Theme Week Myanmar

Monday, 24 June 2019 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Bon voyage, Theme Weeks, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  7 minutes

Pathein © panoramio.com - oikk/cc-by-3.0

Pathein © panoramio.com – oikk/cc-by-3.0

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar’s total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,228 square miles) in size. Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997. The largest cities are Yangon, Mandalay, Naypyidaw (capital city), Bago, Hpa-An, Taunggyi, Monywa, Myitkyina, Mawlamyine and Magway (List of cities in Myanmar).

Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d’état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party.

For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and its myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world’s longest-running ongoing civil wars. During this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country. In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country’s human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions. There is, however, continuing criticism of the government’s treatment of ethnic minorities, its response to the ethnic insurgency, and religious clashes. In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi’s party won a majority in both houses. However, the Burmese military remains a powerful force in politics.

Golden Rock and Kyaiktiyo Pagoda © flickr.com - David Stanley/cc-by-2.0 Pathein © panoramio.com - oikk/cc-by-3.0 Shwe Bone Pwint Pagoda in Taunggyi © Heinz_Htetz/cc-by-sa-4.0 Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon © flickr.com - calflier001/cc-by-sa-2.0 Bagan © flickr.com - Corto Maltese 1999/cc-by-2.0 Floating tomato garden on Inle Lake © Ralf-André Lettau
<
>
Golden Rock and Kyaiktiyo Pagoda © flickr.com - David Stanley/cc-by-2.0
Since 1992, the government has encouraged tourism in the country; however, fewer than 270,000 tourists entered the country in 2006 according to the Myanmar Tourism Promotion Board. Myanmar’s Minister of Hotels and Tourism Saw Lwin has stated that the government receives a significant percentage of the income of private sector tourism services. The most popular available tourist destinations in Myanmar include big cities such as Yangon and Mandalay; religious sites in Mon State, Pindaya, Bago and Hpa-An; nature trails in Inle Lake, Kengtung, Putao, Pyin Oo Lwin; ancient cities such as Bagan and Mrauk-U; as well as beaches in Nabule, Thandwe, Ngwesaung, Myeik. Nevertheless, much of the country is off-limits to tourists, and interactions between foreigners and the people of Myanmar, particularly in the border regions, are subject to police scrutiny. They are not to discuss politics with foreigners, under penalty of imprisonment and, in 2001, the Myanmar Tourism Promotion Board issued an order for local officials to protect tourists and limit “unnecessary contact” between foreigners and ordinary Burmese people.

The most common way for travellers to enter the country seems to be by air. According to the website Lonely Planet, getting into Myanmar is problematic: “No bus or train service connects Myanmar with another country, nor can you travel by car or motorcycle across the border – you must walk across.” They further state that “It is not possible for foreigners to go to/from Myanmar by sea or river.” There are a small number of border crossings that allow the passage of private vehicles, such as the border between Ruili (China) to Muse, the border between Htee Kee (Myanmar) and Phu Nam Ron (Thailand)—the most direct border between Dawei and Kanchanaburi, and the border between Myawaddy (Myanmar) and Mae Sot (Thailand). At least one tourist company has successfully run commercial overland routes through these borders since 2013. “From Mae Sai (Thailand) you can cross to Tachileik, but can only go as far as Kengtung. Those in Thailand on a visa run can cross to Kawthaung but cannot venture farther into Myanmar.” Flights are available from most countries, though direct flights are limited to mainly Thai and other ASEAN airlines. According to Eleven magazine, “In the past, there were only 15 international airlines and increasing numbers of airlines have began launching direct flights from Japan, Qatar, Taiwan, South Korea, Germany and Singapore.” Expansions were expected in September 2013, but yet again are mainly Thai and other Asian-based airlines according to Eleven Media Group‘s Eleven, “Thailand-based Nok Air and Business Airlines and Singapore-based Tiger Airline“.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Myanmar Tourism, Myanmar.travel, Burmese cuisine, Culture of Myanmar, Tourism in Myanmar, Burmese contemporary art, Myanmar architecture, UNESCO.org – Myanmar, 2021 Myanmar coup d’état, Wikitravel Myanmar, Wikivoyage Myanmar and Wikipedia Myanmar. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The Buena Vista Social Club

The Buena Vista Social Club

[caption id="attachment_193501" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club in Lorient/France © XIIIfromTOKYO/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Buena Vista Social Club is an ensemble of Cuban musicians established in 1996 to revive the music of pre-revolutionary Cuba. The project was organized by World Circuit executive Nick Gold, produced by American guitarist Ry Cooder and directed by Juan de Marcos González. They named the group after the homonymous members' club in the Buenavista quarter of Havan...

