Große Freiheit in Hamburg

Friday, 5 April 2019 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Hamburg

© flickr.com - IKs World Trip/cc-by-2.0

© flickr.com – IKs World Trip/cc-by-2.0

The Große Freiheit (German for: “Great Freedom”) is a cross street on the North Side to Hamburg‘s Reeperbahn road in the St. Pauli quarter. It is part of the red-light district. The street was named in 1610 after the fact that Count Ernest of Schaumburg and Holstein-Pinneberg had granted religious freedom to non-Lutherans such as Mennonites and Roman Catholics to practise their faith here and commercial freedom for handcrafters not enrolled in the else compelling guilds.

At that time this district was part of the city of Altona within the county of Holstein-Pinneberg, and did not yet belong to Hamburg. When the Duchy of Holstein-Glückstadt annexed Holstein-Pinneberg in 1640 the comital freedoms were confirmed. Non-Lutherans were forbidden to publicly practise their religions in Lutheran Hamburg proper. The street has still a Catholic church (St. Joseph), situated among rather unholy businesses. The Mennonite church, established in 1611, moved into another neighbourhood in 1915.

Catholic St. Joseph's Church © panoramio.com - hh oldman/cc-by-3.0 Beatles Square © Carmelo Bayarcal/cc-by-sa-3.0 Große Freiheit 36 und Kaiserkeller © Hans Koberger/cc-by-sa-4.0 © flickr.com - IKs World Trip/cc-by-2.0 Gretel & Alfons © Lipinski/cc-by-sa-3.0 Gruenspan © Hinnerk11/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Catholic St. Joseph's Church © panoramio.com - hh oldman/cc-by-3.0
In 1944, the German movie Große Freiheit Nr. 7 with Hans Albers was named after the road. In the 1960s, The Beatles played here, e.g. in Große Freiheit 36 (Kaiserkeller), Große Freiheit 64 (today Indra-Musikclub), and in Große Freiheit 39 (the Star-Club, 1962–1969). The street still hosts music clubs like Große Freiheit 36 and Grünspan.

In the 1970s, several sex theatres (Salambo, Regina, Colibri, Safari) showed live sex acts on stage. As of 2007, until its closure in 2013, the Safari was the only live sex theatre left in Germany. The popular table dance club Dollhouse now takes the place of the Salambo. In 1975, the German rock band Randy Pie used two views of Grosse Freiheit for their album Kitsch: the front cover is a picture of the street at night, while the back cover is the same view but at day time. In 2008, the Beatles-Platz square was built.

Read more on Wikipedia Große Freiheit (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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