Theme Week Pakistan – Lahore

Friday, 26 June 2020 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage

Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0

Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0

Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s 2nd largest city after Karachi, as well as the 18th largest city proper in the world and one of Pakistan’s wealthiest cities as of 2015. Lahore is the largest city and historic cultural centre of the wider Punjab region, and is one of Pakistan’s most socially liberal, progressive, and cosmopolitan cities.

Lahore’s origins reach into antiquity. The city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the Mughal Empire between the late 16th and early 18th century, and served as its capital city for a number of years. The city was captured by the forces of the Afsharid ruler Nader Shah in 1739, and fell into a period of decay while being contested between the Afghans and the Sikhs. Lahore eventually became capital of the Sikh Empire in the early 19th century, and regained some of its lost grandeur. Lahore was then annexed to the British Empire, and made capital of British Punjab. Lahore was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with the city being the site of both the declaration of Indian Independence, and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Lahore experienced some of the worst rioting during the Partition period preceding Pakistan’s independence. Following the success of the Pakistan Movement and subsequent independence in 1947, Lahore was declared capital of Pakistan’s Punjab province.

Lahore Fort © Rohaan Bhatti/cc-by-sa-3.0 Badshahi Mosque © Romero Maia/cc-by-sa-4.0 Hazuri Bagh, Mughal Art in an Ocean of Concrete © Idaudpota/cc-by-sa-4.0 Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0 Tomb of Emperor Jahangir © Tahsin Shah/cc-by-sa-4.0 Walled City of Lahore © Saqib/cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
Farah Baksh Terrace (Upper Terrace) main building © Muhammad Ashar/cc-by-sa-3.0
Lahore exerts a strong cultural influence over Pakistan. Lahore is a major center for Pakistan’s publishing industry, and remains the foremost center of Pakistan’s literary scene. The city is also a major centre of education in Pakistan, with some of Pakistan’s leading universities based in the city. Lahore is also home to Pakistan’s film industry, Lollywood, and is a major centre of Qawwali music. The city also hosts much of Pakistan’s tourist industry, with major attractions including the Walled City, the famous Badshahi and Wazir Khan mosques and Sikh shrines. Lahore is also home to the Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Lahore’s modern cityscape consists of the historic Walled City of Lahore in the northern part of the city, which contains several world and national heritage sites. Lahore’s urban planning was not based on geometric design but was instead built piecemeal, with small cul-de-sacs, katrahs and galis developed in the context of neighbouring buildings. Though certain neighbourhoods were named for particular religious or ethnic communities, the neighbourhoods themselves typically were diverse and were not dominated by the namesake group. By the end of the Sikh rule, most of Lahore’s massive haveli compounds had been occupied by settlers. New neighbourhoods occasionally grew up entirely within the confines of an old Mughal haveli, such as the Mohallah Pathan Wali, which grew within the ruins of a haveli of the same name that was built by Mian Khan. By 1831, all Mughal Havelis in the Walled City had been encroached upon by the surrounding neighbourhood, leading to the modern-day absence of any Mughal Havelis in Lahore. A total of thirteen gates once surrounded the historic walled city. Some of the remaining gates include the Raushnai Gate, Masti Gate, Yakki Gate, Kashmiri Gate, Khizri Gate, Shah Burj Gate, Akbari Gate and Lahori Gate. Southeast of the walled city is the spacious British-era Lahore Cantonment (Architecture of Lahore).

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on lonelyplanet.com – Lahore, Wikitravel Lahore, Wikivoyage Lahore and Wikipedia Lahore. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Beit Aghion in West Jerusalem

Beit Aghion in West Jerusalem

[caption id="attachment_214331" align="aligncenter" width="590"] U.S. Vice President and possible future U.S. President Joe Biden meets With Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu© U.S. Department of State/Matty Stern[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Beit Aghion, also known as Beit Rosh HaMemshala (House of the Prime Minister) is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Israel. It is located at 9 Smolenskin Street, on the street corner of Balfour Street in the upscale West Jerusalem neighborhood of Rehavia, situated between the city ...

[ read more ]

Toledo, capital of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha

Toledo, capital of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha

[caption id="attachment_153333" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Plaza de Zocodover © MartinPutz[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Toledo is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south of Madrid. It is the capital of the province of Toledo. It is also the capital of autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage as one of the former capitals of the Spanish Empire and place of coexistence of Christian, Jewish and Muslim cultur...

