Trier, probably Germany’s oldest city

Tuesday, 29 March 2011 - 12:21 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Sustainability, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Trier Palace © Berthold Werner

Trier Palace © Berthold Werner

Trier is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BCE. Trier lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of ruddy sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the German border with the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (some 15 km distance) and within the important Mosel wine-growing region. Trier sits in a hollow midway along the Moselle valley, with the most significant portion of the city on the east bank of the river. Wooded and vineyard-covered slopes stretch up to the Hunsrück plateaux in the South and the Eifel in the North.

Trier is the oldest seat of a Christian bishop north of the Alps. In the Middle Ages, the Archbishop of Trier was an important ecclesiastical prince, as the Archbishopric of Trier controlled land from the French border to the Rhine. He was also one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire.

Trier Palace © Berthold Werner The Red House © Berthold Werner Epiphany House © Berthold Werner Main Market Square © Berthold Werner Model of the Roman City Augusta Treverorum © Stefan Kühn Roman Bridge © Ikkiphenix St Gangolf Church © Alaexis Stadtpanorama vom Petrisberg © FAFIO Amphitheater © Mllefifi Trier Cathedral © Berthold Werner Half-timbered houses © Berthold Werner Imperial Baths - Roman Monuments © Berthold Werner Konstantin Basilika © Berthold Werner Museum Porta Nigra © Lokilech Trier Panorama seen from Mariensaeule monument © Dmitrip Porta Nigra © Berthold Werner Porta Nigra © Berthold Werner Street view © Lokilech
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Model of the Roman City Augusta Treverorum © Stefan Kühn
With an approximate population of 100,000 Trier was, until 2005, ranked fourth alongside Kaiserslautern among the state’s largest cities; after Mainz, Ludwigshafen, and Koblenz. The nearest large cities in Germany are Saarbrücken, some 80 km southeast, and Koblenz, about 100 km northeast.

Trier is home to the University of Trier, founded in 1473, closed in 1796 and restarted in 1970, the Trier University of Applied Sciences, the administration of the Trier-Saarburg district and the seat of the ADD (Aufsichts- und Dienstleistungsdirektion), which until 1999 was the borough authority of Trier. It is one of the five “central places” of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Along with Luxembourg, Metz and Saarbrücken, fellow constituent members of the QuattroPole union of cities, it also forms a central place of the greater region encompassing Saar-Lor-Lux (Saarland, Lorraine and Luxembourg), Rhineland-Palatinate, and Wallonia.

To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facepage pages/Twitter accounts. Read more on City of Trier, Trier Tourism and Wikipedia Trier. Learn more about the use of photos.




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