Theme Week Tibet – Gyantse

Friday, 25 October 2019 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Old Gyantse and Palcho Monastery © Antoine Taveneaux/cc-by-sa-3.0

Old Gyantse and Palcho Monastery © Antoine Taveneaux/cc-by-sa-3.0

Gyantse, officially Gyangzê Town, is a town located in Gyantse County, Shigatse Prefecture, Tibet Autonomous Region. It was historically considered the third largest and most prominent town in the Tibet region (after Lhasa, and Shigatse), but there are now at least ten larger Tibetan cities.

The town is strategically located in the Nyang Chu valley on the ancient trade routes from the Chumbi Valley, Yadong and Sikkim, which met here. From Gyantse, routes led to Shigatse downstream and also over the Karo La (Pass) to Central Tibet. The fortress (constructed in 1390) guarded the southern approaches to the Yarlung Tsangpo Valley and Lhasa. The town was surrounded by a wall 3 km long.

Gyantse Fortress © flickr.com - Göran Höglund (Kartläsarn)/cc-by-2.0 Old Town street © Luca Galuzzi/cc-by-sa-2.5 Palcho Monastery © Luca Galuzzi/cc-by-sa-2.5 Old Gyantse and Palcho Monastery © Antoine Taveneaux/cc-by-sa-3.0 Old Gyantse and the Gyantse Fortress © flickr.com - Steve Hicks/cc-by-2.0
<
>
Old Gyantse and the Gyantse Fortress © flickr.com - Steve Hicks/cc-by-2.0
A British military garrison, consisting mainly of Indian soldiers, was stationed at Gyantse in the first half of the 20th century. It was referred to as a “small” outfit by Sir Walter Buchanan in 1919. Under the reign of the 13th Dalai Lama, it served as a military school to help train Tibetan officers. One Hank Baker, a radio operator posted in Tibet in World War II , is reported to have inspected “the Indian army garrison” “at Gyantse fort” in 1938. In 1940 the town was still garrisoned by British military.

Gyantse is notable for its restored Gyantse Dzong or fort, and its magnificent tiered Kumbum (literally, ‘100,000 images’) of the Palcho Monastery, the largest chörten in Tibet. The Kumbum was commissioned by a Gyantse prince in 1427 and was an important centre of the Sakya school of Tibetan Buddhism. This religious structure contains 77 chapels in its six floors, and is illustrated with over 10,000 murals, many showing a strong Nepali influence, which have survived almost entirely intact. They are the last of its kind to be found in Tibet. Many of the restored clay statues are of less artistry than the destroyed originals – but they are still spectacular. The town was nearly destroyed by flooding in 1954. After rioting in 1959, local industries were dismantled and artisans fled while others were placed in workcamps. Some 400 monks and laypeople were imprisoned in the monastery. During the Cultural Revolution, the fort, the monastery and Kumbum were ransacked. Precious objects were destroyed or sent out of Tibet. The chorten was spared. The main building of the Pelkor Chode or Palcho Monastery and the Kumbum have been largely restored but the dzong or fort is still largely in ruins. There is an “Anti-British Imperialism Museum” there which gives the PRC version of the 1904 British invasion. The sculpture that forms the centerpiece of the museum are two “Tibetan” warriors, but they were based on photos taken by Lt. G. J. Davys in Chumbi Valley of non-Tibetans doing fake battles, and the armor were worn backwards.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on lonelyplanet.com – Gyantse and Wikipedia Gyantse. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

London 2012 - Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and Cultural Olympiad

London 2012 - Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and Cultural Olympiad

[caption id="attachment_153123" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © London2012.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The absolute highlights of the summer are certainly the Olympic Games and the surrounding programs and events in London. Even for long-established residents of the city London 2012 will surpass all previous records again. A city of superlatives, which, by hosting and staging the Olympic Games, adds even more superlatives to the records. London is the first city which could win the bid for the Modern Olympics for the third...

[ read more ]

Rüdesheim on the Rhine

Rüdesheim on the Rhine

[caption id="attachment_160810" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Rüdesheim on the Rhine around 1900[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rüdesheim is a winemaking town in the Rhine Gorge and thereby part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It lies in the Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis district in the region of Darmstadt in Hesse. It lies at the foot of the Niederwald on the Rhine’s right (east) bank on the southern approach to the Lorelei. The town belongs to the Frankfurt Rhine Main Region and is one of Germany’s biggest tourist attra...

