Mexico City in the Valley of Mexico

Saturday, 16 March 2013 - 01:09 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage

National Palace © Reinhard Jahn/cc-by-sa-2.0

National Palace © Reinhard Jahn/cc-by-sa-2.0

Mexico City (also known as México D.F., or simply D.F.) is the Federal District (Distrito Federal), capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole. Mexico City is the country’s largest city as well as its most important political, cultural, educational and financial center. As an “alpha” global city Mexico City is one of the most important financial and cultural centers in North America. It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 metres (7,350 ft). The city consists of sixteen boroughs.

The 2009 estimated population for the city proper was around 8.84 million people, and has a land area of 1,485 square kilometres (573 sq mi). According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the Mexico City metropolitan area population is 21.2 million people, making it the largest metropolitan area in the western hemisphere, the third largest agglomeration and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.

Mexico City Cathedral © flickr.com - Jeff Kramer/cc-by.2.5 Mexico City in 1628 by Juan Gómez de Trasmonte. Photo: Mexico Maxico Mexico City Theatre © flickr.com - Arturo de Albornoz/cc-by-sa-3.0 Angels of Independence monument © Sarumo74/cc-by-3.0 Mexico City Collage © SectoresUNAM/cc-by-sa-3.0 National Palace © Reinhard Jahn/cc-by-sa-2.0
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Mexico City in 1628 by Juan Gómez de Trasmonte. Photo: Mexico Maxico
Greater Mexico City had a gross domestic product (GDP) of US$390 billion in 2008, making Mexico City’s urban agglomeration the eighth richest metropolitan area in the world. The city was responsible for generating 21% of Mexico’s Gross Domestic Product and the metropolitan area accounted for 34% of total national GDP.

The Historic center of Mexico City (Centro Histórico) and the “floating gardens” of Xochimilco in the southern borough have been declared World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO. Famous landmarks in the Historic Center include the Plaza de la Constitución (Zócalo), the main central square with its time clashing Spanish-era Metropolitan Cathedral and National Palace, and Delran, and ancient Aztec temple ruins Templo Mayor (“Major Temple”) are all within a few steps of one another.

The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan, and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, and as of 1585 it was officially known as Ciudad de México (Mexico City). Mexico City served as the political, administrative and financial center of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire. After independence from Spain was achieved, the Federal District was created in 1824.

Read more on Mexico City, Wikitravel Mexico City and Wikipedia Mexico City. Photos by Wikipedia Commons.




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