Theme Week Pakistan – Lahore

Friday, 26 June 2020 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0

Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0

Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s 2nd largest city after Karachi, as well as the 18th largest city proper in the world and one of Pakistan’s wealthiest cities as of 2015. Lahore is the largest city and historic cultural centre of the wider Punjab region, and is one of Pakistan’s most socially liberal, progressive, and cosmopolitan cities.

Lahore’s origins reach into antiquity. The city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the Mughal Empire between the late 16th and early 18th century, and served as its capital city for a number of years. The city was captured by the forces of the Afsharid ruler Nader Shah in 1739, and fell into a period of decay while being contested between the Afghans and the Sikhs. Lahore eventually became capital of the Sikh Empire in the early 19th century, and regained some of its lost grandeur. Lahore was then annexed to the British Empire, and made capital of British Punjab. Lahore was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with the city being the site of both the declaration of Indian Independence, and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Lahore experienced some of the worst rioting during the Partition period preceding Pakistan’s independence. Following the success of the Pakistan Movement and subsequent independence in 1947, Lahore was declared capital of Pakistan’s Punjab province.

Lahore Fort © Rohaan Bhatti/cc-by-sa-3.0 Badshahi Mosque © Romero Maia/cc-by-sa-4.0 Hazuri Bagh, Mughal Art in an Ocean of Concrete © Idaudpota/cc-by-sa-4.0 Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0 Tomb of Emperor Jahangir © Tahsin Shah/cc-by-sa-4.0 Walled City of Lahore © Saqib/cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0
Lahore exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan. Lahore is a major center for Pakistan’s publishing industry, and remains the foremost center of Pakistan’s literary scene. The city is also a major centre of education in Pakistan, with some of Pakistan’s leading universities based in the city. Lahore is also home to Pakistan’s film industry, Lollywood, and is a major centre of Qawwali music. The city also hosts much of Pakistan’s tourist industry, with major attractions including the Walled City, the famous Badshahi and Wazir Khan mosques and Sikh shrines. Lahore is also home to the Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Lahore’s modern cityscape consists of the historic Walled City of Lahore in the northern part of the city, which contains several world and national heritage sites. Lahore’s urban planning was not based on geometric design but was instead built piecemeal, with small cul-de-sacs, katrahs and galis developed in the context of neighbouring buildings. Though certain neighbourhoods were named for particular religious or ethnic communities, the neighbourhoods themselves typically were diverse and were not dominated by the namesake group. By the end of the Sikh rule, most of Lahore’s massive haveli compounds had been occupied by settlers. New neighbourhoods occasionally grew up entirely within the confines of an old Mughal haveli, such as the Mohallah Pathan Wali, which grew within the ruins of a haveli of the same name that was built by Mian Khan. By 1831, all Mughal Havelis in the Walled City had been encroached upon by the surrounding neighbourhood, leading to the modern-day absence of any Mughal Havelis in Lahore. A total of thirteen gates once surrounded the historic walled city. Some of the remaining gates include the Raushnai Gate, Masti Gate, Yakki Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Khizri Gate, Shah Burj Gate, Akbari Gate and Lahori Gate. Southeast of the walled city is the spacious British-era Lahore Cantonment (Architecture of Lahore).

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on lonelyplanet.com – Lahore, Wikitravel Lahore, Wikivoyage Lahore and Wikipedia Lahore. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Raja Ampat in Indonesia

Raja Ampat in Indonesia

[caption id="attachment_151368" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Raja Ampat Islands © Wibowo Djatmiko/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Raja Ampat Regency is a regency of West Papua province of Indonesia. The regency, which was formed based on the Law 26 of 2002, was inaugurated on 12 April 2003, and consists of a number of groups of islands situated off the northwest end of West Papua; the four main islands are Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo. At present, the regency covers a land area of 8,034.44 sq.km, and had a p...

[ read more ]

Torres del Paine National Park in Chile

Torres del Paine National Park in Chile

[caption id="attachment_220035" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Looking at the Cuernos del Paine from the Lago del Toro in the morning © flickr.com - Ajay Suresh/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Torres del Paine National Park(Spanish: Parque Nacional Torres del Paine) is a national park encompassing mountains, glaciers, lakes, and rivers in southern Chilean Patagonia. The Cordillera del Paine is the centerpiece of the park. It lies in a transition area between the Magellanic subpolar forests and the Patagonian Steppes. The ...