[ read more ]

Cargo, Geneva, Switzerland / group8

Cargo, Geneva, Switzerland / group8

[caption id="attachment_153979" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Régis Golay - FEDERAL Studio[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]A former industrial hall, near the center of Geneva (Switzerland), hosts these new offices designed in order to make the best use of the 780 sqm and the 9m of height. This white and luminous space contains a hidden treasure: 16 recycled shipping containers. All of which have been traveling across the world for thousands of kilometers over the oceans of the globe. Piled up as giant Legos, the containers were...

[ read more ]

Ironman World Championship in Hawaii

Ironman World Championship in Hawaii

[caption id="attachment_201572" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Almost 2000 triathletes begin the 2.4-mile swim at the 2005 Ironman World Championship triathlon© U.S. Navy - Chief Journalist Deborah Carson[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Ironman World Championship has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978, with an additional race in 1982. It is owned and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation. It is the annual culmination of a series of Ironman triathlon qualification races held throughout the world. From 1978 th...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Italian Riviera - Ventimiglia

Theme Week Italian Riviera - Ventimiglia

[caption id="attachment_196673" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Tangopaso[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ventimiglia is a city, comune (municipality) and bishopric in Liguria, northern Italy, in the province of Imperia. It is located 130 km (81 mi) southwest of Genoa, and 7 km (4 mi) from the French-Italian border, on the Gulf of Genoa, having a small harbour at the mouth of the Roia River, which divides the town into two parts. Ventimiglia has a population of 24,000. Ventimiglia is a popular summer destination for tourists on th...

[ read more ]

Williamsburg in Virginia

Williamsburg in Virginia

[caption id="attachment_160864" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Governor's Palace © Larry Pieniazek/cc-by-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Williamsburg is an independent city in Virginia, with a population of 15,000. Located on the Virginia Peninsula, Williamsburg is in the northern part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area. It is bordered by James City County and York County. Williamsburg was founded in 1632 as Middle Plantation as a fortified settlement on high ground between the James and York rivers. The city served as the ...

[ read more ]

Kilkenny City

Kilkenny City

[caption id="attachment_160541" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Kilkenny Castle © Przemysław Sakrajda[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kilkenny is a city and is the county town of the eponymous County Kilkenny in Ireland. It is situated on both banks of the River Nore in the province of Leinster, in the south-east of Ireland. The borough has a population of 8,661, however the majority of the population live outside the borough boundary, the 2006 Irish Census gives the total population of the Borough & Environs as 22,179. Kil...

[ read more ]

Portrait: The Reformer Martin Luther

Portrait: The Reformer Martin Luther

[caption id="attachment_169010" align="aligncenter" width="586"] Martin Luther (1529) by Lucas Cranach the Elder[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Martin Luther (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546), O.S.A., was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the Catholic view on indulgences as he understood it to be, that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purc...

[ read more ]

Simon Dach Street in Berlin

Simon Dach Street in Berlin

[caption id="attachment_215081" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Bernt Müller/cc-by-sa-2.0/de[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Simon-Dach-Straße is a street that was laid out towards the end of the 19th century and is located in Berlin's Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district, Friedrichshain. In 1903 it was named after the German song writer Simon Dach. Together with the neighboring roads Wühlischstraße, Boxhagener Straße, Krossener Straße and Gabriel-Max-Straße, it forms the area known as Simon-Dach-Kiez, which has developed into...

[ read more ]

Matera in Southern Italy

Matera in Southern Italy

[caption id="attachment_192250" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Tango7174/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Matera is a city in the province of Matera in the region of Basilicata, in Southern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Matera and the capital of Basilicata from 1663 to 1806. The town lies in a small canyon carved out by the Gravina. Known as la Città Sotterranea ("the Underground City"), Matera is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, having been inhabited since the 10th millenni...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
Crystal Cathedral © Ischa1
Garden Grove in California

Garden Grove< is a city in northern Orange County, California, United States, located 34 miles (55 km) southeast of the...

Tombs of Talpur Mirs © Waheed.chandio/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Pakistan – Hyderabad

Hyderabad is a city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is the second-largest city in Sindh and 8th...

Jewish Center Munich: Ohel Jakob Synagogue, Jewish Musuem and Jewish Community Center (from left to right) © Schlaier
Ohel Jakob synagogue in Munich

Ohel Jakob (from Hebrew: "Jacob's Tent") is a synagogue in Munich in Germany. It was built between 2004 and 2006...

Schließen