Turin, capital of the Alps

Wednesday, 3 August 2011 - 03:28 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Turin Collage © DanieleDF1995

Turin Collage © DanieleDF1995

Turin is a city and major business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch. The population of the city proper is 909,193 while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants; the Turin metropolitan area is estimated by OECD to have a population of 2.2 million.

The city has a rich culture and history, and is known for its numerous art galleries, restaurants, churches, palaces, operahouses, piazzas, parks, gardens, theatres, libraries, museums and other venues. Turin is well-known for its baroque, rococo, neo-classical, and Art Nouveau architecture. Much of the city’s public squares, castles, gardens and elegant palazzi (such as Palazzo Madama), were built by Sicilian architect Filippo Juvarra, who modelled these buildings on the Baroque and classical style of Versailles. Examples of these French-themed edifices include the Royal Palace of Turin, the Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi and the Basilica di Superga. Turin is sometimes called the “cradle of Italian liberty”, due to its having been the birthplace and home of notable politicians and people who contributed to the Risorgimento, such as Cavour. The city currently hosts some of Italy’s best universities, colleges, academies, lycea and gymnasia, such as the Polytechnic University of Turin. Prestigious and important museums, such as the Museo Egizio and the Mole Antonelliana are also found in the city. Turin’s several monuments and sights make it one of the world’s top 250 tourist destinations, and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008.

Valentino Castle © Golden globe The iconic Gianduiotto © Clop Royal Palace of Turin in Piazza Castello © chensiyuan Roman Palatine Towers © andre Piazza San Carlo © chensiyuan Palazzo Reale © Xadhoomx Palazzo Madama © Xadhoomx Palazzo Carignano © Anassagora Olympic Arch erected for the 2006 Winter Olympics © Stefano Trezzi Light installation Monte dei Cappuccini © M Klüber Fotografie - m-klueber.de Turin Panorama, seen from the Lingotto Building © Matism Turin Panorama, seen from Mole Antonelliana © Matism City Hall © Franco56 Turin Cathedral © moi-même Turin and the Alps,_seen from Basilica di Superga © M Klüber Fotografie - m-klueber.de Mole Antonelliana © Klaus Foehl Basilica di Superga © M Klüber Fotografie - m-klueber.de Turin Collage © DanieleDF1995
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Turin and the Alps,_seen from Basilica di Superga © M Klüber Fotografie - m-klueber.de
Turin used to be a major European political centre, being Italy’s first capital city in 1861 and being home to the House of Savoy, Italy’s royal family. Even though much of its political significance and importance had been lost by World War II, it became a major European crossroad for industry, commerce and trade, and currently is one of Italy’s main industrial centres, being part of the famous “industrial triangle”, along with Milan and Genoa. Turin is ranked third in Italy, after Rome and Milan, for economic strength. With a GDP of $58 billion, Turin is the world’s 78th richest city by purchasing power, and even though the city was unable to become a “world city”, like Milan and Rome, it was ranked by GaWC as “economically efficient”, along with Jerusalem, Genoa, Macau, Marseille, Liverpool, Strasbourg, Salt Lake City, Seville and Tijuana, to name a few. Turin is also home to much of the Italian automotive industry.

Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football teams Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., the headquarters of automobile manufacturers Fiat, Lancia and Alfa Romeo, and as host of the 2006 Winter Olympics. Several International Space Station modules, such as Harmony and Columbus, were also manufactured in Turin. It was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy from 1563, then of the Kingdom of Sardinia ruled by the Royal House of Savoy and finally the first capital of a unified Italy. It is often referred to as “the Capital of the Alps”. Turin is also known as “the Automobile Capital of Italy” or the Detroit of Italy; in Italy it is also called “[La] capitale Sabauda”.

Read more on City of Turin, Turin Tourism, University of Turin, Webcam’s Turin and Wikipedia Turin. Learn more about the use of photos . To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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