Timișoara, the historic, economic and cultural center of Banat

Saturday, 9 June 2012 - 01:19 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, European Union, European Capital of Culture
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Lloyd Palace, seat of the 'Politehnica' University of Timişoara © Turbojet

Lloyd Palace, seat of the ‘Politehnica’ University of Timişoara © Turbojet

Timișoara is the capital city of Timiș County, in western Romania. One of the largest Romanian cities, with a population of 303,708 inhabitants (the third most populous city in the country, as of 2011), and considered the informal capital city of the historical region of Banat, Timișoara is the main social, economic and cultural center in the western part of Romania.

Timișoara has been an important economic center since the 18th century when the Habsburg administration was installed. Due to Austrian colonization, ethnic and religious diversity and innovative laws, the economy began to develop. The technicians and craftsmen that settled in the city established guilds and helped develop the city’s economy. Notably, in 1717, Timișoara became host to the region’s first beer factory. During the Industrial Revolution, numerous modern innovations were introduced. It was the first city in the monarchy with street illumination, and the first city on mainland Europe illuminated by electric light. The Bega river was also channelled during this time. It was the first navigable canal on current Romanian territory. This way, Timișoara had contact with Europe, and even with the rest of the world through the Black Sea, leading to the local development of commercialism.

Romanian Opera and Național Theatre © Ana Maria Catalina St Georges Cathedral © Zsolt Dudás Freedom Bell on Trafans Square © Elisabeth Packi Dauerbach Palais © Elisabeth Packi City Business Center Timisoara © Tocan Marius Weiss Palais © Elisabeth Packi Victory Square, taken from the Opera House Balcony during Christmas celebrations © Radufan Victor Babeș University of Medicine and Pharmacy © Nikhilth Town hall © Radufan The Beer Factory © Elisabeth Packi Street Light Description © Cristian Adrian Lloyd Palace, seat of the 'Politehnica' University of Timişoara © Turbojet
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Victory Square, taken from the Opera House Balcony during Christmas celebrations © Radufan
The city center largely consists of buildings from the Austro-Hungarian era. The old city consists of several historic areas. These are: Cetate (Belváros in Hungarian, Innere Stadt in German), Iosefin (Józsefváros, Josephstadt), Elisabetin (Erzsébetváros, Elisabethstadt), Fabric (Gyárváros, Fabrikstadt). Numerous bars, clubs and restaurants have opened in the old Baroque square (Unirii Square). The tallest building, when completed, will be the Tender Financial Center, at 180 meters tall. The tallest building currently is the Fructus Tower, at 65 meters. Another proposed building, the Timișoara High Tower, when completed, will have a height of 138 meters, but it is not scheduled to open until 2012.

Read more on City of Timișoara, romaniatourism.com – Timișoara, Timișoara Airport and Wikipedia Timișoara. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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