Lower New York Bay

Monday, 7 December 2020 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, New York City
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Brighton Beach © Billy Hathorn/cc-by-sa-3.0

Brighton Beach © Billy Hathorn/cc-by-sa-3.0

Lower New York Bay is a section of New York Bay south of the Narrows, the relatively narrow strait between the shores of Staten Island and Brooklyn. The southern end of the bay opens directly to the Atlantic Ocean between two spits of land, Sandy Hook, New Jersey, and Rockaway, Queens, on Long Island. The southern portion between Staten Island and New Jersey, at the mouth of the Raritan River, is named Raritan Bay. The Hudson Canyon, the ancient riverbed of the Hudson River which existed during the last ice age when the ocean levels were lower, extends southeast from Lower New York Bay for hundreds of miles into the Atlantic Ocean. The nearby part of the Atlantic Ocean between New Jersey and Long Island is the New York Bight.

Since before the time of the Lenape, the Native American inhabitants of the area, the Lower Bay has sustained a rich marine ecosystem with multiple fish species and molluscs, especially oyster, clam and mussel beds. In the 20th century, due to increased population and industrial pollution, the water quality of the bay and its ability to support marine life was severely diminished. The water quality of the bay began to improve with the passage of the 1972 Clean Water Act. The main shipping channel through Lower New York Bay is the Ambrose Channel, 2,000 feet wide and dredged to a depth of 40 feet. The channel is navigable by ships with up to a 37-foot draft at low tide. The entrance to the Ambrose Channel was marked for many years by the Lightship Ambrose, which was superseded by the Ambrose Light. The bay contains popular beaches at Brighton Beach and Coney Island in Brooklyn. There are also beaches on Staten Island. Just outside the bay, facing the Atlantic, are the beaches of Sandy Hook and the Rockaways.

Coney Island beach and amusement parks © MusikAnimal/cc-by-sa-4.0 Brighton Beach © Billy Hathorn/cc-by-sa-3.0 View from Staten Island on Hoffmann and Swinburne Islands © Richard Arthur Norton/cc-by-2.5 Rockaway Boardwalk in Queens © Jim.henderson Sandy Hook lighthouse in the Gateway National Recreation Area © Beyond My Ken/cc-by-sa-4.0 Swinburne Island from South Beach, Staten Island © Jim.henderson
<
>
View from Staten Island on Hoffmann and Swinburne Islands © Richard Arthur Norton/cc-by-2.5
There are two small artificial islands in Lower New York Bay, both located a mile offshore from South Beach, Staten Island. Hoffman Island was created in 1873 from Orchard Shoals. It was named for former New York City mayor (1866 – 1868) and then-current New York Governor (1869 – 1871) John T. Hoffman. Hoffman Island covers 11 acres (4.45 hectares). Swinburne Island, with an area of about 4 acres (16,000 m²), lies immediately to the south. Swinburne Island was originally called Dix Island, but was renamed in honor of Dr. John Swinburne, a noted military surgeon during the Civil War. In the early 20th century, both islands were used as a quarantine station, housing immigrants found to have been carrying contagious diseases when they landed at Ellis Island. At the start of World War II the United States Merchant Marine used both islands as a training station (which opened in 1938); the Quonset huts built during this period still stand on Swinburne Island. The other major use for the two islands during World War II were as anchorages for antisubmarine nets that fenced off New York Bay from the Atlantic Ocean to keep enemy submarines out. Both islands are now part of Gateway National Recreation Area.

Fort Lafayette was on a small island in the Narrows, just off the Brooklyn shore. That island was removed during construction of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. Coney Island, originally separated from the southern shore of Brooklyn by a narrow strait, has since been connected to the main part of Long Island by landfill, and is now a peninsula despite its name.

Read more on Wikipedia Lower New York Bay (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Japan - Fukuoka

Theme Week Japan - Fukuoka

[caption id="attachment_192112" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Fukuoka Tower © mmry0241-cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Fukuoka is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture, situated on the northern shore of Japanese island Kyushu. It is the most populous city on the island, followed by Kitakyushu. It is the largest city and metropolitan area west of Keihanshin. The city was designated on April 1, 1972, by government ordinance. Greater Fukuoka, with a population of 2.5 million people, is part of the heavily industrialized...

