic relations

Saturday, 2 June 2018 - 06:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Editorial, European Union, General

Atlantic Ocean © NOAA - www.ngdc.noaa.gov

Atlantic Ocean © NOAA – www.ngdc.noaa.gov

(Latest update: 17 October 2019) Transatlantic relations refer to the historic, cultural, political, economic and social relations between countries on both side of the Atlantic Ocean. Sometimes specifically those between the United States, Canada and the countries in Europe, although other meanings are possible. There are a number of issues over which the United States and Europe generally disagree. Some of these are cultural, such as the U.S. use of the death penalty, some are international issues such as the Middle East peace process where the United States is often seen as pro-Israel and where Europe is often seen as pro-Arab (Arab–Israeli conflict), and many others are trade related. The current U.S. policies are often described as being unilateral in nature, whereas the European Union and Canada are often said to take a more multilateral approach, relying more on the United Nations and other international institutions to help solve issues. There are many other issues upon which they agree. This article refers to the relations between the EU (Culture of Europe, Economy of the European Union, History of Europe, and Politics of the European Union) and the USA (Culture of the United States, Economy of the United States, History of the United States, and Politics of the United States).



Content


Introduction
Transatlantic relations, as part of the post-war order after WWII, led to significant economic growth, democratization, freedom and peace in the West (G7). All who participated, including the later EU, benefited from it. By the election of the 45th US President (The Washington Post, 27 May 2018: Trump may be the worst presidential dealmaker in modern history), this order is now massively disrupted and threatens to remain damaged at least in the medium term. The remaining G6+1 (The Washington Post, 10 June 2018: Trump turns the G-7 into the G-6 vs. G-1) will continue to adhere to existing principles, rules and guidelines (World Trade Organization). However, it is questionable whether this will and can succeed without the US, when the other two major power blocs, the US and China, not only work against it, but pursue active, nationalistic isolation and protection policies.


Free Trade
While Trump (Iron Maiden: Can I Play With MadnessMadman Theory as part of the Game Theory) complains about supposedly unfair US product access to the EU and Germany’s supposedly unfair trade volume to the US, let’s take a look at the facts: One of Trump’s first official acts was to stopp TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership), an agreement that was meant to completely abolish all tariffs and access difficulties between the US and the EU. After that happened, Trump in all seriousness began to tell the fairy tale about “unfair conditions”, conditions that he himself actively supports and upholds by his own actions. Of course, a “TTIP Light” (no tariffs on industrial goods, etc.) would be possible as well, but even this alternative is been rejected by the “experts” of the US administration. In the meantime, a trade agreement has been signed between Mexico and the EU, and a free trade agreement (CETA) has been signed between Canada and the EU (European Union free trade agreements). The JEFTA (Japan-EU Free Trade Agreement) is scheduled to come into force in 2019 (BBC, 17 July 2018: EU signs its biggest free trade deal with Japan). A free trade agreement with the South American Mercosur is in preparation. Similar negotiations are underway with Australia and New Zealand. The EU’s approach to China is on the way, too. Trump dealt with the TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership) in the same way as with TTIP, while TPP was meant in particular to contain China’s activities in the Pacific region. This hasn’t worked out by active and own action of Trump, while at the same time the US President now tell the fairy tale about allegedly unfair trading conditions in China (in the core, he is right by mistake and for the wrong reasons). Meanwhile, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has ensured that TPP continues (CPTPP – Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership) even without the US. It’s not even possible to clarify fact-resistent # 45, that 70% of foreign direct investments in the US come from the EU and now provides 7 million jobs for Americans, in opposite to the 5 million jobs created by US direct investment in the EU. Even his narrow view of the transatlantic trade can at best be described as “uninformed”. While it is true that the US has a deficit of $ 153 billion in goods with the EU, it generates a surplus of $ 157 billion in services and corporate profits. In Trump’s “logic”, the US owes the EU at least $ 4 billion annually or in his words “The USA is treating the EU very unfairly. We see the EU as a piggy bank, that we are robbing off again and again. This has to stop. God and my German grandfather, great deal makers and the two awesome founders of the fantastic United States of America, doesn’t want us to rob anyone.” Germany’s alleged unfair trade volume with the United States corresponds to the share of US corporate investments in Germany. So, if you want to reduce trade volume, then of course, corporate investments need to be reduced to the same extent. This would Trump certainly like that much, that his Twitter account might explode. Much more simple-minded, fatuous, unprofessional and incompetent, a US president (and probably the most frequently sued New Yorker of all times) can neither talk, act nor tweet.

That Trump is serious about the isolation of the US can be seen at the US Department of State, which is in a state of disrepair since early January. After taking over the presidency by Trump, a large number of executives (including ambassadors – Bloomberg, 2 February 2018: At Trump’s State Department, Eight of Ten Top Jobs Are Empty) have canceld their jobs or were sacked, if they didn’t agree with Trump’s agenda. With them, a lot of very special know-how and a large number of contacts went south. To this day, the vacancies aren’t filled so that serious US foreign policy can only take place on a small scale (mainly at night on Twitter). It will take years to replenish and revive the gaps that have been torn.

The tariffs already imposed and announced suggest that the “experts” of the current US administration have never heard of global production and supply chains, and will be very surprised when the punitive measures and access difficulties to the US market will finally hit them (The Washington Post, 31 May 2018: Trump imposes steel and aluminum tariffs on the E.U., Canada and Mexico, BBC, 1 June 2018: US tariffs a dangerous game, says EU, NPR, 1 June 2018: U.S. Steel And Aluminum Tariffs Are ‘Illegal,’ EU Trade Commissioner Says, Reuters, 1 June 2018: Moment of truth arrives for EU after U.S. tariffs strike, DW, 1 June 2018: As US tariffs go into effect, Europe, Canada and Mexico strike back and The New York Times, 25 June 2018: Harley-Davidson, Blaming E.U. Tariffs, Will Move Some Production Out of U.S.). It will contribute to the generally good transatlantic mood, that from July 2018 on, the EU countermeasures (Reuters, 6 June 2018: EU plans to hit U.S. imports with duties from July) to Trump’s special tariffs will go into effect. They will hit those US states in particular, which will be important to Republicans during the primaries in early November 2018 (France24.com, 9 June 2018: Trump demands ‘no tariffs’ while defending steel, aluminum tariffs on US imports at G7, BBC, 9 June 2018: G7: Trump isolated over trade and Russia on first day, BBC, 9 June 2018: G7 commits to ‘rules-based trading system’ despite tensions with US, The New York Times, 9 June 2018: Trump Invitation to Russia Deepens Rift With America’s Allies, The New York Times, 9 June 2018: Trump Says U.S. Will No Longer Be ‘Piggy Bank That Everybody’s Robbing’, The Guardian, 10 June 2018: G7 in disarray after Trump rejects communique and attacks ‘weak’ Trudeau, The New York Times, 10 June 2018: Trump Refuses to Sign G-7 Statement and Calls Trudeau ‘Weak’, The Washington Post, 10 June 2018: European leaders are outraged by Trump over G-7 statement. But they’re not surprised., BBc, 10 June 2018: G7 summit: War of words erupts between US and key allies, CNN, 10 June 2018: McCain to allies: ‘Americans stand with you, even if our president doesn’t’, Senator Chuck Schumer, Senate Minority Leader, has his own view: Are we executing Putin’s diplomatic and national security strategy or AMERICA’s diplomatic and national security strategy?, The New York Times, 10 June 2018: Trump Tries to Destroy the West, The New York Times, 10 June 2018: Escalating Clash With Canada, Trump Is Isolated Before North Korea Meeting, The Washington Post, 6 June 2018: Schumer seeks Obama’s help for Senate Democrats in midterm elections, Deutsche Welle, 13 June 2018: Germany’s answer to ‘America First’ is ‘Europe United’, Project Syndicate, written by Guy Verhofstadt: Why “America First” Means “Europe United”, Reuters, 14 June 2018: EU nations back retaliating against U.S. steel tariffs, Haaretz, 12 June 2018: If You Boycott Israel, Shouldn’t You Boycott Trump’s America as Well? (The New York Times, 24 April 2019: Would Any Atrocity Turn Off Investors to Saudi Arabia?), The Guardian, 9 July 2018: Liberal Europe isn’t dead yet. But its defenders face a long, hard struggle, Politico.com, 16 April 2019: U.S. to announce tough policy on businesses in Cuba, France24, 17 April 2019: EU, Canada reject Trump’s Cuba sanctions policy and DW, 17 April 2019: New US policy on seized property in Cuba threatens EU ties (the funny thing is that Cuban exiles from the US have invested huge sums of dollars in Cuba with the help of Cuban middlemen, primarily in real estate. So, this shot is likely to end up in the foot of the US president. The Palestinians will be happy to note the Trump administration’s decision, as it will open the way for them to seek compensation for expropriation from Israel. The “stable genius” Donnie, once again, did a great job)). As a countermeasure to his own punitive tariffs, Trump now focuses on socialism in the US and provides subsidies to farmers. If only the Republicans knew, as “socialism” is to them what “hell” is for religious Christians: Politico, 24 July 2018: Trump to offer farmers $12B in trade aid. At least higher tariffs on cars seems to be off the table for the moment, even though they might be back on the table after the midterm elections: Politico, Trump isolated in his push for tariffs on foreign cars.


