Theme Week Hungary – Visegrád

Tuesday, 21 September 2021 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Danube and Visegrad Castle © Civertan Grafikai Studio/cc-by-3.0

Danube and Visegrad Castle © Civertan Grafikai Studio/cc-by-3.0

Visegrád is a small castle town in Pest County, Hungary. It is north of Budapest on the right bank of the Danube in the Danube Bend. It had a population of 1,864 in 2010. Visegrád is famous for the remains of the Early Renaissance summer palace of King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and the medieval citadel. In 1991, the leading politicians of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland met here to form a periodical forum, the Visegrád Group, with an intentional allusion to the meeting centuries earlier in 1335. Visegrád was granted town privileges again in 2000.

After the Mongol invasion, King Béla IV of Hungary and his wife had a new fortification system constructed in the 1240-50s near the one destroyed earlier. The first part of the new system was the Upper Castle on top of a high hill. The castle was laid out on a triangular ground plan and had three towers at its corners. In the 14th century, at the time of the Angevin kings of Hungary, the castle became a royal residence and was enlarged with a new curtain wall and palace buildings. Around 1400 King Sigismund had a third curtain wall constructed and enlarged the palace buildings. At the end of the 15th century, King Matthias Corvinus had the interior renovated. The Upper Castle also served for the safekeeping of the Hungarian royal insignia between the 14th century and 1526. In 1544 Visegrád was occupied by the Ottoman Empire, and, apart from a short period in 1595-1605, it remained in Turkish hands until 1685. The castle was seriously damaged by the Turks and was never used afterwards. The castle is now open to the public to visit.

The Lower Castle is the part of the fortification system that connects the Upper Castle with the Danube. In its centre rises the Solomon Tower, a large, hexagonal residential tower dating from the 13th century. In the 14th century, new curtain walls were built around the tower. During a Turkish raid in 1544, the southern part of the tower collapsed. Its renovation began only in the 1870s and was finished in the 1960s. At present, the Tower houses exhibitions installed by the King Matthias Museum (Mátyás Király Múzeum) of Visegrád. The exhibitions present the reconstructed Gothic fountains from the Royal Palace, Renaissance sculpture in Visegrád, and the history of Visegrád.

Visegrad Castle © Vid Pogacnik/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Achim Raschka/cc-by-sa-4.0 Citadel of Visegrad © indafoto.hu - Szvitek Peter/cc-by-sa-2.5-hu Danube and Visegrad Castle © Civertan Grafikai Studio/cc-by-3.0 Danube and Visegrad Castle © Civertan Grafikai Studio/cc-by-3.0 Danube Bend at Visegrad © Philipp Weigell/cc-by-3.0
<
>
Citadel of Visegrad © indafoto.hu - Szvitek Peter/cc-by-sa-2.5-hu
The first royal house on this site was built by King Charles I of Hungary after 1325. In the second half of the 14th century, this was enlarged into a palace by his son, King Louis I of Hungary. In the last third of the 14th century, King Louis and his successor Sigismund of Luxembourg had the majority of the earlier buildings dismantled and created a new, sumptuous palace complex, the extensive ruins of which are still visible today. The palace complex was laid out on a square ground plan measuring 123 x 123 m. A garden adjoined to it from the north and a Franciscan friary, founded by King Sigismund in 1424, from the south. In the time of Louis I and Sigismund, the palace was the official residence of the kings of Hungary until about 1405-08. Between 1477 and 1484 Matthias Corvinus had the palace complex reconstructed in late Gothic style. The Italian Renaissance architectural style was used for decoration, the first time the style appeared in Europe outside Italy. After the Ottoman Turks’ siege in 1544, the palace fell into ruins. By the 18th century it was completely covered by earth. Its excavation began in 1934 and continues today. The reconstructed royal residence building is open to the public and houses exhibitions on the history of the palace and reconstructed historical interiors.

The ruins of this military camp can be seen outside Visegrád, to the north, on a hill that overlooks the Danube. The camp has a triangular ground plan. It was built in the first half of the 4th century as one of the important fortifications along the limes, the frontier of the Roman Empire. Its praetorium (the commander’s building) was constructed at the end of the 4th century. In the early 5th century, the Roman army abandoned the military camp. In the 10th and 11th centuries, the fortification, rebuilt as a castle, became a regional centre of the recently formed Hungarian state. “Visegrád” appears for the first time as the name of this regional centre (1009). The fortification was finally destroyed in 1242 by the Mongol invasion of Europe.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Visegrád, Visegrád Group, Wikivoyage Visegrád and Wikipedia Visegrád. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Ireland - Ennis

Theme Week Ireland - Ennis

[caption id="attachment_171175" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Diamond Bar © geograph.org.uk - C O'Flanagan/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ennis (Irish: Inis, meaning "island") is the county town of Clare in Munster. The Irish name is short for Inis Cluain Ramh Fhada ("island of the long rowing meadow"). The town is on the River Fergus, north of where it enters the Shannon Estuary, 19 km (12 mi) from Shannon Airport. Ennis has a population of 25,000, making it the largest town in Clare and the 12th largest in Irel...

