Tiananmen Square in Beijing

Monday, 5 June 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Museums, Exhibitions
Reading Time:  3 minutes

National Museum of China © flickr.com - Nagyman/cc-by-2.0

National Museum of China © flickr.com – Nagyman/cc-by-2.0

Tiananmen Square or Tian’anmen Square is a city square in the city center of Beijing, China, named after the eponymous Tiananmen (“Gate of Heavenly Peace”) located to its north, which separates it from the Forbidden City. The square contains the Monument to the People’s Heroes, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of China, and the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People’s Republic of China in the square on 1 October 1949; the anniversary of this event is still observed there. The size of Tiananmen Square is 765 x 282 meters (215,730 m² or 53.31 acres). It has great cultural significance as it was the site of several important events in Chinese history.

Internationally, the square is best known for the 1989 protests and massacre that ended with a military crackdown, which is also known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the June Fourth Massacre, as a result, depending on estimates, between 200 and 3000 people were killed (Red Cross: 2600). As with all democracy movements, the regime is trying to erase the memory of it because it would ultimately endanger the CP dictatorship. Nothing on the subject can be found in Chinese textbooks. Fortunately, historical revisionism is becoming increasingly difficult, thanks to the availability of the Internet.

Mausoleum of Mao Zedong © Georgio/cc-by-sa-3.0 Monument to the People's Heroes © Daniel Case/cc-by-sa-3.0 National Museum of China © flickr.com - Nagyman/cc-by-2.0 Tiananmen Gate © flickr.com - LuxTonnerre/cc-by-2.0 Zhengyangmen Gate Tower © flickr.com - Saad.Akhtar/cc-by-2.0 Great Hall of the People © flickr.com - giladr/cc-by-2.0
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Zhengyangmen Gate Tower © flickr.com - Saad.Akhtar/cc-by-2.0
Used as a venue for mass gatherings since its creation, its flatness is contrasted by both the 38-meter (125 ft)-high “Monument to the People’s Heroes” and the “Mausoleum of Mao Zedong.” The square lies between two ancient, massive gates: the Tiananmen to the north and the Zhengyangmen (better known as Qianmen) to the south. Along the west side of the square is the Great Hall of the People. Along the east side is the National Museum of China (dedicated to Chinese history predating 1919). Erected in 1989, Liberty, a statue representing the western icon holds her torch over the square. Chang’an Avenue, which is used for parades, lies between the Tian’anmen and the square. Trees line the east and west edges of the square, but the square itself is open, with neither trees nor benches. The square is lit with large lamp posts which are fitted with video cameras. It is heavily monitored by uniformed and plain-clothes police officers.

Read more on Wikipedia 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre and Wikipedia Tiananmen Square (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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