Xi’an in China

Wednesday, 29 August 2018 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Bell tower © Danielinblue/cc-by-sa-3.0

Bell tower © Danielinblue/cc-by-sa-3.0

Xi’an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, People’s Republic of China. It is a sub-provincial city located in the center of the Guanzhong Plain in Northwestern China. One of the oldest cities in China, Xi’an is the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang. Xi’an is the starting point of the Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

Since the 1990s, as part of the economic revival of inland China especially for the central and northwest regions, the city of Xi’an has re-emerged as an important cultural, industrial and educational centre of the central-northwest region, with facilities for research and development, national security and China’s space exploration program. Xi’an currently holds sub-provincial status, administering 9 districts and 4 counties. As of 2015 Xi’an has a population of 8,705,600, and the Xi’an-Xianyang metropolitan area has a population of 12.9 million. It is the most populous city in Northwest China, as well as one of the three most populous cities in Western China. According to a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, it was recently named as one of the 13 emerging megacities, or megalopolises, in China. The report pinpoints and highlights the demographic and income trends that are shaping these cities’ development.

Typical Chinese pavillon © flickr.com - Montrasio International/cc-by-2.0 Terracotta Army inside the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum © Airunp Shaanxi History Museum © jesse/cc-by-sa-3.0 Muslim Quarter © freemages.co.uk - Batiste Pannetier Great Mosque © chensiyuan/cc-by-sa-4.0 Erhuan Road © Danielinblue/cc-by-sa-3.0 Bell tower © Danielinblue/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Typical Chinese pavillon © flickr.com - Montrasio International/cc-by-2.0
The number of travelers is often greater during Summer (May–August), although the most pleasant season for visiting Xi’an is Autumn. Because of the city’s many historical monuments and a plethora of ancient ruins and tombs in the vicinity, tourism has been an important component of the local economy, and the Xi’an region is one of the most popular tourist destinations in China. The city has many important historical sites, and some are ongoing archaeological projects, such as the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army. There are several burial mounds, tombs of the Zhou dynasty kings located in the city. Xi’an also contains some 800 royal mausoleums and tombs from the Han dynasty, with some of them yielding hundreds of sculpted clay soldiers, and remains of sacrificial temples from the Han era. The city has numerous Tang dynasty pagodas and is noted for its history museum and its stele forest, which is housed in an 11th-century Confucian temple containing large stone tablets from various dynasties. Some of the most well-known sites in Xi’an are:

Museums

National parks

  • Mount Cuihua National Geological Park
  • Chanba National Wetland Park
  • Daming Palace National Heritage Park
  • Mount Li National Forest Park
  • Mount Wangshun National Forest Park
  • Mount Zhongnan National Forest Park
  • Hei He National Forest Park
  • Louguantai National Forest Park
  • Taiping National Forest Park
  • Zhuque National Forest Park

Read more on ChinaHighlights.com – Xi’an, Wikivoyage Xi’an and Wikipedia Xi’an (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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