Weimar – Goethe, Schiller and Bauhaus

Thursday, 19 May 2011 - 03:36 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Architecture, European Union, General, European Capital of Culture, Museums, Exhibitions, Sustainability, UNESCO World Heritage

Weimar City Palace © Maros M r a z

Weimar City Palace © Maros M r a z

Weimar is a city in Germany famous for its cultural heritage. It is located in the Bundesland of Thuringia, north of the Thüringer Wald, east of Erfurt, and southwest of Halle and Leipzig. Its current population is approximately 65,000. The oldest record of the city dates from the year 899. Weimar was the capital of the Duchy (after 1815 the Grand Duchy) of Saxe-Weimar (German: Sachsen-Weimar). Weimar’s cultural heritage is vast. It is most often recognised as the place where Germany’s first democratic constitution was signed after the First World War, giving its name to the Weimar Republic period in German politics, of 1918–1933. However, the city was also the focal point of the German Enlightenment and home of the leading characters of the literary genre of Weimar Classicism, the writers Goethe and Schiller. The city was also the birthplace of the Bauhaus movement, founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius, with artists Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Oskar Schlemmer, and Lyonel Feininger teaching in Weimar’s Bauhaus School. Many places in the city centre have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage sites.

The period in German history from 1919 to 1933 is commonly referred to as the Weimar Republic, as the Republic’s constitution was drafted here because the capital, Berlin, with its street rioting after the 1918 German Revolution, was considered too dangerous for the National Assembly to use it as a meeting place. In 1937, the Nazis constructed the Buchenwald concentration camp, only eight kilometers from Weimar’s city center.

Weimar City Palace © Maros M r a z Royal Stables © Andreas Trepte - www.photo-natur.de Bauhaus University © Ralf Herrmann Belvedere Palace © Michak Buchenwald Memorial © Stephen Bell Cranach House © Most Curious Duchess Anna Amalia Library © Till F Teenck Goethe and Schiller - Deutsches Nationaltheater and Staatskapelle © Andreas Trepte - www.photo-natur.de Goethe House © Georg Alsch Liszt's Garden House © Zarafa Market Square © Nikater New Museum, former States Museum © www.panoramio.com Schiller House © Zarafa St Peter and Paul  Church © Andreas Trepte - www.photo-natur.de The Grand Ducal Palace © Zarafa Villa Haar in the Ilmpark © www.panoramio.com Weimar Central Station © Steffen M. Town Hall © Andreas Trepte - www.photo-natur.de
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Goethe and Schiller - Deutsches Nationaltheater and Staatskapelle © Andreas Trepte - www.photo-natur.de
Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus School and movement in Weimar in 1919. The School aimed to teach and develop modernist style. The Bauhaus University and the Liszt School of Music Weimar, attracted many students, specializing in art, media and design, architecture, civil engineering and music. The Bauhaus in Weimar lasted from 1919 to 1925, when it moved to Dessau, after the newly-elected right-wing city council put pressure on the School by withdrawing funding and forcing its teachers to quit.

Many buildings in Weimar today have influences from the Bauhaus period. However, only one original Bauhaus building was constructed during 1919-1925, the Haus am Horn, now used for exhibitions and events on Bauhaus culture. The Bauhaus Museum, on Theaterplatz, offers an exhibition of works from the Bauhaus period in Weimar and screens an infomovie about the movement’s influences on Weimar city.

Read more on City of Weimar – Information and Tourism, Wikivoyage Weimar and Wikipedia Weimar. Learn more about the use of photos. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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