Theme Week Myanmar – Mawlamyine

Tuesday, 25 June 2019 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  9 minutes

© panoramio.com - mohigan/cc-by-sa-3.0

© panoramio.com – mohigan/cc-by-sa-3.0

Mawlamyine (also spelled Mawlamyaing, formerly Moulmein, is the fourth largest city of Myanmar (Burma), 300 km south east of Yangon and 70 km south of Thaton, at the mouth of Thanlwin (Salween) River. The city is the capital and largest city of Mon State and the main trading center and seaport in south eastern Myanmar. Mawlamyine is in the Salween River delta, where the mouth of the Salween is sheltered by Bilugyun Island as it enters the Gulf of Martaban and the Andaman Sea. It is flanked by low hills dotted with ancient pagodas to the east and west.

Mawlamyine is the western terminus and an important part of the East-West Economic Corridor. The 1450-kilometre East-West economic corridor links the South China Sea at Da Nang to Mawlamyine through Laos and Thailand. By using the East-West Economic Corridor, the travel time between Bangkok and Yangon is just three days, compared with the two to three weeks needed for conventional marine transportation via the Straits of Malacca. Japan‘s Nippon Express started land transportation services between Thailand and Myanmar in 2016.

Mawlamyine is famous for its tropical fruits and for its cuisine as indicated in the popular Burmese expression, “Mandalay for the speaking, Yangon for the bragging, and Mawlamyine for the eating.” Among its tropical fruits, Mawlamyine pomelo, durian and rambutan are the most famous and traded countrywide. Mawlamyine had several sawmills and rice mills as teak and rice were transported down the Salween. It was once a busy shipbuilding center and remains an important port. The city had a solar-powered plant for extracting salt from seawater and a diesel electric plant. On the night of 1 December 2008, a fire that started from a floating restaurant destroyed the larger of city’s two markets called the lower bazaar.

Kyaik Soike Pagoda © Anontamon/cc-by-sa-3.0 Kyaik Than Lan Pagoda © flickr.com - Adam Jones/cc-by-sa-2.0 Shampoo Island near Mawlamyine © Doron/cc-by-sa-3.0 Mawlamyine Market © panoramio.com - joinai/cc-by-3.0 © panoramio.com - mohigan/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - mohigan/cc-by-sa-3.0 Holy Family Cathedral © flickr.com - Adam Jones/cc-by-sa-2.0
<
>
Kyaik Than Lan Pagoda © flickr.com - Adam Jones/cc-by-sa-2.0
Heritage buildings:

  • Kyaikthanlan Pagoda: It was built in 875 AD during the reign of Mon King Mutpi Raja, it was raised from its original height of 56 feet (17 metres) to the present 150 feet (46 metres) by successive kings including Anawrahta, founder of the Bagan Empire and Wareru, founder of the Kingdom of Hanthawaddy Pegu. In the 19th century, Magistrate of Moulmein Maung Htaw Lay restored the pagoda to prevent Moulmein’s identity from fading away. Being situated on the range of hill, the pagoda commands the stunning view of the city, nearby islands, Gulf of Martaban, surrounding rivers and the limestone mountains of Kayin State in the east. Rudyard Kipling is believed to have written his famous “Lookin’ lazy at the sea” line at this pagoda.
  • U-zina Pagoda: The pagoda is one of the principal pagodas situated on the range of hill. According to legend, the pagoda contains a hair of Buddha and was built during the reign of Ashoka, King of Kapala-vistu, the great protector of Buddhism. The U-zina pagoda was named after the sage, U-zina who restored it in 1838. Prior to this the pagoda had been known as Kyaik Pa-dhan pagoda.
  • Princess Ashin Hteik Suhpaya‘s tomb: The fourth daughter of the last King of Burma Thibaw Min (The King in Exile), Princess Ashin Hteik Suhpaya (Myat Phaya Galay) of the Royal House of Konbaung returned to Burma from exile in 1915 and died in Mawlamyine in 1936. Her tomb is located near Kyaik Than Lan Pagoda. The remains of her son, Prince Taw Phaya Nge (a.k.a. Terrance) and her daughter, Princess Hteik Su Phaya Htwe (a.k.a. Margret) were also buried in the tomb in the later years.
  • First Baptist Church: The church is Myanmar’s first Baptist church and it was initially built in 1827 by the legendary Adoniram Judson, a 19th-century American missionary who compiled the first Burmese-English dictionary. The church is regarded as a landmark for its significance to the Baptist movement worldwide.
  • St Matthew’s Church: It was the first English Church (Anglican Church) built in Myanmar. It was initially erected in 1832 and the current handsome structure was rebuilt in 1887. It was designed by the famous British architects St Aubyn & Wadling of London and the foundation stone was laid by Sir Charles Crosthwaite, Chief Commissioner of Burma. It is of red brick, the capitals of interior pillars being stone, and is said to be a model of English Church at Dresden. The church was attended by George Orwell during his days as Imperial Policeman in Moulmein in 1926. The church compound has the grave stones of George Orwell’s relatives. Though the church is still in use, it is in a state of decay and needs urgent conservation.
  • Yadanabonmyint Monastery: It is also known as Queen Seindon Monastery and famous for its fine craftsmanship.

