Luxembourg, Gibraltar of the north

Monday, 13 December 2010 - 04:44 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: European Union, General, European Capital of Culture

Luxembourg Fortress from Adolphe Bridge © Cayambe

Luxembourg Fortress from Adolphe Bridge © Cayambe

Whilst the Luxembourg fortress was a true textbook example of European military architecture, it has changed hands many times over its existence. Italian, Spanish, Belgian, French, Austrian, Dutch and Prussian engineers have been involved in progressively extending the fortifications of this stronghold. Traces of their work remain, and what traces! Since 1994, the fortifications and the old city have been classed as a UNESCO world heritage site.

An extraordinary network of 23km of underground galleries, the famous casemates, which were carved from the city’s rocks constitute the city’s main attraction. The corridors were created on different levels, ranging down to 40 meters in depth. Because of these fortifications Luxembourg is also known as “Gibraltar of the North”. Parts of the casemates still exists today. Some houses have direct access to the casemates in the basements.

The Grand-Duke’s residence, the Grand-Ducal palace, has an exceptionally beautiful facade in Flemish Rennaissance style (16th century), and a majestic interior and ceremonial rooms open to the public during the summer only. In the Notre-Dame Cathedral, 17th century rood screen contrasts with the 20th century windows.

The medieval houses in the outlying areas harmoniously blend with the avant-garde architecture of the Kirchberg plateau, the European institution area.

European Court of Justice © Anders Gardebring

European Court of Justice © Anders Gardebring

European capital
Luxembourg has always held a privileged position in the process of European integration. Since the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1952, several European institutions have set up in the capital. The birthplace of one of the fathers of Europe, Robert Schuman, Luxembourg has the vocation of playing the role of one of the European capitals not only due to its geographical situation right in the heart of Europe, but also due to its multilingualism. Cosmopolitan and welcoming, with a population made up of almost 150 different nationalities, the city is a real economic, social and cultural melting-pot.

Juggler Statue © E.peiffer@gmx.net

Juggler Statue © E.peiffer@gmx.net

Thriving cultural center
In Luxembourg, the museums appear in ceremonial garb. The Luxembourg City History Museum retraces the high points of the over one thousand years of history of a European city with human dimensions whilst the National Museum of History and Art hosts one of the most beautiful Roman mosaics north of the Alps. The permanent and temporary exhibitions of the National Museum of Natural History “natur musée” fascinate adults anc children whilst modern art-lovers should head to the Casino Luxembourg – Forum of Contemporary Art.

Musée de la Forteresse - Fort Thüngen © Jean-Noël Lafargue

Musée de la Forteresse – Fort Thüngen © Jean-Noël Lafargue

The Museum of Modern Art Grand-Duc Jean MUDAM is one of the most ambitious architectural and cultural projects ever undertaken in the Grand Duchy. The Chinese American architect Ieoh Ming Pei came up with, designed then transformed the Thüngen fort, a highly strategic military location at the time in a strategic location for artistic creation. Close to the MUDAM is the Philharmonie, another architectural gem on the Kirchberg plateau which hosts some of the most prestigious musical groups.

The city’s “Grand Théâtre” hosts and coproduces operas, musical, dance shows and plays in French, German and English. Throughout the seasons, the city of Luxembourg offers a range of colourful concerts and festicals, from “Printemps musical” (music in the springtime), via the festival for unity “Summer in the City” and the Indian summer “Live at Vauban” to “Winterlights”, whilst “Schueberfouer”, one of the biggest funfairs in Europe attracts over 2 million visitors every year.

Place d'Armes © Wolfgang Stuck

Place d’Armes © Wolfgang Stuck

The art of living
There are plenty of opportunities to celebrate in Luxembourg, which are always enhanced by culinary art. The many restaurants offer refined cuisine and excellent service. The vast green spaces in the Pétrusse Valley, the public parks and thepicturesque banks of the Alzette are the ideal setting for relaxation whilst the pedestrian area is a true shopping thoroughfare which includes a wide choice of boutiques and high street shops.

