Theme Week Navarre

Monday, 21 November 2022 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Theme Weeks
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Parliament of Navarre in Pamplona © Mgoni4

Parliament of Navarre in Pamplona © Mgoni4

Navarre, officially the Chartered Community of Navarre, is a foral autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France. The capital city is Pamplona. The present-day province makes up the majority of the territory of the medieval Kingdom of Navarre, a long-standing Pyrenean kingdom that occupied lands on both sides of the western Pyrenees, with its northernmost part, Lower Navarre, located in the southwest corner of France. Navarre is in the transition zone between Green Spain and semi-arid interior areas, and thus its landscapes vary widely across the region. Being in a transition zone also produces a highly variable climate, with summers that are a mix of cooler spells and heat waves, and winters that are mild for the latitude. Navarre is one of the historic Basque districts: its Basque features are conspicuous in the north, but virtually absent on the southern fringes. The best-known event in Navarre is the annual festival of San Fermín held in Pamplona in July. Navarre is one of the wealthiest regions in Spain per capita, with a diversified economy primarily focused on the energy sector, healthcare services and manufacturing.

Despite its relatively small size, Navarre features stark contrasts in geography, from the Pyrenees mountain range that dominates the territory to the plains of the Ebro river valley in the south. The highest point in Navarre is Mesa de los Tres Reyes, with an elevation of 2,428 metres (7,965 feet). Other important mountains are Txamantxoia, Kartxela, the Larra-Belagua Massif, Sierra de Alaiz, Untzueko Harria, Sierra de Leyre, Sierra del Perdón, Montejurra, Ezkaba, Monte Ori, Sierra de Codés, Urbasa, Andia, and the Aralar Range.

Town hall of Bera © Basotxerri/cc-by-sa-4.0 Abáigar © Basotxerri/cc-by-sa-4.0 Bardenas Reales © Bruno Barral/cc-by-sa-3.0 Castillo de Javier © fototecaturismo.visitnavarra.es - Aircraft/cc-by-4.0 Concejo de Olza © Buencaminodesantiago/cc-by-sa-4.0 Irati Forest © Fernando Dominguez Cerejido/cc-by-sa-4.0 Larraona © Basotxerri/cc-by-sa-4.0 Marañón © Basotxerri/cc-by-sa-4.0 Parliament of Navarre in Pamplona © Mgoni4
<
>
Castillo de Javier © fototecaturismo.visitnavarra.es - Aircraft/cc-by-4.0
Navarre leads Europe in its use of renewable energy technology and was planning to reach 100% renewable electricity generation by 2010. By 2004, 61% of the region’s electricity was generated by renewable sources consisting of 43.6% from 28 wind farms (Wind power in Spain), 12% from over 100 small-scale water turbines, and 5.3% from 2 biomass and 2 biogas plants. In addition, the region had what was then Spain’s largest photovoltaic power plant at Montes de Cierzo de Tudela (1.2 MWp capacity) plus several hundred smaller photovoltaic installations. Developments since 2004 have included further photovoltaic plants at Larrión (0.25 MWp) and another at Castejón (2.44 MWp), also once the largest in Spain.

Navarre is a mixture of its Basque tradition, the Trans-Pyrenean influx of people and ideas and Mediterranean influences coming from the Ebro. The Ebro valley is amenable to wheat, vegetables, wine, and even olive trees as in Aragon and La Rioja. It was a part of the Roman Empire, inhabited by the Vascones, later controlled on its southern fringes by the Muslims Banu Qasi, whose authority was taken over by the taifa kingdom of Tudela in the 11th century. During the Reconquista, Navarre gained little ground at the expense of the Muslims, since its southern boundary had already been established by the time of the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212. Starting in the 11th century, the Way of Saint James grew in importance. It brought pilgrims, traders and Christian soldiers from the North. Gascons and Occitanians from beyond the Pyrenees (called Franks) received self-government and other privileges to foster settlement in Navarrese towns, and they brought their crafts, culture and Romance languages. Jews and Muslims were persecuted both north and south of Navarre, expelled for the most part during the late 15th century to the early 16th century. The kingdom struggled to maintain its separate identity in 14th and 15th centuries, and after King Ferdinand V forcibly conquered Navarre after the death of his wife Queen Isabella, he extended the Castilian expulsion and forcible integration orders applicable to conversos and mudejars of 1492 to the former kingdom. Therefore, Tudela in particular could no longer serve as a refuge after the Inquisitors were allowed.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on spain.info – Navarre, visitnavarra.es – Navarre, visitnavarra.es – Gastronomic tourism, Wikipedia Kingdom of Navarre, Wikivoyage Navarre and Wikipedia Navarre. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro

Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro

[caption id="attachment_185661" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Jorge Morales Piderit[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot. Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida fashioned the face. Constructed between 1922 and 1931, the statue is 30 metres (98 ft) tall, excluding its 8-metre (26 ft) pedestal. The a...

