Windhoek, the captial of Namibia

Wednesday, 11 July 2012 - 01:37 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Aerial view © Brian McMorrow

Aerial view © Brian McMorrow

Windhoek is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia. It is located in central Namibia in the Khomas Highland plateau area, at around 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level. The 2001 census determined Windhoek’s population was 233,529. A population influx from all over Namibia has caused researchers to estimate the figure now to be well over 300,000.

The town developed at the site of a permanent spring known to the indigenous pastoral communities. It developed rapidly after Jonker Afrikaner, Captain of the Orlam settled here in 1840 and built a stone church for his community. However, in the decades thereafter multiple wars and hostilities led to the neglect and destruction of the new settlement such that Windhoek was founded a second time in 1890 by Imperial German army Major Curt von François.

Southwest Rider statue and Christ Church © Freddy Weber / Roger Zenner Sanderburg, one of Windhoek's castles © Pgallert Parliament Gardens © Foundert Independence Avenue, mainstreet in downtown Windhoek © Freddy Weber / Roger Zenner Curt von François statue, founder of modern Windhoek © Wiebke Schmidt Aerial view © Brian McMorrow
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Independence Avenue, mainstreet in downtown Windhoek © Freddy Weber / Roger Zenner
Due to its relative size Windhoek is, even more than many other national capital cities, the social, economic, and cultural centre of the country. Nearly every national enterprise is headquartered here. The University of Namibia is, too, as are the country’s only theatre, all ministry head offices, and all major media and financial entities. The governmental budget of the city of Windhoek nearly equals those of all other Namibian local authorities combined. Air Namibia has its main office in the Trans Namib Building in Windhoek. Several shopping malls were built in the post-independence era, including Maerua Mall, and Wernhil Park Mall.

Windhoek is served by two airports. The closest one is Eros 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south of the city center for smaller craft, and Windhoek Hosea Kutako International Airport 42 kilometres (26 mi) east of the city. A number of foreign airlines operate to and from Windhoek. Air charters and helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft rentals are also available.

Read more on City of Windhoek, Wikitravel Windhoek and Wikipedia Windhoek. Photos by Wikipedia Commons.




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