Burgtheater in Vienna

Wednesday, 2 January 2019 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Opera Houses, Theaters, Libraries
Reading Time:  3 minutes

© Anna Saini/cc-by-sa-4.0

© Anna Saini/cc-by-sa-4.0

The Burgtheater (english: (Imperial) Court Theatre), originally known as K.K. Theater an der Burg, then until 1918 as the K.K. Hofburgtheater, is the Austrian National Theatre in Vienna and one of the most important German language theatres in the world. The Burgtheater was created in 1741 and has become known as “die Burg” by the Viennese population; its theatre company of more or less regular members has created a traditional style and speech typical of Burgtheater performances.

The theatre opened on 14 March 1741, the creation of the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa of Austria who wanted a theatre next to her palace. Her son, Emperor Joseph II, called it the “German National Theatre” in 1776. Three Mozart operas premiered there: Die Entführung aus dem Serail (1782), Le nozze di Figaro (1786) and Così fan tutte (1790), as well as his Piano Concerto #24 in C Minor (1786). Beginning in 1794, the theatre was called the “K.K. Hoftheater nächst der Burg”. Beethoven‘s 1st Symphony premiered there on 2 April 1800. The last performance, in October 1888, was of Goethe’s Iphigenie auf Tauris.

Zuschauerraum © Bwag/cc-by-sa-4.0 Feststiege © Bwag/cc-by-sa-4.0 © MrPanyGoff/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Gryffindor/cc-by-2.5 © Anna Saini/cc-by-sa-4.0
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Zuschauerraum © Bwag/cc-by-sa-4.0
The theatre’s first building adjoined the Hofburg at Michaelerplatz, opposite St. Michael’s Church. The theatre was moved to a new building at the Ringstraße on 14 October 1888 designed by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer, and St. Michael’s Wing of the Hofburg Palace was erected at the vacated site.

In 1943, under Nazi rule, a notoriously extreme production of The Merchant of Venice was staged at the Burgtheater – with Werner Krauss as Shylock, one of several theatre and film roles by this actor pandering to antisemitic stereotypes. On 12 March 1945 the Burgtheater was largely destroyed in a bombing raid, and one month later, on 12 April 1945, it was further damaged by a fire of unknown origin. After the war, the theatre was restored between 1953 and 1955. The classic Burgtheater style and the Burgtheater-German language were trend-setting for German language theatres.

Read more on Burgtheater and Wikipedia Burgtheater (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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