Theme Week South Africa – Pretoria

Friday, 23 June 2017 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  7 minutes

Union Buildings, seat of the South African government, with statue of Louis Botha © Robbie Aspeling/cc-by-sa-3.0

Union Buildings, seat of the South African government, with statue of Louis Botha © Robbie Aspeling/cc-by-sa-3.0

Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province. It is one of the country’s three capital cities, serving as the seat of the executive branch of government (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein the judicial capital). Pretoria has a reputation for being an academic city with three universities and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) located in its eastern suburbs, the city also hosts the South African Bureau of Standards making the city a hub for research. Pretoria is the central part of the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality which was formed by the amalgamation of several former local authorities including Centurion and Soshanguve. There have been proposals to change the name of Pretoria itself to Tshwane, and the proposed name change has caused some controversy. Pretoria is situated approximately 55 km (34 mi) north-northeast of Johannesburg in the northeast of South Africa, in a transitional belt between the plateau of the Highveld to the south and the lower-lying Bushveld to the north. It lies at an altitude of about 1,339 m (4,393 ft) above sea level, in a warm, sheltered, fertile valley, surrounded by the hills of the Magaliesberg range.

Pretoria was founded in 1855 by Marthinus Pretorius, a leader of the Voortrekkers, who named it after his father Andries Pretorius and chose a spot on the banks of the “Apies rivier” (Afrikaans for “Monkeys river”) to be the new capital of the South African Republic (ZAR). The elder Pretorius had become a national hero of the Voortrekkers after his victory over Dingane and the Zulus in the Battle of Blood River. The elder Pretorius also negotiated the Sand River Convention (1852), in which Britain acknowledged the independence of the Transvaal. It became the capital of the South African Republic (ZAR) on 1 May 1860. The founding of Pretoria as the capital of the South African Republic can be seen as marking the end of the Boers’ settlement movements of the Great Trek.

Pretoria - Union Building © Davinci77/cc-by-sa-3.0 Union Buildings, seat of the South African government, with statue of Louis Botha © Robbie Aspeling/cc-by-sa-3.0 Old Arts Building of the University of Pretoria © JMK/cc-by-sa-3.0 Fort Klapperkop © Theobresler/cc-by-sa-3.0 Old Synagogue, no longer used as such, but a Grade II Provincial Heritage © Cvanrooyen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Palace of Justice © Leo za1/cc-by-sa-3.0 Paul Kruger's House © Kaz Hutton/cc-by-sa-3.0 Paul Kruger's Reformed Church © Janek Szymanowski/cc-by-sa-3.0 Sammy Marks Square © Cvanrooyen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Transvaal Museum of Natural History © Luckymelon/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Union Buildings, seat of the South African government, with statue of Louis Botha © Robbie Aspeling/cc-by-sa-3.0
Pretoria is known as the “Jakaranda City” due to the approximately 50 000 Jacarandas that line its streets. Purple is a colour often associated with the city and is often included on local council logos and services such as the A Re Yeng rapid bus system and the logo of the local Jacaranda FM radio station. Pretoria is home to the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa as well as the Pretoria National Botanical Garden. There are also a number of smaller parks and gardens located throughout the city, including the Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary, Pretorius Square gardens, the Pretoria Rosarium, Church Square, Pretoria Showgrounds, Springbok Park, Freedom Park, and Burgers Park, the oldest park in the city and now a national monument. In the suburbs there are also several parks that are notable: Rietondale Park, “Die Proefplaas” in the Queenswood suburb, Nelson Mandel Park and Mandela Park Peace Garden and Belgrave Square Park. Pretoria has over the years had very diverse cultural influences and this is reflected in the architectural styles that can be found in the city. It ranges from 19th century Dutch, German and British Colonial Architecture to modern, postmodern, neomodern, and art deco architecture styles with a good mix of a uniquely South African style. Some of the notable structures in Pretoria include the late 19th century Palace of Justice, the early 20th century Union Buildings, the post-war Voortrekker Monument, the diverse buildings dotting the main campuses of both the University of Pretoria and the University of South Africa, traditional Cape Dutch style Mahlamba Ndlopfu (the President’s House), the more modern Reserve Bank of South Africa (Office skyscraper) and the Telkom Lukas Rand Transmission Tower. Other well-known structures and buildings include the Loftus Versfeld Stadium, The South African State Theatre and the Oliver Tambo building which is the Headquarters of the Department of International Relations and Cooperation (which is a good example of neomodern architecture in South Africa).The Lukasrand Tower is located on Muckleneuk Hill in the Lukasrand suburb on the outskitrts of the central city and is a prominent landmark in the skyline.

Despite the many corporate offices, small businesses, shops and government departments that are situated in Pretoria’s sprawling suburbs, its Central Business District still retains its status as the traditional centre of government and commerce. Many banks, businesses, large corporations, shops, shopping centres and other businesses are situated in the city centre which is towered by several large skyscrapers, the tallest of which is the Poyntons Building (110 m (360 ft) tall), the ABSA Building (132 m (433 ft) tall) and the Reserve Bank of South Africa building (150 m (490 ft) tall). The area contains a large amount of historical buildings, monuments and museums that include the Pretoria City Hall, Pretorius Square, Church Square (Along with its many historical buildings and statues) and the Ou Raadsaal. There is also the Transvaal Museum (the country’s leading natural history museum, which although it has changed venues a number of times, has been around since 1892), Melrose House Museum in Jacob Maré Street, the Pretoria Art Museum and the African Window Cultural History Museum. The district also has a high number of residential buildings which house people who primarily work in the district.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Pretoria Tourism, LonelyPlanet.com – Pretoria, Wikivoyage Pretoria and Wikipedia Pretoria. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Singapore - Singapore River, where it all began

Theme Week Singapore - Singapore River, where it all began

[caption id="attachment_158492" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Singapore River, where it all began © flickr.com - William Cho./cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Singapore River is a river in Singapore that flows from the Central Area, which lies in the Central Region in the southern part of Singapore before emptying into the ocean. The immediate upper watershed of the Singapore River is known as the Singapore River Planning Area, although the northernmost part of the watershed becomes River Valley. As the Central Are...