Iran
In the dispute over the Iran deal, the EU has now come a step further to protect small and medium-sized EU companies that are not active in the US business but want to do business in Iran – and there are surprisingly many of them given. The European Commission has created a protection mechanism against US sanctions and has authorized the European Investment Bank to carry out payment transactions. By contrast, large companies and corporations can not benefit from the protection mechanism (National Review, 28 August 2017: How to Get Out of the Iran Nuclear Deal, The New York Times, 23 May 2018: Deep in the Desert, Iran Quietly Advances Missile Technology, Haaretz, 31 May 2018: Ex-Mossad Chief Says He Questioned Legality of Netanyahu’s Order to Prepare Iran Strike, NBC News, 14 July 2018: U.S. refuses European requests for exemptions from its new sanctions on Iran, Reuters, 11 December 2018: German exports to Iran soar ahead of U.S. sanctions, Newsweek, 13 December 2018: Trump’s Iran Sanctions Create a Triple Threat to the West, ABC News, 25 December 2018: Iran submits first budget since US sanctions were restored, The Washington Post, 9 January 2019: Already reeling from tariff war, some farmers aren’t receiving government support checks amid shutdown, The Guardian, 31 January 2019: Europe sets up scheme to get round US sanctions on Iran, Bloomberg, 31 January 2019: Europe Protects Itself From Trump’s Caprice, The New York Times, 31 January 2019: 3 European Nations Create Firm to Trade With Iran, but Will Anyone Use It?, European Comission: Iran, Instex (AP News, 8 August 2019: Designated Head of Europe-Iran Trade Entity Won’t Take Job, Jerusalem Post, 8 August 2019: German Ambassador se to run EU-Iran trade resigns, linked to Holocaust denier), Foreign Policy, 13 February 2019: Iran’s Economy Is Crumbling, but Collapse Is a Long Way Off, France 24, 22 February 2019: Iran is holding up its end of nuclear deal, shows IAEA report, Times of Israel, 22 February 2019: UN nuclear watchdog say Iran staying within limits of 2015 deal, The Guardian, 15 March 2019: US to deny visas for ICC members investigating alleged war crimes, The Washington Post, 15 March 2019: U.S. will not give visas to employees of the International Criminal Court (a full admission of guilt can not be formulated much clearer), Times of Israel, 6 April 2019: US said set to declare Iran’s Revolutionary Guards as terrorist group, France24, 8 April 2019: US designates Iran’s Revolutionary Guards a ‘terrorist organisation’, The New York Times, 8 April 2019: Trump Designates Iran’s Revolutionary Guard a Foreign Terrorist Group, Jerusalem Post, 8 April 2019: Netanyahu praises Trump for putting Iran’s Revolutionary Guards on terror list, Times of Israel, 8 April 2019: Netanyahu says Trump designated Iran Guards a terror group at his request, The New York Times, 22 April 2019: U.S. Moves to Stop All Nations From Buying Iranian Oil, BBC, 22 April 2019: Iran oil: US to end sanctions exemptions for major importers, Reuters, 22 April 2019: U.S. to end all waivers on Iran oil imports, crude price jumps, Jerusalem Post, 22 April 2019: Netanyahu lauds Trump decision to eleminate Iran oil waivers, Times of Israel, 22 April 2019: Iran threatens to close Strait of Hormuz after US ends sanction waivers, France24, 23 April 2019: US sanctions over Iran oil will ‘intensify Mideast turmoil’: China, Times of Israel, 24 April 2019: Iran threatens ‘consequences’ if US takes ‘crazy measure’ of blocking oil sales, Times of Israel, 25 April 2019: Zarif accuses Netanyahu and Saudis of trying to provoke US into war with Iran, The Guardian, 24 April 2019: Iran will continue to defy US oil sanctions, says Tehran (Netanyahu and Trump (The New York Times, 9 July 2019: Who Is a Bigger Threat to His Democracy: Bibi or Trump?) obviously want to drive Iran to self-defense actions and then, of course, once again, mendacious and hypocritical as both are, cry into the cameras that Iran would have to take full responsibility for it. Netanyahu and Trump apparently assume that the rest of the world is just as limited in their ability to think as they are themselves. At any rate, they are closer to their goal of imposing war on Iran than ever before (2020 United States presidential election, Rally ’round the flag effect, United States sanctions against Iran, The Guardian, 6 May 2019: US deploys aircraft carrier and bombers after ‘troubling indications’ from Iran, gunboat diplomacy, psychological warfare, BBC, 6 May 2019: US sends aircraft carrier and bomber task force to ‘warn Iran’, France24, 8 May 2019: Iran nuclear deal: what happens now?, The Guardian, 8 May 2019: Trump’s antics over Iran have endangered us all. The stakes are now lethally high, The National, 8 May 2019: European pressure on Tehran is needed, The Guardian, 8 May 2019: Iran announces partial withdrawal from nuclear deal, BBC, 8 May 2019: Iran nuclear deal: Tehran urged to honour commitments, The New York Times, 8 May 2019: U.S. Threatens New Sanctions as Iran Plans to End Compliance With Parts of Nuclear Deal, Washington Post, 8 May 2019: Why Russia is the big winner of the Iran deal fallout, Washington Post, 8 May 2019: Iran announces it will stop complying with parts of landmark nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 8 May 2019: Democrats warn Trump is leading US toward war with Iran, France24, 8 May 2019: Trump tightens Iran sanctions as France warns against ‘escalation’, The Guardian, 9 May 2019: EU rejects Iran’s two-month ultimatum on nuclear deal, France24, 9 May 2019: Europe rejects Iran’s ‘ultimatum’ but stands by nuclear deal, The Guardian, 10 May 2019: Trump’s foolish Iran policy only makes war more likely, The Washington Post, 11 May 2019: Why the U.S.-Iran Conflict Is Now Coming to a Head, i24 News, 12 May 2019: Analysis: Will escalation between US, Iran revive Netanyahu’s decade-old strike plans?, Times of Israel, 12 May 2019: Amid US-Iran tension, Israeli minister fears Tehran ‘may fire rockets at Israel’, The Guardian, 12 May 2019: US war against Iran is impossible, claims Iranian general, The Guardian, 13 May 2019: Iran-US tensions are reaching new heights – and neither is likely to blink, The Guardian, 13 May 2019: Europe urges Mike Pompeo and US to show restraint towards Iran, The New York Times, 13 May 2019: White House Reviews Military Plans Against Iran, in Echoes of Iraq War, The National, 13 May 2019: Mike Pompeo delays Russia visit to lobby against Iran deal in Brussels, Al Jazeera, 13 May 2019: ‘Maximum restraint’: Europe allies reject US escalation with Iran, The National, 13 May 2019: The US and Europe must unite over Iran, The Washington Post, 13 May 2019: Pompeo crashes Brussels meeting of E.U. diplomats but changes few minds on Iran, The Times, 14 May 2019: US could stumble into a war with Iran, allies tell Mike Pompeo, The New York Times, 14 May 2019: It’s Time for the Leaders of Saudi Arabia and Iran to Talk, The Washington Post, 14 May 2019: It’s up to Israelis to stop Iran’s nuclear program. Here’s how they did it before., Times of Israel, 15 May 2019: Allies split with US over Iranian threat as war worries mount, The New York Times, 14 May 2019: Skeptical U.S. Allies Resist Trump’s New Claims of Threats From Iran, Haaretz, 15 May 2019: Iran Vows to Defeat ‘American-Zionist Alliance’ as Putin Warns Against U.S. Pressure, BBC, 15 May 2019: US pulls ‘non-emergency staff’ from Iraq as Iran tensions mount, Times of Israel, 15 May 2019: Iran’s defense minister: ‘We will defeat the American-Zionist front’, Arab News, 16 May 2019: Iran must not go unpunished, Haaretz, 16 May 2019: If the U.S. Goes to War With Iran, Netanyahu Will Be the Prime Suspect, Arab News, 18 May 2019: Gulf nations ‘approve US request to deploy troops in the Gulf’, Times of Israel, 18 May 2019: Saudi newspaper calls on Washington to launch strikes on Iran, Jerusalem Post, 19 May 2019: Saudi Arabia says it seeks to avert war, ball in Iran’s court, Times of Israel, 20 May 2019: Trump warns if Tehran attacks, it will be ‘official end of Iran’, Haaretz, 20 May 2019: Trump: ‘If Iran Wants to Fight, That Will Be the Official End of Iran’, The Guardian, 20 May 2019: Iran hits back at Trump for tweeting ‘genocidal taunts’, Jerusalem Post, 20 May 2019: Iranian commander: We are ready to confront the enemy, Times of Israel, 20 May 2019: Hitting back at Trump, Zarif says ‘genocidal taunts won’t end Iran’ (the whole extent of Trump’s stupidity shows again: Only those who are members of a club can change its rules. On the other hand, anyone who leaves the club and roars around from the fence just looks like a ridiculous idiot. With Benjamin Netanyahu’s forced unilateral termination of the Iran deal, the US president has reached exactly this position. An emperor without clothes), Times of Israel, 20 May 2019: Iran quadruples low-enriched uranium production, Times of Israel, 21 May 2019: Rouhani: In current situation, Iran chooses path of ‘resistance only’, The New York Times, 23 May 2019: Trump Officials Prepare to Bypass Congress to Sell Weapons to Gulf Nations, Politico.com, 23 May 2019: Dianne Feinstein’s dinner with the foreign minister of Iran, Times of Israel, 24 May 2019: Trump to invoke emergency to sell arms to Saudis, citing Iran threat, CNN, 24 May 2019: Trump declares emergency to expedite arms sales to Saudi Arabia and UAE, Jerusalem Post, 24 May 2019: Controvery in Iran amid reports Zarif met U.S. senator, Times of Israel, 29 May 2019: Netanyahu uncommonly quiet as US-Iran crisis escalates, Jerusalem Post, 29 May 2019: German intel: Iran wants to expand to weapons of mass destruction, France24, 31 May 2019: Saudi king demands firm action against ‘criminal’ Iran at Arab summit, Al Jazeera, 31 May 2019: Iran rejects Saudi Arabia’s ‘baseless’ allegations at Arab summit, Times of Israel, 31 May 2019: Iran accuses Saudi Arabia of ‘sowing division’ to Israel’s benefit, Times of Israel, 1 June 2019: Saudi king says will reject US measures that ‘prejudice’ Jerusalem, Jerusalem Post, 1 June 2019: Handshakes, Jerusalem and Iran: The politics of the Saudi summits, Times of Israel, 1 June 2019: Iran president says Islamic Republic won’t be ‘bullied’ into US talks, Times of Israel, 1 June 2019: Khomeini’s legacy looms over Iran, 30 years after his death, Times of Israel, 6 June 2019: Saudi missile program expanded with help from China, US intel said to show, Iran Press, 6 June 2019: German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas to visit Iran next week, Times of Israel, 6 June 2019: Trump signals readiness for negotiations with Iran, Jerusalem Post, 7 June 2019: Iran rejects French call for wider talks beyond nuclear deal – state TV, The New York Times, 7 June 2019: Trump Allows High-Tech U.S. Bomb Parts to Be Built in Saudi Arabia, France24, 7 June 2019: Iran rejects France’s call for wider talks beyond nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 8 June 2019: Iran said accelerating uranium centrifuge production, anticipating deal collapse, Times of Israel, 8 June 2019: US hits Iran with new sanctions targeting petrochemicals, Times of Israel, 8 June 2019: Iran says new US sanctions show offer for talks is ‘hollow’, France24, 8 June 2019: Iran says selling oil through ‘unconventional’ means, Jerusalem Post, 8 June 2019: Understanding the Saudi, UAE arms deals and Iran, The Guardian, 10 June 2019: Iran’s foreign minister warns US ‘cannot expect to stay safe’, Jerusalem Post, 10 June 2019: Iran welcomes German FM to pressure Europe on nuke deal, France24, 10 June 2019: Germany urges Iran to stick to nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 10 June 2019: Iran’s top envoy: Netanyahu wants to destroy us, and we will respond, Jerusalem Post, 10 June 2019: Iran foreign minister slams Netanyahu and Trumo ‘deal’, Times of Israel, 10 June 2019: UN nuclear watchdog: Iran uranium production up, can’t confirm compliance, Times of Israel, 12 June 2019: Japan premier hopes to ease US-Iran tensions in Tehran visit, Times of Israel, 13 June 2019: Khamenei: Iran doesn’t want nuclear bomb, but US couldn’t stop us if we did, The Guardian, 13 June 2019: Two oil tankers struck in suspected attacks in Gulf of Oman, France24, 13 June 2019: US blames Iran for attacks on oil tankers in Gulf of Oman, The Guardian, 14 June 2019: US says video shows Iranian military removing mine from tanker, France24, 14 June 2019: US releases video accusing Iran of tanker attack, Tehran blasts ‘Iranophobic campaign’, The Guardian, 14 June 2019: Trump blames Iran for oil tanker attacks and calls country a ‘nation of terror’, The New York Times, 14 June 2019: Distrusting Both Iran and U.S., Europe Urges ‘Maximum Restraint’, Al Jazeera, 14 June 2019: ‘Ridiculous, dangerous’: Iran denies US claims over Gulf tankers, The New York Times, 14 June 2019: Was Iran Behind the Oman Tanker Attacks? A Look at the Evidence, The New York Times, 14 June 2019: Iran and the U.S. Are on a Collision Course, France24, 14 June 2019: Trump accuses Iran of tanker attacks but flags need for talks, The Guardian, 15 June 2019: Iran-US dispute grows over attacks on oil tankers in Gulf of Oman, The New York Times, 16 June 2019: In Face-Off With Iran, Escalation May Depend on Who Prevails Inside Washington and Tehran, The New York Times, 17 June 2019: Iran Threatens to Violate Nuclear Deal’s Limits on Uranium Enrichment, The Guardian, 17.06.2019: Iran to break uranium stockpile limit set by nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: After enrichment threat, US accuses Iran of ‘nuclear extortion’, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: Germany, UK warn Iran over enrichment threat; EU takes wait-and-see approach, Jerusalem Post, 17 June 2019: U.N. officials: U.S. planning a ‘tactical assault’ in Iran, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: After enrichment threat, US accuses Iran of ‘nuclear extortion’, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: Germany, UK warn Iran over enrichment threat; EU takes wait-and-see approach, Jerusalem Post, 17 June 2019: U.N. officials: U.S. planning a ‘tactical assault’ in Iran, Times of Israel, 18 June 2019: US deploying 1,000 more troops to Middle East as Iran tensions soar, France24, 18 June 2019: US deploys 1000 more troops to Middle East, citing ‘hostile behaviour’ from Iran, The Guardian, 18 June 2019: US to send 1,000 more troops to Middle East, citing ‘hostile behavior’ by Iran, The Guardian, 18 June 2019: The Trump administration’s dangerous fever dream about Iran, The Guardian, 19 June 2019: UK, France and Germany in last-ditch effort to save Iran deal, The Guardian, 19 June 2019: A US war with Iran looms. Don’t for one second think that it is justified, Times of Israel, 18 June 2019: , The Guardian, 18 June 2019: The Iran crisis was created in Washington. The US must be talked down, Jerusalem Post, 19 June 2019: Kremlin says Russia-Us_Israel meeting ‘very important’, CNN, 20 June 2019: Iran shoots down US drone aircraft, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: Iran shoots down US drone, The New York Times, 20 June 2019: Attacking Iran Is Congress’s Call, Times of Israel, 20 June 2019: US official confirms Iran shot down drone, says it was in international airspace, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: Iran shoots down US ‘spy’ drone, Times of Israel, 20 June 2019: Moscow to look out for Iranian interests in upcoming Jerusalem meet, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: US joins four rogue countries seen as likely forces for bad, poll finds, The Guardian, 21 June 2019: Donald Trump ‘cancelled Iran strikes with planes in the air’, France24, 21 June 2019: US approved, then scrapped Iran strikes after drone shooting, US media say, CNN, 21 June 2019: Military operation against Iran was set before Trump called it off, CNN, 21 June 2019: How Donald Trump created one hell of a mess with Iran, The New York Times, 21 June 2019: Trump Stopped Strike on Iran Because It Was ‘Not Proportionate’, Al Jazeera, 18 June 2019: ‘Brink of war’: World leaders push for Iran-US restraint, Al Jazeera, 20 June 2019: The Saudi-UAE axis has destabilising plans beyond the Gulf, The National, 21 June 2019: Prince Khalid bin Salman: Saudi Arabia supports ‘maximum pressure’ on Iran, The Guardian, 21 June 2019: The Guardian view on Iran and Trump: the risks remain, The National, 21 June 2019: Donald Trump confirms reversing order for strikes on Iran, Arab News, 21 June 2019: Trump warned Iran via Oman that US attack was imminent, called for talks, Reuters, 21 June 2019: Trump’s half-cocked and loaded tweet draws barrage of reaction, Arab News, 21 June 2019: Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman speaks with Donald Trump on Iran, The New York Times, 21 June 2019: Urged to Launch an Attack, Trump Listened to the Skeptics Who Said It Would Be a Costly Mistake, The Guardian, 22 June 2019: Foreign Office minister to visit Iran to call for ‘urgent de-escalation’, Al Jazeera, 22 June 2019: Iran-US standoff: A timeline of key events, France24, 23 June 2019: US launched cyber attack on Iranian computer systems, The National, 23 June 2019: US-Iran tensions remain high as UAE calls for de-escalation, The Guardian, 23 June 2019: Trump says ‘absolutely broken’ Iran will face major new sanctions, France24, 23 June 2019: Saudi minister of state for foreign affairs: ‘Iran’s policies are not acceptable and have to change’ (Netanyahu has been trying to engage Iran in war for decades, first with the help of the Bush II administration, now with the help of the Trump administration, and the Iranian leadership simply does not fall for his tricks – how mean of them. It remains to be seen what the simpletons Netanyahu and Trump will come up next with to reach their goal in any case. Again, it is obvious that Iran is playing “3D chess“, while Netanyahu and Trump are just able to play “Mensch ärgere Dich nicht“. On the other hand, it should also be clear to Iran that the support of Hezbollah, Hamas, the Islamic Jihad in Palestine and the Houthis does not contribute to deepening international friendships or building confidence in international relations. Even if the Trump administration is understandably unsuitable as a negotiating partner, it should have spread to Teheran that the other signatories to the Iran deal were not only concerned with the continuation and observance of the treaty, but want to include the Irian ballistic missile programs as well. In the knowledge of the connections, it should not be difficult for Iran to offer the remaining contractual partners from the Iran deal corresponding additional contract formulations. Thus, the contract would be in tact and would have lasting existence, at the same time all sanction reasons would be omitted and as a cherry on the cake, the US would be permanently barred by pressure from Netanyahu from the Iran deal. That would sell well even with the Iranian hardliners and inflict enormous political damage on Trump. That would be the first part. In order to turn the tables completely against Netanyahu and Trump, who apparently want to see the Middle East burn, and to put a crown on top, it would also be smart to start a Peace and Neighborhood Initiative with the Arab Gulf States very soon, in order to conclude a non-aggression pact and in the course start the pacification process in Yemen, while making sure that Iran, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates come out of it by keeping their faces. This would lead to an groundbreaking agreement for the region, based on its own initiative. That would be a precedent for the whole region and could be the start of much broader regional cooperation for a prosperous future. For the West in particular, it has never been comprehensible why Muslims have been fighting each other for decades for essentially vain reasons. Because, to be honest, wars about the interpretation of Islam (Tafsir, Sunnis and Shias) are about as meaningful as the war between Coca-Cola and Pepsi Cola, or about whose imaginary friend is cooler. It would be a signal of reason and strength to put an end on this kind of action, based on a regional initiative. In view of the fact that even Muslims in the region are less and less religious, the time for an inner-Muslim peace initiative would be absolutely right (The Guardian, 24 June 2019: Arab world turns its back on religion – and its ire on the US, BBC, 24 June 2019: The Arab world in seven charts: Are Arabs turning their backs on religion?). There will certainly come the objection “Yes, that’s a good thing, but the Muslim countries have been waging unnecessary wars against each other for centuries, and they’re not going to stop that!” Given the current situation, which can easily lead to the entire Arabian Peninsula, Iran and the countries of the Levant being plunged into a firestorm, such a peace initiative would be one of the few emergency exits and solutions to cool the overall situation down a bit, prevent widespread war, but at the same time send very positive signals for future developments), The New York Times, 23 June 2019: Trump’s Iran Reversal Raises Allies’ Doubts Over His Tactics, and U.S. Power, CNN, 23 June 2019: Why Trump can’t fill the gaping holes in his government, France24, 24 June 2019: USA’s Pompeo seeks global coalition against Iran as fresh sanctions due to be announced, The Guardian, 24 June 2019: Donald Trump orders fresh sanctions against Iran’s Ali Khamenei, Times of Israel, 24 June 2019: Europe cool on Iran coalition talk, seeks deescalation, Haaretz, 24 June 2019: Trump on Iran: Will Talk Without ‘Preconditions’ — Warns Bolton Would Go to War With the World, Times of Israel, 24 June 2019: Zarif: Netanyahu, Bolton, Gulf leaders ‘thirst for war’ between Iran, US, The National, 24 June 2019: Pompeo visits UAE and Saudi as Trump puts new sanctions on Iran, Jerusalem Post, 24 June 2019: Putin adviser: Israel’s security important, Russian “countrymen” are here, Haaretz, 24 June 2019: As Winds of War Blow in Gulf, Trump Will Try to Workshop Mideast Peace, Arab News, 24 June 2019: King Salman meets Pompeo amid US-Iran tensions, Times of Israel, 25 June 2019: Pompeo pushes Gulf allies on chipping in to counter Iran, USA Today, 25 June 2019: Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani calls new US sanctions ‘outrageous and idiotic’, The Guardian, 25 June 2019: Iran says it will never build a nuclear weapon, France24, 25 June 2019: Iran says new US sanctions mean ‘permanent closure’ of diplomacy, Times of Israel, 25 June 2019: Rouhani says US ‘lying’ about talks offer, suffers from ‘mental retardation’, The New York Times, 25 June 2019: Trump Threatens ‘Obliteration’ of Iran, as Sanctions Dispute Escalates, Haaretz, 25 June 2019: Contradicting Trump, Top Putin Adviser Says U.S. Drone Downed in Iranian Airspace, Times of Israel, 25 June 2019: In trilateral Jerusalem summit, Russia sides with Iran, against Israel and US, The Guardian, 25 June 2019: Trump threatens ‘obliteration’ after Iran suggests he has a ‘mental disorder’, France24, 25 June 2019: Iran says new US sanctions mean ‘permanent closure’ of diplomacy, CNN, 25 June 2019: Iranian president says White House is ‘suffering mental disability’ over sanctions, The New York Times, 25 June 2019: Trump Takes On China and Persia at Once. What’s to Worry About?, The Guardian, 26 June 2019: Iran’s ultimatum on breaching nuclear deal puts EU3 on the spot, France24, 26 June 2019: Iraq must not be dragged into another regional war: president, The National, 26 June 2019: Iraq president vows country will not be used as platform of Middle East instability, CNN, 26 June 2019: The US isn’t interested in dialogue with Iran, France says, Al Jazeera, 26 June 2019: Iran-US tensions: All the latest updates, The National, 26 June 2019: Averting conflict with Iran is the right move, but Trump’s margins for manoeuvre are limited, CNN, 26 June 2019: US is ‘not in a position to obliterate Iran,’ Iranian foreign minister says, Al Jazeera, 25 June 2019: Has the door closed on diplomacy between Iran and US?, The Guardian, 26 June 2019: EU makes last-ditch effort to keep Iran from leaving nuclear deal, The New York Times, 26 June 2019: This Isn’t About Iran. It’s About China., Times of Israel, 27 June 2019: Iran tells UN it cannot uphold nuclear deal ‘alone’, Times of Israel, 27 June 2019: Iran said to be short of uranium limit but expected to reach it by weekend, The Guardian, 27 June 2019: Iran holds back on threat to breach nuclear deal, The Guardian, 27 June 2019: UK and other powers to hold crunch talks with Iran over nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 28 June 2019: Iran, nuclear deal partners to meet as accord under threat, Haaretz, 28 June 2019: U.S.-Iran Tensions: What the Key Players Around Trump Are Pushing For, Al Jazeera, 28 June 2019: Nuclear talks progress ‘not enough’ for Iran to change course, The National, 29 June 2019: Iran says progress at last-ditch nuclear deal talks ‘not enough’, Palestine Chronicle, 29 June 2019: An Honorable Course in Iran: End Sanctions, Resume Dialogue, France24, 29 June 2019: UAE scales down troops in Yemen as Iran-Gulf tensions mount, Times of Israel, 29 June 2019: Senate fails to limit Trump war powers amid Iran tensions, Haaretz, 29 June 2019: Why Trump May End Up Calling Rohani ‘Dear Friend’ After All, Arab News, 30 June 2019: The rise and fall of the Iran nuclear deal (the recent episode between the US and North Korea already shows clearly that Iran would be well advised to promptly acquire nuclear weapons from North Korea, China, Russia or India to be able to respond to any military aggression with the strongest possible power. The easiest way would be a deal between North Korea and Iran (oil against nuclear warheads), especially since both countries are under maximum US sanctions and therefore couldn’t care less about what Trumps USA and its few remaining allies think about it. Of course, Iran would not use the nuclear warheads, because following the proverb “jumped as a lion and landed as a bedside rug” the US would then immediately withdraw. Netanyahu’s aggressions against Iran would certainly end soon, too). The next escalation stage should not be long in coming, especially since Iran is unable to transport abroad enriched heavy water and the amount exceeding the limit of 300 kg of slightly enriched material due to US sanctions. So Iran will again not be at fault here, even when the “Fake News” experts Netanyahu and Trump will of course try to make it look the other way round), The New York Times, 30 June 2019: Trump’s Iran Strategy Will Fail. Here’s Why., The Guardian, 1 July 2019: Iran breaks nuclear deal and puts pressure on EU over sanctions, France24, 1 July 2019: Iran has broken stockpile limit set by nuclear deal, FM Zarif says, BBC, 1 July 2019: Iran nuclear deal: Enriched uranium limit breached, IAEA confirms, CNN, 1 July 2019: Iran exceeds uranium caps set by nuclear deal, foreign minister says, Al Jazeera, 1 July 2019: Iran nuclear deal: Tehran exceeds enriched uranium limit, The New York Times, 1 July 2019: Iran Passes Critical Nuclear Fuel Limit Under 2015 Pact, State Media Reports, The Washington Post, 1 July 2019: U.N. watchdog confirms Iran has breached nuclear deal stockpile limit, Al Jazeera, 1 July 2019: INSTEX: Doubts linger over Europe’s Iran sanctions workaround, Arab News, 1 July 2019: IAEA confirms Iran’s enriched uranium stockpile exceeds nuclear deal limit, The National, 1 July 2019: Iran tensions set to mount as Tehran breaches uranium enrichment limit, The Guardian, 1 July 2019: EU powers resist calls for Iran sanctions after breach of nuclear deal, BBC, 1 July 2019: Iran’s nuclear deal is on life support. Can it be saved?, The New York Times, 1 July 2019: Iran Passed Its Uranium Limit. What Happens Next?, Al Jazeera, 2 July 2019: ‘Seriously?’: Zarif mocks US, insists Iran has not violated deal, Saudi Gazette, 2 July 2019: Macron calls on Iran to ‘immediately’ reduce enriched uranium reserves, The National, 2 July 2019: European Union urges Iran to comply with nuclear deal, Palestine Chronicle, 2 July 2019: Iran is Not Iraq: American Warmongers Must Be Stopped, The National, 2 July 2019: Iran seeks influence over Europe by tampering with nuclear deal, Arab News, 3 July 2019: Regional realities see Germany focus on Gulf over Iran, The National, 3 July 2019: Renegotiate or Iran will breach more nuclear deal commitments, Hassan Rouhani tells EU, Arab News, 3 July 2019: Iran warns it will increase nuclear enrichment within days, France24, 4 July 2019: Iran condemns, US applauds Britain’s seizure of Iranian oil tanker at Gibraltar, BBC, 4 July 2019: Iran summons UK ambassador in tanker seizure row, CNN, 5 July 2019: Gibraltar seizes Iranian oil tanker bound for Syria, The Guardian, 5 July 2019: Iran fury as Royal Marines seize tanker suspected of carrying oil to Syria, Al Jazeera, 5 July 2019: Iran demands UK release of oil tanker held in Gibraltar, Times of Israel, 5 July 2019: US: Detention of tanker loaded with Iranian crude is ‘excellent news’, BBC, 5 July 2019: Iranian official threatens to seize British oil tanker, Times of Israel, 5 July 2019: UN nuclear watchdog to hold emergency meeting on Iran next week, The Guardian, 6 July 2019: Iran says it is ready to enrich uranium beyond nuclear deal levels, The National, 6 July 2019: Iran planning to boost uranium enrichment level, official says, Arab News, 6 July 2019: Iran hints it could enrich uranium to 5% for ‘peaceful’ means, Al Arabiya, 6 July 2019: Iran to announce more reductions to nuclear deal commitments, Al Jazeera, 6 July 2019: The economic impact of US sanctions on Iran’s streets, The Guardian, 6 July 2019: Iran breaks nuclear deal enrichment targets for second time (Iran would then have gone into the obvious trap set by Netanyahu and Trump), The New York Times, 7 July 2019: Why This Narrow Strait Next to Iran: Is So Critical to the World’s Oil Supply, Arab News, 7 July 2019: Iran to exceed 2015 nuclear deal uranium enrichment cap, Gulf News 7 July 2019: Iran ramping up uranium enrichment beyond 2015 deal limits, France24, 7 July 2019: Iran announces it will exceed uranium enrichment cap in latest breach of nuclear deal, Al Jazeera, 7 July 2019: Iran plays diplomatic hardball ahead of enrichment deadline, Arab News, 7 July 2019: US sent message to Iran after drone downing, warning of limited strike: Iranian official, The National, 7 July 2019: Iran uranium enrichment: why do the nuclear deal limits matter?, BBC, 7 July 2019: Iran nuclear deal: Government announces enrichment breach, Al Jazeera, 7 July 2019: A beginner’s guide to enriching uranium, Arab News, 7 July 2019: Europe should pull the plug on Iran nuclear deal, CNN, 7 July 2019: Iran to breach uranium enrichment limits set by landmark nuclear deal, Saudi Gazette, 7 July 2019: Macron condemns Iranian violation of 2015 nuclear commitments, Haaretz, 7 July 2019: Iran Set to Breach Enriched Uranium Level Allowed by Nuke Deal, Al Jazeera, 7 July 2019: Iran set to exceed uranium enrichment limit in 2015 nuclear deal, The New York Times, 7 July 2019: Iran Announces New Breach of Nuclear Deal Limits, and Threatens Further Violations, The National, 7 July 2019: Iran, France seek conditions to resume nuclear talks by mid-July, Times of Israel, 7 July 2019: Netanyahu likens Iran’s enrichment breach to Nazis’ 1936 occupation of Rhineland (this simpleton and main responsible for the warmongering against Iran need to be replaced urgently. One can only hope for Israel and the entire region that Netanyahu will lose the election in September 2019 and then get a well-deserved and long-term prison sentence), Haaretz, 7 July 2019: After Iran Nuke Deal Breach, Netanyahu Calls on World Powers to Impose ‘Snapback Sanctions’, Saudi Gazette, 7 July 2019: Britain, Germany tell Iran to stop, reverse nuclear activities, Haaretz, 7 July 2019: Bibi and Trump’s Iran Dilemma: Wage War or Win an Election, Times of Israel, 7 July 2019: European powers call on Iran to halt nuke deal breach, but balk at sanctions, Jerusalem Post, 7 July 2019: When Netanyahu talks about Iran, chances slim of anyone shooting – analysis, CNN, 7 July 2019: Iran’s slow-burn nuclear strategy: Wait out Trump and get new deal from his successor, Haaretz, 7 July 2019: Netanyahu Is Leading Trump Into Disaster With Iran, Guardian, 7 July 2019: Iran’s uranium enrichment programme: the science explained, Politico.com, 8 July 2019: The U.S. and Qatar: A critical relationship: Al Udeid: Home to 11,000 U.S. troops and critical to winning the War on Terror, Al Arabiya, 8 July 2019: Iran: Enriching uranium to 20 pct an option in next steps to reduce commitments, Haaretz, 8 July 2019: Iran Still Has Room to Maneuver, but Trump Is Running Out of Diplomatic Options, Al Jazeera, 8 July 2019: Iran passes new nuclear deal limit as China blames US for crisis, Arab News, 9 July 2019: Europeans take first step to punish Iran over nuclear pact breaches, Saudi Gazette, 9 July 2019: Europeans take first step to punish Iran over nuclear pact breaches, Haaretz, 9 July 2019: European Foreign Ministers Call for ‘Urgent’ Meeting Over Iran Nuke Deal Breach, Times of Israel, 9 July 2019: Netanyahu warns Iran that Israel’s F-35s can reach ‘anywhere in the Middle East’, France24, 9 July 2019: Macron seeks leading EU role in Iran crisis, Times of Israel, 9 July 2019: Iran’s Zarif hints US, Israeli demands for zero enrichment will backfire, Jerusalem Post, 9 July 2019: Secret meetings between U.S., Iran officials in Iraq – report, The Guardian, 10 July 2019: Iran refuses to end breach of nuclear deal until it gets ‘full rights’, BBC, 10 July 2019: US to enlist military allies in Gulf and Yemen waters, BBC, 11 July 2019: Threat level raised to ‘critical’ for UK ships in Iranian waters (after the British downgraded themselves to lapdogs of the USA with the help of the Brexit, they have no choice but to play a role in Netanyahu’s and Trump’s dirty game. The British consumers, and especially their agriculture, will certainly be even more pleased to note that they “will be allowed” to import vast quantities of US agricultural products in the future to minimise the fallout of Trump’s trade war with China), France24, 11 July 2019: UK says it prevented Iranian Revolutionary Guard from intercepting oil tanker, CNN, 11 July 2109: Iranian boats attempted to seize a British tanker in the Strait of Hormuz, Jerusalem Post, 11 July 2019: Iran’s hard-to-attack underground nuke facility part of increasing threat, CNN, 12 July 2019: UK raises threat level and sends second warship to Persian Gulf as Iran tensions simmer, The Guardian, 12 July 2019: UK to step up its military presence in Gulf amid crisis with Iran, Haaretz, 12 July 2019: As Iran Tensions Flare, Israel Suspects Trump Aims for ‘Nuclear Deal 2.0’, Times of Israel, 13 July 2019: Nasrallah warns Israel could be ‘wiped out’ in war between US and Iran, Jerusalem Post, 13 July 2019: Iranian foreign minister heading to New York for U.N. conference – IRNA, Mail on Sunday, 13 July 2019: Trump axed Iran deal to spite Obama: How the British ambassador called the President’s actions ‘diplomatic vandalism’ fueled by ‘personality reasons’ – as revealed in more explosive cables that have sparked a free speech row while Iran tensions mount, BBC, 14 July 2019: New leak claims Trump scrapped Iran nuclear deal ‘to spite Obama’, CNN, 14 July 2019: Daily Mail: Leaked cables show British ambassador saying Trump abandoned Iran deal in act of ‘diplomatic vandalism’ to spite Obama, Arab News, 14 July 2019: European powers ‘deeply troubled’ by shipping attacks, warn nuclear deal could collapse, France24, 14 July 2019: Trump axed Iran deal to spite Obama, says leaked diplomatic cable, Times of Israel, 14 July 2019: Rouhani says Iran prepared to talk to US if it rejoins nuclear deal, The Guardian, 14 July 2019: Failure of Iran deal could pose ‘existential threat’, says Hunt, Arab News, 15 July 2019: France sees risk of stumbling into US-Iranian conflict, The National, 15 July 2019: UK warns Iran nuclear bomb a year away as foreign ministers seek to save 2015 deal, Times of Israel, 15 July 2019: EU seeks to deescalate Persian Gulf tensions, BBC, 15 July 2019: Iran nuclear deal: Jeremy Hunt aims to ease tensions, Reuters, 15 July 2019: Nuclear deal parties not ready to trigger dispute mechanism against Iran – EU’s Mogherini, Haaretz, 15 July 2019: Iran Nuclear Deal Parties Not Ready to Trigger Dispute Mechanism, EU Says, The Guardian, 15 July 2019: It’s folly for Jeremy Hunt to think Britain can solve the Iran crisis without the EU, Al Jazeera, 15 July 2019: European powers urge unity to save Iran nuclear deal, Reuters, 15 July 2019: Britain sees ‘small window’ to salvage nuclear deal, Iran urges Europe to act, France24, 15 July 2019: Iran nuclear deal ‘not in good health, but still alive,’ says EU top diplomat, The New York Times, 15 July 2019: E.U. Ministers, Scrambling to Save Iran Nuclear Deal, Play Down Breaches, Jerusalem Post, 16 July 2019: What the EU reaction tells us about the Iran nuke deal – analysis, BBC, 16 July 2019: Netanyahu: ‘Europe might ignore Iran threat until nuclear missiles hit’ (fortunately, the simpleton Netanyahu isn’t a contract partner in the Iran deal, so that he can continue to tell as much nonsense as he wants without having any influence on the negotiations whatsoever), Al Arabiya, 16 July 2019: Trump says US wants to help and work with Iran, not looking for regime change, The National, 16 July 2019: US official concerned Iran has seized UAE-based tanker, Arab News, 16 July 2019: Donald Trump tells Iran to ‘get out of Yemen’, Al Jazeera, 16 July 2019: Iran hits back at US demand on ballistic missiles, Haaretz, 16 July 2019: Trump Says Progress Made With Iran, as Tehran Threatens Further Nuke Deal Breaches, Haaretz, 16 July 2019: In First, Top Iranian Diplomat Says Talks on Ballistic Missiles Possible, Times of Israel, 16 July 2019: Iran denies it’s willing to negotiate with US over ballistic missile program, Jerusalem Post, 16 July 2019: Trump, Pompeo hint at US-Iran talks, Gulf News, 16 July 2019: UAE says missing oil tanker not Emirati owned or operated, Saudi Gazette, 16 July 2019: Iran says its missile program is not negotiable, Reuters, 16 July 2019: Iran says it came to help of disabled foreign oil tanker in the Gulf, Times of Israel, 17 July 2019: At summit with Russia, Israel and US demanded Iran leave Lebanon, Iraq — report, The National, 17 July 2019: Vanished Strait of Hormuz tanker ‘towed to Iran for repairs’, says Tehran, Times of Israel, 17 July 2019: Russia says it can have good ties with both Israel and Iran, Palestine Chronicle, 17 July 2019: Hamas Delegation Meets Russia Officials in Moscow, Al Jazeera, 17 July 2019: Iran accuses US of ‘deliberately targeting civilians’, CNN, 18 July 2019: Iran seizes foreign oil tanker with 12 crew, state media says, The National, 18 July 2019: Steven Mnuchin warns EU leaders to respect US sanctions when trading with Iran, Saudi Gazette, 18 July 2019: US amphibious group patrols Arabian Sea as Iran tensions simmer, Arab News, 18 July 2019: Iran state TV: Iranian forces seize foreign oil tanker, crew, Al Jazeera, 18 July 2019: Defying Trump, US House votes to block Saudi arms sales, NPR, 18 July 2019: Rules of Engagement, France24, 18 July 2019: Iraq: On the fault line of rising US-Iran tensions, NPR, 18 July 2019: Trump Administration Turns To South America For Help With Anti-Iran Coalition, Al Arabiya, 15 July 2019: US sanctions on Hezbollah officials are a call to action for the Lebanese state, CNN, 17 July 2019: Iran’s foreign minister says Tehran ‘will never start a war,’ but will defend itself, CNN, 18 July 2019: US preparing to send hundreds of troops to Saudi Arabia amid Iran tensions, BBC, 18 July 2019: US shot down Iranian drone in Strait of Hormuz, says Trump, Saudi Gazette, 18 July 2019: US places sanctions on international network involved in Iran nuclear program, CNN, 18 July 2019: US Navy ship ‘destroyed’ an Iranian drone, Trump says, Gulf News, 19 July 2019: Trump says US Navy ship shot down Iranian drone, The Guardian, 18 July 2019: Iran makes ‘substantial’ nuclear offer in return for US lifting sanctions, The New York Times, 19 July 2019: As Conflict With U.S. Grows, Some Iran Hard-liners Suggest Talking to Trump, Times of Israel, 19 July 2019: In US, Zarif offers permanent scrutiny of nuclear sites for sanctions relief, Al Jazeera, 19 July 2019: Sanctions, threats and oil: How close is Iran deal to collapsing?, Arab News, 19 July 2019: Why the Islamic Republic is so unpopular with Iranians, France24, 19 July 2019: Tehran suggests US downed its own drone ‘by mistake’ in Strait of Hormuz, BBC, 19 July 2019: Iran seizes two UK tankers in Strait of Hormuz, The National, 19 July 2019: Iran seizes British-flagged tanker Stena Impero in new Gulf escalation, CNN, 19 July 2019: Iran announces capture of British oil tanker; US officials say two have been seized, Gulf News, 19 July 2019: Iran says it seized UK tanker Stena Impero in Strait of Hormuz; owners confirm lost contact, France24, 19 July 2019: Iran seizes British tanker in Strait of Hormuz as tensions mount, CNN, 20 July 2019: Iran’s gamble on a tanker seizure will end its credit — even among friends, BBC, 20 July 2019: Tanker seizure: Jeremy Hunt warns Iran against choosing ‘dangerous path’, Al Jazeera, 20 July 2019: US to deploy troops to Saudi Arabia as Gulf tensions soar, CNN, 20 July 2019: Tensions soar after Iran seizes tanker, Politico, 20 July 2019: US to send troops to Saudi Arabia amid Iran tensions, Saudi Gazette, 20 July 2019: European powers urge Iran to release British-flagged tanker, Arab News, 20 July 2019: Iran on ‘dangerous path’: UK warns British ships to avoid Strait of Hormuz, Al Jazeera, 20 July 2019: UK says tanker seizure shows Iran choosing ‘dangerous path’, Times of Israel, 20 July 2019: As sanctions choke Iran, Hezbollah said deploying for war on Israel’s border, Al Arabiya, 20 July 2019: Saudi King Salman approves hosting US troops to enhance security in region, The Guardian, 20 July 2019: Iran’s top diplomat in UK summoned over seizure of Stena Impero tanker, The Guardian, 20 July 2019: How Trump’s arch-hawk lured Britain into a dangerous trap to punish Iran, The New York Times, 19 July 2019: Trump and Ahmadinejad Are Right, The Guardian, 20 July 2019: Boris Johnson warned: focus on Iran crisis or risk war, France24, 21 July 2019: Britain mulls sanctions in response to Iran tanker seizure, report says, The Guardian, 21 July 2019: UK defence minister rebuffs criticism over tanker seized in Gulf, BBC, 21 July 2019: Iran tanker seizure: UK ‘didn’t take eye off ball’, Hammond says, CNN, 21 July 2019: ‘Alter your course,’ Iranians warned before seizing UK-flagged ship, Al Jazeera, 21 July 2019: Iran says tanker crew safe, warns UK against rising tensions, Arab News, 21 July 2019: UK mulls sanctions as Iran admits seizing British ship as a ‘reciprocal’ move, Gulf News, 21 July 2019: Oman urges Iran to release seized tanker, Haaretz, 21 July 2019: U.S.-Iran Escalation on Verge of Turning Into Real Slugfest, The Guardian, 21 July 2019: The Guardian view on Iran’s seizure of a British tanker: dangerous waters ahead, CNN, 21 July 2019: Trump and the Ayatollah: The odd couple, France24, 22 July 2019: Iran announces breakup of ‘CIA spy ring’, some sentenced to death, The Guardian, 22 July 2019: By punishing Iran, Trump risks a full-scale war between our two countries, BBC, 22 July 2019: Iran says it arrested CIA spies and sentenced some to death, France24, 22 July 2019: Britain blasts Iran seizure of tanker as act of ‘state piracy’, The Guardian, 22 July 2019: UK to seek European maritime mission to counter Iran’s ‘ illegal acts of piracy’ (irony of history: Wanting to leave the “patronizing” EU sooner than later, but begging for help at the slightest headwind. So much for “take back control”), Al Jazeera, 22 July 2019: Iran says it arrested 17 CIA spies, sentenced some to death, Arab News, 22 July 2019: British intelligence fears Gulf crisis could lead to attacks on UK by Iranian terror cells, The National, 22 July 2019: Iran to face European naval protection force in the Gulf after tanker seizure, Saudi Gazette, 22 July 2019: UK calls for European naval mission to counter Iran’s ‘piracy’, Times of Israel, 22 July 2019: Britain says it is planning European-led protection force in Persian Gulf, France24, 22 July 2019: Trump blasts Iran, says hard to deal with top ‘terror’ state, Arab News, 22 July 2019: Gulf confrontation a battle of nerves, France24, 22 July 2019: On Iran, Donald Trump is running out of options, Haaretz, 23 July 2019: Excluding the U.S., Remaining Countries in Iran Nuclear Deal to Meet in Vienna on Sunday, Al Jazeera, 23 July 2019: Remaining Iran nuclear deal signatories to meet in Vienna, The Guardian, 23 July 2019: Iran rejects UK’s proposal for European-led maritime force, Haaretz, 23 July 2019: Between ‘Ending Iran’ and ‘No More Endless Wars’: The Unraveling of Trump’s Incoherent Iran Strategy, Arab News, 23 July 2019: Iran to meet nuclear deal parties on Sunday, Times of Israel, 23 July 2019: Israel: Iran smuggling dual-use items for Hezbollah weaponry via Beirut port (Israel is once again playing children’s theater at the UN, and at the same time is still assuming that there would be poeple who actually believe this nonsense :-D ), Politico, 23 July 2019: Iran’s Threats Are an Attempt to Negotiate, Arab News, 24 July 2019: What is Iran hoping to achieve with Gulf confrontations?, Al Jazeera, 24 July 2019: Iran warns against international naval coalition in the Gulf, Arab News, 25 July 2019: Germany remains uncertain over Hormuz naval mission with UK and France (the German participation in the EU mission for the safe passage of European merchant ships through the Strait of Hormuz should be implemented, while clearly communicating to Iran that the EU mission will not participate in the aggressive actions of the Netanyahu and Trump administrations), Al Jazeera, 25 July 2019: British navy to escort all UK vessels in Strait of Hormuz, Times of Israel, 25 July 2019: Israel, Bahrain foreign ministers talk Iran in groundbreaking public meet, The National, 25 July 2019: UK warships to escort British-flagged vessels through Strait of Hormuz, Arab News, 25 July 2019: Iran tensions give new UK PM Johnson an early test, Times of Israel, 25 July 2019: Iran poses loyalty test for ‘British Trump’ Johnson, Jerusalem Post, 25 July 2019: Iran offers to return to nuclear deal even if U.S. doesn’t, Al Arabiya, 26 July 2019: Iran test-fires medium-range ballistic missile: CNN, Arab News, 26 July 2019: Pompeo says he’d go to Iran if needed as he asks US allies to join maritime force, Al Arabiya, 22 July 2019: Washington should wake up to the fact that Hezbollah runs Lebanon, CNN, 26 July 2019: With Iran, Trump speaks loudly but (fortunately) carries a small stick, Al Jazeera, 27. July 2019: Oman’s top diplomat in Iran for talks amid mounting Gulf tensions, Times of Israel, 27 July 2019: Trump’s ‘maximum pressure’ campaign against Iran comes to critical crossroads, Al Jazeera, 28 July 2019: Iran calls European fleet in the Gulf ‘hostile’ and ‘provocative’, The National, 28 July 2019: Second British warship arrives to assist vessels through Strait of Hormuz, Arab News,28 July 2019: Oman not mediating, but in contact with ‘all parties’ over navigation in Hormuz, Haaretz, 29 July 2019: On Iran, Trump Is Shoving Israel Out Into the Cold, Arab News, 29 July 2019: Talks with Iran must be genuinely joint and comprehensive, DW, 29 July 2019: German government divided over joining Strait of Hormuz naval mission, Politico.eu, 30 July 2019: US asks Germany to join security mission in Persian Gulf, Politico.com, 30 July 2019: Trump to disappoint Iran hawks with more nuclear waivers, The Guardian, 30 July 2019: UK calls meeting with US and France to discuss Hormuz plan, Haaretz, 30 July 2019: Rivals Iran and UAE to Hold Maritime Security Talks, The Guardian, 30 July 2019: UK calls meeting with US and France to discuss Hormuz plan, Al Jazeera, 30 July 2019: Iran, the US, and the ‘English job’, Politico.eu, 31 July 2019: German vice chancellor ‘very skeptical’ about joining US military mission in Gulf, Haaretz, 31 July 2019: In Major Shift, Israel Twice Struck Iranian Targets in Iraq ‘Using F-35’, Al Jazeera, 31 July 2019: How will Boris Johnson handle the tanker row with Iran?, Jerusalem Post, 31 July 2019: Zarif: Iran to reduce nuclear deal commitments unless Europe protects it, Haaretz, 31 July 2019: Iran Presence in Iraq Threatens Israel, Security Officials Say, Jerusalem Post, 31 July 2019: UK commander: Iran testing British Navy, but remains professional, The National, 31 July 2019: UK frigate had 85 interactions with Iranian forces in a month, Al Jazeera, 31 July 2019: Iran threatens to reduce nuclear deal commitments further, Times of Israel, 31 July 2019: Report: Israel believes Hamas, Iran agreed on Gaza front in case of northern war, Arab News, 31 July 2019: Iran to reduce nuclear deal commitments more unless Europe protects it, Al Arabiya, 31 July 2019: Zarif: Iran will cut nuclear deal commitments further unless Europe acts, The National, 31 July 2019: Germany rebuffs US demand to join maritime mission in Strait of Hormuz, Arab News, 31 July 2019: Europe far from united when it comes to Iran, Saudi Gazette, 31 July 2019: Britain must back US in tougher stance against Iranian destabilization of Middle East, Times of Israel, 31 July 2019: US imposes financial sanctions on Iran’s foreign minister, France24, 31 July 2019: US imposes sanctions on Iran’s foreign secretary Zarif, BBC, 31 July 2019: US sanctions Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Times of Israel, 31 July 2019: US says it has asked Germany to ‘help secure’ Strait of Hormuz, Haaretz, 31 July 2019: Germany Says It Won’t Join U.S.