[ read more ]

Sun City in South Africa

Sun City in South Africa

[caption id="attachment_162285" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Main entrance of The Lost Palace © Chantal Smith[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sun City is a luxury resort and casino, situated in the North West Province of South Africa. It is located between the Elands River and the Pilanesberg, about two hours' drive from Johannesburg, near the city of Rustenburg. The complex borders the Pilanesberg Game Reserve. Sun City was developed by the hotel magnate Sol Kerzner as part of his Sun International group of properties. It was of...

[ read more ]

Khor Fakkan on the Gulf of Oman

Khor Fakkan on the Gulf of Oman

[caption id="attachment_153624" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sunrise over Oman Bay © Stzeman/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Khor Fakkan is a town located along the Gulf of Oman on the east coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The town, the second largest on the east coast after Fujairah, is set on the picturesque bay of Khor Fakkan, which means "Creek of Two Jaws". Khor Fakkan belongs to the emirate of Sharjah but is geographically surrounded by the emirate of Fujairah. It is a natural deep water port that is no...

[ read more ]

The Europa 2

The Europa 2

[caption id="attachment_152820" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Swimmingpool © Monster4711/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The MS Europa 2 is a cruise ship operating for Hapag Lloyd. She entered service in May 2013. The first steel was cut on 5 September 2011, the keel was laid on 1 March 2012 and the vessel being launched on 6 July 2012. She was built at the STX Europe shipyard at Saint-Nazaire in France. On 29 April 2013, the vessel was handed over to Hapag Lloyd. She was christened on the 10th May 2013, during the 82...

[ read more ]

Tobago Cays in the Caribbean

Tobago Cays in the Caribbean

[caption id="attachment_238526" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Stefan Schäfer, Lich/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Tobago Cays are an archipelago located in the Southern Grenadines of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines comprising five small islands and extensive coral reefs. The cays – Petit Rameau, Petit Bateau, Baradal, Petit Tabac and Jamesby – are a popular tourism destination. The Tobago Cays are now the key element of the Tobago Cays Marine Park, run and owned by the Saint Vincent and the Grenad...

[ read more ]

Theater District in Manhattan

Theater District in Manhattan

[caption id="attachment_231012" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Peter James Zielinski/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]New York City's Theater District (sometimes spelled Theatre District, and officially zoned as the "Theater Subdistrict") is an area and neighborhood in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theaters are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants, hotels, and other places of entertainment. It is bounded by West 40th Street on the south, West 54th Street on the north, Sixth Avenue ...

[ read more ]

Harlem in New York

Harlem in New York

[caption id="attachment_192647" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Cotton Club © Gotanero/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Since the 1920s, Harlem has been known as a major African American residential, cultural and business center. Originally a Dutch village, formally organized in 1658, it is named after the city of Haarlem in the Netherlands. Harlem's history has been defined by a series of economic boom-and-bust cycles, with...

[ read more ]

Seville Cathedral

Seville Cathedral

[caption id="attachment_217646" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Ingo Mehling/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See (Spanish: Catedral de Santa María de la Sede), better known as Seville Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Seville, Andalusia, Spain. It was registered in 1987 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, along with the adjoining Alcázar palace complex and the General Archive of the Indies. It is the fourth-largest church in the world (its size remains a matter of debate...

[ read more ]

Kristiansand, the gateway to Norway

Kristiansand, the gateway to Norway

[caption id="attachment_152762" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Odderøya Lighthouse © Philip Gabrielsen[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kristiansand is a city, municipality and the county capital of Vest-Agder county in Southern Norway. Kristiansand municipality is the 5th largest in Norway with a population of 83,000 as of 1 April 2011. The Kristiansand urban area, entirely located in the municipality, had a population of 68,000 on 1 January 2009, and is thus the 8th largest urban area in Norway. In addition, the Norwegian Statist...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Potsdam - Sanssouci Palace

Theme Week Potsdam - Sanssouci Palace

[caption id="attachment_25767" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sanssouci - Aerial view © Sven Scharr/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sanssouci is the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, in Potsdam, near Berlin. It is often counted among the German rivals of Versailles. While Sanssouci is in the more intimate Rococo style and is far smaller than its French Baroque counterpart, it too is notable for the numerous temples and follies in the park. The palace was designed/built by Georg Wenzeslaus von K...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Aerial view © flickr.com - Craig/cc-by-sa-2.0
Auckland Central Business District

The Auckland central business district (CBD), also called the city centre by Auckland Council, is the geographical and economic heart...

View from Gellert Hill to the Danube in Budapest © flickr.com - Visions of Domino/cc-by-2.0
Theme Week Hungary

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi) of the Carpathian Basin, it is...

Kaisersaal © Andreas Faessler/cc-by-sa-4.0
Würzburg Residence

The Würzburg Residence (German: Würzburger Residenz) is a palace in Würzburg, Germany. Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt and Maximilian von Welsch,...

Close