Transatlantic relations

Saturday, 2 June 2018 - 06:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Editorial, EU blog post series, European Union
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Transatlanticism symbol: a hybrid out of the Europa and Stars and Stripes © Patrikpluhar/cc-by-sa-3.0

Transatlantic symbol: A hybrid of the European flag and the Stars and Stripes © Patrikpluhar/cc-by-sa-3.0

(Latest update: 23 August 2022) Transatlantic relations refer to the historic, cultural, political, economic and social relations between countries on both side of the Atlantic Ocean. Sometimes specifically those between the United States, Canada and the countries in Europe, although other meanings are possible. There are a number of issues over which the United States and Europe generally disagree. Some of these are cultural, such as the U.S. use of the death penalty, some are international issues such as the Middle East peace process where the United States is often seen as pro-Israel and where Europe is often seen as pro-Arab (Arab–Israeli conflict), and many others are trade related. The current U.S. policies are often described as being unilateral in nature, whereas the European Union and Canada are often said to take a more multilateral approach, relying more on the United Nations and other international institutions to help solve issues. There are many other issues upon which they agree. This article refers to the relations between the EU (Culture of Europe, Economy of the European Union, History of Europe, and Politics of the European Union) and the USA (Culture of the United States, Economy of the United States, History of the United States, and Politics of the United States).


Transatlantic relations, as part of the post-war order after WWII, led to significant economic growth, democratization, freedom and peace in the West (G7). All who participated, including the later EU, benefited from it. By the election of the 45th US President (The Washington Post, 27 May 2018: Trump may be the worst presidential dealmaker in modern history), this order is now massively disrupted and threatens to remain damaged at least in the medium term. The remaining G6+1 (The Washington Post, 10 June 2018: Trump turns the G-7 into the G-6 vs. G-1) will continue to adhere to existing principles, rules and guidelines (World Trade Organization). However, it is questionable whether this will and can succeed without the US, when the other two major power blocs, the US and China, not only work against it, but pursue active, nationalistic isolation and protection policies.

Free Trade
While #45 (Iron Maiden: Can I Play With MadnessMadman Theory as part of the Game Theory) complains about supposedly unfair US product access to the EU and Germany’s supposedly unfair trade volume to the US, let’s take a look at the facts: One of #45’s first official acts was to stopp TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership), an agreement that was meant to completely abolish all tariffs and access difficulties between the US and the EU. After that happened, #45 in all seriousness began to tell the fairy tale about “unfair conditions”, conditions that he himself actively supports and upholds by his own actions. Of course, a “TTIP Light” (no tariffs on industrial goods, etc.) would be possible as well, but even this alternative is been rejected by the “experts” of the US administration. In the meantime, a trade agreement has been signed between Mexico and the EU, and a free trade agreement (CETA) has been signed between Canada and the EU (European Union free trade agreements). The JEFTA (Japan-EU Free Trade Agreement) is scheduled to come into force in 2019 (BBC, 17 July 2018: EU signs its biggest free trade deal with Japan). A free trade agreement with the South American Mercosur is in preparation. Similar negotiations are underway with Australia and New Zealand. The EU’s approach to China is on the way, too. #45 dealt with the TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership) in the same way as with TTIP, while TPP was meant in particular to contain China’s activities in the Pacific region. This hasn’t worked out by active and own action of #45, while at the same time the US President now tell the fairy tale about allegedly unfair trading conditions in China (in the core, he is right by mistake and for the wrong reasons). Meanwhile, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has ensured that TPP continues (CPTPP – Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership) even without the US. It’s not even possible to clarify fact-resistent # 45, that 70% of foreign direct investments in the US come from the EU and now provides 7 million jobs for Americans, in opposite to the 5 million jobs created by US direct investment in the EU. Even his narrow view of the transatlantic trade can at best be described as “uninformed”. While it is true that the US has a deficit of $ 153 billion in goods with the EU, it generates a surplus of $ 157 billion in services and corporate profits. In Trump’s “logic”, the US owes the EU at least $ 4 billion annually or in his words “The USA is treating the EU very unfairly. We see the EU as a piggy bank, that we are robbing off again and again. This has to stop. God and my German grandfather, great deal makers and the two awesome founders of the fantastic United States of America, doesn’t want us to rob anyone.” Germany’s alleged unfair trade volume with the United States corresponds to the share of US corporate investments in Germany. So, if you want to reduce trade volume, then of course, corporate investments need to be reduced to the same extent. This would #45 certainly like that much, that his Twitter account might explode. Much more simple-minded, fatuous, unprofessional and incompetent, a US president (and probably the most frequently sued New Yorker of all times) can neither talk, act nor tweet.

That #45 is serious about the isolation of the US can be seen at the US Department of State, which is in a state of disrepair since early January. After taking over the presidency by #45, a large number of executives (including ambassadors – Bloomberg, 2 February 2018: At Trump’s State Department, Eight of Ten Top Jobs Are Empty) have canceld their jobs or were sacked, if they didn’t agree with #45’s agenda. With them, a lot of very special know-how and a large number of contacts went south. To this day, the vacancies aren’t filled so that serious US foreign policy can only take place on a small scale (mainly at night on Twitter). It will take years to replenish and revive the gaps that have been torn.

The tariffs already imposed and announced suggest that the “experts” of the current US administration have never heard of global production and supply chains, and will be very surprised when the punitive measures and access difficulties to the US market will finally hit them (The Washington Post, 31 May 2018: Trump imposes steel and aluminum tariffs on the E.U., Canada and Mexico, BBC, 1 June 2018: US tariffs a dangerous game, says EU, NPR, 1 June 2018: U.S. Steel And Aluminum Tariffs Are ‘Illegal,’ EU Trade Commissioner Says, Reuters, 1 June 2018: Moment of truth arrives for EU after U.S. tariffs strike, DW, 1 June 2018: As US tariffs go into effect, Europe, Canada and Mexico strike back and The New York Times, 25 June 2018: Harley-Davidson, Blaming E.U. Tariffs, Will Move Some Production Out of U.S.). It will contribute to the generally good transatlantic mood, that from July 2018 on, the EU countermeasures (Reuters, 6 June 2018: EU plans to hit U.S. imports with duties from July) to #45’s special tariffs will go into effect. They will hit those US states in particular, which will be important to Republicans during the primaries in early November 2018 (, 9 June 2018: Trump demands ‘no tariffs’ while defending steel, aluminum tariffs on US imports at G7, BBC, 9 June 2018: G7: Trump isolated over trade and Russia on first day, BBC, 9 June 2018: G7 commits to ‘rules-based trading system’ despite tensions with US, The New York Times, 9 June 2018: Trump Invitation to Russia Deepens Rift With America’s Allies, The New York Times, 9 June 2018: Trump Says U.S. Will No Longer Be ‘Piggy Bank That Everybody’s Robbing’, The Guardian, 10 June 2018: G7 in disarray after Trump rejects communique and attacks ‘weak’ Trudeau, The New York Times, 10 June 2018: Trump Refuses to Sign G-7 Statement and Calls Trudeau ‘Weak’, The Washington Post, 10 June 2018: European leaders are outraged by Trump over G-7 statement. But they’re not surprised., BBc, 10 June 2018: G7 summit: War of words erupts between US and key allies, CNN, 10 June 2018: McCain to allies: ‘Americans stand with you, even if our president doesn’t’, Senator Chuck Schumer, Senate Minority Leader, has his own view: Are we executing Putin’s diplomatic and national security strategy or AMERICA’s diplomatic and national security strategy?, The New York Times, 10 June 2018: Trump Tries to Destroy the West, The New York Times, 10 June 2018: Escalating Clash With Canada, Trump Is Isolated Before North Korea Meeting, The Washington Post, 6 June 2018: Schumer seeks Obama’s help for Senate Democrats in midterm elections, Deutsche Welle, 13 June 2018: Germany’s answer to ‘America First’ is ‘Europe United’, Project Syndicate, written by Guy Verhofstadt: Why “America First” Means “Europe United”, Reuters, 14 June 2018: EU nations back retaliating against U.S. steel tariffs, Haaretz, 12 June 2018: If You Boycott Israel, Shouldn’t You Boycott Trump’s America as Well? (The New York Times, 24 April 2019: Would Any Atrocity Turn Off Investors to Saudi Arabia?), The Guardian, 9 July 2018: Liberal Europe isn’t dead yet. But its defenders face a long, hard struggle,, 16 April 2019: U.S. to announce tough policy on businesses in Cuba, France24, 17 April 2019: EU, Canada reject Trump’s Cuba sanctions policy and DW, 17 April 2019: New US policy on seized property in Cuba threatens EU ties (the funny thing is that Cuban exiles from the US have invested huge sums of dollars in Cuba with the help of Cuban middlemen, primarily in real estate. So, this shot is likely to end up in the foot of the US president. The Palestinians will be happy to note the Trump administration’s decision, as it will open the way for them to seek compensation for expropriation from Israel. The “stable genius” Donnie, once again, did a great job)). As a countermeasure to his own punitive tariffs, Trump now focuses on socialism in the US and provides subsidies to farmers. If only the Republicans knew, as “socialism” is to them what “hell” is for religious Christians: Politico, 24 July 2018: Trump to offer farmers $12B in trade aid. At least higher tariffs on cars seems to be off the table for the moment, even though they might be back on the table after the midterm elections: Politico, Trump isolated in his push for tariffs on foreign cars, Reuters, 11 December 2019: Revamped USMCA allows Mexico to bring labour complaints in U.S. – Mexican official, BBC, 11 December 2019: USMCA: Agreement reached on Nafta trade deal replacement, Reuters, 11 December 2019: JPMorgan’s Dimon endorses trade deal, tackles central bank measures.