[ read more ]

Negev in Israel

Negev in Israel

[caption id="attachment_208362" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Arad © Neukoln/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Negev is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel. The region's largest city and administrative capital is Beersheba, in the north. At its southern end is the Gulf of Aqaba and the resort city of Eilat. It contains several development towns, including the nuclear reactor, built by France and paid for by Germany, in Dimona (Shimon Peres Negev Nuclear Research Center), Arad and Mitzpe Ramon, as well ...

[ read more ]

Burghausen in Upper Bavaria

Burghausen in Upper Bavaria

[caption id="attachment_236937" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Rolf Kranz/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Burghausen is the largest town in the Altötting district of Upper Bavaria in Germany. It is situated on the Salzach river, near the border with Austria. Burghausen Castle rests along a ridgeline, and is the longest castle in the world (1,043 m). The oldest mention of Burghausen is documented in the year 1025 as Imperial real property. Emperor Conrad II would later appoint the Counts of Burghausen as the ...

[ read more ]

The Prince's Palace of Monaco

The Prince's Palace of Monaco

[caption id="attachment_27942" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Rocher de Monaco, with Palais de Monaco © Georges Jansoone/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Prince's Palace of Monaco is the official residence of the Prince of Monaco, located in Monaco-Ville. Built in 1191 as a Genoese fortress, during its long and often dramatic history it has been bombarded and besieged by many foreign powers. Since the end of the 13th century, it has been the stronghold and home of the Grimaldi family who first captured it in 1297. The ...

[ read more ]

Sanary-sur-Mer on the southern French Mediterranean coast

Sanary-sur-Mer on the southern French Mediterranean coast

[caption id="attachment_160204" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Patrick Verdier[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sanary-sur-Mer is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is located in coastal Provence on the Mediterranean Sea 13 km (8.1 mi) from Toulon and 49 km (30 mi) from Marseille. It can be reached from Paris by TGV train in less than 4 hours. In high season there are direct flights to nearby Toulon from London, Oslo, Brussels and Rotterdam. With the rise of...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Auvergne - Issoire

Theme Week Auvergne - Issoire

[caption id="attachment_236071" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town Hall © Krzysztof Golik/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Issoire is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in Auvergne in central France. Issoire is located on the river Couze, near its confluence with the Allier, 40 km (25 mi) SSE of Clermont-Ferrand on the Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée railway to Nîmes. Issoire is situated in one of the fertile plains of the Petites Limagnes—basins that follow the Allier from its source in the Massif Central to the Gr...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Scottish Borders

Theme Week Scottish Borders

[caption id="attachment_191767" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Mellerstain House © geograph.org.uk - Steve Kent/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Scottish Borders is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the City of Edinburgh, Dumfries and Galloway, East Lothian, Midlothian, South Lanarkshire, West Lothian and, to the south-west, south and east, the English counties of Cumbria and Northumberland. The administrative centre of the area is Newtown St Boswells. The term Scottish Borders is also used to designat...

[ read more ]

Hibiscus Island in the Biscayne Bay

Hibiscus Island in the Biscayne Bay

[caption id="attachment_216937" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Hibiscus Island entrance © Averette/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Hibiscus Island is a neighborhood in the city of Miami Beach on a man-made island in Biscayne Bay, Florida, United States. Hibiscus Island lies just north of Palm Island. It is an exclusive residential neighborhood with relatively high property values. The island is accessible via the MacArthur Causeway. The dredging which created the reclaimed land on which Hibiscus Island sits was co...

[ read more ]

Miami Tower

Miami Tower

[caption id="attachment_227750" align="aligncenter" width="590"] lit as American flag for Independence Day, President's Day & Veterans Day © Averette[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Miami Tower is a 47-story, landmark office skyscraper in Miami, Florida, United States. It is located in central Downtown. It is currently the 16th tallest building in Miami and Florida. On April 18, 2012, the AIA's Florida Chapter placed it on its list of Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places as the Bank of America Tower. Built for CenT...

[ read more ]

Novosibirsk, Siberia's Chicago

Novosibirsk, Siberia's Chicago

[caption id="attachment_151050" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Lenin's House, now hosts the Novosibirsk State Philarmony Hall © Skokian[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Novosibirsk is Russia's third-largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the largest city of Siberia, with a population of 1,473,700 (2010 Census preliminary results). It is the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast as well as of the Siberian Federal District. Rapid growth and industrialization were the reasons behind Novosibirsk's nickname: the "Chic...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Smallbones
South Street Seaport in Lower Manhattan

The South Street Seaport is a historic area in the New York City borough of Manhattan, centered where Fulton Street...

Old Presidency © Janek Szymanowski/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week South Africa – Bloemfontein

Bloemfontein (Afrikaans and Dutch previously "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain;" also known as Bloem) is the capital city of...

Upington Central Business District © Rick Walker/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week South Africa – Upington

Upington is a town founded in 1884 and located in the Northern Cape province of South Africa, on the banks...

Close