Theme Week Rome – Vatican City

Thursday, 3 September 2015 - 06:37 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Museums, Exhibitions, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Vatican City State Panorama from St. Peters Basilica © Marcus Winter

Vatican City State Panorama from St. Peters Basilica © Marcus Winter

Vatican City is a landlocked sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome, Italy. It has an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of just over 800. The Vatican City is the world’s smallest state, being only around 44 ha (110 acres). In July 2007, the Vatican agreed to become the first carbon neutral state. They plan to accomplish this by offsetting carbon dioxide emissions with the creation of a Vatican Climate Forest in Hungary. Vatican City was established in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty, signed by Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri, on behalf of the Holy See and by Prime Minister Benito Mussolini on behalf of the Kingdom of Italy. Vatican City State is distinct from the Holy See, which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. Ordinances of Vatican City are published in Italian; official documents of the Holy See are issued mainly in Latin. The two entities have distinct passports: the Holy See, not being a country, issues only diplomatic and service passports, whereas Vatican City State issues normal passports. In each case very few passports are issued.

The Lateran Treaty in 1929, which brought the city-state into existence, spoke of it as a new creation (Preamble and Article III), not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870) that had previously encompassed much of central Italy. Most of this territory was absorbed into the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, and the final portion, namely the city of Rome with Lazio, ten years later, in 1870.

Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state, ruled by the Bishop of Rome – the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergymen of various national origins. It is the sovereign territory of the Holy See (Sancta Sedes) and the location of the Pope’s residence, referred to as the Apostolic Palace.

The Popes have generally resided in the area that in 1929 became Vatican City since the return from Avignon in 1377, but have also at times resided in the Quirinal Palace in Rome and elsewhere. Previously, they resided in the Lateran Palace on the Caelian Hill on the far side of Rome from the Vatican. Emperor Constantine gave this site to Pope Miltiades in 313. The signing of the agreements that established the new state took place in the latter building, giving rise to the name of Lateran Pacts, by which they are known.

Fountain of Carlo Maderno on Piazza San Pietro © Matthias Kabel Vatican Palace © flickr.com - tieseb St Peter's Square © Greg O'Beirne St Peter's Square © David Iliff Fountain of Carlo Fontana on Piazza San Pietro © Matthias Kabel St Peter's Square © François Malan From Castel Sant'Angelo toward Vatican City © Reichsfurst Dome of Saint Peter and the Colonades © Johann Kleindl Vatican City map © Francesco PIRANEO G Vatican City State Panorama from St. Peters Basilica © Marcus Winter
<
>
Vatican City State Panorama from St. Peters Basilica © Marcus Winter
Within the territory of Vatican City are the Vatican Gardens (Italian: Giardini Vaticani), which account for more than half of this territory. The gardens, established during the Renaissance and Baroque era, are decorated with fountains and sculptures. The gardens cover approximately 23 hectares (57 acres) which is most of the Vatican Hill. The highest point is 60 metres (200 ft) above mean sea level. Stone walls bound the area in the North, South and West. The gardens date back to medieval times when orchards and vineyards extended to the north of the Papal Apostolic Palace. In 1279 Pope Nicholas III (Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1277–1280) moved his residence back to the Vatican from the Lateran Palace and enclosed this area with walls. He planted an orchard (pomerium), a lawn (pratellum) and a garden (viridarium).

The Vatican City State budget includes the Vatican museums and post office and is supported financially by the sale of stamps, coins, medals and tourist mementos; by fees for admission to museums; and by publications sales. The incomes and living standards of lay workers are comparable to those of counterparts who work in the city of Rome. Other industries include printing, the production of mosaics, and the manufacture of staff uniforms.

The Vatican also conducts worldwide financial activities, having its own bank, Istituto per le Opere di Religione (also known as the Vatican Bank, and with the acronym IOR). This bank has an ATM with instructions in Latin, possibly the only such ATM in the world.

The Vatican Library and the collections of the Vatican Museums are of the highest historical, scientific and cultural importance. In 1984, the Vatican was added by UNESCO to the List of World Heritage Sites; it is the only one to consist of an entire state.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Vatican, Vatican City, Virtual Tour through Sistine Chapel, St. Peter’s Basilica and Wikipedia Vatican City. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Lebanon - Sidon on the Mediterranean Coast

Theme Week Lebanon - Sidon on the Mediterranean Coast

[caption id="attachment_151269" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Robysan/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sidon or Saïda is the third-largest city in Lebanon. It is located in the South Governorate of Lebanon, on the Mediterranean coast, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) north of Tyre and 40 km (25 miles) south of the capital Beirut. Its name coincides with the modern Arabic word for fishery. Sidon was a small fishing town of 10,000 inhabitants in 1900, but studies in 2000 showed a population of 65,000 in the city, and ar...

