Theme Week Paris – Arrondissement de Panthéon (5th)

Thursday, 20 October 2011 - 02:42 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Paris / Île-de-France, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Pantheon © ChrisO

Pantheon © ChrisO

Situated on the left bank of the River Seine, it is one of the central arrondissements of the capital. The arrondissement is notable for being the location of the Quartier Latin, a district dominated by universities, colleges, and prestigious high schools. The Ministry of Higher Education and Research has its head office in the arrondissement. The 5th arrondissement is also one of the oldest districts of the city, dating back to ancient times. Traces of the area’s past survive in such sites as the Arènes de Lutèce, a Roman amphitheatre, and the Thermes de Cluny, a Roman thermae.

The Panthéon is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris. It was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and to house the reliquary châsse containing her relics but, after many changes, now functions as a secular mausoleum containing the remains of distinguished French citizens. It is an early example of neoclassicism, with a façade modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, surmounted by a dome that owes some of its character to Bramante’s “Tempietto”. Located on the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, the Panthéon looks out over all of Paris. Designer Jacques-Germain Soufflot had the intention of combining the lightness and brightness of the gothic cathedral with classical principles, but its role as a mausoleum required the great gothic windows to be blocked. Nevertheless, it is one of the most important architectural achievements of its time and the first great neoclassical monument.

The University of Paris was a university located in Paris, France and one of the earliest to be established in Europe. It was founded in the mid 12th century, and officially recognized as a university probably between 1160 and 1170 (or possibly as early as 1150). After many changes, including a century of suspension (1793–1896), it ceased to exist in 1970 and 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII) were created from it. The university is often referred to as the Sorbonne or La Sorbonne after the collegiate institution (Collège de Sorbonne) founded about 1257 by Robert de Sorbon. In fact, the university as such was older and was never completely centered on the Sorbonne. Of the 13 current successor universities, the first 4 have a presence in the historical Sorbonne building, and three include “Sorbonne” in their names. The universities in Paris are now essentially independent of each other, and some fall under the Académie of Créteil or the Académie of Versailles rather than the Académie of Paris. Some residual administrative functions of the 13 universities are formally supervised by a common chancellor, the Rector of the Académie of Paris, with offices in the Sorbonne.

Val de Grâce © Mbzt Town Hall of the 5th arrondissement © Mbzt Salle Saint-Jacques - Bibliothèque de la Sorbonne © Zantastik Rue Bernardins - Hotel de Nesmond © FLLL Pantheon seen from Montmartre © MarkGGN Musée national du Moyen Âge - Hôtel de Cluny © Thesupermat Ministere de la Recherche © Jastrow Maison de la Mutualité © Pline Institut Océanographique de Paris © oceano College de France © Philippe Charcuterie du Panthéon on rue Saint-Jacques © LPLT Centre culturel irlandais de Paris © Mbzt Boulangerie - Rue des Fossés Saint-Jacques © LPLT Library - Collège Sainte-Barbe © Marie-Lan Nguyen American Academy - Rue Saint-Jacques © LPLT Abbaye Sainte-Geneviève de Paris © Simdaperce 5th arrondissement map © Mark Jaroski Pantheon © ChrisO
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Salle Saint-Jacques - Bibliothèque de la Sorbonne © Zantastik
The Grande Mosquée de Paris (“Great Mosque of Paris”), located in the 5th arrondissement, is the largest mosque in France and the third largest in Europe. It was founded after World War I as a sign of France’s gratefulness to the colonies’s Muslim tirailleurs, 100,000 of whom died fighting against Germany. The Mosque was built following the mudéjar style, and its minaret is 33 meteres high. President Gaston Doumergue inaugurated it on July 15, 1926. Ahmad al-Alawi (1869–1934), an Algerian Sufi, founder of the modern Sufi order Darqawiyya Alawiyya, a branch of the Shadhiliyya, led the first communal prayer to inaugurate the newly built mosque in the presence of the French president.

Places of interest are: Arènes de Lutèce, Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Boulevard Saint-Germain, Centre de la Mer et des Eaux, Collège de France, Collège international de philosophie, École Normale Supérieure, École Polytechnique, ENSCP, ESPCI, Fontaine Saint-Michel, Institut du Monde Arabe, Jardin des Plantes and the Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle, Jussieu Campus, Lycée Louis-le-Grand, Lycée Henri IV, Maison de la Mutualité, Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, Musée de Cluny, hosting the Thermes de Cluny, Musée Curie, Musée des Collections Historiques de la Préfecture de Police, Musée de la Sculpture en Plein Air, Quartier Latin and Val-de-Grâce military hospital.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Wikitravel 5th arrondissements and Wikipedia 5th arrondissment. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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