[ read more ]

Portrait: Jules Verne, science fiction writer

Portrait: Jules Verne, science fiction writer

[caption id="attachment_216502" align="aligncenter" width="421"] Félix Nadar (1820-1910) portraits Jules Verne[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jules Gabriel Verne was a French novelist, poet, and playwright. His collaboration with the publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel led to the creation of the Voyages extraordinaires, a series of bestselling adventure novels including Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864), Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870), and Around the World in Eighty Days (1872). Verne is considered to be an i...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Miami & the Beaches

Theme Week Miami & the Beaches

[caption id="attachment_4164" align="aligncenter" width="590" caption="South Beach - Ocean Drive © chensiyuan"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Miami is a city located on the Atlantic coast in southeastern Florida and the county seat of Miami-Dade County, the most populous county in Florida and the eighth-most populous county in the United States with a population of 2,500,625. The 42nd largest city proper in the United States, with a population of 399,457, it is the principal, central, and most populous city of the South Florida met...

[ read more ]

Heiligendamm is the oldest seaside resort in continental Europe

Heiligendamm is the oldest seaside resort in continental Europe

[caption id="attachment_160764" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Seebrücke pier towards Heiligendamm © Gryffindor[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Heiligendamm is the oldest seaside spa and resort in continental Europe and Germany. Heiligendamm is part of the town Bad Doberan in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Its founder and first guest in 1793 was the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Friedrich Franz I; he made the resort fashionable. Between 1793 and 1870, Johann Christoph, Heinrich von Seydwitz, Carl Theodor Severin, and Gus...

[ read more ]

Portrait: Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann and the modernization of Paris

Portrait: Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann and the modernization of Paris

[caption id="attachment_152151" align="aligncenter" width="442"] Baron Haussmann monument on the cross road of Boulevard Haussmann and Rue de Laborde © Ralf.treinen/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Georges-Eugène Haussmann, commonly known as Baron Haussmann, 27 March 1809 – 11 January 1891), was the Prefect of the Seine Department in France, who was chosen by the Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive program of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris, commonly called Haussmann's renovation of Paris. Criti...

[ read more ]

The Russian warship Aurora

The Russian warship Aurora

[caption id="attachment_152988" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Fisss/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Aurora is a 1900 Russian protected cruiser, currently preserved as a museum ship in St. Petersburg. Aurora was one of three Pallada-class cruisers, built in St. Petersburg for service in the Pacific Far East. All three ships of this class served during the Russo-Japanese War. The second ship, Pallada, was sunk by the Japanese at Port Arthur in 1904. The third ship, Diana, was interned in Saigon after the Battle of the...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Ukraine - Lviv, Little Paris of the East

Theme Week Ukraine - Lviv, Little Paris of the East

[caption id="attachment_160873" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Opera House © Jan Mehlich/cc-by-sa-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lviv is a city in western Ukraine and the administrative centre of Lviv Oblast. Formerly capital of the historical region of Galicia, Lviv is now regarded as one of the main cultural centres of today's Ukraine. The historical heart of Lviv with its old buildings and cobblestone roads has survived Soviet and Nazi occupation during World War II largely unscathed. The city has many industries and instit...

[ read more ]

Carnival in Rio de Janeiro

Carnival in Rio de Janeiro

[caption id="attachment_225064" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Sergio Luiz/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Carnival in Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Carnaval do Rio de Janeiro) is a festival held every year before Lent; it is considered the biggest carnival in the world, with two million people per day on the streets. The first Carnival festival in Rio occurred in 1723. The typical Rio carnival parade is filled with revelers, floats, and adornments from numerous samba schools which are located in Rio (mor...

[ read more ]

Miercurea Ciuc in Transylvania

Miercurea Ciuc in Transylvania

[caption id="attachment_160729" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Petőfi Street © Szabi237/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Miercurea Ciuc is the county seat of Harghita County in Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania, and is situated in the Olt River valley. Miercurea Ciuc has 39,000 inhabitants. In 2001 the Sapientia - Hungarian University of Transylvania opened in the building of the former Harghita Hotel. The privately run institution is the first Hungarian univer...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Sergey Korovkin 84/cc-by-sa-4.0
Moscow Cathedral Mosque

Moscow Cathedral Mosque is the main mosque of Moscow. It is located on Olimpiysky Avenue, close to the Olympic Stadium...

© flickr.com - Laika ac/cc-by-sa-2.0
Theme Week Tibet – Yamdrok Lake

Yamdrok Lake (also known as Yamdrok Yumtso or Yamzho Yumco) is a freshwater lake in Tibet, it is one of...

Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration © Bernard Gagnon/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Tibet – Dharamsala

Dharamshala is the district headquarters of Kangra district in India. It was formerly known as Bhagsu. The Dalai Lama's residence...

Close