Basilica of the Annunciation in Nazareth

Saturday, 3 September 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Catholic Mass in the Grotto of the Annunciation (lower church) © Berthold Werner

Catholic Mass in the Grotto of the Annunciation (lower church) © Berthold Werner

The Church of the Annunciation, sometimes also referred to as the Basilica of the Annunciation, is a Catholic church in Nazareth, in northern Israel. It was established over what Catholic tradition holds to be the site of the house of the Virgin Mary, and where the angel Gabriel appeared to her and announced that she would conceive and bear the Son of God, Jesus – an event known as the Annunciation.

The church was established at the site where, according to one tradition, the Annunciation took place. Another tradition, based on the apocryphal Protoevangelium of James, holds that this event commenced while Mary was drawing water from a local spring in Nazareth, and the Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation was erected at that alternate site.

Christian tradition has held that a structure was commissioned by Emperor Constantine I, whose mother, Saint Helena, helped to found churches commemorating important events in Jesus Christ’s life. The Church of the Annunciation was founded around the same time as the Church of the Nativity (the birthplace) and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (the tomb). Some version of it was known to have still been in existence around 570 AD. A competing view is that the Church was the site of the Holy House of Loreto, which, according to Christian legend, was transported by angels across the sea to Loreto, Italy, at the time of the Muslim conquest.

The second church was built over the ruins of the Byzantine era church during the Crusades, following the conquest of Nazareth by Tancred in 1102. The Crusader era church was never fully completed. Five Romanesque capitals carved by artists from northern France, and discovered during excavations in 1909, had not yet been installed in 1187 when news of Saladin‘s victory in the Battle of Hittin reached the city. Saladin granted permission to Franciscan priests to remain in Nazareth to oversee services at the church. In 1260, Baybars and his Mamluk army destroyed the church during their attack on Nazareth.

Upper church © Bahnfrend/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Zairon/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Zxc0505/cc-by-sa-4.0 Arcade © Israel Preker/cc-by-2.5 © Bruno Spyckerelle/cc-by-sa-3.0 Catholic Mass in the Grotto of the Annunciation (lower church) © Berthold Werner © flickr.com - Larry Koester/cc-by-2.0 © Mksg1/cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
Catholic Mass in the Grotto of the Annunciation (lower church) © Berthold Werner
A small number of Franciscans managed to stay in Nazareth until the fall of Acre in 1291. In the three centuries that followed, the Franciscans were in and out of Nazareth, depending on the local political situation, which was constantly in flux. Franciscan accounts of this period document their expulsion in 1363, their return in 1468 and a massacre of some of their members in 1542. Local Christian families with Franciscan support took care of the holy site even during this difficult period.

Emir Fakhr ad-Din granted the Franciscans permission to return to Nazareth and the church ruins in 1620, at which time they constructed a small structure to enclose the holy grotto that is venerated as the house of Mary. In 1730, Dahir al-Umar permitted construction of a new church, which became a central gathering place for Nazareth Latin community. The church was enlarged in 1877.

The old church was completely demolished in 1954 to allow for the construction of a new basilica. The new basilica was designed by the Italian architect Giovanni Muzio, and built by the Israeli building firm Solel Boneh during the years 1960–1969. The Chief Engineer at this project was Ing. Shlomo Lopatin (Aluf) who was dedicated to the Basilica building process for more than 10 years, and it was indeed his life-project. It is built in a style sometimes characterised as Italian Brutalism. Pope Paul VI celebrated Mass in the new church during his trip to the Holy Land in 1964 The basilica was completed in 1969. Used by the Latin parish, it remains under the control of the Franciscans. It is the largest Christian Church building or sanctuary in the Middle East under the supervision of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. Pope John Paul II made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land for the Great Jubilee of 2000 and celebrated Mass at the Basilica of the Annunciation on March 25, 2000.

Read more on VisitNazareth.co.il – Basilica of the Annunciation and Wikipedia Basilica of the Annunciation (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Old Montreal in Montreal

Old Montreal in Montreal

[caption id="attachment_233537" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Notre-Dame Basilica © Diego Delso/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Old Montreal (French: Vieux-Montréal) is a historic neighbourhood within the municipality of Montreal in the province of Quebec, Canada. Home to the Old Port of Montreal, the neighbourhood is bordered on the west by McGill Street, on the north by Ruelle des Fortifications, on the east by rue Saint-André, and on the south by the Saint Lawrence River. Following recent amendments, the neighbou...

