Theme Week Venezuela – Cumaná

Tuesday, 22 May 2018 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Mochima National Park - Playa Blanca © flickr.com - Luigino Bracci/cc-by-2.0

Mochima National Park – Playa Blanca © flickr.com – Luigino Bracci/cc-by-2.0

Cumaná is the capital of Venezuela’s Sucre State. It is located 402 kilometres (250 mi) east of Caracas. Cumaná was one of the first settlements founded by Europeans in mainland America and is the oldest continuously-inhabited, European-established settlement in the continent. Attacks by indigenous peoples meant it had to be refounded several times. The municipality of Sucre, which includes Cumaná, has a population of 420,000. The city, located at the mouth of the Manzanares River on the Caribbean coast in the Northeast coast of Venezuela, is home to one of five campuses of the Universidad de Oriente and a busy maritime port, home of one of the largest tuna fleets in Venezuela. The city is close to Mochima National Park a popular tourist beaches destination amongst Venezuelans.

The city of Cumaná saw the birth of key heroes of and contributors to the Venezuelan independence movement: Antonio Jose de Sucre, the ‘Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho’, a leading general and President of Bolivia; as well as Brigadier General D. Juan Francisco Echeto. Cumaná is also the birthplace to eminent poets, writers and politicians like Andrés Eloy Blanco, an important figure in Latin-American literature and who later rose to the national political scene; as well as José Antonio Ramos Sucre, another distinguished poet and diplomat. Important scientists including Pehr Löfling from Sweden, Alexander von Humboldt from Germany and Aimé Bonpland from France did part of their experimental works and discoveries when visiting and living in Cumaná in the 18th century.

Mochima National Park - Playa Blanca © flickr.com - Luigino Bracci/cc-by-2.0 Cumaná Cathedral © Nixón/cc-by-sa-3.0 Casa de Andrés Eloy Blanco © Laura Fiorucci/cc-by-sa-4.0 Playa San Luis © panoramio.com - Guillermo Esteves/cc-by-3.0 Plaza Bolívar © Laura Fiorucci/cc-by-sa-4.0 Fortress of Cumaná © Anagoria/cc-by-3.0
<
>
Mochima National Park - Playa Blanca © flickr.com - Luigino Bracci/cc-by-2.0
Cumaná was the first settlement founded by Europeans in Venezuela in 1515 by Franciscan friars, with the name of Nueva Toledo, but due to successful attacks by the indigenous people (such as the Cumanagoto people), it had to be refounded several times until Diego Hernández de Serpa‘s refoundation in 1569 with the name of Cumaná. Bartolomé de las Casas, attempting a peaceful colonization scheme, was pre-empted by Gonzalo de Ocampo’s 1521 punitive raids against the local indigenous people, in retaliation for the destruction of the Dominican convent at Chiribichi. In 1537 New Andalusia Province was established, with Cumaná as capital (for which the Province was also known as the Province of Cumaná).

The city features a wide variety of colonial style architecture that is still in excellent condition. A large old Spanish fort, the Castillo de San Antonio de la Eminencia (Castle of Saint Anthony of the Eminence) can be seen from the beach, which is still open to the public. Also surviving is the Castillo de Santa Maria de la Cabeza, which was built in 1669. The Museo del Mar displays marine and maritime artifacts.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on VenezuelaTuya.com – Cumaná, Wikitravel Cumaná and Wikipedia Cumaná. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

European Court of Justice

European Court of Justice

[caption id="attachment_162834" align="aligncenter" width="590"] European Court of Justice © flickr.com - sprklg/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (French: Cour de Justice), is the highest court in the European Union in matters of European Union law. As a part of the Court of Justice of the European Union it is tasked with interpreting EU law and ensuring its equal application across all EU member states. The Court was established in 1952 and is base...

[ read more ]

Costa Rica in Central America

Costa Rica in Central America

[caption id="attachment_193089" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Bonita Beach in Limón Province © AndSalX-WWECR/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Costa Rica (spanish: literally "Rich Coast") is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million, in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers (19,714 square miles). An estimated 333,980 ...

[ read more ]

Cheddar in southwest England

Cheddar in southwest England

[caption id="attachment_153730" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Aerial view of Cheddar Gorge © Adrian Pingstone[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Cheddar is a large village and civil parish in the Sedgemoor district of the English county of Somerset. It is situated on the southern edge of the Mendip Hills, 9 miles (14 km) north-west of Wells. The civil parish includes the hamlets of Nyland and Bradley Cross. The village, which has its own parish council, has a population of 5,093 and the parish has an acreage of 8,592 acres (3,477.1 h...

