Theme Week Zeeland – Middelburg

Saturday, 27 February 2021 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Kloveniersdoelen, former seat of the Dutch East India Company © Chris06/cc-by-sa-4.0

Kloveniersdoelen, former seat of the Dutch East India Company © Chris06/cc-by-sa-4.0

Middelburg is a city and municipality in the south-western Netherlands serving as the capital of the province of Zeeland. Situated on the central peninsula of the Zeeland province, Midden-Zeeland (consisting of former islands Walcheren, Noord-Beveland and Zuid-Beveland), it has a population of about 48,000. In terms of technology, Middelburg played a role in the Scientific Revolution at the early modern period. The town was historically a center of lens crafting in the Golden Age of Dutch science and technology. The invention of the microscope and telescope is often credited to Middelburg spectacle-makers (including Zacharias Janssen and Hans Lipperhey) in the late 16th century and early 17th century.

From 1559 to 1603, Middelburg was the episcopal see of a Catholic bishopric covering all Zeeland. In the Eighty Years’ War, Middelburg was captured from the Spanish forces during a long siege (1572–1574). The northern provinces of the original Low Countries won their independence from their former Spanish Habsburg rulers and formed The Netherlands, a Protestant state. Later, in the 17th century (the Dutch Golden Age), Middelburg became, after Holland‘s metropolis Amsterdam, the most important center for the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. As such, Middelburg also played an important role in the 17th century slave trade.

Samuel Ben Israel, son of Menasseh Ben Israel, is buried in Middelburg at the Sephardic burial site located at the ‘Jodengang’ outside the citywall. Menasseh Ben Israel negotiated with Oliver Cromwell the opening of England, and its colonies, to the Jews. Middelburg also has an Ashkenazic burial site, which is located at the Walensingel inside the city wall. In 1994 the synagogue was restored, as it was partially destroyed during the Second World War. This synagogue was the third one to be built in the Netherlands during the Golden Age. In the hall of the railway station there is a plaque of remembrance for the Jews of Zeeland who started their journey to the death camps from the Middelburg train station.

former Abbey © Marc Ryckaert/cc-by-3.0 Kloveniersdoelen, former seat of the Dutch East India Company © Chris06/cc-by-sa-4.0 Nieuwe Kerk tower Lang Jan © Zairon/cc-by-sa-4.0 former City Hall © Ad Meskens/cc-by-sa-3.0 former City Hall © Tuxyso/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - Ben Bender/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - Ben Bender/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - Ben Bender/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - Ben Bender/cc-by-sa-3.0 © China Crisis/cc-by-3.0
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Kloveniersdoelen, former seat of the Dutch East India Company © Chris06/cc-by-sa-4.0
Aside from the town of Middelburg, the municipality also includes several population centres, including: Arnemuiden, Kleverskerke, Nieuw- en Sint Joosland and Sint Laurens. The town is close to the coast but the distance of 10-15 km means the winters are somewhat colder with especially lower winter minima and higher summer maxima.

When William of Orange decided to found the first university in the Netherlands in 1575, he initially considered locating it in Middelburg. Ultimately he chose Leiden, however, and Middelburg—as well as all of Zeeland—remained without a university until 2004 when University College Roosevelt (formerly known as Roosevelt Academy), affiliated with Utrecht University, was established.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Middelburg, Holland.com – Middelburg, Dutch East India Company, Wikivoyage Middelburg and Wikipedia Middelburg. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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