Theme Week Rome

Monday, 7 November 2011 - 02:51 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Bon voyage, Theme Weeks, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Vittoriano © Alessio Damato

Vittoriano © Alessio Damato

Rome is the capital of Italy and the country’s largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in 1,285.3 km2 (496.3 sq mi). The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.

Rome’s history spans two and a half thousand years. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, which was the dominant power in Western Europe and the lands bordering the Mediterranean for over seven hundred years from the 1st century BC until the 7th century AD. Since the 1st century AD Rome has been the seat of the Papacy and, after the end of Byzantine domination, in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic.

Piazza Navona © Myrabella Via del Corso © Gil Town Hall on Piazza del Campidoglio © Radomil Theatre of Marcellus © Alexander Z Stadio Olimpico with Tiber © werderfan10b Porta San Pancrazio © Lalupa Porta Pia Michelangelo © MM Piazza Venezia © Stefano Fioran Piazza Venezia © Markus Bernet Palazzo Farnese © Myrabella Palazzo della Galleria Colonna © flickr.com - Eugenia & Julian Palazzo del Quirinale © MM Palace of Justice © Notafly Irish College © Peter Clarke Fontana dell'Acqua Felice - Piazza San Bernardo © MM Campo dei Fiori © Myrabella Basilica of Saint Paul outside the Walls © Valentin Unger Aerial view © Oliver Bonjoch Rome Collage © DaniDF1995 Villa Torlonia © Lalupa Vittoriano © Alessio Damato
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Palazzo della Galleria Colonna © flickr.com - Eugenia & Julian
After the Middle Ages, Rome was ruled by popes such as Alexander VI and Leo X, who transformed the city into one of the major centers of the Italian Renaissance, along with Florence. The current version of St Peter’s Basilica was built and the Sistine Chapel was painted by Michelangelo. Famous artists and architects, such as Bramante, Bernini and Raphael resided for some time in Rome, contributing to its Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

In 2007 Rome was the 11th-most-visited city in the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy. The city is one of Europe’s and the world’s most successful city “brands”, both in terms of reputation and assets. Its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Monuments and museums such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are amongst the world’s 50 most visited tourist destinations (the Vatican Museums receiving 4.2 million tourists and the Colosseum receiving 4 million tourists every year). Rome hosted the 1960 Summer Olympics and is currently bidding to host the 2020 Summer Olympics.

Rome’s architecture over the centuries has greatly developed, especially from the Classical and Imperial Roman styles to modern architecture. Rome was for a period one of the world’s main epicentres of classical architecture, developing new forms such as the arch, the dome and the vault. The Romanesque style in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries was also widely used in Roman architecture, and later the city became one of the main centres of Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on City of Rome, Rome Tourism, Wikitravel Rome and Wikipedia Rome. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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