To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facepage pages/Twitter accounts. Read more on City of Luxembourg, Luxembourg Tourist Office, Luxembourg City Tourism and Wikipedia Luxembourg. Learn more about the use of photos.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Costa Brava in Spain

Costa Brava in Spain

[caption id="attachment_171441" align="aligncenter" width="588"] Palafrugell © Patronat de Turisme Costa Brava Pirineu de Girona/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Costa Brava ("Wild Coast" or "Rough Coast") is a coastal region of Catalonia in northeastern Spain, consisting of the comarques (counties) of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà and Selva in the province of Girona. Costa Brava stretches from the town of Blanes, 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Barcelona, to the French border. In the 1950s, the Costa Brava was identified by...

[ read more ]

The Mediterranean island of Capri

The Mediterranean island of Capri

[caption id="attachment_153532" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Capri Harbour © Sean William[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Capri is an Italian island in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Sorrentine Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples, in the Campania region of Southern Italy. It has been a resort since the time of the Roman Republic. Features of the island are the Marina Piccola (the little harbour), the Belvedere of Tragara, which is a high panoramic promenade lined with villas, the limestone crags called sea stac...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Cyclades - Sifnos

Theme Week Cyclades - Sifnos

[caption id="attachment_153475" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Artemonas © Margaritaprounia/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sifnos is an island municipality. The main town, near the center, known as Apollonia, is home of the island's folklore museum and library. The town's name is thought to come from an ancient temple of Apollo on the site of the church of Panayia Yeraniofora. The second-largest town is Artemonas (800), thought to be named after an ancient temple of Apollo's sister-goddess Artemis, located at the site...

[ read more ]

House of History in Bonn

House of History in Bonn

[caption id="attachment_25910" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Stiftung Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Haus der Geschichte ("House of the History of the Federal Republic of Germany") is a museum of contemporary history in Bonn. With around one million visitors every year, it is one of the most popular German museums. The Haus der Geschichte is, as well as the Zeitgeschichtliches Forum Leipzig, the Tränenpalast am Bahnhof Friedrichstraße and the Kulturbrauerei with the collectio...

[ read more ]

Isfahan in Iran

Isfahan in Iran

[caption id="attachment_28174" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Naghshe Jahan Square (Imam Square) © Arad Mojtahedi/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Isfahan is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about 340 kilometres (211 miles) south of Tehran. It has a population of 1,760,000 and is Iran's third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad. The Greater Isfahan Region had a population of 3,800,000 in the 2011 Census, the third most populous metropolitan area in Iran after Tehran and Mashhad. Isfahan is located on t...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Panama - Santiago de Veraguas

Theme Week Panama - Santiago de Veraguas

[caption id="attachment_168500" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Catedral Santiago de Veraguas © Apollo18[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Santiago de Veraguas is the capital of the province of Veraguas, and the district or municipality of the same name. Located in the countryside on the banks of the Pan-American Highway. Bounded on the north by San Francisco District, south with the District of Montijo, east District of Atalaya and west by the District of La Mesa. The population of the city of Santiago is at 90,000. Santiago ...

[ read more ]

Edinburgh - Books, beer and cookies

Edinburgh - Books, beer and cookies

[caption id="attachment_152534" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Hopetoun House © George Gastin[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, the second largest city in Scotland and the seventh-most populous in the United Kingdom. Located in the south-east of Scotland, Edinburgh lies on the east coast of the Central Belt, along the Firth of Forth, near the North Sea. Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Parliament. The city was one of the major centres of the Enlightenment, led by the University ...

[ read more ]

Hengelo in the Overijssel province

Hengelo in the Overijssel province

[caption id="attachment_151601" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Steven van der Wal[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Hengelo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The city lies along the motorways A1/E30 and A35 and it has a station for the International Amsterdam – Hannover – Berlin service. During World War II, the city was often bombed by the Allies because of the presence of the railways and the war industry activities of local factories. Accidentally the heart of the town wa...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors)
RICS shows the impact of energy labels in the housing market (EU)

Energy performance certificates not only provide citizens with accurate information on their homes' energy savings, but they also have a...

United Nations © Henry Mühlpfordt
Geneva, city of peace

Embedded between nearby Alpine peaks and the hilly terrain of the Jura, the French-speaking city of Geneva lies in the...

Shannon and St. John's Castle © fitm
Limerick on Shannon river

Limerick is the capital of County Limerick in the province of Munster in the southwest of Ireland and has 53,000...

Schließen