Theme Week Scotland – Kirkcaldy

Friday, 13 September 2013 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Kirkcaldy Museum and Art Gallery © Kilnburn/cc-by-sa-3.0

Kirkcaldy Museum and Art Gallery © Kilnburn/cc-by-sa-3.0

Kirkcaldy (Scottish Gaelic: Cair Chaladain) is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland. It is approximately 11.6 miles (19 km) north of Edinburgh and 27.6 miles (44 km) south-southwest of Dundee. The town had an estimated population of 49,560 in 2010, making it the biggest settlement in Fife. Kirkcaldy has long been nicknamed the Lang Toun (Scots for “long town”) in reference to the 0.9-mile (1.4 km) early town’s main street, as indicated on maps of the 16th and 17th centuries. The street later reached a length of nearly 4 miles (6.4 km) connecting the burgh to neighbouring settlements of Linktown, Pathhead, Sinclairtown and Gallatown. These settlements would later merge into the town in 1876.

The area around Kirkcaldy has been inhabited since the Bronze Age. However, the first document to refer to the town itself was not until 1075, when Malcolm III granted the settlement to the church of Dunfermline. David I would later give the burgh to the Abbey which had succeeded the church; a status which was officially recognised by Robert I in 1327. The town only gained its independence from Abbey rule when it was granted a royal burgh by Charles I in 1644.

Town House © Kilnburn High Street - Adam Smith Plaque © James Eaton-Lee/cc-by-sa-3.0 Adam Smith bust in the Adam Smith Theatre © Kim Traynor/cc-by-sa-3.0 Kirkcaldy Collage © Kilnburn and Duncan Cumming/cc-by-sa-2.5 Panoramic view of the Kirkcaldy Bay and Waterfront area © Mcwesty/cc-by-sa-3.0 Kirkcaldy Museum and Art Gallery © Kilnburn/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Panoramic view of the Kirkcaldy Bay and Waterfront area © Mcwesty/cc-by-sa-3.0
From the early 16th century, the establishment of a harbour at the East Burn confirmed the town’s early role as an important trading port. The town also began to develop around the salt, coal mining and nail making industries. The production of linen which followed in 1672 was later instrumental in the introduction of floorcloth in 1847 by linen manufactuer, Michael Nairn. This in turn contributed to linoleum in 1877 which became the town’s most successful industry and a world producer until well into the mid-1960s. The town expanded considerably in the 1950s and 1960s, though the decline of the linoleum industry and other manufacturing restricted its growth thereafter.

The town is a major service centre for the central Fife area, home to a swimming pool, theatre, museum and art gallery, three public parks and an ice rink. Kirkcaldy is also known as the birthplace of social philosopher and economist Adam Smith, who wrote his magnum opus The Wealth of Nations in the town. In the early twenty-first century employment is dominated by the service sector; the biggest employer in the town is MGt plc (a call centre). Other main employers include NHS Fife, Forbo-flooring (floor coverings), Adam Smith College (education) and R Hutchison Ltd (food).

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on UndiscoveredScotland.com – Kirkcaldy, Kirkcaldy Farmers Market, Kirkcaldy Galleries, Kirkcaldy Golf Club and Wikipedia Kirkcaldy. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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