In the dispute over the Iran deal, the EU has now come a step further to protect small and medium-sized EU companies that are not active in the US business but want to do business in Iran – and there are surprisingly many of them given. The European Commission has created a protection mechanism against US sanctions and has authorized the European Investment Bank to carry out payment transactions. By contrast, large companies and corporations can not benefit from the protection mechanism (National Review, 28 August 2017: How to Get Out of the Iran Nuclear Deal, The New York Times, 23 May 2018: Deep in the Desert, Iran Quietly Advances Missile Technology, Haaretz, 31 May 2018: Ex-Mossad Chief Says He Questioned Legality of Netanyahu’s Order to Prepare Iran Strike, NBC News, 14 July 2018: U.S. refuses European requests for exemptions from its new sanctions on Iran, Reuters, 11 December 2018: German exports to Iran soar ahead of U.S. sanctions, Newsweek, 13 December 2018: Trump’s Iran Sanctions Create a Triple Threat to the West, The Washington Post, 9 January 2019: Already reeling from tariff war, some farmers aren’t receiving government support checks amid shutdown, The Guardian, 31 January 2019: Europe sets up scheme to get round US sanctions on Iran, Bloomberg, 31 January 2019: Europe Protects Itself From Trump’s Caprice, The New York Times, 31 January 2019: 3 European Nations Create Firm to Trade With Iran, but Will Anyone Use It?, European Comission: Iran, Instex (AP News, 8 August 2019: Designated Head of Europe-Iran Trade Entity Won’t Take Job, Jerusalem Post, 8 August 2019: German Ambassador se to run EU-Iran trade resigns, linked to Holocaust denier), Foreign Policy, 13 February 2019: Iran’s Economy Is Crumbling, but Collapse Is a Long Way Off, France 24, 22 February 2019: Iran is holding up its end of nuclear deal, shows IAEA report, Times of Israel, 22 February 2019: UN nuclear watchdog say Iran staying within limits of 2015 deal, The Guardian, 15 March 2019: US to deny visas for ICC members investigating alleged war crimes, The Washington Post, 15 March 2019: U.S. will not give visas to employees of the International Criminal Court (a full admission of guilt can not be formulated much clearer), Times of Israel, 6 April 2019: US said set to declare Iran’s Revolutionary Guards as terrorist group, France24, 8 April 2019: US designates Iran’s Revolutionary Guards a ‘terrorist organisation’, The New York Times, 8 April 2019: Trump Designates Iran’s Revolutionary Guard a Foreign Terrorist Group, Jerusalem Post, 8 April 2019: Netanyahu praises Trump for putting Iran’s Revolutionary Guards on terror list, Times of Israel, 8 April 2019: Netanyahu says Trump designated Iran Guards a terror group at his request, The New York Times, 22 April 2019: U.S. Moves to Stop All Nations From Buying Iranian Oil, BBC, 22 April 2019: Iran oil: US to end sanctions exemptions for major importers, Reuters, 22 April 2019: U.S. to end all waivers on Iran oil imports, crude price jumps, Jerusalem Post, 22 April 2019: Netanyahu lauds Trump decision to eleminate Iran oil waivers, Times of Israel, 22 April 2019: Iran threatens to close Strait of Hormuz after US ends sanction waivers, France24, 23 April 2019: US sanctions over Iran oil will ‘intensify Mideast turmoil’: China, Times of Israel, 24 April 2019: Iran threatens ‘consequences’ if US takes ‘crazy measure’ of blocking oil sales, Times of Israel, 25 April 2019: Zarif accuses Netanyahu and Saudis of trying to provoke US into war with Iran, The Guardian, 24 April 2019: Iran will continue to defy US oil sanctions, says Tehran (Netanyahu and Trump (The New York Times, 9 July 2019: Who Is a Bigger Threat to His Democracy: Bibi or Trump?) obviously want to drive Iran to self-defense actions and then, of course, once again, mendacious and hypocritical as both are, cry into the cameras that Iran would have to take full responsibility for it. Netanyahu and Trump apparently assume that the rest of the world is just as limited in their ability to think as they are themselves. At any rate, they are closer to their goal of imposing war on Iran than ever before (2020 United States presidential election, Rally ’round the flag effect, United States sanctions against Iran, The Guardian, 6 May 2019: US deploys aircraft carrier and bombers after ‘troubling indications’ from Iran, gunboat diplomacy, psychological warfare, BBC, 6 May 2019: US sends aircraft carrier and bomber task force to ‘warn Iran’, France24, 8 May 2019: Iran nuclear deal: what happens now?, The Guardian, 8 May 2019: Trump’s antics over Iran have endangered us all. The stakes are now lethally high, The National, 8 May 2019: European pressure on Tehran is needed, The Guardian, 8 May 2019: Iran announces partial withdrawal from nuclear deal, BBC, 8 May 2019: Iran nuclear deal: Tehran urged to honour commitments, The New York Times, 8 May 2019: U.S. Threatens New Sanctions as Iran Plans to End Compliance With Parts of Nuclear Deal, Washington Post, 8 May 2019: Why Russia is the big winner of the Iran deal fallout, Washington Post, 8 May 2019: Iran announces it will stop complying with parts of landmark nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 8 May 2019: Democrats warn Trump is leading US toward war with Iran, France24, 8 May 2019: Trump tightens Iran sanctions as France warns against ‘escalation’, The Guardian, 9 May 2019: EU rejects Iran’s two-month ultimatum on nuclear deal, France24, 9 May 2019: Europe rejects Iran’s ‘ultimatum’ but stands by nuclear deal, The Guardian, 10 May 2019: Trump’s foolish Iran policy only makes war more likely, The Washington Post, 11 May 2019: Why the U.S.-Iran Conflict Is Now Coming to a Head, i24 News, 12 May 2019: Analysis: Will escalation between US, Iran revive Netanyahu’s decade-old strike plans?, Times of Israel, 12 May 2019: Amid US-Iran tension, Israeli minister fears Tehran ‘may fire rockets at Israel’, The Guardian, 12 May 2019: US war against Iran is impossible, claims Iranian general, The Guardian, 13 May 2019: Iran-US tensions are reaching new heights – and neither is likely to blink, The Guardian, 13 May 2019: Europe urges Mike Pompeo and US to show restraint towards Iran, The New York Times, 13 May 2019: White House Reviews Military Plans Against Iran, in Echoes of Iraq War, The National, 13 May 2019: Mike Pompeo delays Russia visit to lobby against Iran deal in Brussels, The National, 13 May 2019: The US and Europe must unite over Iran, The Washington Post, 13 May 2019: Pompeo crashes Brussels meeting of E.U. diplomats but changes few minds on Iran, The Times, 14 May 2019: US could stumble into a war with Iran, allies tell Mike Pompeo, The New York Times, 14 May 2019: It’s Time for the Leaders of Saudi Arabia and Iran to Talk, The Washington Post, 14 May 2019: It’s up to Israelis to stop Iran’s nuclear program. Here’s how they did it before., Times of Israel, 15 May 2019: Allies split with US over Iranian threat as war worries mount, The New York Times, 14 May 2019: Skeptical U.S. Allies Resist Trump’s New Claims of Threats From Iran, Haaretz, 15 May 2019: Iran Vows to Defeat ‘American-Zionist Alliance’ as Putin Warns Against U.S. Pressure, BBC, 15 May 2019: US pulls ‘non-emergency staff’ from Iraq as Iran tensions mount, Times of Israel, 15 May 2019: Iran’s defense minister: ‘We will defeat the American-Zionist front’, Arab News, 16 May 2019: Iran must not go unpunished, Haaretz, 16 May 2019: If the U.S. Goes to War With Iran, Netanyahu Will Be the Prime Suspect, Arab News, 18 May 2019: Gulf nations ‘approve US request to deploy troops in the Gulf’, Times of Israel, 18 May 2019: Saudi newspaper calls on Washington to launch strikes on Iran, Jerusalem Post, 19 May 2019: Saudi Arabia says it seeks to avert war, ball in Iran’s court, Times of Israel, 20 May 2019: Trump warns if Tehran attacks, it will be ‘official end of Iran’, Haaretz, 20 May 2019: Trump: ‘If Iran Wants to Fight, That Will Be the Official End of Iran’, The Guardian, 20 May 2019: Iran hits back at Trump for tweeting ‘genocidal taunts’, Jerusalem Post, 20 May 2019: Iranian commander: We are ready to confront the enemy, Times of Israel, 20 May 2019: Hitting back at Trump, Zarif says ‘genocidal taunts won’t end Iran’ (the whole extent of Trump’s stupidity shows again: Only those who are members of a club can change its rules. On the other hand, anyone who leaves the club and roars around from the fence just looks like a ridiculous idiot. With Benjamin Netanyahu’s forced unilateral termination of the Iran deal, the US president has reached exactly this position. An emperor without clothes), Times of Israel, 20 May 2019: Iran quadruples low-enriched uranium production, Times of Israel, 21 May 2019: Rouhani: In current situation, Iran chooses path of ‘resistance only’, The New York Times, 23 May 2019: Trump Officials Prepare to Bypass Congress to Sell Weapons to Gulf Nations, New York Post, 23 May 2019: Dianne Feinstein had dinner meeting with Iranian minister amid US tensions, Times of Israel, 24 May 2019: Trump to invoke emergency to sell arms to Saudis, citing Iran threat, CNN, 24 May 2019: Trump declares emergency to expedite arms sales to Saudi Arabia and UAE, Jerusalem Post, 24 May 2019: Controvery in Iran amid reports Zarif met U.S. senator, Times of Israel, 29 May 2019: Netanyahu uncommonly quiet as US-Iran crisis escalates, Jerusalem Post, 29 May 2019: German intel: Iran wants to expand to weapons of mass destruction, France24, 31 May 2019: Saudi king demands firm action against ‘criminal’ Iran at Arab summit, Times of Israel, 31 May 2019: Iran accuses Saudi Arabia of ‘sowing division’ to Israel’s benefit, Times of Israel, 1 June 2019: Saudi king says will reject US measures that ‘prejudice’ Jerusalem, Jerusalem Post, 1 June 2019: Handshakes, Jerusalem and Iran: The politics of the Saudi summits, Times of Israel, 1 June 2019: Iran president says Islamic Republic won’t be ‘bullied’ into US talks, Times of Israel, 1 June 2019: Khomeini’s legacy looms over Iran, 30 years after his death, Times of Israel, 6 June 2019: Saudi missile program expanded with help from China, US intel said to show, Iran Press, 6 June 2019: German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas to visit Iran next week, Times of Israel, 6 June 2019: Trump signals readiness for negotiations with Iran, Jerusalem Post, 7 June 2019: Iran rejects French call for wider talks beyond nuclear deal – state TV, The New York Times, 7 June 2019: Trump Allows High-Tech U.S. Bomb Parts to Be Built in Saudi Arabia, France24, 7 June 2019: Iran rejects France’s call for wider talks beyond nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 8 June 2019: Iran said accelerating uranium centrifuge production, anticipating deal collapse, Times of Israel, 8 June 2019: US hits Iran with new sanctions targeting petrochemicals, Times of Israel, 8 June 2019: Iran says new US sanctions show offer for talks is ‘hollow’, France24, 8 June 2019: Iran says selling oil through ‘unconventional’ means, Jerusalem Post, 8 June 2019: Understanding the Saudi, UAE arms deals and Iran, The Guardian, 10 June 2019: Iran’s foreign minister warns US ‘cannot expect to stay safe’, Jerusalem Post, 10 June 2019: Iran welcomes German FM to pressure Europe on nuke deal, France24, 10 June 2019: Germany urges Iran to stick to nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 10 June 2019: Iran’s top envoy: Netanyahu wants to destroy us, and we will respond, Jerusalem Post, 10 June 2019: Iran foreign minister slams Netanyahu and Trumo ‘deal’, Times of Israel, 10 June 2019: UN nuclear watchdog: Iran uranium production up, can’t confirm compliance, Times of Israel, 12 June 2019: Japan premier hopes to ease US-Iran tensions in Tehran visit, Times of Israel, 13 June 2019: Khamenei: Iran doesn’t want nuclear bomb, but US couldn’t stop us if we did, The Guardian, 13 June 2019: Two oil tankers struck in suspected attacks in Gulf of Oman, France24, 13 June 2019: US blames Iran for attacks on oil tankers in Gulf of Oman, The Guardian, 14 June 2019: US says video shows Iranian military removing mine from tanker, France24, 14 June 2019: US releases video accusing Iran of tanker attack, Tehran blasts ‘Iranophobic campaign’, The Guardian, 14 June 2019: Trump blames Iran for oil tanker attacks and calls country a ‘nation of terror’, The New York Times, 14 June 2019: Distrusting Both Iran and U.S., Europe Urges ‘Maximum Restraint’, The New York Times, 14 June 2019: Was Iran Behind the Oman Tanker Attacks? A Look at the Evidence, The New York Times, 14 June 2019: Iran and the U.S. Are on a Collision Course, France24, 14 June 2019: Trump accuses Iran of tanker attacks but flags need for talks, The Guardian, 15 June 2019: Iran-US dispute grows over attacks on oil tankers in Gulf of Oman, The New York Times, 16 June 2019: In Face-Off With Iran, Escalation May Depend on Who Prevails Inside Washington and Tehran, The New York Times, 17 June 2019: Iran Threatens to Violate Nuclear Deal’s Limits on Uranium Enrichment, The Guardian, 17.06.2019: Iran to break uranium stockpile limit set by nuclear deal, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: After enrichment threat, US accuses Iran of ‘nuclear extortion’, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: Germany, UK warn Iran over enrichment threat; EU takes wait-and-see approach, Jerusalem Post, 17 June 2019: U.N. officials: U.S. planning a ‘tactical assault’ in Iran, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: After enrichment threat, US accuses Iran of ‘nuclear extortion’, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: Germany, UK warn Iran over enrichment threat; EU takes wait-and-see approach, Jerusalem Post, 17 June 2019: U.N. officials: U.S. planning a ‘tactical assault’ in Iran, Times of Israel, 18 June 2019: US deploying 1,000 more troops to Middle East as Iran tensions soar, France24, 18 June 2019: US deploys 1000 more troops to Middle East, citing ‘hostile behaviour’ from Iran, The Guardian, 18 June 2019: US to send 1,000 more troops to Middle East, citing ‘hostile behavior’ by Iran, The Guardian, 18 June 2019: The Trump administration’s dangerous fever dream about Iran, The Guardian, 19 June 2019: UK, France and Germany in last-ditch effort to save Iran deal, The Guardian, 19 June 2019: A US war with Iran looms. Don’t for one second think that it is justified, Times of Israel, 18 June 2019: , The Guardian, 18 June 2019: The Iran crisis was created in Washington. The US must be talked down, Jerusalem Post, 19 June 2019: Kremlin says Russia-Us_Israel meeting ‘very important’, CNN, 20 June 2019: Iran shoots down US drone aircraft, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: Iran shoots down US drone, The New York Times, 20 June 2019: Attacking Iran Is Congress’s Call, Times of Israel, 20 June 2019: US official confirms Iran shot down drone, says it was in international airspace, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: Iran shoots down US ‘spy’ drone, Times of Israel, 20 June 2019: Moscow to look out for Iranian interests in upcoming Jerusalem meet, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: US joins four rogue countries seen as likely forces for bad, poll finds, The Guardian, 21 June 2019: Donald Trump ‘cancelled Iran strikes with planes in the air’, France24, 21 June 2019: US approved, then scrapped Iran strikes after drone shooting, US media say, CNN, 21 June 2019: Military operation against Iran was set before Trump called it off, CNN, 21 June 2019: How Donald Trump created one hell of a mess with Iran, The New York Times, 21 June 2019: Trump Stopped Strike on Iran Because It Was ‘Not Proportionate’, The Guardian, 21 June 2019: The Guardian view on Iran and Trump: the risks remain, Arab News, 21 June 2019: Trump warned Iran via Oman that US attack was imminent, called for talks, Reuters, 21 June 2019: Trump’s half-cocked and loaded tweet draws barrage of reaction, Arab News, 21 June 2019: Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman speaks with Donald Trump on Iran, The New York Times, 21 June 2019: Urged to Launch an Attack, Trump Listened to the Skeptics Who Said It Would Be a Costly Mistake, The Guardian, 22 June 2019: Foreign Office minister to visit Iran to call for ‘urgent de-escalation’, France24, 23 June 2019: US launched cyber attack on Iranian computer systems, The National, 23 June 2019: US-Iran tensions remain high as UAE calls for de-escalation, The Guardian, 23 June 2019: Trump says ‘absolutely broken’ Iran will face major new sanctions, France24, 23 June 2019: Saudi minister of state for foreign affairs: ‘Iran’s policies are not acceptable and have to change’ (Netanyahu has been trying to engage Iran in war for decades, first with the help of the Bush II administration, now with the help of the Trump administration, and the Iranian leadership simply does not fall for his tricks – how mean of them. It remains to be seen what the simpletons Netanyahu and Trump will come up next with to reach their goal in any case. Again, it is obvious that Iran is playing “3D chess“, while Netanyahu and Trump are just able to play “Mensch ärgere Dich nicht“. Read more about the topic in the article Arab–Israeli and Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

It appears to be time to take countermeasures against Netanyahu’s Israel and Trump’s US to get compensation for the damage caused by the two countries in the EU, and of course to make it clear that the EU will not allow the two hasardeurs Netanyahu and Trump to endager the EU’s very own interests and security. If Netanyahu had actually assumed that the EU would allow to be drawn into his shabby game, then he has once again made a serious mistake. At the same time, it is becoming increasingly clear that Israel’s membership in the EU is ruled out, since the goals are completely opposite and there remains only a little common basis of values, especially as the already fragile Israeli democracy collapses further and further through measures taken by the Likud. Israel, however, adapting more and more to the customs in neighboring countries, which of course is an unequivocal statement itself. It will be interesting to see how this renewed escapade of the two protagonists will additionally negatively affect foreign direct investment in the USA and Israel), Hawala, Remittance, Economy of Iran, Germany–Iran relations and Iran–European Union relations).


The next bomb exploded on June 27, 2018, when it became known that the duo Benjamin Netanyahu and Donald Trump will once again try to take the global economy hostage for their crude destroying fantasies towards Iran. Starting on November 4, 2018, those companies and countries (China is the largest buyer of Iranian oil, followed by the EU), which continue to import oil from Iran, will face US sanctions. Apart from the fact that the US will shoot itself in the foot, the step will certainly not increase the sympathy values for and the willingness to foreign investment in Israel and the United States. Should the economic situations of both countries change in the near future, which can be assumed, they can not only hope for appropriately amused reactions from the Arab world. As with the first round of US sanctions on Iran, following the unilateral termination of the Iran deal by #45, the second round now means for the EU to seek again for banks that this time can handle the oil business with Iran. A prerequisite for the selection is to do little or no business in the US and therefore be able to laugh about possible sanctions. As with the first round, the EU will not be able to cope with the risk of default of large companies and corporations, especially since their international business usually includes considerable US business volumes. At the same time, countermeasures against the US must again be planned (e.g., complete suspension of liquefied gas and oil trade), and measures against Israel’s Trump whisperers should be considered as well. The current attempt is the 1:1 takeover of a confused Netanyahu plan to initially destabilize Iran economically and then attack the country militarily. This background given, the question once again arises, how Berlin could be that naive to hand over nuclear first-strike weapon systems (Dolphin class) to Israel. Another side effect is, e.g., that for example, several investors who have just invested large amounts of money in Iran have had to swiftly liquidate their US investments in order to re-finance the investments in Iran (and have to write them off, given the expected economic developments in Iran) in order to not become subject to US sanctions. A gigantic destruction of capital that has already begun even before the sanctions have been put into effect. It can be expected that US sanctions will not lead to companies investing more in the US or Israel instead. Given the loss of confidence in both administrations, the reverse is likely to be the case (CNBC, 26 June 2018: Oil buyers must cut all Iranian crude imports by November, State Dept says, The Guardian, 5 July 2018: Iran threatens to block Strait of Hormuz over US oil sanctions, The Guardian, 6 August 2018: EU acts to protect firms from Donald Trump’s sanctions against Iran, The New York Times, 6 August 2018: U.S. to Restore Sanctions on Iran After Withdrawal From Nuclear Deal, The Washington Post, 6 August 2018: U.S. moves to restore some Iran sanctions lifted under nuclear deal, CNN, 6 August 2018: Iran’s president says he’ll talk to Trump “right now”, The New York Times, 6 August 2018: U.S. to Restore Sanctions on Iran, Deepening Divide With Europe Politico, 6 August 2018: EU vows to thwart Trump’s sanctions on Iran, The Guardian, 7 August 2018: Trade with Iran and you won’t trade with US, Trump warns, The Washington Post, 7 August 2018: Trump is the president the Founding Fathers feared, The Guardian, 7 August 2018: EU foreign policy chief calls on firms to defy Trump over Iran, Bloomberg, 11 August 2018: U.S.-Iran Sanctions Give China Lead in World’s Biggest Gas Field, Reuters, 27 August 2018: World Court hears Iran lawsuit to have U.S. sanctions lifted, The Washington Post, 3 December 2018: Trump’s not winning anything, anywhere, The New York Times, 4 December 2018: German Carmakers Head to Washington, Hoping to Dodge Tariffs by Offering Jobs, The New York Times, 4. December 2018: Pompeo Questions the Value of International Groups Like U.N. and E.U., The Guardian, 4 December 2018: Trump’s countless scams are finally catching up to him, The Guardian, 23 December 2018: Schiff will use subpoena powers if Trump quashes final Mueller report, The New York Times, 9 January 2019: Rod Rosenstein Expected to Leave Justice Dept. Once Attorney General Is Confirmed, The Washington Post, 1 March 2019: Allen Weisselberg: Meet the man who could bring down Trump and Jerusalem Post, 6 February 2019: Ambassador urges Germany to change anti-Israel stance at U.N. (while in the real world, Germany isn’t voting against Israel, instead in very own and EU (security) interests), The New York Times, 4 September 2019: The Secret History of the Push to Strike Iran, Haaretz, 4 September 2019: ‘Bibi-sitting’ and Drones Out of Azerbaijan: Report Reveals How Close Israel Came to Striking Iran, Die Zeit, 06 September 2019: “If Someone Rises Up To Kill You, Kill Him First”).