[ read more ]

Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, the national library of the Vatican

Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, the national library of the Vatican

[caption id="attachment_25456" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Vatican Library entrance © Benoit Lhoest/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Vatican Apostolic Library (Latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly called simply the Vatican Library, is the library of the Holy See, currently located in Vatican City. It is one of the oldest libraries in the world and contains one of the most significant collections of historical texts. Formally established in 1475, though in fact much older, it has 75,000 codices f...

[ read more ]

The Périgord in southwestern France

The Périgord in southwestern France

[caption id="attachment_153559" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Nontron © Jbardini/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Périgord is a natural region and former province of France, which corresponds roughly to the current Dordogne departement, now forming the northern part of the Aquitaine region. It is divided into four regions, the Périgord Noir (Black), the Périgord Blanc (White), the Périgord Vert (Green) and the Périgord Pourpre (Purple). The geography and natural resources of Périgord make it a beautiful, unsp...

[ read more ]

Grand Central Station

Grand Central Station

[caption id="attachment_24494" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Muhammad/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Built in Beaux-Arts style, Grand Central Terminal (GCT) is a railroad terminal at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. Built by and named for the New York Central Railroad in the heyday of American long-distance passenger rail travel, it is the largest such facility in the world by number of platforms with 44 serving 67 tracks along them. They are on two levels, both below gro...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Bulgarian Black Sea Coast - Sozopol

Theme Week Bulgarian Black Sea Coast - Sozopol

[caption id="attachment_240758" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Daniel Albrecht/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sozopol is an ancient seaside town located 35 km south of Burgas on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. Today it is one of the major seaside resorts in the country, known for the Apollonia art and film festival (which takes place in early September) that is named after one of the town's ancient names. The busiest times of the year are the summer months, ranging from May to September as ...

[ read more ]

The European Union: European Universities initiative

The European Union: European Universities initiative

[caption id="attachment_234927" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © European Union[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]At the 2017 Gothenburg Summit, European Union (EU) leaders outlined a vision for education and culture. In its December 2017 Conclusions, the European Council called on EU Member States, the Council and the Commission to take forward a number of initiatives, including ...strengthening strategic partnerships across the EU between higher education institutions and encouraging the emergence by 2024 of some twenty 'Eu...

[ read more ]

Agadir on the Atlantic

Agadir on the Atlantic

[caption id="attachment_153597" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Daniel*D/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Agadir is a major city in central coastal Morocco, the capital of Agadir-Ida Ou Tanane province (MA-AGD) and of the Souss-Massa-Drâa economic region some 508 km to the south of Casablanca, 173 km south of Essaouira and 235 km southwest of Marrakech. A majority of its inhabitants speak Amazigh (Berber) as their mother tongue. The city is located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, near the foot of the Atlas Mountai...

[ read more ]

Mexicali in Baja California

Mexicali in Baja California

[caption id="attachment_163565" align="aligncenter" width="590"] House of Culture © Thelmadatter[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Mexicali is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California and seat of the Municipality of Mexicali. The City of Mexicali has a population of 690,00, according to the 2010 census, while the population of the entire metropolitan area reaches 1,000,000; making the city and metropolitan area the second most populous in Baja California. The city maintains a highly educated and skilled population, as i...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Dresden, Florence on the Elbe

Theme Week Dresden, Florence on the Elbe

[caption id="attachment_149014" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Semperoper © Michael Sommer[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Dresden is the capital city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany. It is situated in a valley on the River Elbe, near the Czech border. The Dresden conurbation is part of the Saxon Triangle metropolitan area. Dresden has a long history as the capital and royal residence for the Electors and Kings of Saxony, who for centuries furnished the city with cultural and artistic splendour. The city was completely destr...

[ read more ]

Canal de la Meuse in France

Canal de la Meuse in France

[caption id="attachment_229129" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Patton © Andre Corso/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Canal de la Meuse is the current name of what used to be the northern branch of the Canal de l'Est (French: "canal of the east"). It is a canal in northeastern France, predominantly made up of the canalised river Meuse. The Canal de l'Est was built from 1874 to 1887 to provide a waterway inside the new border with Prussia after the Franco-Prussian War, Overall, the canal had a total length of 394 kilo...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© PaddyBriggs
Elvis Presley’s Graceland in Memphis

Graceland is a mansion on a 13.8-acre (5.6 ha) estate in Memphis, Tennessee, once owned by the singer and actor...

© Chabe01/cc-by-sa-4.0
Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh

The Palace of Holyroodhouse, commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland,...

© panoramio.com - jiang-wen-jie/cc-by-sa-3.0
Canton Tower in Guangzhou

The Canton Tower is a 604 metres (1,982 ft) tall multi-purpose observation tower in the Haizhu District of the city...

Close