Stolobny Island in Lake Seliger

Friday, 22 January 2016 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Nilov Monastery from Lake Seliger © Just/cc0

Nilov Monastery from Lake Seliger © Just/cc0

Stolobny Island is an island on Lake Seliger in the Tver Oblast of Russia, about 10 km (6.2 mi) north of the town of Ostashkov. The island is the home of Nilov Monastery, which was founded by Saint Nilus in 1594, and previously welcomed up to 40,000 pilgrims each year. Most of the buildings of the monastery were built in the 18th and 19th Centuries in a neoclassical style. Today the monastery complex remains one of the most impressive ensembles of Neoclassical architecture in Eastern Europe. Some of its churches date back to the 17th century. A graceful embankment was completed by 1812, and a large cathedral was built in 1821-25. The construction of the causeway to the island was completed in 1812. The Nilow Monastery was one of the largest and wealthiest monasteries in the Russian Empire.

After 1990, the complex was given back of the Russian Orthodox Church, and in 1995 it opened again as a functioning monastery, which it still is today. The monastery has a few farmsteads, including in Torzhok. The monastery also has its own apiary (also known as a bee yard), and in the church shop you can buy consecrated honey. The monastery produces its own candles, milk and has a carpentry shop, a barn and stables. For visiting pilgrims a special hotel is available. The restoration of the façades of the monastery started in 2009.

Nilov Monastery © Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii Collection - U.S. Library of Congress Guest Housing © Mr mgs35/cc-by-sa-3.0 Cathedral of the Epiphany © Mr mgs35/cc-by-sa-3.0 Brother's Housing © Mr mgs35/cc-by-sa-3.0 Bishop's Housing © Mr mgs35/cc-by-sa-3.0 Nilov Monastery from Lake Seliger © Just/cc0
<
>
Nilov Monastery © Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii Collection - U.S. Library of Congress
Regarding the name of the island – “Stolobny” – there are two versions. At first, it got its name because of its shape, like a pole, and the second, is that there was an ancient pagan temple that included a sacrificial post. In 1515 the Rev. Nil (Neil in English) Krypetsky worked as a lumberjack. He lived alone, ate grass and acorns, all the time spent in prayer. According to legend, one day robbers went to Rev. Nil, and decided to kill him. However, he prayed silently, went out to them with an icon of the Blessed Virgin. The robbers, dreaming that the Rev. was defended by many armed men, fell at his feet, repented and begged forgiveness. Gradually the fame of the hermit spread through the local villages. People began coming to him, asking prayers and teachings. In 1528, tired of all the attention, he moved to a new location – the island of Stolobny at Lake Seliger, near Ostashkov. The first year he lived in a dugout, then built a hut and a chapel for prayers. According to legend, the devil repeatedly sent different calamities against the hermit – fires, even robbers tried to throw his cell in the lake. However, Rev. Nil was adamant, overcoming all attacks by prayer and faith. Rev. Nil lived on the island a total of 27 years before his death, and he bequeathed to build a monastery on this site, which was later made. Nil died in 1555 and was buried on Stolobny. In 1594, with the permission of the Patriarch Job, a monastic cloister opened on the island. Thus began the history of monastery Nilo – Stolobensky. The founder of the monastery was a monk Herman.

In 1919, after the October Revolution, the monastery was confiscated. It was closed in 1927 by the Soviet government and subsequently used for various purposes. From 1927 to 1939 there was a work camp for underage criminals. In the period 1939 to 1941, during the first years of World War II, the monastery was a prisoner of war camp of the Russian secret service NKVD, which held approximately 7,000 Polish prisoners of war who had been taken captive by the Soviet Union as a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Almost all of the prisoners were subsequently executed in April 1940 in Kalinin (now Tver) and then buried in mass graves in Mednoye, an act which became known as the Katyn Massacre. Amongst those killed were Polish officers, lawyers, policemen, teachers, doctors, and other members of the intelligentsia. From 1941 to 1945 there was a hospital in the building complex, and again from 1945 to 1960, a camp for minors and orphans. From 1960 to 1971 the monastery was used as a retirement home, and from 1971 to 1990 a hostel for tourists.

