Theme Week Pakistan – Peshawar

Tuesday, 23 June 2020 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Bala Hissar Fort © NoahOmarY/cc-by-sa-4.0

Bala Hissar Fort © NoahOmarY/cc-by-sa-4.0

Peshawar is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and its largest city. It is the sixth-largest in Pakistan. Peshawar is also the largest Pashtun-majority city in Pakistan and is bilingual in Pashto and Hindko. Situated in the broad Valley of Peshawar near the eastern end of the historic Khyber Pass, close to the border with Afghanistan, Peshawar’s recorded history dates back to at least 539 BCE, making it the oldest city in Pakistan and one of the oldest cities in South Asia. As the center of the ancient Gandhara region, Peshawar served as the capital of the Kushan Empire; and was home to the Kanishka stupa. Peshawar was then sacked by the White Huns, before the arrival of Muslim empires. The city was an important trading centre during the Mughal era before serving as the winter capital of the Afghan Durrani Empire from 1757 until the city was captured by the Sikh Empire in 1818, who were then followed by the British in 1849.

Historically, the old city of Peshawar was a heavily guarded citadel that consisted of high walls. In the 21st century, only remnants of the walls remain, but the houses and havelis continue to be structures of significance. Most of the houses are constructed of unbaked bricks, with the incorporation of wooden structures for protection against earthquakes, with many composed of wooden doors and latticed wooden balconies. Numerous examples of the city’s old architecture can still be seen in areas such as Sethi Mohallah. In the old city, located in inner-Peshawar, many historic monuments and bazaars exist in the 21st century, including the Mohabbat Khan Mosque, Kotla Mohsin Khan, Chowk Yadgar and the Qissa Khawani Bazaar. Due to the damage caused by rapid growth and development, the old walled city has been identified as an area that urgently requires restoration and protection. The walled city was surrounded by several main gates that served as the main entry points into the city — in January 2012, an announcement was made that the government plans to address the damage that has left the gates largely non-existent over time, with all of the gates targeted for restoration.

University of Peshawar © Musaddiq Kaleem/cc-by-sa-4.0 Bala Hissar Fort © NoahOmarY/cc-by-sa-4.0 Board Bazaar © Drsaeed90/cc-by-sa-3.0 Islamia College © Onaira Zahoor/cc-by-sa-4.0 Mohabbat Khan Mosque © US Embassy Pakistan Qissa Khwani Bazaar © panoramio.com - franek2/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Qissa Khwani Bazaar © panoramio.com - franek2/cc-by-sa-3.0
Peshawar’s economic importance has historically been linked to its privileged position at the entrance to the Khyber Pass – the ancient travel route by which most trade between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent passed. Peshawar’s economy also benefited from tourism in the mid-20th century, as the city formed a crucial part of the Hippie trail. The following is a list of other significant landmarks in the city that still exist in the 21st century:

General

Forts

Colonial monuments

Buddhist

Hindu

  • Panch Tirath – an ancient Hindu site with five sacred ponds
  • Gorkhatri – sacred site for Hindu yogis
  • Guru Gorkhnath temple
  • Aasamai temple – near Lady Reading Hospital (LRH)

Sikh

Parks

Mosques

Museums

Zoo

The Peshawar Museum was founded in 1907 in memory of Queen Victoria. The building features an amalgamation of British, South Asian, Hindu, Buddhist and Mughal Islamic architectural styles. The museum’s collection has almost 14,000 items, and is well known for its collection of Greco-Buddhist art. The museum’s ancient collection features pieces from the Gandharan, Kushan, Parthian, and Indo-Scythian periods.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Tourism in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Wikitravel Peshawar, Wikivoyage Peshawar and Wikipedia Peshawar. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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