[ read more ]

Les Invalides in Paris

Les Invalides in Paris

[caption id="attachment_171589" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Hôtel des Invalides, as seen from the Tour Montparnasse © Jens Peter Clausen/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Les Invalides, commonly known as Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as Hôtel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the bui...

[ read more ]

Grand Central Station

Grand Central Station

[caption id="attachment_24494" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Muhammad/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Built in Beaux-Arts style, Grand Central Terminal (GCT) is a railroad terminal at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. Built by and named for the New York Central Railroad in the heyday of American long-distance passenger rail travel, it is the largest such facility in the world by number of platforms with 44 serving 67 tracks along them. They are on two levels, both below gro...

[ read more ]

The European Union and the European Political Community

The European Union and the European Political Community

[caption id="attachment_230365" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Flag of Europe[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The European Political Community (EPC) is a platform for political and strategic discussions about the future of Europe, established in 2022. The group first met in October 2022 in Prague, with participants from 44 European countries, as well as the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission. The EPC was proposed by the French president Emmanuel Macron in May 2022, in his role as t...

[ read more ]

The World Trade Organization (WTO)

The World Trade Organization (WTO)

[caption id="attachment_169437" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Imalipusram[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. It is the largest international economic organization in the world. The WTO deals with regulation of trade in goods,...

[ read more ]

Monticello in Virginia

Monticello in Virginia

[caption id="attachment_25744" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Monticello © Sudhindra/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Monticello was the primary plantation of Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, who, after inheriting quite a large amount of land from his father, started building Monticello when he was twenty-six years old. Located just outside Charlottesville, Virginia, in the Piedmont region, the plantation was originally 5,000 acres (2,000 ha), with extensive cultivation of tobacco and mixed cr...

[ read more ]

Palazzo dei Normanni in Palermo

Palazzo dei Normanni in Palermo

[caption id="attachment_236837" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Renaissance wing © Bjs[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Palazzo dei Normanni (Norman Palace) is also called Royal Palace of Palermo. It was the seat of the Kings of Sicily with the Hauteville dynasty and served afterwards as the main seat of power for the subsequent rulers of Sicily. Since 1946 it has been the seat of the Sicilian Regional Assembly. The building is the oldest royal residence in Europe; and was the private residence of the rulers of the Kingdom of Si...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Djibouti

Theme Week Djibouti

[caption id="attachment_238084" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Moucha Island © flickr.com - Keo the Younger/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Djibouti, officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Somalia to the south, Ethiopia to the southwest, Eritrea in the north, and the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden to the east. The country has an area of 23,200 km² (8,958 sq mi). In antiquity, the territory, together with Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somaliland, was part of the Land of Punt....

[ read more ]

Theme Week Tuscany - Portoferraio on Elba

Theme Week Tuscany - Portoferraio on Elba

[caption id="attachment_153283" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Magrathea[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Portoferraio is a town and comune in the province of Livorno, on the edge of the eponymous harbour of the island of Elba. It is the island's largest city. Because of its terrain, many of its buildings are situated on the slopes of a tiny hill surrounded on three sides by the sea. It was founded by Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, in 1548, with the name of Cosmopoli ("Cosimo's City"), to balance the presence ...

[ read more ]

NASA and ESA

NASA and ESA

NASA [caption id="attachment_27297" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © nasa.gov[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958 with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science. The National Aeron...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© flickr.com - Cristian Bortes/cc-by-2.0
Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire

Beaconsfield is a market town and civil parish within the unitary authority of Buckinghamshire, England, 23 1/2 miles (38 kilometres)...

© Markus Koljonen/cc-by-sa-3.0
Nelson in New Zealand

Nelson (Māori: Whakatū) is a city on the eastern shores of Tasman Bay / Te Tai-o-Aorere. Nelson is the oldest...

Main entrance © Gabinho/cc-by-sa-4.0
All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club in Wimbledon

The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, also known as the All England Club, based at Church Road, Wimbledon,...

Schließen