Trade Disputes
Tariffs are one thing, arbitrary controls of foreign investors and their investments the other (The New York Times, 5 March 2018: Cfius, Powerful and Unseen, Is a Gatekeeper on Major Deals, with exceptions: The New York Times, 28 May 2018: Ivanka Trump Wins China Trademarks, Then Her Father Vows to Save ZTE (The Guardian, 24 July 2018: Ivanka Trump to close fashion brand amid consumer backlash) – The New York Times, 28 April 2017: White House of Grifters, The New York Times, 2 February 2018: Trump’s Corruption of the American Republic, and Vice, 14 May 2018: Trump’s Rampant Corruption Will Actually Hurt Him Soon). Entrepreneurial activity is now associated with unpredictable risks for foreign investors. The nepotism exercised by #45 and his frontrunners, while a highlight of Central African government work, is absolutely unworthy of the work of a US administration (The Guardian, 2 June 2018: Donald Trump and the erosion of Democratic norms in America). The hard work of US President Barack Obama over the years to build trust in the US again, which was desperately needed after Bush Juniors presidency, has #45 completely lost within weeks and probably permanently damaged, especially since there is no reason to assume that one can trust in any statement of the actual US administration, except for one: The US administration will not stick to any agreement. After all, the EU has learned how to deal with it, because the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán and the unofficial Polish Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński (and others) have been acting in exactly the same way for years.

Of course, the European public has long since become accustomed to Putin, Erdoğan and Netanyahu trolls. Now just Trump trolls are added. The Trump troll and redneck, who has recently been appointed US ambassador to Germany, has a considerable amount of right-wing scrutiny, Richard Grenell (Der Spiegel, 11 January 2019: Isolated in Berlin: Trump’s Ambassador Finds Few Friends in Germany and DW, 19 March 2019: Germany: US ambassador Richard Grenell should be expelled, says FDP deputy leader), who recently caused an uproar in an interview with the British offshoot of the US Internet platform Breitbart (CNN, 5 June 2018: US Ambassador to Germany provokes backlash with Breitbart interview, USA Today, 4 June 2018: U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell wants to ’empower’ Europe’s right and Politico Europe, 5 June 2018: German politicians call on US to withdraw ambassador), the American counterpart to the German Der Stürmer, because his actions are completely against international diplomatic practice. Previously, he had already got in hot water because of his comments about #45’s one-sided termination of the Iran Deal (The Washington Post, 5 June 2018: The U.S. ambassador in Germany flies the Trumpist flag and Bloomberg, 9 May 2018: Trump’s Ambassador to Germany Stokes Furor Over Iran Just One Day Into Job). Within a very short time he lowered US diplomacy in Germany to junk-level and brought it on par with Russia’s “diplomacy”. He could not express more clearly that he a) is just as incompetent as his employer and b) a large part of his potential conversation partners will reduce contacts to the minimum. Thanks for that, after all, because the time gained in this way can finally be put to good use elsewhere. The second wellknown Trump troll is the former Breitbart editor and right-wing extremist Steve Bannon, who, hand in hand with Grenell, wants to mobilize the European far right weirdos to merge them into a European Alt-Right movement ( – Steve_Bannon: A Propaganda Retrospective, The Washington Post, 13 March 2018: In Europe, Steve Bannon can still play the hero, Politico Magazine, March/April 2017: The Man Who Wants to Unmake the West, The Guardian, 21 April 2018: Sharks, zealots and the apocalypse: welcome to Steve Bannon’s movie world, The Guardian, 6 May 2018: Steve Bannon is on a far-right mission to radicalise Europe, The Guardian, 6 June 2018: Steve Bannon is on a far-right mission to radicalise Europe, n+1, 18 June 2018: The Globalist: George Soros after the open society, The Daily Beast, 20 July 2018: Hellfire Club: Inside Bannon’s Plan to Hijack Europe for the Far-Right and Deutsche Welle, 23 July 2018: German politicians allied against Steve Bannon (Daily Beast, 28 March 2019: ‘The Brink’ Exposes Steve Bannon as a Fascist Fraud, Haaretz, 22 April 2019: Steve Bannon’s Fascist Far Right Christian Army Is Marching on Liberal Europe – and on the Pope, France24, 20 August 2020: Former Trump adviser Steve Bannon arrested for fraud linked to funding Mexican border wall, The Guardian, 20 August 2020: Steve Bannon arrested and charged with fraud over border wall campaign, The New York Times, 20 August 2020: Trumpism Is a Racket, and Steve Bannon Knew It, CNN, 20 August 2020: Steve Bannon charged with fraud in border wall campaign, CNN, 22 August 2020: What Steve Bannon bust reveals about ‘building the wall’, The Guardian, 23 August 2020: Steve Bannon: Ex-Trump adviser ‘in a world of trouble’, says James Comey, The Washington Post, 23 August 2020: How a veteran’s idea to solicit donations for a border wall won over Trump supporters — and produced conspiracy charges, The Atlantic, 30 August 2020: The Truth About Steve Bannon). It will become interesting and at the same time extremely funny for observers, when the nationalists of the EU states will be confronted with the reality, like the German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer and his CSU supporters Markus Söder, Andreas Scheuer and Alexander Dobrindt recently experienced together with the right-wing populists from Austria and Italy and their laughable “axis of the willing” (which triggered a coalition crisis in Germany because of five to ten immigrants per day, and is expected to cost the CSU the state elections in Bavaria). Nationalism works only in its own national state and excludes success across several national states by definition. It can only work within the EU if the EU itself is understood as a national state, so that an EU nationalism can evolve to find common, sustainable and viable solutions. However, Europe’s nationalists can’t think in such a dimension). While one can only be astonished as an observer about with what incredible impudence foreign and obviously (constitutional) hostile minded forces can spread their hatred across Europe undisturbed by state powers, the situation for the German right wingers (AfD, NPD, Pegida, Identitäre, Reichsbürger and so on), the Putin cheerleaders, is a real challenge to them, especially since they no longer know whether they should pray three times a day towards the Kremlin or instead now better towards the White House and therefore yowle subservient and precautionary in both directions.

Free Press
After Trump’s endless, baseless and disgusting “Fake News” lies against the free US press and thus as an attack on the freedom of press in general, the US press is now resisting: Miami Herald, 15 August 2018: President Trump, we’re not ‘enemies of the people.’ End your war on our free press, The New York Times, 15 August 2018: A Free Press Needs You and The Guardian, 16 August 2018: Almost 350 news outlets to publish editorials denouncing Trump’s ‘dirty war’ on press. In fact, the current most prominent US “Fake News” outlets besides Fox News are the White House Press Service and the US President’s Twitter account: Reuters, 16 August 2018: Senate adopts resolution backing free press after Trump attacks, The Wall Street Journal, 24 October 2019: Trump to Tell Federal Agencies to Cut New York Times, Washington Post Subscriptions, The Guardian, 24 October 2019: White House to federal agencies: cancel New York Times and Washington Post subscriptions, The New York Times, 24 October 2019: Trump Cancels Subscriptions to The New York Times and The Washington Post, NPR, 2 December 2019: Putin Approves Law Labeling Journalists ‘Foreign Agents’ In Russia, BBC, 3 December 2019: Russia to label individuals as ‘foreign agents’ under new law, The Guardian, 3 December 2019: Putin approves law targeting journalists as ‘foreign agents’, CNN, 16 December 2019: Boris Johnson may go after the BBC’s funding, The New York Times, 16 December 2019: With Echoes of Trump, Boris Johnson Scorns the BBC, Al Arabiya, 7 March 2020: The New York Times, Washington Post, now CNN: Trump campaign files third lawsuit, The New York Times, 30 May 2020: A Reporter’s Cry on Live TV: ‘I’m Getting Shot! I’m Getting Shot!’, CNN, 31 May 2020: Journalists covering protests face assault and arrest, DW, 1 June 2020: US attack on press freedom gains supporters, The Guardian, 5 June 2020: ‘I’m getting shot’: attacks on journalists surge in US protests, France24, 6 June 2020: More than 140 journalists have been arrested or attacked by law enforcement during US protests, The Guardian, 8 June 2020: ‘Denigrated and discredited’: how American journalists became targets during protests.

EU and USA
Of course, given the strong links between the EU and the US, it is clear that the US will in principle continue to be a strategic partner. In any case, transatlantic relations, especially below the level of government, will scarcely be irritated beyond a certain period of time (shared ancestry, values, art, culture, society, democracy, freedom, economy, trade etc. – for fans of the United States and transatlantics alike or in personal union, it is of course always painful to watch US Presidents like George W. Bush or Donald Trump damaging the integrity and international appeal of the United States on a daily basis, only to serve single interests. In America, such behavior (individual interests before national interests) is named “un-American”, unless, of course, it comes from the far right, for whom, as is well known, laws, contracts and agreements do not apply (they at least claim for themselves) until proven otherwise. After all, it is at the latest certain that after two terms in office, the spook will be over for a while and the United States and the rest of the world can gain time to recover from the devastations caused. But when putting the incompetent, corrupt, criminal, racist, small minded, unsuccessful Republican Trump administration and politics in general aside, then you have a country with an incredible cultural diversity (in the New York borough of Queens there are people with over 180 nationalities alone who, through their diversity, contribute to what characterizes and is New York, namely the capital of the world ), with sometimes dramatically beautiful landscapes and cities that have been among the super coolest places on the planet for years, which generate by far the most creative ideas, innovations and trends worldwide and are mostly inhabited by liberal, cosmopolitan, friendly people. You have to make a lot of effort not to be enthusiastic about it and not to be magically attracted to it. However, when looking at the political playground, it is much easier to identify weaknesses and problems. Europe owes a lot to the United States, especially after the two world wars. Conversely, America would not exist today without European settlers. So we are connected and interwoven in many ways and at different levels. Trump cannot change that permanently, even if he tries hard, by ensuring from the very beginning of his term in office that there was no international trust in him and his administration at any time and that this also damaged basic trust in the United States, especially since the Trump government behave like that of any other rogue state. Only the future will show how sustainable the damage caused will be for international relations. There were always great upsets between the two sides, which in the end could all be overcome. This will also be the case after the total failure in the White House has left office. However, there will probably not a “back to normal”, as was the case before Trump took office, but there will be closer cooperations again. Change can start quickly (President Tweety voted out of office in November 2020) or take four more long years to come, but it will come. The Trumps of the world come and go. Sometimes they leave chaos and burned bridges, but ultimately there is nothing that cannot be repaired. In this sense: The United States: Bon appétit! and The United States: Bon voyage! (Die Zeit, 20 February 2017: Transatlantic relations: Yankee Goes Home, Atlantic Council, 15 March 2018: A Storm is Brewing in Transatlantic Relations, Carnegie Europe, 5 July 2019: Can Ursula Von Der Leyen Save the Transatlantic Relationship?). Although tourism numbers and the sum of foreign direct investment are declining, these indicators will recover in the post-Trump period, although it shouldn’t be assumed that a successor will make a 180° political turn (Pax Americana), especially as some of #45’s crude theses and theories are well received by the Democrats (New York Magazine, 6 August 2018: In 2008, America Stopped Believing in the American Dream), but it can probably be assumed that the inability of #45 will not be exceeded (if things continue as they have been under #45, he will actually not only easily replace Richard Nixon but even Andrew Johnson as the most incapable US president of all times). But it is clear that the EU has to respond to the measures from Washington in a very clever way, as countermeasures will hit especially the US states, which are of great importance to the Republicans. In November 2018, the primaries will take place (Midterm Elections and The New York Times, 24 October 2018: Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama and CNN Offices Are Sent Pipe Bombs, so in general against the Democrats, and what does the President do? Of course, the Hater and Mobber in Chief is blaming others: The Guardian, 25 October 2018: Donald Trump attacks media ‘hostility’ after attempted pipe bombings, The New York Times, 25 October 2018: Pipe Bombs Sent to Biden and Robert De Niro, Latest in Wave of Explosives Sent to Trump Critics, The New York Times, 26 October 2018: Pipe Bomb Suspect Arrested in Florida; Criminal History Includes Bombing Threat, The Guardian, 26 October 2018: What the targeting of Trump critics reveals about America’s rotting core, The Guardian, 26 October 2018: Seth Meyers: ‘If you’re asking if Trump’s lying or stupid the answer is all of the above’ and The Guardian, 27 Ocotober 2018: Florida man charged with sending 13 pipe bombs to Trump critics). The transatlantic dispute doesn’t only delight Moscow, but also the anti-Americanists from the West, who regard the close transatlantic ties as a thorn in their side and therefore have always been looking to the east without being able to find alternative solutions there. People who think of Moscow or Beijing here, obviously didn’t deal enough with the basic data and the opposing social/society models (the democracy in the EU stands in clear and obvious opposition to the so-called “controlled democracy” in Russia under President Vladimir Putin, which in fact corresponds to an autocracy (in addition, the largest country in the world is an economic dwarf. The resulting, factually correct, but diplomatically unfortunate choice of words by US President Barack Obama, “Russia is a regional power”, has obviously violated the ego of the Russian tsar so much that he then decided that it has to be compensated by military (one of the very few strengths of Russia) expeditions in Ukraine and Western Asia), and in the People’s Republic of China under President Xi Jinping, according to its constitution “under the democratic dictatorship of the people”, but is governed since 1949 authoritarian by the Chinese Communist Party) – The New York Times, 8 August 2018:Trump’s Tariffs Are Changing Trade With China. Here Are 2 Emerging Endgames..