[ read more ]

Theme Week La Rioja - Logroño

Theme Week La Rioja - Logroño

[caption id="attachment_153262" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Market square © flickr.com - comakut/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Logroño is the capital of the autonomous community of La Rioja, formerly known as La Rioja Province. The population is at 152,000 while the metropolitan area included nearly 197,000 inhabitants. The city is a centre of the trade in Rioja wine, for which the area is noted, and also produces wood, metal, and textile products. The Camino de Santiago passes through the city. Logroño is the s...

[ read more ]

Port Jackson in Sydney

Port Jackson in Sydney

[caption id="attachment_223349" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sydney central business district © flickr.com - Ian Geddes/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the ria or natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The harbour is an inlet of the Tasman Sea (part of the South Pacific Ocean). It is the location of the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge. The location of the first ...

[ read more ]

Grand Strand in South Carolina

Grand Strand in South Carolina

[caption id="attachment_168980" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Christmas in Myrtle Beach © Matthew Trudeau Photography[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Grand Strand is a large stretch of beaches on the East Coast of the United States extending from Little River to Georgetown in South Carolina. It consists of more than 60 miles along an essentially uninterrupted arc of beach land, beginning around the Little River and terminating at Winyah Bay. The population of the Grand Strand is at 480,000. The term Grand Strand dates back to ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Lorraine - Thionville

Theme Week Lorraine - Thionville

[caption id="attachment_154001" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Johnny Chicago/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Thionville is a commune in the Moselle department in Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine in north-eastern France. The city is located on the left bank of the river Moselle, opposite its suburb Yutz. The population of Thionville has increased mainly in the first half of the 20th century due to industrial development of the upper Moselle basin. Thionville was settled as early as the time of the Merovingia...

[ read more ]

Warwick on the River Avon

Warwick on the River Avon

[caption id="attachment_161116" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Warwick overview © flickr.com - David Alonso Pérez[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Warwick is the county town of Warwickshire. The town lies upon the River Avon, 11 miles (18 km) south of Coventry and just west of Leamington Spa and Whitnash with which it is conjoined. It has a population of 25,000. There has been human activity at Warwick as early as the Neolithic, and constant habitation since the 6th century. A Saxon burh was created at Warwick in the 9th ce...

[ read more ]

Deauville, Kingdom of Elegance

Deauville, Kingdom of Elegance

[caption id="attachment_151664" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town Hall © Viault[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Deauville is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northwestern France. With its racecourse, harbour, international film festival, marinas, conference centre, villas, Grand Casino and sumptuous hotels, Deauville is regarded as the "queen of the Norman beaches" and one of the most prestigious seaside resorts in all of France. Closest seaside when coming from Paris, the city and the nearby ...

[ read more ]

Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan

Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan

[caption id="attachment_192990" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Dushanbe Presidential Palace © VargaA/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Dushanbe is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan. Dushanbe means Monday in the Tajik language, the local language is Parya language. It was named this way because it grew from a village that originally had a popular market on Mondays. As of 2016, Dushanbe had a population of 803,000. Historically a small village, Dushanbe was made the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet S...

[ read more ]

Rieti, the midpoint of Italy

Rieti, the midpoint of Italy

[caption id="attachment_160712" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Vicentini Palace Gardens © Alessandro Antonelli[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rieti is a city and comune in Lazio, central Italy, with a population of 47,700. It is the capital of province of Rieti. The town centre rests on a small hilltop, commanding a wide plain at the southern edge of an ancient lake. The area is now the fertile basin of the Velino River. Only the small Ripasottile and Cantalice lakes remain of the original large one. The downtown of the an...

[ read more ]

The former Kingdom of Pagan in Myanmar

The former Kingdom of Pagan in Myanmar

[caption id="attachment_6222" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Balloon over Bagan © flickr.com - nitsuga[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bagan is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar). From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Ignaz Wiradi/cc-by-sa-3.0
The Titisee in the Black Forest

Titisee is a lake in the southern Black Forest in Baden-Württemberg. It is said it got its name from Roman...

Songdo International City © Swlee8851/cc-by-sa-3.0
Songdo International Business District in South Korea

Songdo International Business District (Songdo IBD) is a new smart city or "ubiquitous city" built from scratch on 600 hectares...

Ankify Lodge (Dauphin Bleu) © Rvdb2
Madagascar in the Indian Ocean

Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Africa. The nation comprises the island...

Schließen