Theme Week Paris – Arrondissement du Louvre (1th)

Tuesday, 18 October 2011 - 02:52 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Palaces, Castles, Manors, Parks, Paris / Île-de-France, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Louvre © Benh LIEU SONG

Louvre © Benh LIEU SONG

Situated principally on the right bank of the River Seine, it also includes the west end of the Île de la Cité. The arrondissement is one of the oldest in Paris, the Île de la Cité having been the heart of the city of Lutetia, conquered by the Romans in 52 BC, while some parts on the right bank (including Les Halles included) date back to the early Middle Ages. It is the least populated of the city’s arrondissements and one of the smallest by area, a significant part of which is occupied by the Louvre Museum and the Tuileries Gardens. Much of the remainder of the arrondissement is dedicated to business and administration.

Besides the Tuileries Garden and several other parks and gardens, the 1st arrondissment is host to many sights, monuments and architectural impressive buildings, like Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, at the eastern end of the Axe historique (“grand historic axis“), Banque de France headquarters, Comédie-Française, Crédit Foncier de France historical headquarters, The Louvre, Musée de la Mode et du Textile, Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Les Arts Décoratifs, Les Halles, Musée du Barreau de Paris, Musée Grévin – Forum des Halles, Musée des Lunettes et Lorgnettes Pierre Marly, Musée de la Publicité, Palais-Royal, Hôtel de Rambouillet, Hôtel Ritz Paris, La Samaritaine, Pont Neuf, Pont des Arts, Avenue de l’Opéra (partial), Rue de Rivoli (partial), Place Vendôme with Vendôme Column and many others.

The Musée du Louvre, or officially Grand Louvre – in English, the Louvre Museum or simply the Louvre – is one of the world’s largest museums, the most visited art museum in the world and a historic monument. The Musée du Louvre contains more than 380,000 objects and displays 35,000 works of art in eight curatorial departments with more than 60,600 square metres (652,000 sq ft) dedicated to the permanent collection. The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace (Palais du Louvre) which began as a fortress built in the late 12th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are still visible. The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of antique sculpture. In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years. During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum, to display the nation’s masterpieces.

Salle des Hommes © Chatsam Rubens Hall © Hofi0006 Richelieu wing © Gloumouth1 Pavillon Sully © Jastrow Pavillon de l'Horloge © Tangopaso Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci Inverted pyramid - Main entrance © Piero d'Houin dit Triboulet Grand Salon © Zubro Grand Salle © Zubro Galerie Médicis © Ivo Jansch Façade Est du Palais du Louvre © Nitot Cour Puget © LPLT Cour Marly © LPLT Cour Carrée © King of Hearts Cour Carrée © Benh LIEU SONG Ceiling of the Rotunda of Apollo © Zubro Aerial view © Matthias Kabel 1st Arrondissement Metro map © Mark Mark Jaroski Galleria d'Apollo © Sailko Salle du Manège © Albeins Louvre © Benh LIEU SONG
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Inverted pyramid - Main entrance © Piero d'Houin dit Triboulet
The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The size of the collection increased under Napoleon and the museum was renamed the Musée Napoléon. After the defeat of Napoléon at Waterloo, many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and gifts since the Third Republic, except during the two World Wars. As of 2008, the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.

By 1874, the Louvre Palace had achieved its present form of an almost rectangular structure with the Sully Wing to the east containing the square Cour Carrée and the oldest parts of the Louvre; and two wings which wrap the Cour Napoléon, the Richelieu Wing to the north and the Denon Wing, which borders the Seine to the south. In 1983, French President François Mitterrand proposed the Grand Louvre plan to renovate the building and relocate the Finance Ministry, allowing displays throughout the building. Architect I. M. Pei was awarded the project and proposed a glass pyramid to stand over a new entrance in the main court, the Cour Napoléon. The pyramid and its underground lobby were inaugurated on 15 October 1988. The second phase of the Grand Louvre plan, La Pyramide Inversée (The Inverted Pyramid), was completed in 1993. As of 2002, attendance had doubled since completion.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Musée du Louvre, Wikitravel 1st. arrondissement and Wikipedia 1st. arrondissement. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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