Results of Trump’s first 500 days in office

Impeachment I
Several times in the US, the initiation of an impeachment has been considered and discussed. The idea was rejected even after the Mueller report, but now Trump has probably overflowed the barrel, so that Nancy Pelosi has initiated the process:

Impeachment-I-BILLS-116hres755enr, 10 February 2019: A Trump hotel mystery: Giant reservations followed by empty rooms, The New York Times, 22 September 2019: Trump Acknowledges Discussing Biden in Call With Ukrainian Leader, NPR, 22 September 2019: Democrats Intensify Calls For Potential Impeachment Over Whistleblower Complaint, The Guardian, 22 September 2019: Trump goes on offensive over Biden and Ukraine as Schiff ponders impeachment, BBC, 23 September 2019: Trump confirms he raised Bidens in Ukraine call, CNN, 23 September 2019: Ukraine drama could give Democrats no choice but to impeach Trump, The Guardian, 23 September 2019: Impeachment talk intensifies over Trump’s call with Ukraine president, The New York Times, 23 September 2019: Trump Admits He Spoke to Ukraine About Biden; Pressure to Impeach Builds, France24, 24 September 2019: Trump ordered Ukraine aid freeze ahead of controversial Biden phone call, The New York Times, 24 September 2019: Biden Will Back Impeachment if Trump Does Not Cooperate With Congress, CNN, 25 September 2019: Trump pushed Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden, transcript shows, The Guardian, 25 September 2019: Everyone thought Trump was untouchable – that may have just changed,, 25 September 2019: Trump’s Ukraine circus, BBC, 25 September 2019: Naga Munchetty ‘breached BBC rules’ with Trump comments, France24, 25 September 2019: Memo shows Trump asked Ukraine president to investigate political rival Biden, The Guardian, 25 September 2019: Trump-Ukraine scandal: memo shows president pushed for Biden investigation – live, Politico, 25 September 2019: Trump pressed Ukraine’s president to work with Barr for dirt on Biden, NPR, 25 September 2019: Trump Asked Ukrainian President For ‘A Favor’ On Biden; DOJ Says No Charges,, 25 September 2019: The big impeachment question: Is this 1974 or 1998?, BBC, 25 September 2019: Trump impeachment: Memo confirms president urged Biden inquiry, CNN, 25 September 2019: Putin emerges as a winner in Washington’s Ukraine turmoil, NPR, 25 September 2019: Top House Dems Say Account Of Trump Call Confirms Need For Impeachment Inquiry, Politico, 25 September 2019: How to read Trump’s wild phone call with Ukraine’s president, The Washington Post, 25 September 2019: Trump offered Ukrainian president Justice Dept. help for Biden investigation, memo shows, The New York Times, 25 September 2019: Pelosi on Trump: ‘He Does Not Care About Ethics’ — Live Updates, Al Jazeera, 25 September 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: All the latest updates, The New York Times, 25 September 2019: Trump Doesn’t Need to Commit a Crime to Be Kicked Out of Office, France24, 25 September 2019: Trump calls grounds for his impeachment a ‘joke’, Haaretz, 25 September 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu Experience Validates Pelosi’s Fear of Trump Impeachment, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Phone Call Showed Only a Slice of Trump’s Obsession With Ukraine, CNN, 26 September 2019: To understand Trump’s Ukraine call, you gotta know the code,, 26 September 2019: Why Pelosi and her party finally embraced impeachment, The Guardian, 26 September 2019: Does Trump need to break the law to be impeached? The answer is no, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Trump Has Overplayed His Hand, CNN, 26 September 2019: White House ‘tried to hide Trump Ukraine call transcript’, The Guardian, 26 September 2019: Impeachment isn’t the answer to America’s political crisis, CNN, 26 September 2019: Whistleblower’s complaint is out, The Washington Post, 26 September 2019: Whistleblower claimed Trump abused his office and that White House officials tried to cover it up,, 26 September 2019: Whistleblower says White House tried to ‘lock down’ Ukraine call, The Guardian, 26 September 2019: Trump says whistleblower’s source is ‘close to a spy’, reports say – live news, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: 8 Takeaways From the Whistle-Blower Complaint, The National, 26 September 2019: Donald Trump sought Ukrainian interference in 2020 election, whistleblower alleges, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Yes, Trump Is Guilty, but Impeachment Is a Mistake, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Trump Attacks Whistle-Blower’s Sources and Alludes to Punishment for Spies, The National, 26 September 2019: Trump’s focus on Iran and impeachment inquiry were highlights of UN appearance, The New York Times, 26 September 2019: Impeaching Trump Is Good for the Economy, CNN, 27 September 2019: Four days that pitched America into an impeachment nightmare,, 27 September 2019: When Impeachment Meets a Broken Congress, BBC, 27 September 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: Whistleblower ‘is CIA officer’, The Guardian, 27 September 2019: White House tried to cover up Trump’s Ukraine conversation, whistleblower alleges,, 27 September 2019: Trump’s road from wishing for impeachment to dreading it, The New York Times, 27 September 2019: Why the Trump Impeachment Inquiry Is the Only Option, The Washington Post, 27 September 2019: Whistleblower, working in stealth, almost single-handedly set impeachment in motion,, 27 September 2019: Trump Killed the Seriousness of Impeachment (originally published under the headline “Just another day in Fucknutsville”), The New York Times, 27 September 2019: White House Classified Computer System Is Used to Hold Transcripts of Sensitive Calls, The Washington Post, 27 September 2019: Trump told Russian officials in 2017 he wasn’t concerned about Moscow’s interference in U.S. election, CNN, 28 September 2019: Trump’s Ukraine scandal: Who’s who?, France24, 28 September 2019: Pompeo subpoenaed as Democrats press ahead on Trump impeachment investigation, BBC, 28 September 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: Pompeo subpoenaed by House Democrats, CNN, 28 September 2019: White House restricted access to Trump’s calls with Putin and Saudi crown prince, The Guardian, 28 September 2019: Trump told Russian officials he was unconcerned about election interference – report,, 28 September 2019: Impeachment takeaways: What we know (and what we don’t), CNN, 28 September 2019: The phases of Trump’s coming impeachment proceedings, Kyiv Post, 28 September 2019: US envoy Volker resigns as Trump’s Ukrainian scandal escalates, Al Jazeera, 27 September 2019: To impeach or not to impeach: Why Democrats changed their minds, Times of Israel, 27 September 2019: Trump slams 4 congresswomen of color, 2 Jewish lawmakers as ‘Democrat savages’, CNN, 28 September 2019: Trump attacks House Democrats leading impeachment inquiry as ‘savages’ (as a comedian he could certainly make a fortune), CNN, 28 September 2019: Trump’s ruthless attacks may come back to haunt him, The Guardian, 29 September 2019: Giuliani leads Trump counter-attack over Ukraine and impeachment, CNN, 29 September 2019: Ukraine braces for growing fall-out from US political crisis,, 29 September 2019: Dem leaders plot impeachment messaging war with Trump, The New York Times, 29 September 2019: Note to the Impeachment Investigators: Trump Rarely Acts Alone, CNN, 29 September 2019: Giuliani’s journey to the center of Trump’s impeachment battle started with a phone call in 2018, BBC, 29 September 2019: No reason to probe Bidens: former Ukraine prosecutor,, 29 September 2019: 5 Ways Impeachment Could Play Out, CNN, 30 September 2019: Trump says he wants to meet whistleblower: ‘I deserve to meet my accuser’, BBC, 30 September 2019: Trump impeachment: Whistleblower ‘endangered’ by Trump criticism, CNN, 30 September 2019: Washington at war: Dems aim for speedy impeachment push as Trump threatens whistleblower,, 30 September 2019: Democrats see impeachment as landmine for Republican Senate, The Washington Post, 1 October 2019: Pompeo says State Dept. officials won’t show up for scheduled impeachment depositions this week, The New York Times, 1 October 2019: Trump Pressed Australian Leader to Help Barr Investigate Mueller Inquiry’s Origins, France24, 1 October 2019: Trump asked Australian PM for help investigating Russia inquiry, CNN, 1 October 2019: Trump impeachment: Pompeo blasts Democrats for ‘bullying’ staff, The Washington Post, 1 October 2019: Impeachment is serious. Trump trying to avoid it is good comic relief.,, 1 October 2019: Grassley breaks with Trump over protecting whistleblower,, 1 October 2019: Trump grievance machine reaps millions off impeachment, France24, 1 October 2019: Trump administration pushes back against impeachment probe, The Guardian, 1 October 2019: Pompeo accuses Democrats of ‘bullying’ and rebuffs demand to quiz key officials,, 2 October 2019: Pompeo confirms he was on Trump’s Ukraine call, The Washington Post, 2 October 2019: Trump involved Pence in efforts to pressure Ukraine’s leader, though officials say vice president was unaware of allegations in whistleblower complaint,, 2 October 2019: Pelosi fiercely defends impeachment inquiry as Trump blows up, France24, 3 October 2019: Trump lashes out at Democrats over impeachment inquiry, CNN, 3 October 2019: Trump now says both China and Ukraine should investigate Bidens, The Guardian, 3 October 2019: Trump admits he pushed Ukraine for dirt on Biden and calls on China to investigate him – live,, 3 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment defiance spooks key voting blocs, CNN, 3 October 2019: Trump’s private fury over impeachment spills into the public, Arab News, 3 October 2019: Impeachment inquiry may embolden Iran to escalate, The New York Times, 3 October 2019: Trump, the Self-Impeaching President,, 3 October 2019: Why Giuliani and Trump Can’t Hide Behind Attorney-Client Privilege, The New York Times, 3 October 2019: Here Comes the Trump Slump, The Guardian, 4 October 2019: Trump is his own biggest enemy in the impeachment inquiry, BBC, 4 October 2019: Trump-Ukraine: Text messages show diplomat’s alarm over plans, The Washington Post, 4 October 2019: Trump says Democratic-led House has the votes to impeach him, The New York Times, 4 October 2019: Read the Text Messages Between U.S. and Ukrainian Officials,, 4 October 2019: ‘You’re making him a further victim’: Dems fume over DNC treatment of Biden, The Guardian, 4 October 2019: As Trump’s lies reach new heights, has the media reached a tipping point?, The Washington Post, 4 October 2019: Trump has turned foreign policy into a subsidiary of his reelection campaign, The Guardian, 4 October 2019: Second official reportedly considering whistleblower complaint against Trump,, 4 October 2019: Trump’s man in Brussels at center of impeachment inquiry, The Washington Post, 4 October 2019: Trump’s calls with foreign leaders have long worried aides, leaving some ‘genuinely horrified’,, 5 October 2019: Trump’s NSC rocked by Ukraine scandal, NPR, 5 October 2019: ‘Treason,’ ‘Spy,’ ‘Coup’: As Impeachment Talk Intensifies, So Does Trump’s Rhetoric,, 5 October 2019: Trump unloads on Romney as Ukraine crisis deepens, NPR, 5 October 2019: Opinion: Did Secretary Pompeo Forget His West Point Pledge?, Reuters, 5 October 2019: Trump slams Romney as ‘pompous ass’ for critique of Ukraine call, The Guardian, 6 October 2019: ‘Peculiar, irrational, self-destructive’: Trump’s week of impeachment rage, The National, 6 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment inquiry entangles White House and disrupts foreign policy (as if Trump’s White House had ever had anything close to foreign policy. In fact, the Foreign Ministry has been weakened as much as possible from day one, so that it is more of a haunted house today. It will take more than a decade to reactivate it and with it US diplomacy), Jerusalem Post, 6 October 2019: Rudy Giuliani plays down role in Ukraine statement on corruption,, 6 October 2019: Pompeo defends phone call, saying Trump wanted to stop Ukrainian corruption, The Guardian, 6 October 2019: Erratic Trump struggles to control message as impeachment threat grows, CNN, 6 October 2019: After the Ukraine call, many world leaders may duck dealing with Trump, The New York Times, 6 October 2019: Impeach Trump, Repeatedly, CNN, 7 October 2019: New twists put Republicans on spot in impeachment saga, CNN, 8 October 2019: EU ambassador cited in Ukraine texts ordered not to testify as impeachment pressure on Republicans grows, CNN, 8 October 2019: The latest on the Trump impeachment inquiry, BBC, 8 October 2019: Gordon Sondland: US envoy skips Trump impeachment inquiry, CNN, 8 October 2019: Republican response tracker: GOP mostly silent on Trump’s call to investigate Biden, CNN, 8 October 2019: EU ambassador cited in Ukraine texts ordered not to testify as impeachment pressure on Republicans grows, CNN, 8 October 2019: The latest on the Trump impeachment inquiry, The Guardian, 8 October 2019: Clear majority of Americans support Trump impeachment inquiry, poll finds,, 8 October 2019: Trump’s all-out blockade threatens Democrats’ impeachment drive, France24, 8 October 2019: White House rules out cooperation in impeachment probe, NPR, 8 October 2019: Trump Administration Says It Won’t Comply With Impeachment Inquiry, The Guardian, 8 October 2019: Refuse, block, stonewall – but Trump’s strategy leaves little margin for error, BBC, 9 October 2019: White House ‘will not co-operate with impeachment inquiry’, CNN, 9 October 2019: Trump defies Democrats with all-out political warfare on impeachment, The Guardian, 9 October 2019: White House refuses to comply with impeachment inquiry, The New York Times, 8 October 2019: White House Declares War on Impeachment Inquiry, Claiming Effort to Undo Trump’s Election,, 9 October 2019: Poll: Half of voters support impeaching and removing Trump, The New York Times, 9 October 2019: Trump’s Sweeping Case Against Impeachment Is a Political Strategy, The Washington Post, 10 October 2019: Live updates: Trump returns to the campaign trail as another poll shows support for his ouster is growing,, 10 October 2019: ‘What legal strategy?’: Trump relies on Trump to survive impeachment,, 10 October 2019: Two Giuliani Ukraine associates indicted on campaign finance charges, BBC, 10 October 2019: Trump donors charged in campaign finance case, Los Angeles Times, 10 October 2019: Trump’s children take in millions overseas as president slams Biden’s son, The New York Times, 10 October 2019: Luckily, Trump Is an Unstable Non-Genius, Haaretz, 10 October 2019: These Arrested Giuliani Associates, Linked to Trump’s Ukraine Scandal, Have Ties to Israel’s Right, CNN, 11 October 2019: Trump loses appeal to stop House subpoena of his tax documents, Palestine Chronicle, 11 October 2019: A Placebo Not the Cure: Why Removing Trump and Netanyahu Won’t Relieve the Illness, CNN, 11 October 2019: What arrests mean for Giuliani and Trump, Al Jazeera, 11 October 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: 10 developments you may have missed, CNN, 12 October 2019: Trump’s losses mount in stunning day of setbacks, NPR, 12 October 2019: Trump, Ukraine And The Path To The Impeachment Inquiry: A Timeline, NPR, 12 October 2019: Cory Booker On Impeachment: ‘I Swore An Oath To Protect And Defend The Constitution’, The Guardian, 13 October 2019: Donald Trump: xenophobe in public, international mobster in private,, 13 October 2019: Trump impeachment fight deepens a rift among ambassadors, The Guardian, 13 October 2019: Trump impeachment: Esper indicates Pentagon will cooperate with inquiry, Saudi Gazette, 13 October 2019: Impeachment probe overshadows US 2020 Democratic race,, 15 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment barricade crumbles, The Guardian, 15 October 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry gathers pace as more officials testify, CNN, 16 October 2019: White House scrambles to slow impeachment push as explosive secrets spill behind closed doors, NPR, 16 October 2019: House Democrats Walk Out Of White House Syria Meeting, Accusing Trump Of ‘Meltdown’, CNN, 16 October 2019: Trump’s impeachment defense game is absurd, The Guardian, 17 October 2019: Trump ordered diplomats to work with Giuliani on Ukraine, Sondland testifies, CNN, 17 October 2019: Trump explodes at Pelosi as more key impeachment testimony looms, BBC, 17 October 2019: Trump and Pelosi: The ‘meltdown’ photo showing Washington divides,, 17 October 2019: Gordon Sondland breaks with Trump in impeachment testimony, CNN, 17 October 2019: Ambassador breaks with Trump, testifying the President directed diplomats to work with Giuliani on Ukraine, NPR, 17 October 2019: Trump Gave Giuliani The Ukraine Portfolio And Boxed Out Diplomats, Sondland Says, The New York Times, 17 October 2019: Trump’s Impeachment Blockade Crumbles as Witnesses Agree to Talk, Al Jazeera, 17 October 2019: Sondland to testify Trump told diplomats to work with Giuliani, Gulf Times, 17 October 2019: Trump impeachment probe claims ‘dramatic progress’, The Guardian, 18 October 2019: Donald Trump’s sanity is not the question. The real issue is how he got into office, The New York Times, 18 October 2019: As Inquiry Widens, McConnell Is Said to See Impeachment Trial as Inevitable, CNN, 19 October 2019: Exclusive: Giuliani pushed Trump administration to grant a visa to a Ukrainian official promising dirt on Democrats,, 19 October 2019: Impeachment takeaways: Damning testimony and a surprise confession, The Guardian, 20 October 2019: Mick Mulvaney seeks Trump damage control over impeachment and more, CNN, 21 October 2019: Trump seeks to head off Republican fury to prevent another disastrous week, The Guardian, 21 October 2019: Cracks appear in Republican effort to shield Trump as scandals mount – live, Reuters, 21 October 2019: Trump says being president has cost him $2 billion to $5 billion (Forbes, 14 August 2019: No, Trump Is Not Losing ‘3 To 5 Billion’ Dollars From Presidency, CNN, 22 October 2019: Fact check: Trump made at least 21 false claims in angry Cabinet monologue), BBC, 22 October 2019: US envoy condemns ‘irregular’ pressure on Ukraine, CNN, 22 October 2019: The latest on the Trump impeachment inquiry, The Guardian, 22 October 2019: I was told Trump wanted quid pro quo deal, Ukraine ambassador reportedly testifies – live,, 22 October 2019: Trump provokes outrage by calling impeachment inquiry ‘a lynching’, The New York Times, 22 October 2019: Ukraine Envoy Testifies Trump Linked Military Aid to Investigations,, 22 October 2019: Dems pan Trump’s ‘lynching’ tweet ahead of visit to historically black college, CNN, 23 October 2019: 5 explosive lines from Bill Taylor’s statement, The Washington Post, 23 October 2019: Trump compares impeachment probe to ‘lynching,’ again prompting political firestorm around race, The New York Times, 23 October 2019: Ukraine Knew of Aid Freeze by Early August, Undermining Trump Defense, CNN, 23 October 2019: The latest on the Trump impeachment inquiry,, 23 October 2019: Impeachment deposition delayed after Republicans storm proceedings, CNN, 23 October 2019: Trump couldn’t be charged for a Fifth Avenue shooting while in office, his lawyer argues, The New York Times, 23 October 2019: Updates: ‘Let Us In!’ House Republicans Protest Outside Closed Deposition,, 23 October 2019: Republicans gripe about ‘rigged’ hearings after explosive Ukraine testimony, CNN, 23 October 2019: ‘No quid pro quo’: How Trump wants to sidetrack impeachment, CNN, 24 October 2019: Trump and his defenders are inventing the reality they want, The Washington Post, 25 October 2019: Trump Organization said to be weighing sale of D.C. hotel lease, CNN, 25 October 2019: Trump Organization explores selling DC hotel, The New York Times, 24 October 2019: Impeachment Inquiry Is Legal, Judge Rules, Giving Democrats a Victory, NPR, 25 October 2019: As President Trump Tweets And Deletes, The Historical Record Takes Shape, The New York Times, 25 October 2019: Donald Trump’s ‘Lynching’, NPR, 25 October 2019: As Ukraine Affair Expands, So Could Giuliani’s Legal Exposure, CNN, 26 October 2019: The latest on the Trump impeachment inquiry, The Guardian, 26 October 2019: ‘Disorder and chaos’: Trump and Republicans mount furious impeachment fight, The Washington Post, 26 October 2019: Trump frustrated as White House effort to defy impeachment inquiry fails to halt witness testimony, advisers say,, 26 October 2019: ‘You can quickly get turned into a pretzel’: How a top Trump fighter escaped the spotlight in a critical month, The New York Times, 26 October 2019: ‘Human Scum,’ ‘Lynching’ and Trump’s Tortured English, The Washington Post, 27 October 2019: 10 reasons the Democrats are winning on impeachment,, 27 October 2019: ‘This is going to do lasting damage’: Impeachment leaves Ukraine policy in chaos, The Guardian, 28 October 2019: Donald Trump booed and greeted with ‘lock him up’ chants at World Series, Saudi Gazette, 28 October 2019: Trump booed at World Series baseball game, CNN, 28 October 2019: House to ‘eliminate any doubt’ on White House cooperation with impeachment inquiry vote, The Guardian, 28 October 2019: Pelosi plans to call House vote to formalize impeachment inquiry, CNN, 29 October 2019: Judge kicks newest impeachment lawsuit into high gear, The Guardian, 29 October 2019: Top Ukraine expert to testify Trump-Zelenskiy call ‘raised internal alarm’, Jerusalem Post, 29 October 2019: Jewish refugee from Ukraine set to testify in the impeachment query,, 29 October 2019: ‘He’s a patriot’: Republicans defend key impeachment witness from attacks, BBC, 29 October 2019: Trump impeachment: Officer Alexander Vindman raised alarm over Ukraine call, France24, 29 October 2019: US House to hold first formal vote on Trump impeachment proceedings,, 29 October 2019: Trump’s most favorable witness faces credibility crisis, The New York Times, 29 October 2019: Democrats Unveil Proposed Rules to Govern Impeachment Proceedings, The Washington Post, 29 October 2019: We must impeach Trump. But how we remove him is another matter.,, 30 October 2019: Trump’s Russia ambassador pick breaks with him over Ukraine phone call, France24, 30 October 2019: White House adviser tells lawmakers Trump Ukraine call raised national security concerns, CNN, 30 October 2019: Missing words and a screaming match: Inside a wild day of impeachment testimony, The Guardian, 30 October 2019: Army officer tells impeachment inquiry of gaps in Trump’s Ukraine transcript,, 30 October 2019: ‘One real mess’: Trump aides face the prospect of giant legal bills, The Guardian, 31 October 2019: White House blocked effort to condemn Russia for seizing Ukraine ships, Congress told, France24, 31 October 2019: Trump’s former security advisor John Bolton asked to testify in impeachment inquiry, CNN, 31 October 2019: White House national security official testifying in impeachment inquiry to step down soon, BBC, 31 October 2019: Trump impeachment: House to vote on how inquiry should proceed, CNN, 31 October 2019: Impeachment drive gains momentum at critical juncture, The Guardian, 31 October 2019: Trump’s top Russia adviser to depart as testimony looms – reports,, 30 October 2019: Trump lures GOP senators on impeachment with cold cash, The New York Times, 31 October 2019: House to Vote on Trump Impeachment Inquiry Rules: Live Updates, The Washington Post, 31 October 2019: Republicans will have to face the truth on impeachment eventually, Al Jazeera, 31 October 2019: What is US impeachment? Six things to know, The Guardian, 31 October 2019: Pelosi bangs the gavel: House votes to endorse Trump impeachment inquiry, The New York Times, 31 October 2019: Trump, Lifelong New Yorker, Declares Himself a Resident of Florida, CNN, 1 November 2019: Trump’s audacious, reelection-focused impeachment defense, The Guardian, 1 November 2019: Donald Trump changes primary residence from New York to Mar-a-Lago,, 2 November 2019: 5 reporters break down the week in impeachment, The Guardian, 2 November 2019: George Soros: ‘Brexit hurts both sides – my money was used to educate the British public’, Times of Israel, 2 November 2019: Soros: Trump ‘a confidence trickster’ who’s ‘digging his own grave’, NPR, 3 November 2019: FACT CHECK: Is The Trump Impeachment Process Different From Nixon And Clinton?, The Guardian, 3 November 2019: ‘Quid pro quo, yes or no?’ Trump allies face Ukraine question, CNN, 4 November 2019: Trump signals alarm with Democrats poised to escalate impeachment offensive,, 4 November 2019: Before his claims of corruption, Trump tried to build a resort in Ukraine, CNN, 4 November 2019: 10 key lines from the impeachment hearing testimonies,, 4 November 2019: Trump tax returns must go to grand jury, appeals court rules, CNN, 4 November 2019: Appeals court deals blow to Trump in tax return case,, 4 November 2019: Trump’s latest legal strategy on impeachment: Run out the clock, The New York Times, 4 November 2019: On Ukraine, Trump Is a Con Man, but He’s Also a Mark,, 4 November 2019: Ex-Ukraine ambassador felt threatened by Trump, CNN, 5 November 2019: Impeachment bombshells highlight Trump’s power grabs, BBC, 5 November 2019: Trump envoy Gordon Sondland revises testimony on Ukraine aid, CNN, 6 November 2019: The whistleblower nailed it. Trump’s response is false and reckless, The Guardian, 6 November 2019: Trump’s EU envoy admits Ukraine quid pro quo in updated testimony,, 5 November 2019: Republicans on Sondland impeachment bombshell: Who cares?, The New York Times, 5 November 2019: Inside Adam Schiff’s Impeachment Game Plan, BBC, 6 November 2019: Trump impeachment hearings to go public next week, The Guardian, 6 November 2019: Taylor transcript details direct quid pro quo via irregular channels – live, The Washington Post, 6 November 2019: ‘Talk to Rudy’: Testimony from diplomats highlights Giuliani’s role in driving Ukraine policy, The Guardian, 6 November 2019: Gordon Sondland was a perfect fall guy, until he decided to tell the truth, The Washington Post, 6 November 2019: Trump makes falsehoods central to his defense as incriminating evidence mounts, Times of Israel, 6 November 2019: Donald Trump Jr. tweets name of alleged Ukraine whistleblower, BBC, 7 November 2019: Trump denies asking attorney general to clear him on Ukraine, CNN, 7 November 2019: Democrats’ new moves show House could wrap up impeachment by Christmas,, 7 November 2019: Trump’s impeachment trial hinges on McConnell and Schumer, The Washington Post, 7 November 2019: Judge orders Trump to pay $2 million to charities over misuse of foundation, The Guardian, 8 November 2019: Mick Mulvaney: new testimony draws Trump chief of staff into Ukraine scandal, NPR, 9 November 2019: White House Broke From ‘Normal Process’ Handling Trump-Ukraine Call, Witness Said, The New York Times, 9 November 2019: 5 Impeachment Developments You Need to Know From This Week, The Washington Post, 11 November 2019: Mulvaney’s move to join impeachment testimony lawsuit rankles Bolton allies, NPR, 12 November 2019: Rep. Adam Schiff: Trump’s Potentially Impeachable Offenses Include Bribery, CNN, 13 November 2019: First public hearing in the Trump impeachment inquiry,, 13 November 2019: What Impeachment Will Cost the GOP, France24, 13 November 2019: Trump impeachment probe goes public in political drama, CNN, 13 November 2019: The most important moments of the first day of public impeachment hearings,, 13 November 2019: Democrats land damning new evidence in impeachment testimony, Al Jazeera, 13 November 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry public hearings: All the latest updates,, 14 November 2019: Trump exposed: A brutal day for the president, NPR, 15 November 2019: Trump Asks Supreme Court To Block House Subpoena For His Tax Records, France24, 15 November 2019: Top Democrat Pelosi says Trump already admitted Ukraine bribe and is obstructing Congress,, 15 November 2019: White House: “He does nothing without a quid pro quo”, The New York Times, 15 November 2019: Marie Yovanovitch Describes Feeling Threatened by Trump: Live Updates, NPR, 15 November 2019: Roger Stone, Political Operative And Trump Aide, Guilty In False-Statements Trial,, 15 November 2019: Trump blows up effort to blunt impeachment damage,, 15 November 2019: Trump pardons soldiers implicated in war crimes, BBC, 15 November 2019: How a Trump tweet shook impeachment hearing, The Guardian, 15 November 2019: Ukraine ambassador describes Trump’s ‘shocking’ smear campaign against her, CNN, 16 November 2019: A day that underscored the corruption swamping the Trump presidency,, 16 November 2019: 7 reporters recount a historic week in impeachment, CNN, 16 November 2019: Trump ignores Pentagon advice and intervenes in military war crimes cases, CNN, 16 November 2019: Fact check: A list of 45 ways Trump has been dishonest about Ukraine and impeachment, The Guardian, 16 November 2019: The impeachment hearings are a battle between oligarchy and democracy, NPR, 16 November 2019: What We Learned From The 1st Week Of Impeachment Hearings, Irish Times, 16 November 2019: Fintan O’Toole: How Donald Trump will survive impeachment, Politico Magazine, 16 November 2019: What Was Truly Unprecedented in This Week’s Impeachment Hearings?, The Guardian, 17 November 2019: Trump ally must choose between loyalty and saving himself, Politico Magazine, 17 November 2019: Trump’s ‘West Point Mafia’ Faces a Loyalty Test, The Guardian, 17 November 2019: Pelosi says Trump is welcome to testify in impeachment inquiry, if he chooses, CNN, 17 November 2019: Republican congressman calls new details about Trump revealed in impeachment testimony ‘alarming’, The Guardian, 18 November 2019: Impeachment hearings: Trump says he will ‘strongly consider’ testifying – live,, 18 November 2019: Majority of Americans support ousting Trump from office, new poll shows, CNN, 18 November 2019: House investigating whether Trump lied to Mueller,, 18 November 2019: ‘Improper’ and ‘unusual’: White House aides criticize Trump’s Ukraine call, The New York Times, 19 November 2019: Impeachment Hearings Live Updates: Morrison and Volker to Begin Testimony, CNN, 19 November 2019: Four key impeachment witnesses testify, The Guardian, 19 November 2019: White House Twitter account attacks Vindman’s judgment – live, BBC, 19 November 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: Three Republican claims fact-checked, France24, 20 November 2019: Ambassador Sondland tells Congress of ‘quid pro quo’ in Ukraine affair, The Guardian, 20 November 2019: Sleazy Sondland overcomes his amnesia and dishes the dirt on Trump, NPR, 20 November 2019: Key Takeaways From Gordon Sondland’s Watershed Impeachment Hearing, CNN, 21 November 2019: The huge Gordon Sondland revelation almost everyone missed,, 21 November 2019: Fiona Hill criticizes Republicans for pushing ‘fictional narrative’ on Ukraine, NPR, 21 November 2019: Hill Denounces ‘Fictional Narrative’ About Ukraine; Holmes Details Trump Call, CNN, 21 November 2019: Two key impeachment witnesses testify, The Guardian, 21 November 2019: Fiona Hill rejects Republicans’ ‘fictional narrative’ Ukraine meddled in US election, The Washington Post, 21 November 2019: Fiona Hill tells impeachment inquiry about a ‘fictional narrative’ on Ukrainian interference, The New York Times, 21 November 2019: Fiona Hill Denounces ‘Fictional’ Claim of Ukraine Meddling in 2016,, 21 November 2019: Fiona Hill clashes with GOP over ‘fictional’ Ukraine claims, Al Jazeera, 21 November 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry public hearings: All the latest updates, The National, 21 November 2019: Public impeachment hearings exposed Trump’s elaborate effort to pressure Ukraine, The New York Times, 21 November 2019: Trump and His Corrupt Old Party, CNN, 21 November 2019: Republican senators discuss with White House would-be parameters of an impeachment trial, France24, 21 November 2019: Former US security official undercuts Trump’s impeachment defence,, 21 November 2019: Secret Service spent more than $250K at Trump properties, The New York Times, 21 November 2019: The Impeachment Witnesses Not Heard, The Washington Post, 22 November 2019: With a warning on Russia, blitz of public testimony in impeachment inquiry comes to an end, Times of Israel, 22 November 2019: Impeachment witness casts anti-Soros narrative as modern ‘Protocols’, CNN, 22 November 2019: In impeachment hearings, lessons on the erosion of American democracy,, 22 November 2019: ‘He cares about his grievances and his reelection, and that’s it‘, The New York Times, 22 November 2019: The United States Is Starting to Look Like Ukraine, NPR, 22 November 2019: Republican Senators, White House Map Out Impeachment Trial, CNN, 22 November 2019: Trump makes at least 18 false claims in ranting Fox & Friends interview, The Guardian, 23 November 2019: Trump says FBI tried to ‘overthrow the presidency’, The New York Times, 23 November 2019: Navy Is Said to Proceed With Disciplinary Plans Against Edward Gallagher (Private Bone Spur is not able to make decisions of this magnitude because it does not understand the far reaching consequences at all), CNN, 23 November 2019: Exclusive: Giuliani associate willing to tell Congress Nunes met with ex-Ukrainian official to get dirt on Biden,, 23 November 2019: 7 reporters break down a momentous week in impeachment, The Guardian, 23 November 2019: Giuliani plays down Parnas link and repeats ‘insurance’ claim,, 24 November 2019: Forget the Oval. The real Trump action is in the residence., NPR, 24 November 2019: Schiff: Impeachment Report Now Being Written, But More Hearings Still Possible, The New York Times, 24 November 2019: Why President Trump’s Ukraine Scheme Matters, The Washington Post, 25 November 2019: The worst commander in chief ever,, 25 November 2019: Trump defends intervention in war crimes cases, Haaretz, 25 November 2019: Trump Is ‘The Chosen One’ Sent by God, Rick Perry Tells ‘Fox & Friends’, CNN, 26 November 2019: Judge tells Trump he’s not a king — the President is not so sure, The Guardian, 26 November 2019: Trump impeachment inquiry: justice department appeals ruling Don McGahn must testify, CNN, 26 November 2019: Trump administration officially put hold on Ukraine aid the same day as Trump-Ukraine call, documents show, BBC, 26 November 2019: Trump and counsel invited to take part in upcoming impeachment hearings, CNN, 27 November 2019: New revelations put Trump on shakier ground, BBC, 27 November 2019: Trump invited to attend impeachment hearing or ‘stop complaining’, CNN, 27 November 2019: New revelations put Trump on shakier ground, CNN, 27 November 2019: Trump contradicts testimony — and himself — by claiming he never directed Giuliani on Ukraine, Haaretz, 27 November 2019: ‘There Will Be a Purge:’ U.S. Pastor Warns of ‘Jew Coup’ to Impeach Trump, CNN, 30 November 2019: Trump’s impeachment choice: Defend or deflect, The Guardian, 30 November 2019: The inside story of Trump’s alleged bribery of Ukraine, CNN, 30 November 2019: Trump’s impeachment choice: Defend or deflect, The New York Times, 30 November 2019: The Impeachment News Industry Is Here to Help (Overwhelm You Even More), The Guardian, 1 December 2019: Trump won’t lose his job – but the impeachment inquiry is still essential, CNN, 1 December 2019: Trump’s week: from ‘ordained by God’ to dethroned by a judge, CNN, 1 December 2019: Only lawmaker to have worked 3 impeachment probes says Trump’s Ukraine conduct ‘more serious’ than Nixon’s Watergate, NPR, 1 December 2019: White House Says President Trump Won’t Participate In Wednesday Impeachment Hearing, NPR, 2 December 2019: Impeachment Looms Over Trump Trip Abroad, As It Did For Clinton In 1998,, 2 December 2019: Republicans launch impeachment rebuttal ahead of Judiciary hearing, The Guardian, 3 December 2019: Republicans issue 123-page defense of Trump ahead of Democrats’ impeachment report, NPR, 3 December 2019: Schiff Impeachment Report Expected Tuesday After Republicans’ Defense Of Trump, CNN, 3 December 2019: New GOP report defies reality with Trump exoneration, The Guardian, 3 December 2019: Democrats expected to release Trump impeachment report, BBC, 3 December 2019: Trump impeachment evidence overwhelming – House report, CNN, 3 December 2019: Democrats release impeachment report detailing ‘overwhelming’ evidence of misconduct and obstruction, The Guardian, 3 December 2019: Trump abused presidency for own gain, Democrats’ impeachment report concludes, The New York Times, 3 December 2019: Impeachment Report Says Trump Solicited Foreign Election Interference, The Washington Post, 4 December 2019: House Democrats release report charging that Trump abused his office as impeachment inquiry enters new phase, CNN, 4 December 2019: A grave charge and a momentous turn in the Trump impeachment inquiry, BBC, 4 December 2019: Trump impeachment: Three law experts tell committee he should be removed, France24, 4 December 2019: Legal experts summoned by Democrats call Trump actions impeachable, The Guardian, 4 December 2019: Impeachment inquiry: Trump’s actions constitute bribery, says witness, BBC, 5 December 2019: Trump impeachment to go ahead – House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (Donnie and his disciples probably imagined something different, when talking about “drain the swamp”. Well, but now it’s obvious and can no longer be denied that they are the “swamp”), The Washington Post, 5 December 2019: A look inside Trump’s anti-impeachment spin factory, CNN, 5 December 2019: Pelosi asks House to proceed with articles of impeachment, Gulf Times, 5 December 2019: Trump ‘committed impeachable crimes’, The Guardian, 5 December 2019: Nancy Pelosi on impeachment: Trump ‘leaves us no choice but to act’,, 5 December 2019: ‘No choice’: Pelosi proceeds with articles of impeachment, France24, 5 December 2019: Speaker Pelosi announces US House to draft articles of impeachment against Trump, The New York Times, 5 December 2019: Pelosi Says House Will Draft Impeachment Charges Against Trump, The Washington Post, 5 December 2019: Impeachment hearings live updates: Pelosi asks committee chairs to proceed with articles of impeachment, Gulf Times, 5 December 2019: Europe markets fall into red as US impeachment looms, The Guardian, 6 December 2019: White House dismisses invitation to take part in key impeachment hearing,, 7 December 2019: House Dems refresh Nixon-era impeachment report for Trump, NPR, 7 December 2019: Democrats Are Going To Impeach Trump — Here’s How They Might Do It,, 7 December 2019: This Impeachment Is Different—and More Dangerous, The New York Times, 7 December 2019: Behind the Scenes of Impeachment: Crammed Offices, Late Nights, Cold Pizza,, 8 December 2019: ‘Go after your enemies’: Trump’s 21-year-old impeachment playbook, CNN, 8 December 2019: Nadler: Jury would convict Trump in impeachment in ‘three minutes flat’, The Guardian, 8 December 2019: Nadler may add Mueller counts against Trump, CNN, 9 December 2019: Democrats start impeachment homestretch with rising stakes and deepening discord, France24, 9 December 2019: As impeachment hearings resume, Democrats say Trump ‘put himself before country’, CNN, 9 December 2019: Takeaways from the House’s impeachment hearing, NPR, 9 December 2019: Democratic Impeachment Counsel Calls Trump A ‘Clear And Present Danger’, CNN, 9 December 2019: House Judiciary holds high-stakes impeachment hearing,, 9 December 2019: Lawmakers clash as Dems present evidence for Trump’s impeachment, The Guardian, 9 December 2019: Republicans heckle and disrupt as bitter impeachment divide laid bare, The New York Times, 9 December 2019: Trump’s Abuse of Power Was ‘Brazen’ and ‘Clear,’ Democrats Argue in Impeachment Case, Gulf Times, 9 December 2019: Trump impeachment gains momentum, CNN, 10 December 2019: The articles of impeachment against President Trump, annotated, France24, 10 December 2019: Democrats unveil Trump impeachment articles, including abuse of power, obstruction of Congress, The New York Times, 10 December 2019: Impeach Trump. Save America., NPR, 11 December 2019: House Democrats To Begin Amending Impeachment Articles Wednesday Evening, CNN, 11 December 2019: Trump assaults facts to survive impeachment, France24, 11 December 2019: Trump pays $2 mn in damages to charities after court ruling, Gulf Times, 11 December 2019: Trump pays $2 mn in damages to charities after court ruling, France24, 12 December 2019: Trump becoming ‘dictator’, warn US Democrats on fiery first day of impeachment debate, The Washington Post, 12 December 2019: Impeachment live updates: House Judiciary panel debates Trump’s Ukraine conduct as it moves toward approval of articles of impeachment,, 12 December 2019: Judiciary Committee poised to approve articles of impeachment, CNN, 12 December 2019: US House judiciary panel to vote, CNN, 13 December 2019: Nadler suddenly ends impeachment hearing before final vote, enraging Republicans, The Guardian, 13 December 2019: Vote on articles of impeachment delayed after marathon debate, BBC, 13 December 2019: Trump impeachment: House committee vote postponed after marathon debate, NPR, 13 December 2019: House Judiciary Committee Approves 2 Articles Of Impeachment Against Trump, NPR, 13 December 2019: Supreme Court Agrees To Hear Trump Subpoena Cases, France24, 13 December 2019: Trump on brink of impeachment as US House committee approves charges, The Washington Post, 14 December 2019: Five questions — and answers — about Trump, Ukraine and impeachment, Politico Magazine, 14 December 2019: Letter from New York: A Trumpist Star is Born, CNN, 14 December 2019: ‘Nobody is allowed’: Access to Trump’s calls with foreign leaders tightens, Gulf Times, 14 December 2019: US president to face impeachment vote, Al Jazeera, 14 December 2019: Trump impeachment vote: What happens next?, NPR, 13 December 2019: Supreme Court Agrees To Hear Trump Subpoena Cases, The New York Times, 14 December 2019: Impeach.,, 14 December 2019: Trump rips Fox News for interviews with Comey, Schiff, NPR, 14 December 2019: On Verge Of Impeachment Vote, First-Term, Moderate Democrats Weigh A Political Risk,, 15 December 2019: 5 reporters review the week in impeachment, The Guardian, 15 December 2019: Democrats fume as Republicans rally behind president, The New York Times, 15 December 2019: The Impeachment Process Is Barely Functioning, CNN, 16 December 2019: The next five days will make history. Here’s what to expect on impeachment., Gulf Times, 16 December 2019: Schiff: Trump a ‘clear danger to democracy’, The Washington Post, 16 December 2019: Trump goes after Pelosi’s teeth as the House gears up for impeachment vote, CNN, 16 December 2019: Republican tactics spark Democratic claims that impeachment trial is rigged, The New York Times, 16 December 2019: I Headed the F.B.I. and C.I.A. There’s a Dire Threat to the Country I Love., The Washington Post, 16 December 2019: Democrats accuse Trump of criminal bribery in report that explains articles of impeachment,, 16 December 2019: Judiciary Committee impeachment report alleges Trump committed ‘multiple federal crimes’, The New York Times, 16 December 2019: Judiciary Committee Report Argues Trump ‘Betrayed the Nation’, CNN, 16 December 2019: Trump is just 67 votes away from being an ex-President and it’s freaking him out, Gulf Times, 17.12.2019: Trump likely to be impeached this week,, 16 December 2019: Here are the people saving Trump from getting kicked out of office, BBC, 16 December 2019: A bumpy ride for Democrat backing impeachment, The New York Times, 17 December 2019: Moderate Democrats Back Impeachment of Trump as House Vote Nears, NPR, 17 December 2019: Impeachment Timeline: From Early Calls To A Full House Vote, CNN, 17 December 2019: Disparate group of Republican senators worry White House and GOP leaders ahead of impeachment trial, The Guardian, 17 December 2019: More than 700 historians call for Trump to be impeached as key vote looms,, 17 December 2019: Trump’s Been President for 3 Years. Why Is Federal Morale Dropping Now?, CNN, 17 December 2019: Donald Trump told the ‘lie of the year’, The New York Times, 17 December 2019: We Are Republicans, and We Want Trump Defeated, The New York Times, 17 December 2019: Read Trump’s Letter to Pelosi: Protesting Impeachment, BBC, 17 December 2019: Trump’s blistering letter to Pelosi: Five key quotes, The Guardian, 18 December 2019: Trump impeachment drama: have midwestern voters changed their minds?,, 18 December 2019: ‘In a class by herself’: Pelosi has roared back in the Trump era, The Washington Post, 18 December 2019: Fact-checking President Trump’s impeachment letter to Pelosi, France24, 18 December 2019: On eve of impeachment vote, Trump lashes out at Pelosi, Democrats, The New York Times, 18 December 2019: Trump Impeachment Vote Live Updates: House Opens Debates on Articles After Clearing Key Procedural Test, The Washington Post, 18 December 2019: Trump impeachment vote live updates: House holds historic day of debate expected to end with president’s impeachment, BBC, 18 December 2019: Congress debates Trump impeachment, CNN, 18 December 2019: The Trump impeachment vote, The Guardian, 18 December 2019: House officially begins debate over articles – live,, 18 December 2019: Trump ‘going crazy’ over impeachment legacy, Al Jazeera, 18 December 2019: Trump impeachment: All the latest updates, NPR, 18 December 2019: ‘Jesus Was Treated More Fairly’: What 4 House Members Said In Impeachment Debate, CNN, 18 December 2019: President Trump has been impeached,, 18 December 2019: Trump impeached in historic rebuke, The Washington Post, 18 December 2019: Trump is impeached by the House, creating an indelible mark on his presidency, The New York Times, 18 December 2019: Trump Impeached for Abuse of Power and Obstruction of Congress, NPR, 18 December 2019: President Trump Impeached By The House In Historic Rebuke, The Washington Post, 18 December 2019: Trump is impeached and joins the ‘losers’ of presidential history,, 18 December 2019: The Victim President, NPR, 18 December 2019: House Democrats Weigh A Move To Delay Senate Impeachment Trial, The Guardian, 19 December 2019: Trump is impeached following vote in House of Representatives – live, France24, 19 December 2019: US House of Representatives votes to impeach