[ read more ]

The Tegernsee in the Bavarian Alps

The Tegernsee in the Bavarian Alps

[caption id="attachment_153416" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Former Tegernsee Abbey © Rufus46[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Tegernsee is a lake in the Bavarian Alps in southern Germany. The lake is the centre of a popular recreation area 50 kilometres (31 mi) south-east of Munich. Resorts on the lake include the eponymous Tegernsee, as well as Bad Wiessee, Kreuth, Gmund, and Rottach-Egern. The lake is some 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) in length, with a width of 1.4 kilometres (0.87 mi) and an area of 8.934 square kilomet...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Corsica - Bonifacio

Theme Week Corsica - Bonifacio

[caption id="attachment_161090" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Gabridelca[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bonifacio is a commune at the southern tip of the island of Corsica, in the Corse-du-Sud department of France. Its inhabitants are called Bonifaciens, feminine Bonifaciennes. The commune in this case is identical to the canton and is the largest commune of Corsica. The town is served by Figari Airport (car or taxi required), and ferry service to Sardinia is available multiple times daily. Bonifacio is located direc...

[ read more ]

Canterbury Cathedral in England

Canterbury Cathedral in England

[caption id="attachment_225218" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Hans Musil/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Canterbury Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent, is one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England. It forms part of a World Heritage Site. It is the cathedral of the Archbishop of Canterbury, currently Justin Welby, leader of the Church of England and symbolic leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion. Its formal title is the Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Christ at Canterbury. Founded in 59...

[ read more ]

The Appalachian Trail

The Appalachian Trail

[caption id="attachment_148982" align="aligncenter" width="303"] © Appalachian Trail Conservancy[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Each year, the year has come again. One has just completed the plans and preparations for the coming year, but then there are the plans which you can’t squeeze into business plans, budgets or profit expectations. Before Christmas I saw a documentary on television about the Appalachian Trail in America and there was the plan again, "Just get out and find time for yourself for a few months.". Well, between ...

[ read more ]

TWA Hotel at JFK Airport in Queens

TWA Hotel at JFK Airport in Queens

[caption id="attachment_203315" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Retired airliner is used as cocktail bar © Jag9889/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]TWA Hotel is a hotel at John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York City, that opened on May 15, 2019. It utilizes the headhouse of the TWA Flight Center airline terminal, designed in 1962 by the architect Eero Saarinen. The TWA Hotel project added two buildings on either side of the existing headhouse. In 1994, the terminal was declared a city landmark ...

[ read more ]

Museum of the Ancient Near East in Berlin

Museum of the Ancient Near East in Berlin

[caption id="attachment_186017" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ishtar Gate © Hnapel/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Vorderasiatisches Museum (Near East Museum) is an archaeological museum in Berlin. It is in the basement of the south wing of the Pergamon Museum and has one of the world's largest collections of Southwest Asian art. 14 halls distributed across 2,000 square meters of exhibition surface display southwest Asian culture spanning six millennia. The exhibits cover a period from the 6th millennium BCE into ...

[ read more ]

Burlington in Vermont

Burlington in Vermont

[caption id="attachment_201249" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Chittenden County Trust Company Building © Beyond My Ken/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Burlington is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Vermont and the seat of Chittenden County. It is located 45 miles (72 km) south of the Canada–United States border and 94 miles (151 km) south of Montreal. The city's population is at 42,000. Burlington is situated on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain, north of Shelburne Bay. It was built on a strip of land e...

[ read more ]

Tortola in the Caribbean

Tortola in the Caribbean

[caption id="attachment_154042" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Road Town © Henry A-W/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tortola is the largest and most populated of the British Virgin Islands, a group of islands that form part of the archipelago of the Virgin Islands. Local tradition recounts that Christopher Columbus named it Tortola, meaning "land of the Turtle Dove". Columbus named the island Santa Ana. The later Dutch settled and called...

[ read more ]

Experience Music Project Museum in Seattle

Experience Music Project Museum in Seattle

[caption id="attachment_164340" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © EMP|SFM Archive/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]EMP Museum is a nonprofit museum, dedicated to contemporary popular culture in Seattle. EMP Museum was founded by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen in 2000. Since that time EMP has organized dozens of exhibits, 17 of which have toured across the US and internationally. The museum, which used to be known as Experience Music Project and Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame (EMP|SFM), has founded many public p...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Boschfoto/cc-by-sa-3.0
Andechs Abbey in Bavaria

The Benedictine priory and erstwhile abbey of Andechs is a place of pilgrimage on a hill east of the Ammersee...

© flickr.com - Labour Palestine/cc-by-2.0
Battir in the West Bank

Battir is a Palestinian village in the West Bank, 6.4 km west of Bethlehem, and southwest of Jerusalem. It was...

in Tallinn © Bin im Garten/cc-by-sa-3.0
The MSC Orchestra

MS MSC Orchestra is a cruise ship that was built in 2007 for MSC Cruises. She is the second ship...

Close