Zurich, the city with the highest quality of life and the highest cost of living

Saturday, 26 March 2011 - 05:44 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Architecture
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Fraumuenster and St. Peter's Church © Ikiwaner

Fraumuenster and St. Peter’s Church © Ikiwaner

Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zurich. It is located in central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zurich. While the municipality itself has approximately 380,500 inhabitants, the Zurich metropolitan area is an urbanised area of international importance constituted by a population of nearly 2 million inhabitants. Zurich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zurich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country.

Permanently settled for around 7,000 years, the history of Zurich goes back to its founding by the Romans, who, in 15 BC, called it Turicum. During the Middle Ages Zurich gained the independent and privileged status of imperial immediacy and, in 1519, was the place of origin and centre of the Protestant Reformation in German-speaking Switzerland, led by Ulrich Zwingli.

Zurich is a leading global city and among the world’s largest financial centres. The city is home to a large number of financial institutions and banking giants. Also, most of the research and development centres are concentrated in Zurich and the low rate of tax attracts overseas companies to set up their headquarters there. According to several surveys from 2006 to 2008, Zurich was named the city with the best quality of life in the world as well as the wealthiest city in Europe.

Fraumuenster and St. Peter's Church © Ikiwaner Bank Quarter - Parade Square © Drahnreb Lake Zurich, Zimmberberg and Glarus Alps © Roland zh Quarter Enge - Uetli Hill © Roland zh Limmat River © MadGeographer Limmat River and Old Town © Christian Horcel Main building - University of Zurich © www.unizh.ch Münzplatz - Old Town © Roland zh Opera House © Roland zh Paddle steamer on Lake Zurich © Roland zh Polybahn © Hautala Stadthaus Fraumünsterpost © sidonius Sunrise Tower © Ikiwaner SWX Swiss Exchange © Toni V Urania Sternwarte and Amtshaus at Werdmühleplatz © sidonius Zurich at night © Andyindia Zurich at night © tmesis Zurich Collage © TomZH3030 Zurich Panorama © Vadimlucky Uetliberg © MadGeographer Augustinergasse - Old Town © Roland zh Augustinergasse - Old Town © Roland zh Augustinergasse - Old Town © Roland zh Augustinergasse - Old Town © Roland zh Augustinergasse - Old Town © Roland zh Bahnhofstrasse © sidonius
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Urania Sternwarte and Amtshaus at Werdmühleplatz © sidonius
An impressive number of museums and art galleries can be found in the city, among which the Swiss National Museum and the Kunsthaus. Zurich also hosts one of the most important theatres in the German-speaking world.

Compared to other cities, there are few tall buildings in Zurich. The municipal building regulations (Article 9) limit the construction of high-rise buildings to areas in the west and north of the city. In the industrial district, in Altstetten and Oerlikon, buildings up to 80 meters in height are allowed (high-rise area I). In the adjacent high-rise areas II and III the height is limited to 40 meters. Around the year 2000, regulations became more flexible and high-rise buildings were again planned and built. The people’s initiative “40 meters is enough,” which would have reduced both the maximum height and the high-rise buildings area, was clearly rejected on 29 November 2009. At this time in Zurich about a dozen high-rises buildings were under construction or in planning, including the Prime Tower as the tallest skyscraper in Switzerland.

Zurich is a leading financial center and global city. The Greater Zurich Area is Switzerland’s economic centre and home to a vast number of international companies. By far the most important sector in the economy of Zurich is the service industry, which employs nearly four fifths of workers. Other important industries include light industry, machine and textile industries and tourism. Most Swiss banks have their headquarters in Zurich and there are numerous foreign banks in the Greater Zurich Area. Located in Zurich, the Swiss Stock Exchange was established in 1877 and is nowadays the fourth most prominent stock exchange in the world. In addition Zurich is the world’s largest gold trading centre. Ten of the country’s 50 largest companies have their head offices in Zurich, among them UBS, Credit Suisse, Swiss Re and Zurich Financial Services.

To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facepage pages/Twitter accounts. Read more on City of Zurich, Zurich Region, Zurich Tourism and Wikipedia Zurich. Learn more about the use of photos. Learn more about the use of photos.




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