Trump for abuse of power and obstructing Congress, BBC, 19 December 2019: Trump is impeached, becoming third US president to face Senate trial, The Guardian, 19 December 2019: Impeachment won’t force Trump out of office. But it matters for our republic, Times of Israel, 19 December 2019: Impeachment forever changes Trump’s legacy, CNN, 19 December 2019: Trump has been impeached, but he’s still President. What’s next?, The Guardian, 19 December 2019: Donald Trump impeached by House of Representatives in historic vote, BBC, 19 December 2019: Trump impeachment – your questions answered, France24, 19 December 2019: Witch hunt or necessary measure? Differing views on Trump’s impeachment, The New York Times, 19 December 2019: A President Impeached, and a Nation Convulsed, The Washington Post, 19 December 2019: As goes his presidency, so goes his impeachment: Trump disrupts and divides, CNN, 19 December 2019: Vladimir Putin says Trump was impeached for ‘made-up reasons’ (if Donnie’s master from the Kremlin says so, it were most likely the absolute right reasons), The New York Times, 19 December 2019: Trump, Impeached in Washington, Is Defended by Putin in Moscow, The Guardian, 19 December 2019: Trump was impeached. So why does this feel like an anti-climax?,, 19 December 2019: Pelosi threatens to delay Senate impeachment trial, The Washington Post, 19 December 2019: National Security: Former White House officials say they feared Putin influenced the president’s views on Ukraine and 2016 campaign,, 19 December 2019: Trump’s impeachment day: Bruised ego, Twitter eruption, winding rally, The New York Times, 19 December 2019: Trump Impeachment Trial in Doubt as Democrats Weigh Withholding Articles, Times of Israel, 19 December 2019: ‘Jew coup’: The anti-Semitic conspiracy theories surrounding Trump’s impeachment, BBC, 20 December 2019: President demands immediate Senate trial, CNN, 20 December 2019: Pelosi-McConnell fight sets up a clash of Washington’s titans, France24, 20 December 2019: Trump seeks ‘immediate’ Senate impeachment trial and swift exoneration, The New York Times, 20 December 2019: Evangelical Magazine Christianity Today Calls for Trump’s Removal, NPR, 20 December 2019: Calling Trump ‘Morally Lost,’ ‘Christianity Today’ Editor Calls For Impeachment, CNN, 20 December 2019: Evangelical publication calls for Trump’s removal from office, The Washington Post, 20 December 2019: Impeachment live updates: Trump lashes out at Democrats, evangelical magazine as timing of Senate trial remains in limbo, CNN, 20 December 2019: Trump impeachment collision up ahead, The New York Times, 20 December 2019: Evangelical Leaders Close Ranks With Trump After Scathing Editorial, The Washington Post, 20 December 2019: How Trump’s conversations with Putin overlapped with his emerging Ukraine conspiracy theories,, 20 December 2019: Poll: Majority approves of Trump’s impeachment, CNN, 21 December 2019: Trump’s 2020 case got a boost this week, except for that one big thing that happened, NPR, 21 December 2019: Trump Is Impeached, But There’s No Endgame In Sight, The Guardian, 21 December 2019: Nancy Pelosi on Trump and the power of the gavel: ‘He’ll be impeached for ever’, The National, 22 December 2019: More Americans are starting to believe Trump puts his own interests before the country, France24, 23 December 2019: US took steps to block Ukraine aid 90 minutes after Trump phone call, BBC, 23 December 2019: Trump impeachment: White House withheld Ukraine aid just after Zelensky call, CNN, 23 December 2019: Holiday stalemate grips Senate impeachment trial, Al Jazeera, 23 December 2019: US moved to freeze Ukraine aid 91 minutes after Trump phone call, Times of Israel, 23 December 2019: Evangelical tussling over anti-Trump editorial escalates, NPR, 23 December 2019: Ukraine Emails Fuel Democrats’ Call For Impeachment Trial Witnesses, CNN, 24 December 2019: Impeachment drama reveals erosion of value in facts, NPR, 24 December 2019: How House Speaker Nancy Pelosi Steered A Split Democratic Caucus To Unity, BBC, 24 December 2019: Senate leaders spar over trial, Jerusalem Post, 24 December 2019: Not all Evangelicals love US President Donald Trump – Analysis, The Guardian, 24 December 2019: Donald Trump spends Christmas Eve railing against impeachment,, 25 December 2019: The Ballad of Don and Nancy, CNN, 27 December 2019: Trump obsesses over Pelosi as sting of impeachment spoils his holiday break, CNN, 28 December 2019: Trump’s apparent frustration with impeachment trial simmers over holidays, CNN, 29 December 2019: Trump attacks whistleblower in tweetstorm full of rants and conspiracies, NPR, 29 December 2019: Trump Comes Under Fire After Sharing Name On Twitter Of Alleged Whistleblower, NPR, 31 December 2019: How A Senate Impeachment Trial Could Work, The Guardian, 2 January 2020: Newly unredacted emails a ‘devastating blow’ to Trump allies, says Schumer, France24, 2 January 2020: New email evidence shows Trump directly ordered maintaining freeze on Ukraine aid, The Economist, 7 January 2020: Republicans agree on rules for the Senate trial of Donald Trump. Regardless of how the process will turn out, Trump is of course “impeached” forever. Nothing will change this. In addition, there will be almost nothing else but losers, especially the Republican Party, the democracy and the rule of law of the United States. There are only two winners, namely the two former US Presidents George W. Bush, the worst President of the modern era to date, and the equally impeached Andrew Johnson, the worst President of all time. Trump has now taken over their titles. The Washington Post, 12 January 2020: Pelosi says Trump ‘impeached for life’ despite McConnell’s ‘gamesmanship,’ ‘coverup’,, 13 January 2020: The legal plan to stop senators from telling Trump: ‘You’re fired’, The Guardian, 14 January 2020: Russian hackers reportedly targeted Ukrainian firm at center of impeachment – live, CNN, 14 January 2020: The latest on President Trump’s impeachment, NPR, 14 January 2020: Here Are The Lawyers Who Will Defend President Trump Against Impeachment,, 14 January 2020: How Trump’s Senate impeachment trial will work, The New York Times, 14 January 2020: Documents Provide New Details of Trump’s Pressure Campaign on Ukraine, The Washington Post, 15 January 2020: Impeachment spotlight turns to key question: whether to call witnesses, France24, 15 January 2020: US House delivers Trump impeachment articles to Senate, The New York Times, 15 January 2020: House Delivers Impeachment Charges to Senate, Paving the Way for a Trial, CNN, 15 January 2020: Iran’s Foreign Minister says people took the streets because they were ‘lied to’, BBC, 16 January 2020: Trump impeachment: House sends historic case to Senate, The Guardian, 16 January 2020: House sends articles to Senate, setting stage for trial, The Washington Post, 16 January 2020: House delivers historic impeachment case against Trump to Senate, BBC, 16 January 2020: Trump ‘knew exactly what was going on’, Giuliani aide claims, The Guardian, 16 January 2020: Senate gets ready to open impeachment trial against Donald Trump, The New York Times, 16 January 2020: Trump Impeachment: What to Watch For Today, NPR, 16 January 2020: Senators To Be Sworn In For Trump Impeachment Trial, Gulf Times, 16 January 2020: Senate to take charge of Trump impeachment process,, 17 January 2020: Trump finally gets his TV-ready lawyers — thanks to impeachment, The New YOrk Times, 17 January 2020: When Trump’s Thugs Turn on Him, NPR, 17 January 2020: Lawyer Alan Dershowitz Draws Line On His Role In Trump Impeachment Defense,, 17 January 2020: House releases new impeachment evidence linking Nunes aide to Parnas, CNN, 18 January 2020: Republicans trying to ignore the many things we’ve learned since Trump was impeached, The Washington Post, 18 January 2020: Nunes aide communicated with Parnas about Ukraine campaign, messages show, BBC, 19 January 2020: Legal team says charges ‘brazen and unlawful’, The Guardian, 19 January 2020: Trump wants Senate trial over before State of the Union address, CNN, 19 January 2020: The impeachment trial isn’t the only legal problem Trump faces. Many questions loom about his finances,, 19 January 2020: 6 reporters explain the latest in impeachment,, 20 January 2020: Here are the five Senate factions that will decide Trump’s fate, France24, 21 January 2020: Trump impeachment lawyers demand immediate acquittal in legal, political defence, BBC, 21 January 2020: Trump impeachment: What you need to know about the Senate trial, CNN, 21 January 2020: 8 things to watch at President Donald Trump’s impeachment trial, The Guardian, 21 January 2020: Senate prepares to hear opening arguments in trial, France24, 21 January 2020: Trump’s impeachment trial sees partisan clashes over rules, witnesses, admissible documents, BBC, 22 January 2020: Senate adopts rules after long debate on trial’s first day, CNN, 21 January 2020: Senate passes impeachment trial rules to punt on witnesses in early Wednesday morning vote, Politico Magazine, 21 January 2020: Isn’t That Special: Trump, Impeachment and American Exceptionalism, The Guardian, 22 January 2020: Democrats’ bids for new evidence dashed in marathon first day, CNN, 22 January 2020: Opening arguments to begin after contentious first day, BBC, 22 January 2020: Opening arguments in impeachment trial, CNN, 22 January 2020: Fact check: Trump lawyers make at least three false claims during impeachment arguments,, 23 January 2020: What we learned at the Trump trial Thursday, NPR, 23 January 2020: Impeachment Trial Recap: Congress Has The Power, Democrats Argue, CNN, 23 January 2020: Schiff brilliantly crushes Trump defense, France24, 24 January 2020: Parties in Trump impeachment trial clash over relevance of the Bidens’ Ukraine dealings, BBC, 24 January 2020: Senators play games and nap during trial, CNN, 24 January 2020: 1 in 3 GOPers think Trump did something illegal. But…, The Guardian, 24 January 2020: Democrats say conduct is ‘not America first, but Trump first’, The Washington Post, 24 January 2020: Democrats emphasize abuse-of-power charge against Trump as GOP complains of repetition, CNN, 24 January 2020: Schiff tries to punch through the Republican wall, The Guardian, 24 January 2020: Democrats say impeachment case ‘has been proved’ as they make final pitch – as it happened, The Guardian, 25 January 2020: NPR host says Pompeo shouted ‘F-word’ tirade when she asked about Ukraine, France24, 25 January 2020: Democrats warn at impeachment trial that Trump will abuse his office again if not removed, BBC, 25 January 2020: Trump’s team mounts impeachment defence, The New York Times, 25 January 2020: Trump Impeachment Trial Live Updates: Defense Team Lays Out Opening Arguments, The Guardian, 25 January 2020: President’s defense team delivers opening arguments,, 25 January 2020: Trump’s legal team to launch unbridled attack on Biden, The Washington Post, 25 January 2020: Trump’s defense team presents its case,, 25 January 2020: Targeting Schiff, speedy Trump arguments and other news from today’s impeachment trial, The New York Times, 25 January 2020: Schiff Speech Goes Viral, Delighting the Left and Enraging the Right, France24, 26 January 2020: Trump lawyers start defence by accusing Democrats of trying to subvert US elections, BBC, 26 January 2020: Trump ordered to remove envoy in Ukraine in 2018 – video, The Guardian, 26 January 2020: Trump impeachment trial: what you need to know, CNN, 26 January 2020: Schiff calls Trump ‘vindictive’ and says Trump’s tweet was intended to intimidate (so Donnie has issued a fatwa against Adam Schiff to set his Trumpniks in motion),, 26 January 2020: Our reporters break down the week in impeachment,, 26 January 2020: GOP senator: ‘Hopefully’ Trump will learn lessons from impeachment, CNN, 27 January 2020: Bolton bombshell raises the stakes as Trump’s defense team takes the spotlight, The Guardian, 27 January 2020: Key Republicans signal openness to Bolton testimony in impeachment trial, The Washington Post, 27 January 2020: Republicans’ lack of outrage — even after Bolton’s smoking-gun evidence — is outrageous, CNN, 27 January 2020: The impeachment trial has ended for the day. Here’s what happened.,, 27 January 2020: Trump team braces for deeper impeachment drama after Bolton surprise, The Washington Post, 28 January 2020: Leaked Bolton book threatens to upend Senate impeachment trial, NPR, 29 January 2020: Impeachment Trial Moves To Question Phase, While Witness Vote Looms,, 29 January 2020: Poll: Nearly 6 in 10 oppose Trump’s use of executive privilege to muzzle witnesses, CNN, 29 January 2020: White House has issued formal threat to Bolton to keep him from publishing book, CNN, 30 January 2020: Why 2020 Senate Republicans will vote against impeachment witnesses, CNN, 31 January 2020: Impeachment trial to end but its aftershocks will rock America, BBC, 31 January 2020: Major blow for Democrats in witnesses battle, The Guardian, 31 January 2020: Senators vote against calling witnesses, paving way for acquittal, The Washington Post, 31 January 2020: ‘The center of the orbit’: Endangered Republicans go all-in on Trump (an impeached, criminal US president is supported by apparently corrupt Republicans. This could be expected from any Levantine or Central African country, but certainly not from the United States until now – Charlotte Observer, 31 January 2020: Kevin Siers cartoon: The Senate Republicans make their best impeachment defense), The New York Times, 31 January 2020: Republicans Block Impeachment Witnesses, Clearing Path for Trump Acquittal, BBC, 1 February 2020: Failed witnesses vote paves way for acquittal, France24, 1 February 2020: US Senate votes to block witnesses at Trump impeachment trial, paving way for speedy acquittal, The Guardian, 1 February 2020: Senators vote against hearing witnesses, paving way for Trump acquittal, CNN, 1 February 2020: Senate impeachment trial: Wednesday acquittal vote scheduled after effort to have witnesses fails,, 1 February 2020: Poll: Support for Trump’s removal remains steady, The Washington Post, 1 February 2020: Senate set to acquit Trump next week after bid for witnesses in impeachment trial is defeated, The Guardian, 1 February 2020: Republican Senate ‘coverup’ prompts backlash, CNN, 1 February 2020: Trump administration reveals it’s blocking dozens of emails about Ukraine aid freeze, including President’s role,, 2 February 2020: Alexander: Trump’s Ukraine actions ‘wrong,’ ‘inappropriate,’ but not impeachable (finally, the Republicans obviously lost all credibility and moals), The Washington Post, 2 February 2020: Justice Dept. acknowledges 24 emails reveal Trump’s thinking on Ukraine,, 2 February 2020: Trump administration blocking dozens of emails on Ukraine aid freeze, CNN, 3 February 2020: Iowa vote collides with impeachment trial in epic clash, France24, 5 February 2020: US Senate votes to acquit Trump on both charges in impeachment trial (he was not acquitted on a single point. His party colleagues only covered their criminal and corrupt president with their majority in the Senate, and during the impeachment hearings they also prevented the testimony of important witnesses and withheld important evidences. Had it been a lawsuit, half of the Republicans would have been severely punished for their actions and behavior. It only became clear that the Republicans in the Senate had lost all morality, integrity and decency and thus lost the basic prerequisites for government work. They even lost their backbones und most of them need to grow a pair), BBC, 5 February 2020: Trump acquitted by Senate in impeachment trial, The Guardian, 5 February 2020: Impeachment was a health-check for American democracy. It is not well, NPR, 5 February 2020: ‘Not Guilty’: Trump Acquitted On 2 Articles Of Impeachment As Historic Trial Closes, The New York Times, 5 February 2020: In Private, Republicans Admit They Acquitted Trump Out of Fear, The Washington Post, 5 February 2020: Impeachment vote live updates: Trump remains in office after Senate votes to acquit impeached president on obstruction of Congress charge,, 5 February 2020: Trump acquitted on impeachment charges, ending gravest threat to his presidency,, 5 February 2020: Romney denies Trump unanimous Republican support, CNN, 5 February 2020: Mitt Romney finally drew a line in the sand against Donald Trump, France24, 5 February 2020: Romney breaks ranks with Republicans and votes to convict Trump, CNN, 6 February 2020: Pelosi tells Democrats: Trump ‘shredded the truth, so I shredded his speech’ after State of the Union, NPR, 6 February 2020: Transcript: Trump Impeachment Process Was ‘Absolutely Worth It,’ Schiff Says,, 6 February 2020: Trump’s impeachment revenge list starts with Mitt Romney, NPR, 6 February 2020: Trump Blasts Romney Over Impeachment Vote, Arab News, 6 February 2020: Republican veteran Romney stands alone after Trump vote, CNN, 7 February 2020: Trump team is trying to bury the evidence against them, CNN, 7 February 2020: Trump team is trying to bury the evidence against them. NPR, 7 February 2020: Vindman, Sondland Removed As Trump Purges Impeachment Witnesses, BBC, 8 February 2020: Trump defends firing impeachment witness Alexander Vindman,, 8 February 2020: Trump fires EU envoy Gordon Sondland amid fears of impeachment revenge campaign,, 8 February 2020: How I Learned to Recognize the Real Mitt Romney, The New York Times, 8 February 2020: The Don Strikes Back, NPR, 10 February 2020: Wait For It: Taking The Long View Of Trump’s Impeachment May Take A While,, 11 February 2020: Trump takes post-impeachment reckoning to next level,, 13 February 2020: Trump says he may stop letting others listen in on calls with world leaders, BBC, 4 April 2020: Michael Atkinson: Trump fires intelligence chief involved in impeachment,, 29 April 2020: Roger Stone search warrants reveal new clues — and mysteries — about 2016,, 29 April 2020: Documents show FBI debated how to handle investigation of Michael Flynn,, 30 April 2020: ‘Dirty, filthy cops’: Trump blasts Michael Flynn investigation after new FBI documents released,, 30 April 2020: Roger Stone launches his appeal, The New York Times, 1 May 2020: Why Trump Is Obsessed With the Flynn Case, France24, 7 May 2020: US Justice Department drops criminal case against ex-Trump aide Michael Flynn (he is very much needed during the election campaign to maintain contacts with the Russians), BBC, 7 May 2020: Ex-Trump adviser Michael Flynn charges of lying to FBI dropped, CNN, 7 May 2020: Justice Department drops criminal case against Michael Flynn, NPR, 7 May 2020: Justice Department Is Dropping Case Against Ex-Trump Adviser Michael Flynn, The Washington Post, 7 May 2020: Justice Dept. moves to drop case against former national security adviser Michael Flynn, The New York Times, 7 May 2020: Justice Department Drops Case Against Michael Flynn,, 7 May 2020: DOJ drops criminal case against Michael Flynn, The New York Times, 8 May 2020: U.S. Drops Flynn Case; Experts Have ‘Never Seen Anything Like It’, Times of Israel, 8 May 2020: FBI source in Russia probe called Israelis ‘f***ing spies’ who should be killed, The New Yorker, 8 May 2020: The Michael Flynn Dismissal: A Shot in Trump’s War on the Mueller Investigation, The Washington Post, 9 May 2020: Obama says end to Michael Flynn case threatens rule of law, calls covid-19 response a ‘disaster’, The Hill, 10 May 2020: Pence says he’d be happy to welcome ‘American patriot’ Michael Flynn back to government, The Guardian, 10 May 2020: Trump charges Obama with ‘biggest political crime in American history’ (Donnie is still seeking for scapegoats for his own overall miserable heavily underperformances), The Washington Post, 11 May 2020: More than 1,900 former Justice Dept. employees again call for Barr’s resignation, The Washington Post, 11 May 2020: Trump and his allies are much more interested in talking Michael Flynn than coronavirus, The New York Times, 13 May 2020: Paul Manafort, President Trump’s former campaign manager, has been released from prison because of the pandemic., BBC, 13 May 2020: Ex-Trump aide Paul Manafort to serve sentence at home amid virus fears, The Guardian, 13 May 2020: Michael Flynn: judge pauses justice department effort to dismiss case, The New York Times, 13 May 2020: Not So Fast, Judge Says on Move to Drop Flynn Charge, The Washington Post, 18 May 2020: Barr doesn’t expect Obama or Biden will be investigated in review of 2016 Russia probe, The Washington Post. 20 May 2020: Ukraine’s Zelensky pulled back into U.S. political fray after leaked Biden audio, France24, 24 June 2020: US appeals court orders dismissal of case against ex-Trump aid Michael Flynn, NPR, 24 June 2020: Appeals Court Orders Lower Judge To Throw Out Michael Flynn Case, CNN, 8 July 2020: Exclusive: Vindman to retire from military. His lawyer blames White House ‘campaign of bullying, intimidation and retaliation’, France24, 11 July 2020: Trump commutes prison sentence of longtime friend Roger Stone, BBC, 11 July 2020: Roger Stone: Critics blast Trump for commuting ex-adviser’s jail term, CNN, 11 July 2020: CNN legal analyst: This is the most corrupt and cronyistic act, NPR, 11 July 2020: ‘Unprecedented, Historic Corruption’: Romney Joins Critics Of Stone’s Commutation, The Guardian, 11 July 2020: Roger Stone has escaped punishment for his crimes. Trump is sending a signal, The Washington Post, 11 July 2020: Imagine a more corrupt use of the clemency power than Trump’s Roger Stone commutation, The New York Times, 11 July 2020: In Commuting Stone’s Sentence, Trump Goes Where Nixon Would Not, The Washington Post, 11 July 2020: Robert Mueller: Roger Stone remains a convicted felon, and rightly so, CNN, 11 July 2020: The rage behind Trump’s action on Roger Stone, The Guardian, 12 July 2020: Robert Mueller breaks his silence and condemns Trump for commuting Roger Stone’s sentence, The National, 13 July 2020: Republican Graham plans to invite Mueller to testify on Russian probe, The New York Times, 13 July 2020: Did Mueller Ever Stand a Chance Against Trump and Roger Stone?, The Washington Post, 13 July 2020: Roger Stone and Jeff Sessions are meeting two very different fates, The Guardian, 18 August 2020: Donald Trump: US Senate report goes beyond Mueller to lay bare 2016 campaign’s Russia links, Los Angeles Times, 18 August 2020: Trump’s 2016 campaign chair communicated with Russian intelligence, bipartisan Senate panel finds, The National, 18 August 2020: ‘Grave’ intelligence threat outlined in official Donald Trump-Russia report, France24, 25 November 2020: Trump pardons Michael Flynn, who lied to FBI about Russia contacts, BBC, 25 November 2020: Trump pardons ex-National Security Adviser Flynn, CNN, 25 November 2020: Trump announces ‘a Full Pardon’ for Michael Flynn in tweet, The Washington Post, 25 November 2020: Trump pardons former national security adviser Michael Flynn, who pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI, The Washington Post, 8 December 2020: Michael Flynn judge says pardon doesn’t mean ex-national security adviser is innocent, Times of Israel, 29 January 2021: KGB groomed Trump as an asset for 40 years, former Russian spy says.