-led Mission in Strait of Hormuz, Reuters, 31 July 2019: Germany: European naval mission in Strait of Hormuz worth considering, Defense News, 31 July 2019: Germany punts on Hormuz Strait mission with US involvement, Reuters, 31 July 2019: Germany will not join U.S.-led mission in Strait of Hormuz: Maas, Israel Hayom, 31 July 2019: In game of cat and mouse, Iran changes tactics, Bloomberg, 31 July 2019: The Hormuz Crisis Shows U.S. Alliances Are Weak, DW, 31 July 2019: Opinion: Strait of Hormuz crisis a political dead-end for Germany, CNN, 31 July 2019: US sanctions Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif, Times of Israel, 1 August 2019: Rouhani slams US for ‘childish’ sanctions on Iran’s foreign minister, Arab News, 1 August 2019: Iran’s leaders to blame for country’s financial crisis, Israel Hayom, 1 August 2019: Iran isn’t giving up on regional domination just yet, Al Jazeera, 1 August 2019: Germany refuses to join US-led naval mission in Strait of Hormuz, Times of Israel, 1 August 2019: EU to work with top Iran diplomat despite US sanctions, Foreign Policy, 1 August 2019: Iran Owns the Persian Gulf Now, Arab News, 1 August 2019: US envoy slams Germany after reluctance on Hormuz mission (it’s not Germany’s obligation to fulfil U.S. duties in the Gulf and the Straight of Hormuz. As the saying goes: “You break it, you own it!” Fix the problems, caused by yourself, on your own.” Germany will be part of a possible EU mission (France, Italy, Germany, Denmark and maybe the United Kingdom, if Bojo should come to his senses. In addition, the German Navy is already part of the Operation Atalanta near the Strait of Hormuz, so that a combined mission, supported by aerial reconnaissance, would be conceivable as well. Germany, the EU and the rest of the world are already making major contributions to the detriment of their own economies because they have been collectively taken hostage for the completely nonsensical Trump sanctions on Iran), the escort of merchant ships in the Strait of Hormuz. At the same time, it would be a signal of solidarity to the Arab Gulf States and Israel), Politico.eu, 2 August 2019: Trump’s coalition of one, Arab News, 2 August 2019: Gargash: UAE is redeploying forces in Yemen with the agreement of Saudi Arabia, The National, 2 August 2019: Anwar Gargash debunks rumours of UAE-Saudi split as a ‘desperate attempt’ by Qatar, The New Yorker, 2 August 2019: Iran’s Foreign Minister was invited to meet Trump in the Oval Office, The Guardian, 3 AUgust 2019: Iran to further reduce compliance with nuclear deal, Al Jazeera, 3 August 2019: Robert Malley: ‘Trump is on a collision course with himself’, Gulf News, 3 August 2019: What Iran will do next, and how to stop it, The National, 3 August 2019: Tehran could push Europe closer to the US if it continues its provocation, Jerusalem Post, 3 August 2019: Netanyahu to Boris Johnson: Stand tough against Iran, Arab News, 3 August 2019: Iran will take ‘third step’ to reduce commitments to nuclear deal: Iranian FM, Times of Israel, 3 August 2019: Iran’s Zarif was invited to meet Trump at White House last month — report, The New York Times, 3 August 2019: Despite U.S. sanctions, China and other countries are receiving oil from Iranian tankers, a Times investigation found., France24, 4 August 2019: Iran seizes Iraqi oil tanker in Persian Gulf, Israel Hayom, 4 August 2019: Danger ahead: A US-Iran ‘deal of the century’, CNN, 4 August 2019: Iran says it seized foreign oil tanker in Gulf for smuggling fuel, Times of Israel, 4 August 2019: US struggles to build willing coalition amid Strait of Hormuz tensions, Haaretz, 4 August 2019: Inside Hezbollah’s American Sleeper Cells: Waiting for Iran’s Signal to Strike U.S. and Israeli Targets, Al Jazeera, 4 August 2019: Iran has two nuclear options, Arab News, 4 August 2019: Why the Mullahs fear the Iranian diaspora, Jerusalem Post, 5 August 2019: Senior Iranian commander: The Islamic Republic is on Israel’s borders, Al Jazeera, 5 August 2019: Iran: Zarif says US sanctions against him ‘failure’ for diplomacy, Haaretz, 5 August 2019: Faced With U.S. Threats, Iran Warms Up to Arab Neighbors – Even Riyadh, Jerusalem Post, 5 August 2019: Would China sanction Iran to stop an Israeli attack? – analysis, DW, 5 August 2019: UK joins US in Strait of Hormuz naval mission, Jerusalem Post, 5 August 2019: UK to join US-led maritime security mission in Gulf, Jerusalem Post, 5 August 2019: Iran says will not tolerate ‘maritime offenses” in Gulf, Times of Israel, 5 August 2019: Iran said increasing Hamas funding to $30m per month, wants intel on Israel, Politico.com, 5 August 2019: U.S.-led Gulf maritime coalition ‘rebranded’ to attract more countries, Times of Israel, 5 August 2019: UK joins US in Gulf mission after Iran taunts American allies, Al Jazeera, 6 August 2019: Iran wants more Chinese tourists – a whole lot more, Times of Israel, 6 August 2019: Israel involved in US-led naval mission in Strait of Hormuz — foreign minister, The National, 7 August 2019: The new US approach to the Middle East raises more questions than answers, Al Jazeera, 7 August 2019: Iran’s Rouhani to Trump: Lift sanctions first, Saudi Gazette, 7 August 2019: KSA, US concerned over threat to maritime traffic, Israel Hayom, 7 August 2019: Israeli supremacy in Gulf’s shadow war, Huffington Post, 7 August 2019: The White House Is Split On Iran, With One Side Thirsty For Conflict, Der Spiegel, 7 August 2019: Middle East Expert Vali Nasr: ‘The U.S. Has To Get a Sense of Iran’s Security Interests’, Times of Israel, 8 August 2019: Iran says Israeli involvement in Gulf naval mission would be ‘disastrous’, Arab News, 8 August 2019: Saudi crown prince, Pompeo discuss maritime security, Iran, Gulf News, 8 August 2019: Gulf shipping told to notify US and UK navies of planned course, France24, 9 August 2019: Trump accuses Macron of sending ‘mixed signals’ to Iran, Al Jazeera, 9 August 2019: Canadians seek cancellation of major arms deal with Saudi Arabia, Al Jazeera, 9 August 2019: Iran warns Israel against aiding US mission in Strait of Hormuz, Haaretz, 10 August 2019: The White House Once Labeled Them Terrorists. Now It Calls Them Iran’s Next Government, Jerusalem Post, 10 August 2019: Iran unveils ‘upgraded missile defense system’, Al Arabiya, 11 July 2019: US ambassador to Saudi Arabia: Iran uses various militias to ‘fight their fight’, Arab News, 11 August 2019: How water can oil the wheels in dealing with Iran, Politico.eu, 12 August 2019: To fix Iran crisis, Trump must change course, Al Jazeera, 12 August 2019: Zarif: US arms sales make Gulf into ‘tinderbox ready to blow up’, Jerusalem Post, 12 August 2019: German exports to Iran drop by half in first 6 months due to U.S. sanctions, Arab News, 12 August 2019: Iran’s racist revisionism must be challenged, The National, 12 August 2019: Britain sends navy warship to join US-led maritime coalition in the Gulf, Times of Israel, 12 AUgust 2019: At the southern tip of the Red Sea, Iran poses a direct threat to Israel, CNN, 15 August 2019: US moves to block release of Iranian tanker detained in Gibraltar, BBC, 15 August 2019: Iran tanker row: US requests detention of Grace 1 in Gibraltar, The Guardian, 15 August 2019: US moves to block release of Iranian vessel in Gibraltar, BBC, 15 August 2019: Iran oil tanker: Gibraltar orders release of Grace 1 (in fact, little Gibraltar is rescuing the United Kingdom face-saving from an unpleasant situation, while at the same time partially defusing the crisis in the Strait of Hormuz, while Trump’s advisers Bolton and Pompeo are on the verge of heart attacks – a classic win-win situation), Al Jazeera, 15 August 2019: Gibraltar Supreme Court says Iranian tanker is free to sail, CNN, 15 August 2019: Gibraltar defies US and releases seized Iranian tanker Grace 1, France24, 15 August 2019: Gibraltar allows Iranian tanker Grace 1 to leave despite US detention request, The Guardian, 15 August 2019: Gibraltar to release oil tanker at centre of Iran row pending challenge, Al Jazeera, 15 August 2019: Trump is laying the ground for a nuclear arms race in the Gulf, Arab News, 15 August 2019: Gibraltar allows Iranian tanker Grace 1 to leave despite US detention request, The National, 15 August 2019: Gibraltar orders release of Iranian tanker, Times of Israel, 15 August 2019: Syria says ‘hostile target’ shot down near Iran-linked base, Al Arabiya, 17 August 2019: Iranian-American US Navy captain may head carrier in Arabian Gulf amid tensions, The Guardian, 17 August 2019: US unveils warrant to seize Iranian oil tanker in Gibraltar dispute (next, the Iranians may grab a US tanker and confiscate it with the same reasoning. It’s called “tit for tat”), France24, 17 August 2019: Iranian tanker in limbo off Gibraltar as US issues warrant for its seizure, CNN, 17 August 2019: US makes last-ditch attempt to stop Iranian supertanker setting sail, Arab News, 17 August 2019: US issues warrant to seize Iranian tanker off Gibraltar, Al Jazeera, 17 August 2019: US issues warrant to seize Iranian oil tanker Grace 1, France24, 17 August 2019: Iranian tanker in limbo off Gibraltar as US issues warrant for its seizure, Arab News, 18 August 2019: Gibraltar rejects US request to seize Iranian tanker now called ‘Adrian Darya-1’, BBC, 18 August 2019: Iran tanker row: Gibraltar rejects US request to detain ship, Al Arabiya, 18 August 2019: Iranian ambassador says oil tanker expected to leave Gibraltar tonight, Al Jazeera, 18 August 2019: Gibraltar refuses US request to seize Iranian tanker, France24, 19 August 2019: Iranian tanker departs after Gibraltar rejects US demand, Al Jazeera, 19 August 2019: Iranian oil tanker departs Gibraltar after US request rebuffed, Haaretz, 19 August 2019: Iranian Tanker Sought by U.S. Departs Gibraltar for Greece, The National, 19 August 2019: US conveys its ‘strong position’ to Greece over freed Iranian tanker, Times of Israel, 20.08.2019: Netanyahu hints Israel behind strikes on Iraq, says Iran not immune anywhere, Haaretz, 21 August 2019: On Trump and Iran, the UAE Shifts Strategy — and Israel Should Take Heed, Saudi Gazette, 21 August 2019: Israel, Iran endanger regional security: Saudi Arabia, CNN, 22 August 2019: Cracks are appearing in the Mideast’s most important alliance. That’s bad news for Trump, The National, 22 August 2019: France makes proposal to bring Iran to negotiating table, Reuters, 22 August 2019: Iran displays domestically built mobile missile defense system, Times of Israel, 22 August 2019: Unveiling missile defense system, Iran’s president says talks with US ‘useless’, Al Jazeera, 23 August 2019: Iran unveils new missile defence system, calls US talks ‘useless’, Haaretz, 22 August 2019: Fed Up With Trump, Fed Up With Israel, Times of Israel, 23 August 2019: Ex-Iraqi PM warns Israel of ‘strong response’ if it proves to be behind strikes, Times of Israel, 23 August 2019: Netanyahu hints again that Israel attacked Iran-backed militias in Iraq, Israel Hayom, 23 August 2019: Regional tensions and Israeli elections, Haaretz, 23 August 2019: Israel Struck Iran Targets in Iraq, U.S. Officials Tell New York Times, Times of Israel, 23 August 2019: US officials say Israel behind bombing of Iranian militias in Iraq, Haaretz, 23 August 2019: Netanyahu’s Silence on Trump’s ‘Disloyal Jews,’ and What It Means for the Fight Against Iran, Saudi Gazette, 24 August 2019: Iranian tanker switches destination, heads to Turkey, Reuters, 24 August 2019: Britain sends another warship to boost presence in the Gulf, NPR, 24 August 2019: Iran Under Sanctions: A Scramble For Cancer Care And Blame To Go Around, Haaretz, 24 August 2019: Unhappy With Iraq Strikes, U.S. Outs Israel, Times of Israel, 24 August 2019: Israeli jets strike in Syria to thwart attack by Iranian ‘killer drones’, Times of Israel, 25 August 2019: Hezbollah says Israeli drones crash into Beirut stronghold, France24, 25 August 2019: Lebanese PM condemns Israeli ‘aggression’ after drones crash in Beirut, The Guardian, 25 August 2019: G7 summit: Iran foreign minister makes surprise Biarritz appearance, The Guardian, 25 August 2019: Netanyahu hails Israel strikes against Syria to foil Iran ‘killer drone attack’, CNN, 25 August 2019: Israel claims responsibility for airstrikes near Damascus, saying it foiled ‘large-scale attack’ by Iran, Israel Hayom, 25 August 2019: Time for the UK to join the US on Iran, France24, 25 August 2019: Macron backtracks on ‘G7 mandate for Iran’ after Trump denial, Al Jazeera, 25 August 2019: Iran’s Zarif arrives for surprise G7 talks, no plan to meet US, Israel Hayom, 25 August 2019: Iranian FM Zarif talking to French counterpart at G-7 summit, Jerusalem Poast, 25 August 2019: Trump caught off guard as iran’s Zarif lands in G7 summit town, France24, 25 August 2019: Iranian foreign minister leaves Biarritz after surprise G7 nuclear talks, The New York Times, 25 August 2019: Iran’s foreign minister made a surprise appearance at the summit meeting., Jerusalem Post, 25 August 2019: The drone arms race and Israel’s enemies – analysis, Haaretz, 25 August 2019: Why Iran Is Risking a Major Escalation With Israel, Times of Israel, 26 August 2019: Israel said to strike Palestinian terror group base deep inside Lebanon, Al Arabiya, 26 August 2019: Iran’s Zarif leaves G7 talks, unclear if progress made to ease tensions, The Guardian, 26 August 2019: Israel accused of targeting Iran allies in Lebanon bombing, Haaretz, 26 August 2019: Israel Broke the Rules of the Game With Hezbollah, and Now the Ball Is in Nasrallah’s Court, Times of Israel, 26 August 2019: Trump says open to meeting Iran’s Rouhani, a ‘great negotiator,’ in coming weeks, Times of Israel, 26 August 2019: Israel said to strike base of Palestinian terror group deep inside Lebanon, France24, 26 June 2019: ‘We’re already at war economically,’ Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif tells FRANCE 24, Times of Israel, 26 August 2019: UN urges restraint as Lebanon set to file complaint alleging Israeli violations, The Guardian, 27 August 2019: Iran president steps back from possible Trump talks, Israel Hayom, 27 August 2019: Trump, Rouhani talk of possible meeting to solve nuclear impasse, Arab News, 27 August 2019: Iran’s Rouhani says no talks with US unless sanctions lifted, Al Jazeera, 27 August 2019: Iran’s Rouhani tells US: No talks until sanctions lifted, Arab News, 27 August 2019: Lebanon vows to defend itself ‘by any means’ after Israeli drone incident, The National, 27 August 2019: Iraqi Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi: we will respond to air strikes using ‘all means’, Israel Hayom, 27 August 2019: Iran sentences 2 men on charges of spying for Mossad, The National, 27 August 2019: Suspected Israeli attacks on Lebanese soil raise spectre of new war, Times of Israel, 28 August 2019: As US-Iran tensions escalate, American Jews are warned they could be targeted, The National, 28 August 2019: Lebanese troops fire at Israeli drone in south Lebanon as tension rises, Politico.eu, 29 August 2019: EU tests maritime security pact after Iran tanker fight, Arab News, 29 August 2019: Israel accuses Iran of pushing Hezbollah missile plants in Lebanon, Saudi Gazette, 29 August 2019: EU backs US-Iran talks but says nuclear deal must stay, The National, 29 August 2019: Europe optimistic after French push for direct Iran-US talks, Arab News, 29 August 2019: Israel empowered as Iran weakens, Jerusalem Post, 29 August 2019: What does Trump-Rouhani meeting mean for Israel? – analysis, Haaretz, 29 August 2019: Netanyahu and Nasrallah — the Middle East’s Longest and Most Stable Enmity, Israel Hayom, 29 August 2019: Iran’s Rouhani calls for unity to overcome US ‘economic war’, Times of Israel, 29 August 2019: As tensions spike in north, IDF cancels leave for combat brigades, Jerusalem Post, 29 August 2019: Netanyahu tried to scuttle a potential Trump-Zarif meeting – report, Arab News, 1 September 2019: Why Iran must cool its rhetoric, France24, 2 September 2019: Iran threatens ‘strong step’ away from nuclear deal if no new terms, The Guardian, 2 September 2019: Iran voices optimism over nuclear deal after talks with France, Al Jazeera, 3 September 2019: Iran’s Rouhani rules out bilateral talks with US, France24, 3 September 2019: US imposes sanctions on Iran space program, The National, 3 September 2019: France sees progress in $15bn credit line for Iran, Times of Israel, 3 September 2019: France seeks $15b letter of credit for Iran to keep nuclear deal alive, The Guardian, 4 September 2019: US dismisses French plan to ease Iran tension and piles on economic pressure, Al Jazeera, 4 September 2019: Iran vows ‘extraordinarily significant’ nuclear move coming, Arab News, 4 September 2019: Europe stepping out of America’s shadow in Middle East, Saudi Gazette, 4 September 2019: US won’t waive sanctions to allow French-proposed Iran credit line, The New York Times, 4 September 2019: The Secret History of the Push to Strike Iran, Haaretz, 4 September 2019: ‘Bibi-sitting’ and Drones Out of Azerbaijan: Report Reveals How Close Israel Came to Striking Iran, The National, 5 September 2019: US piles sanctions on Iran as Rouhani threatens new step back from nuclear commitments, Haaretz, 4 September 2019: Iran Announces Development of Centrifuges in Latest Breach of Nuclear Deal, Israel Hayom, 4 September 2019: France to Iran: No trade until anti-terrorism laws passed, Times of Israel, 4 September 2019: Israel said again mulling raid on Iran; thinks Trump, unlike Obama, won’t oppose, Politico.eu, 4 September 2019: France explores a credit line for Iran, but needs Trump’s buy-in, France24, 5 September 2019: Iran nuclear deal: Tehran plans new centrifuges for faster uranium enrichment, Times of Israel, 5 September 2019: Now is not the time to talk to Iran, Netanyahu says en route to London, Al Jazeera, 5 September 2019: Iran lifts more limits on nuclear programme as deal unravels, Saudi Gazette, 5 September 2019: EU urges Iran to ‘reverse’ scale-back from N-deal, The National, 5 September 2019: EU demands Iran returns to commitments in nuclear deal, Jerusalem Post, 5 September 2019: The US thinks cash can break Iran, Tehran prepares to ride out the storm, Die Zeit, 6 September 2019: “If Someone Rises Up To Kill You, Kill Him First”, Al Arabiya, 6 September 2019: Hezbollah and Israel’s face-off in Lebanon is a sideshow to Syria, CNN, 6 September 2019: Former Israeli ambassador: Why we have to prepare for war and peace, France24, 7 September 2019: Iran violates nuclear deal with advanced centrifuges, Al Jazeera, 7 September 2019: Iran activates advanced centrifuges in latest nuclear move, Arab News, 7 September 2019: Iran warns ‘not much time left’ to save nuclear deal, The Guardian, 7 September 2019: Iran puts pressure on Europe to save nuclear deal within 60-day deadline, Al Jazeera, 8 September 2019: Iran: European Union has failed to fulfil 2015 deal, Arab News, 8 September 2019: Iranian tanker near Syria sells oil at ‘final destination’, Al Jazeera, 8 September 2019: Adrian Darya 1 tanker unloaded crude on Mediterranean coast: Iran, Arab News, 8 September 2019: France should be confronting, not appeasing, Iranian regime, Haaretz, 8 September 2019: Trump-Rohani Summit Is a Done Deal, Israeli Defense Officials Believe, Gulf Times, 8 September 2019: US will sanction whoever purchases Iran’s oil- official, Haaretz, 8 September 2019: Netanyahu Braces for a Warming of Ties Between Trump and Tehran, Arab News, 9 September 2019: UN atomic watchdog confirms Iran installing new centrifuges, Al Jazeera, 9 September 2019: Saudi Arabia wants to enrich uranium but the US may not like that, Arab News, 9 September 2019: Saudi Arabia wants to enrich uranium for nuclear power: Energy minister, The National, 9 September 2019: Saudi Arabia looks to enrich domestic uranium for nuclear programme, Arab News, 9 September 2019: Saudi Arabia wants to enrich uranium for nuclear power — Prince Abdulaziz, Gulf Times, 9 September 2019: IAEA confirms that Iran upped number of advanced uranium centrifuges, Times of Israel, 9 September 2019: Iran blames Europe as it rolls back nuclear commitments, Arab News, 10 September 2019: US running out of options as sanctions fail to subdue Iran, Arab News, 10 September 2019: US must keep punishing Iran for its indiscretions, Al Arabiya, 10 September 2019: Iran supplies oil to Syria’s al-Assad in return for influence: Cut the supply line, The National, 10 September 2019: Britain summons Iranian ambassador over sale of Grace 1 tanker oil to Syria, Times of Israel, 10 September 2019: Trump fires Iran hawk John Bolton as national security adviser, France24, 11 September 2019: World leaders react to John Bolton’s sudden departure, Al Jazeera, 11 September 2019: US should avoid ‘warmongers’, says Iran on John Bolton’s sacking, Arab News, 11 September 2019: Saudi Arabia calls for ‘deterrent measures’ against Iran’s nuclear violations, Saudi Gazette, 11 September 2019: ‘We’ll see what happens,’ Trump says about possible easing of Iran sanctions, The National, 11 September 2019: Iranian targeting of shipping in the Arabian Gulf ‘changes the game’ by raising risks to new levels, Haaretz, 11 September 2019: Trump Decided to Fire Bolton After He Opposed Easing Iran Sanctions, Report Says, The Guardian, 11 September 2019: Bolton exit followed bust-up over mooted Trump-Rouhani meeting, Al Arabiya, 12 September 2019: New sanctions could extend to allies of Hezbollah in Lebanon: US envoy, The National, 14 September 2019: Despite John Bolton exit, don’t expect thaw in US-Iran relations, Jerusalem Post, 14 September 2019: Russia prevents Israeli airstrikes in Syria, The National, 14 September 2019: Donald Trump and the West’s overtures to Iran are rooted in delusion, The Guardian, 14 September 2019: Major Saudi Arabia oil facilities hit by Houthi drone strikes, CNN, 14 September 2019: Drone strikes knock out half of Saudi oil capacity, 5 million barrels a day, BBC, 14 September 2019: Saudi Arabia oil production reduced by drone strikes, Reuters, 14 September 2019: Houthi drones attack Saudi oil heartland, sources say crude flows hit, France24, 14 September 2019: Yemen Houthi drones hit major Saudi oil sites, sources say supplies disrupted, Al Jazeera, 14 September 2019: Houthi drone attacks on 2 Saudi Aramco oil facilities spark fires, Gulf News, 14 September 2019: UAE condemns terrorist attacks on 2 Aramco factories in Abqaiq and Khurais provinces, Al Arabiya, 14 September 2019: Trump tells Saudi Crown Prince US ready to help protect Kingdom’s security, Gulf Times, 14 September 2019: Houthi drones hit two Aramco plants, Saudis say fires contained, Saudi Gazette, 14 September 2019: Drone strikes on Aramco facilities spark regional, international condemnation, The National, 14 September 2019: UAE condemns Houthi drone attacks on two Saudi Aramco facilities, Arab News, 14 September 2019: Trump calls Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman after drones attack Saudi Aramco plants, The New York Times, 14 September 2019: Two Major Saudi Oil Installations Hit by Drone Strike, and U.S. Blames Iran, The Washington Post, 14 September 2019: Saudi Arabia oil output takes major hit after apparent drone attacks claimed by Yemen rebels, France24, 15 September 2019: https://www.france24.com/en/20190915-drone-attacks-saudi-aramco-sites-disrupt-oil-supplies-us-blames-iran (“The first casualty, when war comes, is truth” – US senator a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiram_Johnson” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener noreferrer”>Hiram Johnson, The Washington Post, Iran denies carrying out crippling attacks on Saudi oil facilities (all in all, the drone attack has created some sort of a win-win situation, except for the Houthis, who are now threatened with further air strikes by the Saudi Arabian-led alliance. With regard to the drone attacks, Saudi Arabia is now able to make press the US for more concession to the country’s defense, but also to advance the already announced development of nuclear weapons. The US can tighten its rhetoric on Iran, and Iran in turn can extend its support for the Houthis. But the problem with the “blame game” in the Middle East is that rarely anything is as it seems at first sight. There are possibly groups, that committed the terrorist attack in question, which have not yet appeared on the radar at all), France24, 15 September 2019: Drone attacks on Saudi oil sites disrupt supplies, CNN, 15 September 2019: Attack on Saudi oil field a game-changer in Gulf confrontation, The Guardian, 16 September 2019: Everything you need to know about the Saudi Arabia oil attacks, CNN, 15 September 2019: What a successful Trump strategy on Iran must include, BBC, 16 September 2019: ‘Drone’ attack on Saudis destabilises an already volatile region, CNN, 16 September 2019: The White House would like you to abandon all common sense on ‘locked and loaded’, Al Jazeera, 16 September 2019: How drone attacks on Saudi Aramco might blow up US-Iran tensions, The Guardian, 16 September 2019: The world ignored the warning signs – and now the Middle East is on the brink, CNN, 16 September 2019: Fact check: Trump blasts media for reporting he’d meet with Iran with no pre-conditions — but he said that, publicly, Al Jazeera, 16 September 2019: Putin proposes Russian missile defence for Saudi after oil attack, Gulf News, 16 September 2019: Aramco attack: Who is responsible, global reactions, The National, 16 September 2019: Donald Trump to send Mike Pompeo to Saudi after Aramco attacks, Al Arabiya, 16 September 2019: NATO chief ‘extremely concerned’ after attacks on Saudi Arabia, Foreign Policy, 16 September 2019: What You Need to Know About the Attacks on Saudi Oil Facilities, Reuters, 16 September 2019: Saudi Arabia to invite U.N. experts to investigate oil attack: statement, CNN, 16 September 2019: Trump gets amnesia on Iran, The Telegraph, 17 September 2019: Saudi king urges international response after oil field attacks blamed on Iran (DW, 28 March 2019: Germany extends ban on arms sales to Saudi Arabia – it might be that political Berlin is satisfied with the “moral world championship”. However, this has very little to do with realpolitik and securing self-interests. Obviously, there has to be a large-scale escalation in the Middle East, before Berlin will wake up and then has to bring twice the commitment to compensate for the omissions of the past. Apparently it seems as if Berlin and Brussels is waiting for another large influx of war refugees to Europe, instead of becoming proactive. It is understandable, of course, that NATO will stay out of the action, to prevent the Middle East conflict from spreading to Europe. Especially against the background of the rapprochement between the Gulf monarchies and Israel, however, it is incomprehensible, why equipment for self-defense is provided one-sided only. It would be much more useful to equip the Gulf monarchies very well, because then not only military conflicts will be more unlikely, but also prevent Saudi Arabia from developing their own nuclear weapons), The National, 17 September 2019: King Salman: Saudi Arabia capable of responding to cowardly attacks, The Guardian, 17 September 2019: Iran’s supreme leader rules out any talks with US officials, Arab News, 17 September 2019: Merkel urges return to Iran nuclear deal to defuse Middle East tensions, Jerusalem Post, 17 September 2019: US Embassy says pro-Iran business event funds terrorism in Berlin (to give an appropriate response to the permanent interference in German affairs and the fundamentally abysmal anti-German attitude of the US ambassador, it will be a special pleasure to participate in the event for the attendees. The event is about preserving the Iran deal and how payments can be made despite US sanctions. Netanyahu and Trump will not succeed in pulling Europe into their largely failed game as an accomplice. Jerusalem Post, 21 September 2019: Wiesenthal Nazi-hunter says Merkel appeasment of Iran echoes 1938: It’s quite simple: Netanyahu and Trump are trying to pull other countries into their shitshow with Iran, which is obviously not working. If the Israeli and US administrations want to start a war with Iran, then they should do that, but stop boring other countries with their nonsense), France24, 18 September 2019: Trump orders ‘substantial increase’ in Iran sanctions over Saudi oil field attack, CNN, 18 September 2019: Trump says he’s ordering new sanctions on Iran after Saudi oil facility attack, The Guardian, 18 September 2019: The latest Iran-Saudi flare-up exposes Trump’s bankrupt Middle East policy, The New York Times, 18 September 2019: Pompeo Calls Attacks on Saudi Arabia ‘Act of War’ as Trump Tightens Iran Sanctions, Al Jazeera, 18 September 2019: Oil attacks ‘unquestionably sponsored by Iran’: Saudi Arabia, Arab News, 18 September 2019: Saudi Arabia joins International Maritime Security Construct, The National, 18 September 2019: Saudi displays drones and missiles that ‘point to Iran’ in attack, The Irish Times, 18 September 2019: Trump announces new economic sanctions on Iran, Arab News, 18 September 2019: Mike Pompeo lands in Jeddah for talks with Saudi officials on Aramco attacks, Politico.eu, 18 September 2019: Germany extends Saudi arms export ban into 2020, CNN, 19 September 2019: Exclusive: Zarif threatens ‘all-out war’ in case of military strike on Iran, The Guardian, 19 September 2019: Saudi oil attack shines light on geopolitical truth and lies, Politico, 19 September 2019: Iran’s foreign minister threatens ‘all-out war’ in response to potential military strike, Jerusalem Post, 19 September 2019: Tillerson accuses Netanyahu of haing ‘played’ Trump, Haaretz, 19 September 2019: Netanyahu ‘Played Trump Using Misinformation’ Several Times, Says Tillerson, The New York Times, 19 September 2019: Iran’s Foreign Minister Vows ‘All-Out War’ if U.S. or Saudis Strike, Jerusalem Post, 19 September 2019: Saudis, Israel attack pro-Iran militias on Syria-Iraq border – report, The New York Times, 19 September 2019: The End of Saudi Arabia’s Illusion, The New York Times, 19 September 2019: Attacks Expose Flaws in Saudi Arabia’s Expensive Military, The New York Times, 19 September 2019: Attack on Saudis Tests U.S. Guarantee to Defend Gulf, CNN, 20 September 2019: China depends on foreign oil. The Saudi attack is a wake-up call, Politico.eu, 19 September 2019: Trump’s deference to Saudi Arabia infuriates much of DC, France24, 20 September 2019: Trump announces toughest sanctions ‘ever’ on Iran, Jerusalem Post, 20 September 2019: Hezbollah says Iran would destroy Saudi Arabia in any war, The New York Times, 20 September 2019: Trump Focuses on Defending Saudis, Not Striking Iran, for Now, The Washington Post, 20 September 2019: U.S. to send more troops to Saudi Arabia after attacks on oil facilities, BBC, 21 September 2019: Iran warns it will ‘destroy aggressors’ after US troop announcement, Al Jazeera, 21 September 2019: Trump to deploy more troops to Saudi Arabia after attack, The Guardian, 21 September 2019: US to deploy more troops to Saudi Arabia after attack on oil industry, France24, 21 September 2019: US to deploy troops to Saudi Arabia after attack, Arab News, 21 September 2019: Saudi Arabia’s Al-Jubeir says Iran bears responsibility for Aramco attacks, Al Jazeera, 21 September 2019: Saudi oil attacks: All the latest updates, Arab News, 21 September 2019: US sanctions target Iranians’ access to food, medicine: foreign minister, Gulf Times, 21 September 2019: Iran says new US sanctions target Iranians’ access to food, medicine, The National, 21 September 2019: Saudi Arabia’s recovery can only be good for the global economy, Times of Israel, 21 September 2019: Iran warns any country that attacks it will become the ‘main battlefield’, France24, 21 September 2019: Saudis show media scorched, shrapnel-blasted oil facility, Times of Israel, 22 September 2019: Trump heads to UN with long list of deals he’s yet to close, BBC, 22 September 2019: Iran warns foreign forces to stay out of Gulf, amid new US deployment, The Guardian, 22 September 2019: Iran to lay out Gulf security proposal at UN general assembly, Foreign Policy, 22 September 2019: Blast From the Past, Al Jazeera, 23 September 2019: Johnson: UK to consider joining US-led military effort in Gulf, The Guardian, 23 September 2019: Iran says UK-flagged tanker seized in July is free to leave, The New York Times, 23 September 2019: Iran Says British Tanker Is Free to Go After 2 Months of Detention, Al Jazeera, 23 September 2019: Iran says seized Stena Impero ‘free’ to leave, The New York Times, 23 September 2019: A Year Later, Iran Finds Evaporating Sympathy at the U.N., Jerusalem Post, 23 September 2019: Why is Boris Johnson leaping into Iran mess – analysis (the interesting point in this development is, that Johnson is running out of options at home, and know quite well that he is fully in Trump’s pocket if he want to get a trade deal with thew US in a relativly short period of time, so that he has to appease Trump in any possible way, including Netanyahu’s and Trumps’ anti-Iran nonsense. The Iranian government, on the other hand, would be pretty stupid to give up it’s nuclear ambitions, especially after watching Trump’s reality show featuring North Korea’s Kim Jong-un, with the outcome, that only the bomb can prevent his country from being attacked by the US. And Netanyahu can go on for the coming 30 years, like in the past three decades, blubbering that Iran will have the bomb tomorrow or at least the day after tomorrow), Arab News, 23 September 2019: Macron hopes for Iran progress at UN assembly, Jerusalem Post, 23 September 2019: INSS expert: Trump has lost control of Iran standoff, Israel Hayom, 23 September 2019: Ukraine, Iran, and US allies – the challenges facing Trump at the UN, France24, 23 September 2019: European leaders blame Iran for Saudi attack ahead of Trump UN speech, Times of Israel, 24 September 2019: UK, France, Germany blame Iran for Saudi oil attacks, but urge dialogue (in other words: Even if the Houthis carried out the attack, it must be assumed that the necessary weapons were supplied by Iran), Haaretz, 24 September 2019: The Sunni-U.S. Alliance Against Iran Has Weakened, and Trump Is Partly to Blame, Times of Israel, 24 September 2019: Trump could negotiate ‘better’ Iran deal, UK’s Johnson says, Israel Hayom, 24 September 2019: France’s enthusiasm for Iran is transparent and dangerous, Haaretz, 24 September 2019: Trump Touts ‘Full Normalization’ Between Israel, Mideast Countries to Fend Off Iran’s ‘anti-Semitism’, Times of Israel, 24 September 2019: At UN, Trump calls on Mideast nations to fully normalize ties with Israel, France24, 24 September 2019: Macron and other European leaders urge Iran, US to restart negotiations, The New York Times, 25 September 2019: New U.S. Sanctions Bite Iran as Its President Says No Meeting With Trump, France24, 25 September 2019: US committing ‘merciless economic terrorism’, Iran’s Rouhani says, Al Jazeera, 25 September 2019: UN General Assembly 2019: All the latest updates, Arab News, 25 September 2019: Bloomberg backs dialogue — in US politics and in the Middle East, Times of Israel, 26 September 2019: UN watchdog says Iran using advanced centrifuges, breaching nuke deal, Jerusalem Post, 26 September 2019: Why did Trump-Rouhani UN meeting go sideways – analysis, Arab News, 26 September 2019: Iran has committed ‘serious’ breaches of international law, says UK foreign secretary Raab, Times of Israel, 26 September 2019: Iran supreme leader lashes out at Europe as nuke deal wallows, Israel Hayom, 26 September 2019: Sanctions-hit Iran props up economy with bartering, secret deals, Gulf Times, 26 September 2019: Rouhani says US should build trust with Iran, Times of Israel, 27 September 2019: The last time Netanyahu let a deputy address the UN, he regretted it immediately, France24, 27 September 2019: Seized British oil tanker leaves Iranian port, BBC, 27 September 2019: Stena Impero: Seized British tanker starts to leave Iran, The Guardian, 27 September 2019: UK-flagged tanker seized by Iran released and heading for Dubai, Al Jazeera, 27 September 2019: UK-flagged tanker Stena Impero seized in July leaves Iranian port, Arab News, 27 September 2019: Latest attacks have exposed ‘vile and cowardly’ Iranian regime before the entire world, Saudi FM tells UN General Assembly, Times of Israel, 27 September 2019: At UN, foreign minister urges more pressure on Iran, taunts regime in Persian, Arab News, 27 September 2019: Israeli minister urges unity government to stave off ‘blow-up’ in Iran tensions, The National, 27 September 2019: Financial pressure is the best way to control Iran, says Saudi foreign minister, Times of Israel, 28 September 2019: ‘Nothing will be left of Israel’ if it attacks, Iranian commander threatens, Times of Israel, 28 September 2019: Nasrallah: Hezbollah will ‘enter occupied Palestine’ with improved intelligence, Al Jazeera, 28 September 2019: Is Europe shifting towards the US on Iran?, Jerusalem Post, 28 September 2019: Danon to Post: Coordination between Israel, Arab states at the UN on Iran, DW, 28 September 2019: Yemen: Houthi rebels claim capture of ‘thousands’ of Saudi troops, Arab News, 29 September 2019: The world has failed to confront Iran – so what next? , Gulf News, 29 September 2019: Time for Europe to close ranks against Iran’s threats, Jerusalem Post, 29 September 2019: Iran’s goal: Turn Yemen into Saudi’s Vietnam, Arab News, 29 September 2019: Preparations by both sides in the Gulf, Israel Hayom, 29 September 2019: Iran creating more Hezbollahs across the Middle East, The National, 29 September 2019: Hezbollah dominance starts to drag on Lebanon, BBC, 29 September 2019: Houthi rebels video fails to prove Saudi troop capture claim, Israel Hayom, 29 September 2019: ‘At the end of the day, it’s all about Iran’, Jerusalem Post, 30 September 2019: Saudi crown prince warns that war with Iran could collapse world economy, The National, 30 September 2019: US temporarily moves Middle East command amid Iran tension, BBC, 30 September 2019: Saudi crown prince warns of ‘Iran threat’ to global oil, Arab News, 30 September 2019: CBS interview: Saudi Crown Prince talks Khashoggi, Yemen, Iran and women rights, The National, 30 September 2019: UAE welcomes EU initiative to open diplomatic path with Iran, Times of Israel, 30 September 2019: Iran Guards chief: Destroying Israel now not a dream but an ‘achievable goal’, Jerusalem Post, 1 October 2019: German antisemitism commissioner calls on Merkel to exit Iran nuke deal, Al Jazeera, 1 October 2019: Iran open to starting dialogue with Saudi Arabia: Speaker, Saudi Gazette, 1 October 2019: Saudi Arabia tells world to rein in Iran’s terrorist behavior, Jerusalem Post, 1 October 2019: Iran: International community must confront US hostility, Times of Israel, 1 October 2019: Report: Trump, Rouhani agreed to a French detente plan before Iran leader bolted, Jerusalem Post, 2 October 2019: France almost brokered a Trump-Rouhani meeting – report, Jerusalem Post, 1 October 2019: Saudi Arabia has sent messages to Iran’s president through third party, Jerusalem Post, 3 October 2019: Wiesenthal: Merkel mocks Holocaust due to Iran support (interestingly enough, the two fools Netanyahu and Trump now notice what the rest of the world has known since May 2018, namely that they invited Iran to build a nuclear bomb when they destroyed the Iran deal. Of course, it was also clear that the two simpletons would not get a new deal with Iran. Netanyahu and Trump are not only as politicians perfect mistakes, but have failed miserably as negotiators in most cases. So here too. Almost every kindergarten child could have solved the situation better. And now, after they’ve messed up again, of course, others shall solve Netanyahu’s and Trump’s self inflicted problems, because they themselves are far too incompetent for that. That’s the way how nationalists role: thinking is not one of their strengths. Here are just a few brain teasers: After Netanyahu had already tricked Bush Junior into the pointless Iraq war (alleged weapons of mass destruction that never existed), how likely will it be to do the same with Trump and his hawks? After the Europeans have already seen through the first of Netanyahu’s bluffs, how likely will it be that they do not recognize the current bluff with regard to Iran as well? So how likely will it be that the Europeans will support the Iran Shitshow of Netanyahu and Trump? Since the trust in Netanyahu and Trump in Europe tends to zero, you do not need to be a rocket scientist to find the answers), CNN, 3 October 2019: Any war between the US and Iran would be a catastrophe. And no one could win it, Haaretz, 3 October 2019: Anti-Iran Alliance Falters as Netanyahu, Trump and MBS Focus on Their Own Predicaments, Jerusalem Post, 3 October 2019: Iran claims it thwarted Arab-Israeli plot to assassinate IRGC Quds Force leader Soleimani, Arab News, 3 October 2019: Gulf chiefs of staff: We are militarily ready to address threats and attacks, The National, 3 October 2019: Iran says it foiled Israeli assassination plot against Quds Force chief Qassem Suleimani, Jerusalem Post, 4 October 2019: Iran’s regime lashes out at German antisemitism commissioner in response to ‘Post’ article, Arab News, 4 October 2019: US sanctions squeezing Iran-backed Hezbollah in Lebanon, Arab News, 4 October 2019: Saudi Arabia pledges commitment to protecting global shipping, Express.co.uk, 4 October 2019: Merkel and Macron savaged by Trump lawyer over Iran dealings: ‘Giving money to terrorists! (sure, because Merkel and Macron canceled the Iran deal, to enable Iran to build the bomb .. oh, wait .. it was Trump, pressured by Netanyahu, who did that), Jerusalem Post, 4 October 2019: Trump’s lawyer Giuliani blames Merkel, Macron for iranian terrorism, Haaretz, 4 October 2019: It’s Tempting to Connect the Dots, but Iran-Israel War Doesn’t Seem Imminent, Times of Israel, 5 October 2019: Saudis said moving toward detente with Iran amid US reluctance to act militarily, Times of Israel, 5 October 2019: Trump insists he, not Iran, called off talks with Rouhani at UN, Al Jazeera, 5 October 2019: Saudi Arabia, Iran take steps towards indirect talks: Report, Times of Israel, 5 October 2019: Israel and Gulf states working on ‘historic pact’ to end conflict between them, France24, 6 October 2019: Israeli minister seeks ‘non-aggression’ pacts with Arab nations (when looking at the comment sections of English-language, Arabic and Israeli (in particular Ynet, Jerusalem Post and Israel Hayom) news sites, one must inevitably come to the conclusion that actually only extremists are at home in the region, who deeply reject, hate, despise and therefore want to extinguish everything non-Arab or non-Jewish. In that sense, such an agreement could be called “historical”, if it ever should be closed. However, it will take several generations to reach societal acceptance, because the reciprocal reservations are very high and be shared by parts of the educational institutions on both sides. Good luck with that one), Arab News, 6 October 2019: Israeli minister seeks ‘non-aggression’ pacts with Arab nations, Al Jazeera, 6 October 2019: Saudi Arabia, Iran take steps towards indirect talks: Report, Jerusalem Post, 6 October 2019: Israel should focus more on Iran’s nuclear weapons than on Hezbollah’s missiles (which Iran actually doesn’t have, but if so one day, than thanks to the actions of Netanyahu and Trump), Arab News, 6 October 2019: Chinese state oil firm withdraws from $5bn South Pars gas deal: Iran, Times of Israel, 6 October 2019: Iran says Chinese state oil firm withdraws from $5b natural gas deal, Jerusalem Post, 6 October 2019: Merkel’s gov’t says Iran’s call to ‘wipe out Israel off the map’ not antisemitic (making things up out of thin air is the general business model of the tabloid Jerusalem Post, but this article is even for Jerusalem Post’s standards a new low), Haaretz, 6 October 2019: Iran Attack on Saudi Arabia Shows Why Israel Must Shut Down Its Nuclear Reactor, Times of Israel, 6 October 2019: FM confirms initiative to sign ‘historic’ non-aggression pact with Arab states, Jerusalem Post, 6 October 2019: Does Israel need pacts with Persian Gulf that Katz is trying to secure?, Haaretz, 6 October 2019: Saudi Arabia Recognizes Its Weakness and Is Ready to Talk to the Iranian Foe, Times of Israel, 7 October 2019: Trump’s policy of inaction is whetting Iran’s appetite for aggression, Haaretz, 7 October 2019: Netanyahu Seeks Billions to Fund Israeli Defense Against Iranian Cruise Missiles, Jerusalem Post, 7 October 2019: German publisher calls on Merkel to sanction Iran’s regime for Israel’s security, Times of Israel, 8 October 2019: Iran plans to start using more advanced centrifuges in coming weeks, The New York Times, 8 October 2019: Trump and Tehran Shake Up the Middle East, BBC, 9 October 2019: Trumplomacy: Are we seeing the end of a close Israel-US relationship?, Reuters, 9 October 2019: Iran’s Khamenei says building, using nuclear bomb is forbidden under its religion: TV (would also be rather counterproductive for Iran’s future plans, because Iran is ultimately interested in land gains and the extension of the country’s territory to the Levant, Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula. If Iran would expose the region or parts of it to atomic radiation, nobody could use the land anymore), France24, 9 October 2019: Khamenei says nuclear weapons forbidden for Iran, Israel Hayom, 10 October 2019: A state that threatens Jewish genocide isn’t normal (just to keep it in mind: to Netanyahu, Israel Hayom is what Russia Today is for Putin. And another point should be kept in mind too: One of the very few consensuses between the Israeli and Iranian governments is that for decades they have been dealing with mutual annihilation fantasies. This isn’t and hasn’t been a one-way road at all), Israel Hayom, 10 October 2019: Netanyahu: ‘Israel will defend itself, by itself, against any threat’, Al Jazeera, 10 October 2019: Iran’s Zarif: Either all Gulf states safe ‘or all deprived of it’, France24, 11 October 2019: Explosions set Iran oil tanker ablaze near Saudi port city of Jeddah, Arab News, 11 October 2019: US deploying 3,000 more troops to Saudi Arabia: Pentagon, Al Jazeera, 13 October 2019: Pakistan’s Imran Khan in Tehran to facilitate Iran-Saudi talks, Arab News, 14 October 2019: US must accept consequences of its Middle East policies, Al Arabiya, 14 October 2019: Rouhani says Iran to continue scaling back commitments to nuclear deal, Al Jazeera, 14 October 2019: Senior UAE official in Tehran on secret mission: MEE, The Guardian, 16 October 2019: Iran to limit inspectors’ access to its nuclear facilities, Arab News, 16 October 2019: Iran must refrain from new reductions to nuclear commitments: France, Jerusalem Post, 17 October 2019: IAEA mum on Iran’s illicit nuclear activities in Germany, Israel Hayom, 17 October 2019: Trump’s Middle East moves show why Israeli deterrence is crucial, Jerusalem Post, 17 October 2019: 75% of Iranians against ending nuke enrichment – poll. It appears to be time to take countermeasures against Netanyahu’s Israel and Trump’s US to get compensation for the damage caused by the two countries in the EU, and of course to make it clear that the EU will not allow the two hasardeurs Netanyahu and Trump to endager the EU’s very own interests and security. If Netanyahu had actually assumed that the EU would allow to be drawn into his shabby game, then he has once again made a serious mistake. At the same time, it is becoming increasingly clear that Israel’s membership in the EU is ruled out, since the goals are completely opposite and there remains only a little common basis of values, especially as the already fragile Israeli democracy collapses further and further through measures taken by the Likud. Israel, however, adapting more and more to the customs in neighboring countries, which of course is an unequivocal statement itself. It will be interesting to see how this renewed escapade of the two protagonists will additionally negatively affect foreign direct investment in the USA and Israel), Hawala, Remittance, Economy of Iran, Germany–Iran relations and Iran–European Union relations).

The next bomb exploded on June 27, 2018, when it became known that the duo Benjamin Netanyahu and Donald Trump will once again try to take the global economy hostage for their crude destroying fantasies towards Iran. Starting on November 4, 2018, those companies and countries (China is the largest buyer of Iranian oil, followed by the EU), which continue to import oil from Iran, will face US sanctions. Apart from the fact that the US will shoot itself in the foot, the step will certainly not increase the sympathy values for and the willingness to foreign investment in Israel and the United States. Should the economic situations of both countries change in the near future, which can be assumed, they can not only hope for appropriately amused reactions from the Arab world. As with the first round of US sanctions on Iran, following the unilateral termination of the Iran deal by Trump, the second round now means for the EU to seek again for banks that this time can handle the oil business with Iran. A prerequisite for the selection is to do little or no business in the US and therefore be able to laugh about possible sanctions. As with the first round, the EU will not be able to cope with the risk of default of large companies and corporations, especially since their international business usually includes considerable US business volumes. At the same time, countermeasures against the US must again be planned (e.g., complete suspension of liquefied gas and oil trade), and measures against Israel’s Trump whisperers should be considered as well. The current attempt is the 1:1 takeover of a confused Netanyahu plan to initially destabilize Iran economically and then attack the country militarily. This background given, the question once again arises, how Berlin could be that naive to hand over nuclear first-strike weapon systems (Dolphin class) to Israel. Another side effect is, e.g., that for example, several investors who have just invested large amounts of money in Iran have had to swiftly liquidate their US investments in order to re-finance the investments in Iran (and have to write them off, given the expected economic developments in Iran) in order to not become subject to US sanctions. A gigantic destruction of capital that has already begun even before the sanctions have been put into effect. It can be expected that US sanctions will not lead to companies investing more in the US or Israel instead. Given the loss of confidence in both administrations, the reverse is likely to be the case (CNBC, 26 June 2018: Oil buyers must cut all Iranian crude imports by November, State Dept says, The Guardian, 5 July 2018: Iran threatens to block Strait of Hormuz over US oil sanctions, The Guardian, 6 August 2018: EU acts to protect firms from Donald Trump’s sanctions against Iran, The New York Times, 6 August 2018: U.S. to Restore Sanctions on Iran After Withdrawal From Nuclear Deal, The Washington Post, 6 August 2018: U.S. moves to restore some Iran sanctions lifted under nuclear deal, CNN, 6 August 2018: Iran’s president says he’ll talk to Trump “right now”, The New York Times, 6 August 2018: U.S. to Restore Sanctions on Iran, Deepening Divide With Europe Politico, 6 August 2018: EU vows to thwart Trump’s sanctions on Iran, The Guardian, 7 August 2018: Trade with Iran and you won’t trade with US, Trump warns, The Washington Post, 7 August 2018: Trump is the president the Founding Fathers feared, The Guardian, 7 August 2018: EU foreign policy chief calls on firms to defy Trump over Iran, Bloomberg, 11 August 2018: U.S.-Iran Sanctions Give China Lead in World’s Biggest Gas Field, Reuters, 27 August 2018: World Court hears Iran lawsuit to have U.S. sanctions lifted, The Washington Post, 3 December 2018: Trump’s not winning anything, anywhere, The New York Times, 4 December 2018: German Carmakers Head to Washington, Hoping to Dodge Tariffs by Offering Jobs, The New York Times, 4. December 2018: Pompeo Questions the Value of International Groups Like U.N. and E.U., The Guardian, 4 December 2018: Trump’s countless scams are finally catching up to him, The Guardian, 23 December 2018: Schiff will use subpoena powers if Trump quashes final Mueller report, The New York Times, 9 January 2019: Rod Rosenstein Expected to Leave Justice Dept. Once Attorney General Is Confirmed, The Washington Post, 1 March 2019: Allen Weisselberg: Meet the man who could bring down Trump and Jerusalem Post, 6 February 2019: Ambassador urges Germany to change anti-Israel stance at U.N. (while in the real world, Germany isn’t voting against Israel, instead in very own and EU (security) interests), The New York Times, 4 September 2019: The Secret History of the Push to Strike Iran, Haaretz, 4 September 2019: ‘Bibi-sitting’ and Drones Out of Azerbaijan: Report Reveals How Close Israel Came to Striking Iran, Die Zeit, 06 September 2019: “If Someone Rises Up To Kill You, Kill Him First”).


Trade Disputes
Tariffs are one thing, arbitrary controls of foreign investors and their investments the other (The New York Times, 5 March 2018: Cfius, Powerful and Unseen, Is a Gatekeeper on Major Deals, with exceptions: The New York Times, 28 May 2018: Ivanka Trump Wins China Trademarks, Then Her Father Vows to Save ZTE (The Guardian, 24 July 2018: Ivanka Trump to close fashion brand amid consumer backlash) – The New York Times, 28 April 2017: White House of Grifters, The New York Times, 2 February 2018: Trump’s Corruption of the American Republic, and Vice, 14 May 2018: Trump’s Rampant Corruption Will Actually Hurt Him Soon). Entrepreneurial activity is now associated with unpredictable risks for foreign investors. The nepotism exercised by Trump and his frontrunners, while a highlight of Central African government work, is absolutely unworthy of the work of a US administration (The Guardian, 2 June 2018: Donald Trump and the erosion of Democratic norms in America). The hard work of US President Barack Obama over the years to build trust in the US again, which was desperately needed after Bush Juniors presidency, has Trump completely lost within weeks and probably permanently damaged, especially since there is no reason to assume that one can trust in any statement of the actual US administration, except for one: The US administration will not stick to any agreement. After all, the EU has learned how to deal with it, because the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán and the unofficial Polish Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński (and others) have been acting in exactly the same way for years.


Politics
Of course, the European public has long since become accustomed to Putin, Erdoğan and Netanyahu trolls. Now just Trump trolls are added. The Trump troll and redneck, who has recently been appointed US ambassador to Germany, has a considerable amount of right-wing scrutiny, Richard Grenell (Der Spiegel, 11 January 2019: Isolated in Berlin: Trump’s Ambassador Finds Few Friends in Germany and DW, 19 March 2019: Germany: US ambassador Richard Grenell should be expelled, says FDP deputy leader), who recently caused an uproar in an interview with the British offshoot of the US Internet platform Breitbart (CNN, 5 June 2018: US Ambassador to Germany provokes backlash with Breitbart interview, USA Today, 4 June 2018: U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell wants to ’empower’ Europe’s right and Politico Europe, 5 June 2018: German politicians call on US to withdraw ambassador), the American counterpart to the German Der Stürmer, because his actions are completely against international diplomatic practice. Previously, he had already got in hot water because of his comments about Trump’s one-sided termination of the Iran Deal (The Washington Post, 5 June 2018: The U.S. ambassador in Germany flies the Trumpist flag and Bloomberg, 9 May 2018: Trump’s Ambassador to Germany Stokes Furor Over Iran Just One Day Into Job). Within a very short time he lowered US diplomacy in Germany to junk-level and brought it on par with Russia’s “diplomacy”. He could not express more clearly that he a) is just as incompetent as his employer and b) a large part of his potential conversation partners will reduce contacts to the minimum. Thanks for that, after all, because the time gained in this way can finally be put to good use elsewhere. The second wellknown Trump troll is the former Breitbart editor and right-wing extremist Steve Bannon, who, hand in hand with Grenell, wants to mobilize the European far right weirdos to merge them into a European Alt-Right movement (HetNieuweInstituut.nl – Steve_Bannon: A Propaganda Retrospective, The Washington Post, 13 March 2018: In Europe, Steve Bannon can still play the hero, Politico Magazine, March/April 2017: The Man Who Wants to Unmake the West, The Guardian, 21 April 2018: Sharks, zealots and the apocalypse: welcome to Steve Bannon’s movie world, The Guardian, 6 May 2018: Steve Bannon is on a far-right mission to radicalise Europe, The Guardian, 6 June 2018: Steve Bannon is on a far-right mission to radicalise Europe, n+1, 18 June 2018: The Globalist: George Soros after the open society, The Daily Beast, 20 July 2018: Hellfire Club: Inside Bannon’s Plan to Hijack Europe for the Far-Right and Deutsche Welle, 23 July 2018: German politicians allied against Steve Bannon. It will become interesting and at the same time extremely funny for observers, when the nationalists of the EU states will be confronted with the reality, like the German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer and his CSU supporters Markus Söder, Andreas Scheuer and Alexander Dobrindt recently experienced together with the right-wing populists from Austria and Italy and their laughable “axis of the willing” (which triggered a coalition crisis in Germany because of five to ten immigrants per day, and is expected to cost the CSU the state elections in Bavaria). Nationalism works only in its own national state and excludes success across several national states by definition. It can only work within the EU if the EU itself is understood as a national state, so that an EU nationalism can evolve to find common, sustainable and viable solutions. However, Europe’s nationalists can’t think in such a dimension). While one can only be astonished as an observer about with what incredible impudence foreign and obviously (constitutional) hostile minded forces can spread their hatred across Europe undisturbed by state powers, the situation for the German right wingers (AfD, NPD, Pegida, Identitäre, Reichsbürger and so on), the Putin cheerleaders, is a real challenge to them, especially since they no longer know whether they should pray three times a day towards the Kremlin or instead now better towards the White House and therefore yowle subservient and precautionary in both directions.


