Theme Week Tibet

Monday, 21 October 2019 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Theme Weeks, UNESCO World Heritage

Putuo Zongcheng Temple © Gisling/cc-by-sa-4.0

Putuo Zongcheng Temple © Gisling/cc-by-sa-4.0

Tibet is a region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Tibet Autonomous Region, China. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa, and Lhoba peoples and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han Chinese and Hui people. Tibet is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of 5,000 m (16,000 ft). The highest elevation in Tibet is Mount Everest, Earth’s highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.

The Tibetan Empire emerged in the 7th century, but with the fall of the empire the region soon divided into a variety of territories. The bulk of western and central Tibet (Ü-Tsang) was often at least nominally unified under a series of Tibetan governments in Lhasa, Shigatse, or nearby locations; these governments were at various times under Mongol and Chinese overlordship. Thus Tibet remained a suzerainty of the Mongol and later Chinese rulers in Nanjing and Beijing, with reasonable autonomy given to the Tibetan leaders. The eastern regions of Kham and Amdo often maintained a more decentralized indigenous political structure, being divided among a number of small principalities and tribal groups, while also often falling more directly under Chinese rule after the Battle of Chamdo; most of this area was eventually incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai. The current borders of Tibet were generally established in the 18th century.

Yamdrok Lake © flickr.com - B_cool/cc-by-2.0 Gyantse Fortress © Antoine Taveneaux/cc-by-sa-3.0 Jokhang Temple © panoramio.com - Hiroki Ogawa/cc-by-3.0 K2 mountain © Svy123/cc-by-3.0 Mount Everest from Kalapatthar © Pavel Novak/cc-by-sa-2.5 Phugtal Monastery © Shakti/cc-by-sa-3.0 Potala Palace © Coolmanjackey/cc-by-sa-3.0 Putuo Zongcheng Temple © Gisling/cc-by-sa-4.0 Simple Tibetan breakfast © flickr.com - Ritesh Man Tamrakar/cc-by-sa-2.0 Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama (2012) © flickr.com - Christopher Michel/cc-by-2.0
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Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama (2012) © flickr.com - Christopher Michel/cc-by-2.0
Following the Xinhai Revolution against the Qing dynasty in 1912, Qing soldiers were disarmed and escorted out of Tibet Area (Ü-Tsang). The region subsequently declared its independence in 1913 without recognition by the subsequent Chinese Republican government. Later, Lhasa took control of the western part of Xikang, China. The region maintained its autonomy until 1951 when, following the Battle of Chamdo, Tibet became incorporated into the People’s Republic of China, and the previous Tibetan government was abolished in 1959 after a failed uprising. Today, China governs western and central Tibet as the Tibet Autonomous Region while the eastern areas are now mostly ethnic autonomous prefectures within Sichuan, Qinghai and other neighbouring provinces. There are tensions regarding Tibet’s political status and dissident groups that are active in exile. Tibetan activists in Tibet have reportedly been arrested or tortured.

The economy of Tibet is dominated by subsistence agriculture, though tourism has become a growing industry in recent decades. The dominant religion in Tibet is Tibetan Buddhism; in addition there is Bön, which is similar to Tibetan Buddhism, and there are also Tibetan Muslims and Christian minorities. Tibetan Buddhism is a primary influence on the art, music, and festivals of the region. Tibetan architecture reflects Chinese and Indian influences. Staple foods in Tibet are roasted barley, yak meat, and butter tea.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Central Tibetan Administration, Economy of Tibet, Tibetan culture, Religion in Tibet, Tibetan art, Architecture in Tibet, List of Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Tibet, Music of Tibet, Tibetan festivals, Tibetan cuisine, List of Tibetan dishes, Central Tibetan Administration, Human rights in Tibet, Tibetan independence movement, Incorporation of Tibet into the People’s Republic of China, China–Nepal relations, Wikitravel Tibetan journeys, LonelyPlanet.com – Tibet, Wikitravel Tibet, Wikivoyage Tibet and Wikipedia Tibet. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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