Knowledge Gains
But part of the truth is that the EU and its member states poured water on # 45 mills. On the one hand, it provides little or no communication on services and accomplishments, while on the other hand, decades of military intrusion (The Washington Post, 28 June 2017: NATO allies boost defense spending in the wake of Trump criticism, Deutsche Welle, 13 February 2018: EU’s new defense union must not undermine NATO, warns Stoltenberg, Deutsche Welle, 08 July 2018: NATO chief: Germany must increase defense spending, The New York Times, 09 July 2018: Trump Poised to Enter NATO Meeting as Wild Card Among Allies, BBC, 09 July 2018: Trump-Nato summit: EU’s Tusk warns president to appreciate allies, The Guardian, 10 July 2018: Europeans brace for worst from Trump at stormy Nato summit, Bloomberg, 10 July 2018: Trump Is Itching for a Fight at NATO, The New York Times, 11 July 2018: NATO Summit Live Updates: Trump Pushes Allies to Increase Spending, CNN, 11 July 2018: NATO summit: Trump accuses Germany of being a ‘captive of Russia’, The Guardian, 11 July 2018: Angela Merkel hits back at Donald Trump at Nato summit, The New York Times, 11 July 2018: Trump vs. Merkel: Blistering Salvo Meets Gentle Rejoinder, The New York Times, 11 July 2018: Sorry, NATO. Trump Doesn’t Believe in Allies., The New York Times, 11 July 2018: What America Gets Out of NATO, The Washington Post, 11 July 2018: ‘Rubbing salt in the wounds’: Trump won’t take yes for an answer at NATO, The Washington Post, 11 July 2018: Trump berates NATO allies and then asks them to double their defense spending goals, The Guardian, 12 July 2018: Trump claims victory at Nato summit after fresh row over defence spending, The Washington Post, 12 July 2018: Trump’s latest lie at NATO blows up his idea of ‘winning’ and The New York Times, 12 July 2018: Live Updates: After Contentious NATO Summit, Trump Goes to U.K.) in the face of changing threats and the withdrawal of the US from relevant areas (the Middle East (except for Israel where the USA has taken over the role of a protective and guarantor power and maintain an air force base in the country) and North Africa) are becoming more and more an existential problem (the key question, which critics of the solution in particular have to face more and more often, is “What happens if we do not deploy the army, what are the risks and challenges and how could they be dealt with alternatively?” The answers are as sobering as they are enlightening, because there are no viable alternatives given. The earlier everyone realize this, the sooner we can start building the EU army). The latter has already been communicated several times under US President Barack Obama without the EU having reacted to it, so that today it is once again driven rather than acting in time (Trump, however, has misunderstood a lot here too, saying that some NATO members “owe money” to the US for failing to meet their self-imposed targets of 2% of GDP as a defense budget, which is of course utter nonsense. Even if the countries reach the 2% budget, the US weapon industry wouldn’t benefit, but European manufacturers only). This has a negative impact on a credible foreign policy, because without military relevance no the problems and challenges in the Levant and North Africa can be solved, especially not when the EU need to take over the role of the US (which isolates itself in breathtaking speed under #45, thereby marginalizing itself and thus endangering vital self-interests/the national security without necessity. In this case, the enemy of the US is sitting in the White House) because of pure self-interests in the regions and to pacify and contribute to an economic upturn in order to be able to curb future expected refugee flows, especially from Central Africa (Die Zeit, 17 November 2017: Transatlantic Relations: Superpower EU? No thank you!, The Guardian, 10 June 2018: Vladimir Putin says he is willing to meet Trump at summit, The Guardian, 10 June 2018: Macron is reviving France and calling Merkel’s bluff on European reform, The Guardian, 25 June 2018: Nine EU states sign off on joint military intervention force, New York Times, 14 January 2019: Trump discussed pulling U.S. from NATO, aides say amid new concerns over Russia, Washington Times, 5 July 2019: Joe Biden: There will be ‘no more NATO’ if Donald Trump is reelected, Jerusalem Post, 7 July 2019: NATO no more? Biden says Trump will lead to the organization’s implosion, The Guardian, 17 December 2019: Visiting the US? The government is reading your old Facebook posts).