Free Press
After Trump’s endless, baseless and disgusting “Fake News” lies against the free US press and thus as an attack on the freedom of press in general, the US press is now resisting: Miami Herald, 15 August 2018: President Trump, we’re not ‘enemies of the people.’ End your war on our free press, The New York Times, 15 August 2018: A Free Press Needs You and The Guardian, 16 August 2018: Almost 350 news outlets to publish editorials denouncing Trump’s ‘dirty war’ on press. In fact, the current most prominent US “Fake News” outlets besides Fox News are the White House Press Service and the US President’s Twitter account: Reuters, 16 August 2018: Senate adopts resolution backing free press after Trump attacks.


EU and USA
Of course, given the strong links between the EU and the US, it is clear that the US will in principle continue to be a strategic partner. In any case, transatlantic relations, especially below the level of government, will scarcely be irritated beyond a certain period of time (shared ancestry, values, art, culture, society, democracy, freedom, economy, trade etc. – Wunderbar together), Die Zeit vom 20 Februar 2017: Transatlantic relations: Yankee Goes Home, Atlantic Council, 15 March 2018: A Storm is Brewing in Transatlantic Relations, Carnegie Europe, 5 July 2019: Can Ursula Von Der Leyen Save the Transatlantic Relationship?). Although tourism numbers and the sum of foreign direct investment are declining, these indicators will recover in the post-Trump period, although it shouldn’t be assumed that a successor will make a 180° political turn (Pax Americana), especially as some of Trump’s crude theses and theories are well received by the Democrats (New York Magazine, 6 August 2018: In 2008, America Stopped Believing in the American Dream), but it can probably be assumed that the inability of Trump will not be exceeded (if things continue as they have been under Trump, he will actually not only easily replace Richard Nixon but even Andrew Johnson as the most incapable US president of all times). But it is clear that the EU has to respond to the measures from Washington in a very clever way, as countermeasures will hit especially the US states, which are of great importance to the Republicans. In November 2018, the primaries will take place (Midterm Elections and The New York Times, 24 October 2018: Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama and CNN Offices Are Sent Pipe Bombs, so in general against the Democrats, and what does the President do? Of course, the Hater and Mobber in Chief is blaming others: The Guardian, 25 October 2018: Donald Trump attacks media ‘hostility’ after attempted pipe bombings, The New York Times, 25 October 2018: Pipe Bombs Sent to Biden and Robert De Niro, Latest in Wave of Explosives Sent to Trump Critics, The New York Times, 26 October 2018: Pipe Bomb Suspect Arrested in Florida; Criminal History Includes Bombing Threat, The Guardian, 26 October 2018: What the targeting of Trump critics reveals about America’s rotting core, The Guardian, 26 October 2018: Seth Meyers: ‘If you’re asking if Trump’s lying or stupid the answer is all of the above’ and The Guardian, 27 Ocotober 2018: Florida man charged with sending 13 pipe bombs to Trump critics). The transatlantic dispute doesn’t only delight Moscow, but also the anti-Americanists from the West, who regard the close transatlantic ties as a thorn in their side and therefore have always been looking to the east without being able to find alternative solutions there. People who think of Moscow or Beijing here, obviously didn’t deal enough with the basic data and the opposing social/society models (the democracy in the EU stands in clear and obvious opposition to the so-called “controlled democracy” in Russia under President Vladimir Putin, which in fact corresponds to an autocracy (in addition, the largest country in the world is an economic dwarf. The resulting, factually correct, but diplomatically unfortunate choice of words by US President Barack Obama, “Russia is a regional power”, has obviously violated the ego of the Russian tsar so much that he then decided that it has to be compensated by military (one of the very few strengths of Russia) expeditions in Ukraine and Western Asia), and in the People’s Republic of China under President Xi Jinping, according to its constitution “under the democratic dictatorship of the people”, but is governed since 1949 authoritarian by the Chinese Communist Party) – The New York Times, 8 August 2018:Trump’s Tariffs Are Changing Trade With China. Here Are 2 Emerging Endgames..