[ read more ]

Larissa, capital and largest city of the Thessaly region

Larissa, capital and largest city of the Thessaly region

[caption id="attachment_161082" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ancient theatre of Larisa © Fsb2004[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Larissa is the capital and biggest city of the Thessaly region of Greece and capital of the Larissa regional unit. It is a principal agricultural centre and a national transportation hub, linked by road and rail with the port of Volos. Larissa, within its municipality, has 163,000 inhabitants, while the regional unit of Larissa reached a population of 284,000. The urban area of the city, although mostly...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Lebanon - The seaside town of Jounieh

Theme Week Lebanon - The seaside town of Jounieh

[caption id="attachment_150810" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Casino du Liban © Yoniw[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jounieh is a coastal city about 16 km (10 mi) north of Beirut, Lebanon and is part of Greater Beirut. Jounieh is known for its seaside resorts and bustling nightlife, as well as its old stone souk, ferry port, and gondola lift (le téléphérique), which takes passengers up the mountain to the shrine of Our Lady of Lebanon in Harissa. Above Jounieh, and on the way to Harissa, a small hill named Bkerké, overlooking...

[ read more ]

National Gallery Berlin

National Gallery Berlin

[caption id="attachment_219992" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Alte Nationalgalerie © Manfred Brückels[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The National Gallery (German: Nationalgalerie) in Berlin, Germany, is a museum for art of the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. It is part of the Berlin State Museums. From the Alte Nationalgalerie, which was built for it and opened in 1876, its exhibition space has expanded to include five other locations. The museums are part of the Berlin State Museums, owned by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Found...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Calabria - Cosenza

Theme Week Calabria - Cosenza

[caption id="attachment_239781" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Old town © Pianopera/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Cosenza (local dialect: Cusenza) is a city in Calabria, Italy. The city centre has a population of approximately 70,000, while the urban area counts more than 200,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of the Province of Cosenza, which has a population of more than 700,000. The demonym of Cosenza in English is Cosentian. The ancient town is the seat of the Cosentian Academy, one of the oldest academie...

[ read more ]

Piazza del Campo in Siena

Piazza del Campo in Siena

[caption id="attachment_226756" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Palio di Siena on Piazza del Campo © flickr.com - Mirco/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Piazza del Campo is the main public space of the historic center of Siena, Tuscany, Italy and is regarded as one of Europe's greatest medieval squares. It is renowned worldwide for its beauty and architectural integrity. The and its Torre del Mangia, as well as various palazzi signorili surround the shell-shaped piazza. At the northwest edge is the Fonte Gaia. The twice...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Luxembourg - Ettelbruck

Theme Week Luxembourg - Ettelbruck

[caption id="attachment_213652" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town Hall © -wuppertaler/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ettelbruck is a commune with town status in central Luxembourg, with a population of 8,926 inhabitants, as of 2019. The towns of Warken and Grentzingen are also within the commune. Until 1850, both Erpeldange and Schieren were part of the Ettelbruck commune as well, but both towns were detached from Ettelbruck by law on 1 July 1850. Germany occupied Ettelbruck on 10 May 1940. US forces first l...

[ read more ]

Expo 2020 Dubai

Expo 2020 Dubai

[caption id="attachment_206265" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © expo2020dubai.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Expo 2020 is a World Expo to be hosted by Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, opening on October 20, 2020. The Bureau International des Expositions (BIE) general assembly in Paris awarded Dubai as the host on November 27, 2013. In November 2019, the UAE permitted Israeli passport holders to enter the country during Expo 2020. Israelis are allowed to have their own pavilion at the event and to even visit the country afte...

[ read more ]

Sunday roast

Sunday roast

[caption id="attachment_240896" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sunday roast © flickr.com - Roderick Eime/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]A Sunday roast or roast dinner is a traditional meal of British origin. Although it can be consumed throughout the week, it is traditionally consumed on Sunday. It consists of roasted meat, roasted potatoes, mashed potatoes and accompaniments such as Yorkshire pudding, stuffing, gravy, and condiments such as apple sauce, mint sauce, or redcurrant sauce. A wide range of vegetables can be ...

[ read more ]

Berlin State Opera

Berlin State Opera

[caption id="attachment_214236" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Marek Śliwecki/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Berlin State Opera (German: Staatsoper Berlin) is a listed building on Unter den Linden boulevard in the historic center of Berlin. It was erected by order of Frederick the Great from 1741 to 1743 according to plans by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff in Palladian style. Damaged during the Allied bombing in World War II, the former Royal Prussian Opera House was rebuilt from 1951 to 1955 as part of the ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Sunrise at Venice Beach Pier © flickr.com - Jeff Turner/cc-by-2.0
Venice Beach in California

Venice Beach is part of Venice, a neighborhood of the city of Los Angeles within the Westside region of Los...

in Cardamena Harbour © Lech Dobrosielski
The E-Ship 1

The E-Ship 1 is a RoRo cargo ship that made its first voyage with cargo in August 2010. The ship...

© flickr.com - Jean-Pierre Dalbéra/cc-by-2.0
Liebermann Villa in Berlin

The Liebermann Villa is the former summer residence of the German painter Max Liebermann. It is located directly at the...

Close