2020 United States presidential election
The presidential elections will take place on 3 November 2020 (United States presidential election of 2016). We will cover the election campaign from the middle of 2020 on. As Trump is in a continuous election campaign mode since 2015 (except an enormous amount of hot air, he has achieved very little positive results), and the Democrats are just about to start their campaigns, it doens’t make sense to start the coverage earlier. Presidential elections are more entertainment events than factual and substantive issues or facts would play major roles. The Republicans have developed the last election campaign into a mud fight and are already continuing to do so with full force in this election. If you want to expose yourself to this, you have to spend as much time on it as in the observation of the news concerning the Mueller report, the Brexit and the impeachment proceedings against Trump – you really have to want it. In preparation for the elections, one should deal with, among other things, the no less corrupt Ronald Reagan, whose lack of factual and truthfulness is legendary. Trump and Reagan differ essentially in the fact that the latter worked his way up with the help of hard work and the half- and underworld, while the former, at best, would have become a hot dog vendor in Queens or Brooklyn without the multimillion-dollar inheritance from his parents and the help of the half- and underworld (The Washington Post, 4 October 2019: Politics saved Ronald Reagan from impeachment. That might happen again for Donald Trump. and Reagan administration scandals).

Media coverage: The Economist, 7 June 2018: America and the world: Donald Trump’s demolition theory of foreign policy won’t work, Skift, 1 February 2019: Tourism to the U.S. Fell Behind in 2018, Business Insider, 19 March 2019: The US is a lot more corrupt than Americans realize, and the problem goes much deeper than Trump, The New York Times, 13 May 2019: Tracking 30 Investigations Related to Trump, Skift, 10 July 2019: New Numbers Hint at Tough 2020 for U.S. Tourism Industry, The Washington Post, 26 September 2019: Hillary Clinton: Trump is an ‘illegitimate president’, The New York Times, 4 November 2019: One Year From Election, Trump Trails Biden but Leads Warren in Battlegrounds, The Guardian, 5 November 2019: If Americans are better off than a decade ago, why doesn’t it feel that way?, CBS News, 6 November 2019: Democrat Andy Beshear declares victory in tight Kentucky governor’s race, The Guardian, 6 November 2019: Democrats take control of Virginia and claim win in Kentucky governor’s race, The New York Times, 7 November 2019: How Many Lines Can a Politician Cross? Kentucky Governor Is a Cautionary Tale,, 8 November 2019: What is Michael Bloomberg thinking?, The Guardian, 10 November 2019: Whistleblower will not testify in public, Democrats say,, 15 November 2019: Obama speaks out on 2020: Voters ‘don’t want to see crazy stuff’, Foreign Policy, 15 November 2019: Trump Resisted Sale of Javelins to Ukraine, CNN, 16 November 2019: Obama warns 2020 candidates about getting out of step with voters: Be ‘rooted in reality’, CNN, 18 November 2019: Pompeo announces reversal of longstanding US policy on Israeli settlements (as if the Trump administration would care about Israel or Palestine for a single minute! :-D it’s all about Trump’s re-election in 2020 and the dearly needed support by the US Evangelicals, hardcore supporters of the illegal Israeli settlements in Syria and Palestine. If Trump isn’t abel to secure their full support, he will be done. Trying to whitewash the illegal settlements is a big step into this direction), The Guardian, 18 November 2019: US says Israeli settlements no longer considered illegal in dramatic shift, BBC, 18 November 2019: US says Israeli settlements are no longer illegal, France24, 18 November 2019: In new pro-Israel shift, US no longer calls settlements illegal (this accelerates the erosion of the Jewish State of Israel to the Jewish Theocracy of Israel again considerably), Arab News, 18 November 2019: US declares Israeli settlements on occupied Palestinian land ‘consistent’ with international law, Al Jazeera, 18 November 2019: Pompeo: Israeli settlements not ‘inconsistent’ with int’l law, Haaretz, 18 November 2019: After Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, the Latest Trump Statement Isn’t Going to Make Settlements Legal, The Washington Post, 22 November 2019: Secret Service spent more than $250,000 at Trump’s properties in first five months of his term, records show, The New York Times, 24 November 2019: Michael Bloomberg Joins 2020 Democratic Field for President, CNN, 24 November 2019: Michael Bloomberg is the latest 2020 Democratic hopeful, BBC, 24 November 2019: Michael Bloomberg joins 2020 US presidential race,, 27 November 2019: Here’s why Bloomberg insists he’s not crazy,, 29 November 2019: 2 big things that could save or sink Trump in 2020, CNN, 7 December 2019: Why the next 100 days are critical for Trump, The Guardian, 9 December 2019: Jewish groups criticize Trump for antisemitic stereotypes in speech, CNN, 9 December 2019: Jewish leaders criticized Trump for telling Jewish audience they have ‘no choice’ but to vote for him instead of Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax, The Washington Post, 12 December 2019: Trump sounds just like a right-wing talk-radio host, The New York Times, 13 December 2019: Boris Johnson and the Coming Trump Victory in 2020,, 13 December 2019: Blowback from U.K. election burns Warren, Sanders, Arab News, 13 December 2019: Drugs, guns, and despair: How America is killing Americans, CNN, 14 December 2019: Analysis: The real reason Democrats should study the UK election, CNN, 14 December 2019: Judge rules Wisconsin must remove 234,000 from voter rolls, The Guardian, 15 December 2019: Democrats beware – the UK election was actually a terrible night for centrists, The Washington Post, 16 December 2019: President Trump has made 15,413 false or misleading claims over 1,055 days,, 16 December 2019: Why Trump’s path to reelection is totally plausible, Haaretz, 16 December 2019: Trump, Israel and the Middle East: Mayhem, betrayal and ‘America First’, Jerusalem Post, 16 December 2019: Trump campaign says impeachment backfiring. Not really, polls suggest,, 23 December 2019: