United States Marine Corps War Memorial

Monday, 31 May 2021 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
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United States Marine Corps War Memorial during Independence Day fireworks © Dreamer of Pictures/cc-by-sa-4.0

United States Marine Corps War Memorial during Independence Day fireworks © Dreamer of Pictures/cc-by-sa-4.0

The United States Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial) is a national memorial located in Arlington County, Virginia, in the United States. The memorial was dedicated in 1954 to all Marines who have given their lives in defense of the United States since 1775. It is located in Arlington Ridge Park within the George Washington Memorial Parkway, near the Ord-Weitzel Gate to Arlington National Cemetery and the Netherlands Carillon. The memorial was turned over to the National Park Service in 1955.

The war memorial was inspired by the iconic 1945 photograph of six Marines raising a U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II taken by Associated Press combat photographer Joe Rosenthal. Upon first seeing the photograph, sculptor Felix de Weldon created a maquette for a sculpture based on the photo in a single weekend at Patuxent River Naval Air Station in Maryland, where he was serving in the Navy. He and architect Horace W. Peaslee designed the memorial. Their proposal was presented to Congress, but funding was not possible during the war. In 1947, a federal foundation was established to raise funds for the memorial.

United States Marine Corps War Memorial © Famartin/cc-by-sa-4.0 United States Marine Corps War Memorial during Independence Day fireworks © Dreamer of Pictures/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Francisco Diez © panoramio.com - cisko66/cc-by-3.0 © U.S. Department of Defense Current Photos - Cpl. Jonathan Smith The east side of the Marine Corps War Memorial © Famartin/cc-by-sa-4.0
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United States Marine Corps War Memorial during Independence Day fireworks © Dreamer of Pictures/cc-by-sa-4.0
The centerpiece of the memorial is a colossal sculpture group depicting the six Marines who raised the second and largest of two U.S. flags that were both raised atop Mount Suribachi located at the south end of Iwo Jima, on February 23, 1945. The first flag flown over the mountain was regarded to be too small to be seen by all the American troops on the other side of it where most of the fighting would take place, so it was replaced by a larger flag.

The flag-raising also was recorded by Marine Sergeant Bill Genaust, a combat motion picture cameraman. He filmed the event in color while standing beside Rosenthal. Genaust’s footage established that the second flag raising was not staged. On March 4, 1945, he was killed by the Japanese after entering a cave on Iwo Jima and his remains have never been found.

Read more on National Park Service – History of the Marine Corps War Memorial and Wikipedia United States Marine Corps War Memorial (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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