Read more on Nilov Monastery and Wikipedia Stolobny Island (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Sardinia - Olbia

Theme Week Sardinia - Olbia

[caption id="attachment_151607" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Isola di Tavolara © Lupanino[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Olbia is a city and comune of 58,000 inhabitants in northeastern Sardinia, in the Gallura sub-region. Called Olbia in the Roman age, Civita in the Middle Ages (Giudicati period) and Terranova Pausania before the 1940s, Olbia was again the official name of the city during the period of Fascism. It is the economic centre of this part of the island (commercial centres, food industry) and is very close to ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Normandy - Saint-Clair-sur-Epte

Theme Week Normandy - Saint-Clair-sur-Epte

[caption id="attachment_152720" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © P.poschadel/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Saint-Clair-sur-Epte is a commune in the Val-d'Oise department in the Île-de-France region, about 75 km north-west of Paris. Henry I of England seized the castle of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte in 1118. Archaeological findings give evidence of an early settlement of thea area. The Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, between Charles the Simple (King Charles III of France) and Rollo, the leader of the Vikings, was si...

[ read more ]

Porto Cervo on the Costa Smeralda

Porto Cervo on the Costa Smeralda

[caption id="attachment_160842" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Stahlkocher/GFDL[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Porto Cervo is an Italian seaside resort in northern Sardinia. It is a frazione of the comune of Arzachena, in the province of Olbia-Tempio. The village is the main centre of the Costa Smeralda, on the gulf of the same name. It was created by Prince Karim Aga Khan. Porto Cervo has a resident population of less than 200 inhabitants. Porto Cervo is home to the Monte di Mola (MdM) art gallery, which is the most important g...

[ read more ]

The Deutschland

The Deutschland

[caption id="attachment_152707" align="aligncenter" width="590"] MS Deutschland with German Olympic athletes coming from London 2012 in the Port of Hamburg© lemaonet/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]MS Deutschland is a German-registered cruise ship owned and operated by Peter Deilmann Cruises. She is decorated in the Art Deco style made famous by such classic ocean liners as the SS Ile de France and SS Normandie. The Deutschland was launched in 1998 by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) in Kiel. She carries 513 passeng...

[ read more ]

The Savoy Hotel

The Savoy Hotel

[caption id="attachment_161262" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Savoy Hotel © geograph.org.uk - Steve F / Wikicommons[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Savoy Hotel is a hotel located on the Strand, in the City of Westminster in central London. Built by impresario Richard D'Oyly Carte with profits from his Gilbert and Sullivan operas, the hotel opened on 6 August 1889. It was the first in the Savoy group of hotels and restaurants owned by Carte's family for over a century. It was also the first luxury hotel in Britain, introduc...

[ read more ]

Big Sur in California

Big Sur in California

[caption id="attachment_201361" align="aligncenter" width="590"] California Highway 1 near Ragged Point © flickr.com - Fred Moore/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Big Sur is a rugged and mountainous section of the Central Coast of California between Carmel Highlands and San Simeon, where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean. It is frequently praised for its dramatic scenery. Big Sur has been called the "longest and most scenic stretch of undeveloped coastline in the contiguous United States," a "nat...

[ read more ]

The medical and university town of Erlangen

The medical and university town of Erlangen

[caption id="attachment_160669" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Erlangen Castle, seat of the Friedrich-Alexander University © Selby[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Erlangen is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria. It is located at the confluence of the river Regnitz and its large tributary, the Untere Schwabach. Erlangen has more than 100,000 inhabitants. Erlangen is today dominated by the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and the numerous branch offices of Siemens AG, as well as a large research Institute of the Fraunhofer So...

[ read more ]

European Court of Human Rights

European Court of Human Rights

[caption id="attachment_161364" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Sfisek/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR; French: Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supra-national or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights. It hears applications alleging that a contracting state has breached one or more of the human rights provisions concerning civil and political rights set out in the Convention and its protocols. An application can be lodged by a...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
Riyadh Skyline © Muhaidib
The Kingdom Centre in Riyadh

Kingdom Centre is a 65-storey, 302.3 m (992 ft) skyscraper in Riyadh. It is the third tallest skyscraper in the...

© Degser/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week Tel Aviv – The Rothschild Boulevard

Rothschild Boulevard is one of the principal streets in the center of Tel Aviv, beginning in Neve Tzedek at its...

Former factory building of the Red October confectionery © flickr.com - Pavel Kazachkov/cc-by-2.0
Theme Week Moscow – Red October

The Red October is a Russian manufacturer of confectionery and the name of the same factory in Moscow. In 1851...

Schließen