[ read more ]

Stavanger, the petroleum capital of Norway

Stavanger, the petroleum capital of Norway

[caption id="attachment_153924" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Aerial view of Stavanger's city center © Godztian[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Stavanger is a city and municipality in the county of Rogaland. Stavanger municipality has a population of 126,000. There are 198,000 people living in the Stavanger conurbation, making Stavanger the fourth largest city, but the third largest urban area, in Norway. Stavanger is the centre of the Stavanger metropolitan area, which has a population of 297,569, and the administrative centre of...

[ read more ]

The island of Funen

The island of Funen

[caption id="attachment_152855" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Odense - City Hall © Kåre Thor Olsen[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Funen with a size of 2,984 km² (1152 sq. miles), is the third-largest island of Denmark following Zealand and Vendsyssel-Thy, and the 163rd largest island of the world. Funen is located in the central part of the country and has a population of 454,358 inhabitants. The main city is Odense, connected to the sea by canal, though this canal is now seldom used. The city's shipyard Odense Steel Shipyard h...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Apulia - Bari

Theme Week Apulia - Bari

[caption id="attachment_203910" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Seafood Market © flickr.com - Italo Greco/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bari is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari and of the Apulia region, on the Adriatic Sea, in southern Italy. It is the second most important economic centre of mainland Southern Italy after Naples (the third after Palermo if insular Italy is included), a port and university city, as well as the city of Saint Nicholas. The city itself has a population of 320,257 inhabitants...

[ read more ]

The Olympic Stadium in Kiew

The Olympic Stadium in Kiew

[caption id="attachment_153962" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Olympic National Sports Complex © Football.ua/Илья Хохлов[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Olympic National Sports Complex (also known as Olympic Stadium) is a multi-use sports facility in Kiev, Ukraine, located on the slopes of the city's central Cherepanov Hill, Pechersk Raion. The stadium is the premier sports venue in Ukraine and the second largest in Eastern Europe after Moscow's Luzhniki Stadium. The complex also features several other sports faciliti...

[ read more ]

Battir in the West Bank

Battir in the West Bank

[caption id="attachment_216148" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Labour Palestine/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Battir is a Palestinian village in the West Bank, 6.4 km west of Bethlehem, and southwest of Jerusalem. It was inhabited during the Byzantine and Islamic periods, and in the Ottoman and British Mandate censuses its population was recorded as primarily Muslim. In former times, the city lay along the route from Jerusalem to Bayt Jibrin. Battir is situated just above the modern route of the Jaffa–J...

[ read more ]

Porquerolles on the French Riviera

Porquerolles on the French Riviera

[caption id="attachment_224364" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Espirat/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Porquerolles, also known as the Île de Porquerolles, is an island in the Îles d'Hyères, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France. Its land area is 1,254 hectares (12.54 km²; 4.84 sq mi) and in 2004 its population was about 200. Since 2010, the island also hosts a jazz festival each summer ("Jazz à Porquerolles"). Porquerolles is the largest, most westerly of the three Îles d'Hyères. It is about 7 km (...

[ read more ]

Kleinmachnow in Brandenburg

Kleinmachnow in Brandenburg

[caption id="attachment_153348" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Checkpoint Bravo © GBeckmann[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kleinmachnow is a municipality in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg. It is situated 19 km (12 mi) southwest of the centre of Berlin, immediately neighbouring the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Potsdam. The municipality encompasses the settlement of Dreilinden. Kleinmachnow arose at the former Bäke creek, today replaced by the Teltow Canal built in 1906. Parvo ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Cumaná © panoramio.com - Guillermo Esteves/cc-by-3.0
Theme Week Venezuela

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a federal republic on the northern coast of South America, bordered by...

Arran mountains over Rothesay © flickr.com - SeaDave/cc-by-2.0
The Isle of Bute in the Firth of Clyde

The Isle of Bute is an island in the Firth of Clyde in Scotland. It is divided into highland and...

Palais du Grabatoire © Fafner/cc-by-sa-3.0
Le Mans in the Pays de la Loire

Le Mans is a city on the Sarthe River. Traditionally the capital of the province of Maine, it is now...

Schließen