[ read more ]

Portrait: Wassily Kandinsky, expressionist and pioneer of abstract art

Portrait: Wassily Kandinsky, expressionist and pioneer of abstract art

[caption id="attachment_222760" align="aligncenter" width="455"] Wassily Kandinsky in 1922 by Hugo Erfurth[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky was a Russian painter and art theorist. Kandinsky is generally credited as the pioneer of abstract art. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa (today Ukraine), where he graduated at Grekov Odessa Art school. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roma...

[ read more ]

Malkhei Yisrael Street in West Jerusalem

Malkhei Yisrael Street in West Jerusalem

[caption id="attachment_223495" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Morning shoppers © Yoninah/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Malkhei Yisrael Street (lit. "Kings of Israel Street"), also spelled Malchei Yisrael, is an east-west street in the Geula neighborhood of north-central West Jerusalem. Its eastern flank, which abuts Mea Shearim Street at an intersection called Kikar HaShabbat (Sabbath Square), is the main shopping district for Haredi Jewish residents of northern West Jerusalem. The remainder of the street, which ext...

[ read more ]

Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive in New York City

Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive in New York City

[caption id="attachment_207973" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Bob Jagendorf/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The FDR Drive (officially referred to as the Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive) is a 9.68-mile (15.58 km) limited-access parkway on the east side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It starts near South and Broad Streets, just north of the Battery Park Underpass, and runs north along the East River to the 125th Street / Robert F. Kennedy Bridge / Willis Avenue Bridge interchange, where it...

[ read more ]

Carcassonne is one of the best preserved fortified cities in Europe

Carcassonne is one of the best preserved fortified cities in Europe

[caption id="attachment_146369" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Panorama Carcassonne © Benh LIEU SONG[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]La Cité, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the beautiful old part of the City of Carcassonne with its medieval walls on the banks of the Aude. Many restaurants, shops, domes and towers are located in the winding cobblestone streets. At the other bank of the Aude the La Bastide district offers the charm of an old French country town. Every Saturday a market is held here. You can explore La Bastide perf...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Friuli Venezia Giulia - San Vito al Tagliamento

Theme Week Friuli Venezia Giulia - San Vito al Tagliamento

[caption id="attachment_223873" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Sirleonidas/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]San Vito al Tagliamento is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Pordenone in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Trieste and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Pordenone. It is a medieval town on the right bank of the Tagliamento river. [gallery size="large" gss="1" ids="223867,223868,223869,223870,223871,223872,223873,223874,223875,2238...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Abruzzo - L’Aquila

Theme Week Abruzzo - L’Aquila

[caption id="attachment_153293" align="aligncenter" width="590"] City center © flickr.com - elparainbow/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]L'Aquila (meaning "The Eagle") is a city and comune in central Italy, both the capital city of the Abruzzo region and of the Province of L'Aquila. It has a population of 70,500 inhabitants. Laid out within medieval walls on a hill in the wide valley of the Aterno river, it is surrounded by the Apennine Mountains, with the Gran Sasso d'Italia to the north-east. L'Aquila is approximately 100 ...

[ read more ]

The wine village Schengen

The wine village Schengen

[caption id="attachment_154214" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Schengen Esplanade - Monument commemorating the Schengen Agreement in 1985 - The Agreement was signed on the riverboat M.S. Marie-Astrid anchored at the quai seen here © Cayambe[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Schengen is a small wine-producing village and commune in far south-eastern Luxembourg, near the tripoint where the borders of Germany, France, and Luxembourg meet. Other villages within the commune include Remerschen and Wintrange. As of 2005, the village has a p...

[ read more ]

Railway adventure trips with Rocky Mountaineer

Railway adventure trips with Rocky Mountaineer

[caption id="attachment_216986" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Rocky Mountaineer with Rockies in the background © The Land/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rocky Mountaineer is a Canadian rail-tour company in Western Canada that operates trains on three rail routes through British Columbia and Alberta. Rocky Mountaineer trains operate exclusively during the day to maximize scenic views, therefore, no sleeper service is offered. All trips include overnight stops at which passengers disembark and stay in hotels. As Rocky ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Crystal Cathedral © Ischa1
Garden Grove in California

Garden Grove< is a city in northern Orange County, California, United States, located 34 miles (55 km) southeast of the...

Tombs of Talpur Mirs © Waheed.chandio/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Pakistan – Hyderabad

Hyderabad is a city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is the second-largest city in Sindh and 8th...

Jewish Center Munich: Ohel Jakob Synagogue, Jewish Musuem and Jewish Community Center (from left to right) © Schlaier
Ohel Jakob synagogue in Munich

Ohel Jakob (from Hebrew: "Jacob's Tent") is a synagogue in Munich in Germany. It was built between 2004 and 2006...

Close