Results of Trump’s first 500 days in office


Impeachment
Several times in the US, the initiation of an impeachment has been considered and discussed. The idea was rejected even after the Mueller report, but now Trump has probably overflowed the barrel, so that Nancy Pelosi has initiated the process: The New York Times, 22 September 2019: Trump Acknowledges Discussing Biden in Call With Ukrainian Leader, NPR, 22 September 2019: Democrats Intensify Calls For Potential Impeachment Over Whistleblower Complaint, The Guardian, 22 September 2019: Trump goes on offensive over Biden and Ukraine as Schiff ponders impeachment, BBC, 23 September 2019: Trump confirms he raised Bidens in Ukraine call, CNN, 23 September 2019: Ukraine drama could give Democrats no choice but to impeach Trump, The Guardian, 23 September 2019: Impeachment talk intensifies over Trump’s call with Ukraine president, The New York Times, 23 September 2019: Trump Admits He Spoke to Ukraine About Biden; Pressure to Impeach Builds, France24, 24 September 2019: Trump ordered Ukraine aid freeze ahead of controversial Biden phone call, The New York Times, 24 September 2019: Biden Will Back Impeachment if Trump Does Not Cooperate With Congress, CNN, 25 September 2019: Trump pushed Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden, transcript shows, The Guardian, 25 September 2019: Everyone thought Trump was untouchable – that may have just changed, Politico.eu, 25 September 2019: Trump’s Ukraine circus, BBC, 25 September 2019: Naga Munchetty ‘breached BBC rules’ with Trump comments, France24, 25 September 2019: Memo shows Trump asked Ukraine president to investigate political rival Biden, The Guardian, 25 September 2019: Trump-Ukraine scandal: memo shows president pushed for Biden investigation – live, Politico, 25 September 2019: Trump pressed Ukraine’s president to work with Barr for dirt on Biden, CNN, 25 September 2019: Trump says the conversation was a ‘nothing call.’ The House intel chair says transcript reads like a classic mob shakedown, NPR, 25 September 2019: Trump Asked Ukrainian President For ‘A Favor’ On Biden; DOJ Says No Charges, Politico.eu, 25 September 2019: The big impeachment question: Is this 1974 or 1998?, BBC, 25 September 2019: Trump impeachment: Memo confirms president urged Biden inquiry, CNN, 25 September 2019: Putin emerges as a winner in Washington’s Ukraine turmoil, NPR, 25 September 2019: Top House Dems Say Account Of Trump Call Confirms Need For Impeachment Inquiry, Politico, 25 September 2019: How to read Trump’s wild phone call with Ukraine’s president, The Washington Post, 25 September 2019: Trump offered Ukrainian president Justice Dept. help for Biden investigation, memo shows, The New York Times, 25 September 2019: Pelosi on Trump: ‘He Does Not Care About Ethics’ — Live Updates, Al Jazeera, 25 September 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: All the latest updates, The New York Times, 25 September 2019: Trump Doesn’t Need to Commit a Crime to Be Kicked Out of Office, France24, 25 September 2019: Trump calls grounds for his impeachment a ‘joke’, Haaretz, 25 September 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu Experience Validates Pelosi’s Fear of Trump Impeachment, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Phone Call Showed Only a Slice of Trump’s Obsession With Ukraine, CNN, 26 September 2019: To understand Trump’s Ukraine call, you gotta know the code, Politico.com, 26 September 2019: Why Pelosi and her party finally embraced impeachment, The Guardian, 26 September 2019: Does Trump need to break the law to be impeached? The answer is no, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Trump Has Overplayed His Hand, CNN, 26 September 2019: White House ‘tried to hide Trump Ukraine call transcript’, The Guardian, 26 September 2019: Impeachment isn’t the answer to America’s political crisis, CNN, 26 September 2019: Whistleblower’s complaint is out, The Washington Post, 26 September 2019: Whistleblower claimed Trump abused his office and that White House officials tried to cover it up, Politico.com, 26 September 2019: Whistleblower says White House tried to ‘lock down’ Ukraine call, The Guardian, 26 September 2019: Trump says whistleblower’s source is ‘close to a spy’, reports say – live news, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: 8 Takeaways From the Whistle-Blower Complaint, Al Jazeera, 26 September 2019: Democrats call contents of whistle-blower complaint ‘disturbing’, The National, 26 September 2019: Donald Trump sought Ukrainian interference in 2020 election, whistleblower alleges, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Yes, Trump Is Guilty, but Impeachment Is a Mistake, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Trump Attacks Whistle-Blower’s Sources and Alludes to Punishment for Spies, The National, 26 September 2019: Trump’s focus on Iran and impeachment inquiry were highlights of UN appearance, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Impeaching Trump Is Good for the Economy, CNN, 27 September 2019: Four days that pitched America into an impeachment nightmare, France24, 27 September 2019: Trump Impeachment – Eric Lisann explains the procedure, Politico.com, 27 September 2019: When Impeachment Meets a Broken Congress, BBC, 27 September 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: Whistleblower ‘is CIA officer’, The Guardian, 27 September 2019: White House tried to cover up Trump’s Ukraine conversation, whistleblower alleges, Politico.com, 27 September 2019: Trump’s road from wishing for impeachment to dreading it, The New York Times, 27 September 2019: Why the Trump Impeachment Inquiry Is the Only Option, The Washington Post, 27 September 2019: Whistleblower, working in stealth, almost single-handedly set impeachment in motion, Politico.com, 27 September 2019: Just another day in Fucknutsville (now redirected to Politico.com, 27 September 2019: Trump Killed the Seriousness of Impeachment), The New York Times, 27 September 2019: White House Classified Computer System Is Used to Hold Transcripts of Sensitive Calls, The Washington Post, 27 September 2019: Trump told Russian officials in 2017 he wasn’t concerned about Moscow’s interference in U.S. election, CNN, 28 September 2019: Trump’s Ukraine scandal: Who’s who?, France24, 28 September 2019: Pompeo subpoenaed as Democrats press ahead on Trump impeachment investigation, BBC, 28 September 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: Pompeo subpoenaed by House Democrats, CNN, 28 September 2019: White House restricted access to Trump’s calls with Putin and Saudi crown prince, The Guardian, 28 September 2019: Trump told Russian officials he was unconcerned about election interference – report, Politico.com, 28 September 2019: Impeachment takeaways: What we know (and what we don’t), CNN, 28 September 2019: The phases of Trump’s coming impeachment proceedings, Kyiv Post, 28 September 2019: US envoy Volker resigns as Trump’s Ukrainian scandal escalates, Al Jazeera, 27 September 2019: To impeach or not to impeach: Why Democrats changed their minds, Times of Israel, 27 September 2019: Trump slams 4 congresswomen of color, 2 Jewish lawmakers as ‘Democrat savages’, CNN, 28 September 2019: Trump attacks House Democrats leading impeachment inquiry as ‘savages’ (as a comedian he could certainly make a fortune), CNN, 28 September 2019: Trump’s ruthless attacks may come back to haunt him, The Guardian, 29 September 2019: Giuliani leads Trump counter-attack over Ukraine and impeachment, CNN, 29 September 2019: Ukraine braces for growing fall-out from US political crisis, Politico.com, 29 September 2019: Dem leaders plot impeachment messaging war with Trump, The New York Times, 29 September 2019: Note to the Impeachment Investigators: Trump Rarely Acts Alone, CNN, 29 September 2019: Giuliani’s journey to the center of Trump’s impeachment battle started with a phone call in 2018, BBC, 29 September 2019: No reason to probe Bidens: former Ukraine prosecutor, Politico.com, 29 September 2019: 5 Ways Impeachment Could Play Out, CNN, 30 September 2019: Trump says he wants to meet whistleblower: ‘I deserve to meet my accuser’, BBC, 30 September 2019: Trump impeachment: Whistleblower ‘endangered’ by Trump criticism, CNN, 30 September 2019: Washington at war: Dems aim for speedy impeachment push as Trump threatens whistleblower, Politico.com, 30 September 2019: Democrats see impeachment as landmine for Republican Senate, The Washington Post, 1 October 2019: Pompeo says State Dept. officials won’t show up for scheduled impeachment depositions this week, The New York Times, 1 October 2019: Trump Pressed Australian Leader to Help Barr Investigate Mueller Inquiry’s Origins, France24, 1 October 2019: Trump asked Australian PM for help investigating Russia inquiry, CNN, 1 October 2019: Trump impeachment: Pompeo blasts Democrats for ‘bullying’ staff, The Washington Post, 1 October 2019: Impeachment is serious. Trump trying to avoid it is good comic relief., Politico.com, 1 October 2019: Grassley breaks with Trump over protecting whistleblower, Politico.eu, 1 October 2019: Trump grievance machine reaps millions off impeachment, France24, 1 October 2019: Trump administration pushes back against impeachment probe, The Guardian, 1 October 2019: Pompeo accuses Democrats of ‘bullying’ and rebuffs demand to quiz key officials, Politico.com, 2 October 2019: Pompeo confirms he was on Trump’s Ukraine call, The Washington Post, 2 October 2019: Trump involved Pence in efforts to pressure Ukraine’s leader, though officials say vice president was unaware of allegations in whistleblower complaint, Politico.com, 2 October 2019: Pelosi fiercely defends impeachment inquiry as Trump blows up, France24, 3 October 2019: Trump lashes out at Democrats over impeachment inquiry, CNN, 3 October 2019: Trump now says both China and Ukraine should investigate Bidens, The Guardian, 3 October 2019: Trump admits he pushed Ukraine for dirt on Biden and calls on China to investigate him – live, Politico.com, 3 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment defiance spooks key voting blocs, CNN, 3 October 2019: Trump’s private fury over impeachment spills into the public, Al Jazeera, 3 October 2019: Trump again seeks foreign help to probe Bidens, calls on China, Arab News, 3 October 2019: Impeachment inquiry may embolden Iran to escalate, The New York Times, 3 October 2019: Trump, the Self-Impeaching President, Politico.eu, 3 October 2019: Why Giuliani and Trump Can’t Hide Behind Attorney-Client Privilege, The New York Times, 3 October 2019: Here Comes the Trump Slump, The Guardian, 4 October 2019: Trump is his own biggest enemy in the impeachment inquiry, BBC, 4 October 2019: Trump-Ukraine: Text messages show diplomat’s alarm over plans, The Washington Post, 4 October 2019: Trump says Democratic-led House has the votes to impeach him, The New York Times, 4 October 2019: Read the Text Messages Between U.S. and Ukrainian Officials, Politico.eu, 4 October 2019: ‘You’re making him a further victim’: Dems fume over DNC treatment of Biden, The Guardian, 4 October 2019: As Trump’s lies reach new heights, has the media reached a tipping point?, The Washington Post, 4 October 2019: Trump has turned foreign policy into a subsidiary of his reelection campaign, The Guardian, 4 October 2019: Second official reportedly considering whistleblower complaint against Trump, Politico.eu, 4 October 2019: Trump’s man in Brussels at center of impeachment inquiry, The Washington Post, 4 October 2019: Trump’s calls with foreign leaders have long worried aides, leaving some ‘genuinely horrified’, Poilitico.com, 5 October 2019: Trump’s NSC rocked by Ukraine scandal, NPR, 5 October 2019: ‘Treason,’ ‘Spy,’ ‘Coup’: As Impeachment Talk Intensifies, So Does Trump’s Rhetoric, Politico.com, 5 October 2019: Trump unloads on Romney as Ukraine crisis deepens, NPR, 5 October 2019: Opinion: Did Secretary Pompeo Forget His West Point Pledge?, Reuters, 5 October 2019: Trump slams Romney as ‘pompous ass’ for critique of Ukraine call, The Guardian, 6 October 2019: ‘Peculiar, irrational, self-destructive’: Trump’s week of impeachment rage, The National, 6 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment inquiry entangles White House and disrupts foreign policy (as if Trump’s White House had ever had anything close to foreign policy. In fact, the Foreign Ministry has been weakened as much as possible from day one, so that it is more of a haunted house today. It will take more than a decade to reactivate it and with it US diplomacy), Jerusalem Post, 6 October 2019: Rudy Giuliani plays down role in Ukraine statement on corruption, Politico.eu, 6 October 2019: Pompeo defends phone call, saying Trump wanted to stop Ukrainian corruption, The Guardian, 6 October 2019: Erratic Trump struggles to control message as impeachment threat grows, CNN, 6 October 2019: After the Ukraine call, many world leaders may duck dealing with Trump, The New York Times, 6 October 2019: Impeach Trump, Repeatedly, CNN, 7 October 2019: New twists put Republicans on spot in impeachment saga, CNN, 8 October 2019: EU ambassador cited in Ukraine texts ordered not to testify as impeachment pressure on Republicans grows, CNN, 8 October 2019: The latest on the Trump impeachment inquiry, BBC, 8 October 2019: Gordon Sondland: US envoy skips Trump impeachment inquiry, CNN, 8 October 2019: Republican response tracker: GOP mostly silent on Trump’s call to investigate Biden, CNN, 8 October 2019: EU ambassador cited in Ukraine texts ordered not to testify as impeachment pressure on Republicans grows, CNN, 8 October 2019: The latest on the Trump impeachment inquiry, The Guardian, 8 October 2019: Clear majority of Americans support Trump impeachment inquiry, poll finds, Politico.com, 8 October 2019: Trump’s all-out blockade threatens Democrats’ impeachment drive, France24, 8 October 2019: White House rules out cooperation in impeachment probe, NPR, 8 October 2019: Trump Administration Says It Won’t Comply With Impeachment Inquiry, The Guardian, 8 October 2019: Refuse, block, stonewall – but Trump’s strategy leaves little margin for error, BBC, 9 October 2019: White House ‘will not co-operate with impeachment inquiry’, CNN, 9 October 2019: Trump defies Democrats with all-out political warfare on impeachment, The Guardian, 9 October 2019: White House refuses to comply with impeachment inquiry, The New York Times, 8 October 2019: White House Declares War on Impeachment Inquiry, Claiming Effort to Undo Trump’s Election, Politico.com, 9 October 2019: Poll: Half of voters support impeaching and removing Trump, The New York Times, 9 October 2019: Trump’s Sweeping Case Against Impeachment Is a Political Strategy, The Washington Post, 10 October 2019: Live updates: Trump returns to the campaign trail as another poll shows support for his ouster is growing, Politico.com, 10 October 2019: ‘What legal strategy?’: Trump relies on Trump to survive impeachment, Politico.com, 10 October 2019: Two Giuliani Ukraine associates indicted on campaign finance charges, BBC, 10 October 2019: Trump donors charged in campaign finance case, Los Angeles Times, 10 October 2019: Trump’s children take in millions overseas as president slams Biden’s son, The New York Times, 10 October 2019: Luckily, Trump Is an Unstable Non-Genius, Haaretz, 10 October 2019: These Arrested Giuliani Associates, Linked to Trump’s Ukraine Scandal, Have Ties to Israel’s Right, CNN, 11 October 2019: Trump loses appeal to stop House subpoena of his tax documents, Palestine Chronicle, 11 October 2019: A Placebo Not the Cure: Why Removing Trump and Netanyahu Won’t Relieve the Illness, CNN, 11 October 2019: What arrests mean for Giuliani and Trump, Al Jazeera, 11 October 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: 10 developments you may have missed, CNN, 12 October 2019: Trump’s losses mount in stunning day of setbacks, NPR, 12 October 2019: Trump, Ukraine And The Path To The Impeachment Inquiry: A Timeline, NPR, 12 October 2019: Cory Booker On Impeachment: ‘I Swore An Oath To Protect And Defend The Constitution’, The Guardian, 13 October 2019: Donald Trump: xenophobe in public, international mobster in private, Politico.eu, 13 October 2019: Trump impeachment fight deepens a rift among ambassadors, The Guardian, 13 October 2019: Trump impeachment: Esper indicates Pentagon will cooperate with inquiry, Saudi Gazette, 13 October 2019: Impeachment probe overshadows US 2020 Democratic race, Politico.com, 15 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment barricade crumbles, The Guardian, 15 October 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry gathers pace as more officials testify, CNN, 16 October 2019: White House scrambles to slow impeachment push as explosive secrets spill behind closed doors, NPR, 16 October 2019: House Democrats Walk Out Of White House Syria Meeting, Accusing Trump Of ‘Meltdown’, CNN, 16 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment defense game is absurd, The Guardian, 17 October 2019: Trump ordered diplomats to work with Giuliani on Ukraine, Sondland testifies, CNN, 17 October 2019: Trump explodes at Pelosi as more key impeachment testimony looms, BBC, 17 October 2019: Trump and Pelosi: The ‘meltdown’ photo showing Washington divides, Politico.com, 17 October 2019: Gordon Sondland breaks with Trump in impeachment testimony, CNN, 17 October 2019: Ambassador breaks with Trump, testifying the President directed diplomats to work with Giuliani on Ukraine, NPR, 17 October 2019: Trump Gave Giuliani The Ukraine Portfolio And Boxed Out Diplomats, Sondland Says, The New York Times, 17 October 2019: Trump’s Impeachment Blockade Crumbles as Witnesses Agree to Talk, Al Jazeera, 17 October 2019: Sondland to testify Trump told diplomats to work with Giuliani, Gulf Times, 17 October 2019: Trump impeachment probe claims ‘dramatic progress’.

dokument-whistleblower_trump


Unclassified09.2019


Knowledge Gains
But part of the truth is that the EU and its member states poured water on # 45 mills. On the one hand, it provides little or no communication on services and accomplishments, while on the other hand, decades of military intrusion (The Washington Post, 28 June 2017: NATO allies boost defense spending in the wake of Trump criticism, Deutsche Welle, 13 February 2018: EU’s new defense union must not undermine NATO, warns Stoltenberg, Deutsche Welle, 08 July 2018: NATO chief: Germany must increase defense spending, The New York Times, 09 July 2018: Trump Poised to Enter NATO Meeting as Wild Card Among Allies, BBC, 09 July 2018: Trump-Nato summit: EU’s Tusk warns president to appreciate allies, The Guardian, 10 July 2018: Europeans brace for worst from Trump at stormy Nato summit, Bloomberg, 10 July 2018: Trump Is Itching for a Fight at NATO, The New York Times, 11 July 2018: NATO Summit Live Updates: Trump Pushes Allies to Increase Spending, CNN, 11 July 2018: NATO summit: Trump accuses Germany of being a ‘captive of Russia’, The Guardian, 11 July 2018: Angela Merkel hits back at Donald Trump at Nato summit, The New York Times, 11 July 2018: Trump vs. Merkel: Blistering Salvo Meets Gentle Rejoinder, The New York Times, 11 July 2018: Sorry, NATO. Trump Doesn’t Believe in Allies., The New York Times, 11 July 2018: What America Gets Out of NATO, The Washington Post, 11 July 2018: ‘Rubbing salt in the wounds’: Trump won’t take yes for an answer at NATO, The Washington Post, 11 July 2018: Trump berates NATO allies and then asks them to double their defense spending goals, The Guardian, 12 July 2018: Trump claims victory at Nato summit after fresh row over defence spending, The Washington Post, 12 July 2018: Trump’s latest lie at NATO blows up his idea of ‘winning’ and The New York Times, 12 July 2018: Live Updates: After Contentious NATO Summit, Trump Goes to U.K.) in the face of changing threats and the withdrawal of the US from relevant areas (the Middle East (except for Israel where the USA has taken over the role of a protective and guarantor power and maintain an air force base in the country) and North Africa) are becoming more and more an existential problem (the key question, which critics of the solution in particular have to face more and more often, is “What happens if we do not deploy the army, what are the risks and challenges and how could they be dealt with alternatively?” The answers are as sobering as they are enlightening, because there are no viable alternatives given. The earlier everyone realize this, the sooner we can start building the EU army). The latter has already been communicated several times under US President Barack Obama without the EU having reacted to it, so that today it is once again driven rather than acting in time (Trump, however, has misunderstood a lot here too, saying that some NATO members “owe money” to the US for failing to meet their self-imposed targets of 2% of GDP as a defense budget, which is of course utter nonsense. Even if the countries reach the 2% budget, the US weapon industry wouldn’t benefit, but European manufacturers only). This has a negative impact on a credible foreign policy, because without military relevance no the problems and challenges in the Levant and North Africa can be solved, especially not when the EU need to take over the role of the US (which isolates itself in breathtaking speed under Trump, thereby marginalizing itself and thus endangering vital self-interests/the national security without necessity. In this case, the enemy of the US is sitting in the White House) because of pure self-interests in the regions and to pacify and contribute to an economic upturn in order to be able to curb future expected refugee flows, especially from Central Africa (Die Zeit, 17 November 2017: Transatlantic Relations: Superpower EU? No thank you!, The Guardian, 10 June 2018: Vladimir Putin says he is willing to meet Trump at summit, The Guardian, 10 June 2018: Macron is reviving France and calling Merkel’s bluff on European reform, The Guardian, 25 June 2018: Nine EU states sign off on joint military intervention force, New York Times, 14 January 2019: Trump discussed pulling U.S. from NATO, aides say amid new concerns over Russia, Washington Times, 5 July 2019: Joe Biden: There will be ‘no more NATO’ if Donald Trump is reelected, Jerusalem Post, 7 July 2019: NATO no more? Biden says Trump will lead to the organization’s implosion).



This contribution is sporadically supplemented and extended.

Read more on Atlantic Bridge, Wikipedia Atlantic Bridge, United States–European Union relations and Wikipedia Transatlantic relations. Photo by Wikimedia Commons.



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