Islands:

  • Bilu Island (Belu-kyun): The local meaning of the island’s name is Ogre Island. The island is famous for handicraft and Mon traditional culture.
  • Gaungsay Kyun Island (Shampoo Island): A tiny island lies between Mottama and the north bank of Mawlamyine is called Gaungsay Kyun island, literally: “Head Washing Island”. In ancient times, the clear pristine water obtained from a small rocky outcrop of the island was carried to the palace and used by Burmese kings at royal hair-washing ceremonies during Thingyan. In colonial days, the island was known in its European name “Crow Island” for being the home of all the crows in the city.

Others:

  • Mon State Cultural Museum (Mon Ethnic Cultural Museum)
  • Mottama (formerly Martaban): A small town located opposite to the north bank of Mawlamyine was the first capital of the Hanthawaddy Kingdom in the 13th and 14th centuries after the collapse of Pagan (Bagan) Empire in 1287. During Burmese–Siamese wars between the 16th and 18th centuries, Mottama was an important rallying spot for Burmese troops moving from Upper Burma to sack Ayutthaya.
  • Pa-Auk Forest Monastery (Pa-Auk Tawya): The original Pa-Auk Forest Monastery is located in a forest near Pa-Auk village along the Taung Nyo Mountain range 15 kilometers southeast of Mawlamyine. The monastery is famous for the practice of meditation. 500-1000 meditators from over 20 countries reside in the monastery.
  • Win Sein reclining Buddha: 29 km south of Mawlamyine is the world’s largest reclining Buddha at Mudon. It is approached by a roadway with 500 life size statues of Arahant disciples of Buddha and a hall whose chamber walls display scenes of Buddha’s lifetime, and the underworld.
  • Thanbyuzayat War Cemetery: 64 kilometers south of Mawlamyine is prisoners-of-war cemetery and the notorious death railway connected with the Bridge over the River Kwai. The cemetery contains the graves of 3,770 British, Australian, Dutch and other soldiers. It was formally opened on 10 December 1946 by General Aung San and then Governor Sir Hubert Rance.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Wikitravel Mawlamyine, Wikivoyage Mawlamyine and Wikipedia Mawlamyine. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Kadoorie Synagogue in Porto

Kadoorie Synagogue in Porto

[caption id="attachment_237353" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © ComunidadeIsraelitaPorto/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Kadoorie Mekor Haim Synagogue (Portuguese: Sinagoga do Porto/Sinagoga Kadoorie Mekor Haim) is a synagogue of the Jewish community of Porto, situated in the civil parish of Lordelo do Ouro e Massarelos, the municipality of Porto, in the Portuguese northern district of Porto. Constructed along the Rua Guerra Junqueiro beginning in 1929 and inaugurated in 1938, it is the largest synagogue in the Ib...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Kazakhstan - Oskemen

Theme Week Kazakhstan - Oskemen

[caption id="attachment_191953" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Theatre © Iskanderov Damir/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ust-Kamenogorsk or Oskemen is the administrative center of East Kazakhstan Region with a population of 310,000. It is served by Ust-Kamenogorsk Airport. The city has two official names. In the Russian language, its name is Усть-Каменогорск; in the Kazakh language, its accepted name is Өскемен/Óskemen. Both names appear on the seal of the city. The city has three cinemas (although...

[ read more ]

GEOMAR in Kiel

GEOMAR in Kiel

[caption id="attachment_220172" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Andreas Villwock/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR), former Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences (German: Leibniz-Institut für Meereswissenschaften, IFM-GEOMAR), is a research institute in Kiel, Germany. It was formed in 2004 by merging the Institute for Marine Science (Institut für Meereskunde Kiel, (IFM)) with the Research Center for Marine Geosciences (GEOMAR) and is co-funded by both federa...

[ read more ]

Jewish Museum of Belgium in Brussels

Jewish Museum of Belgium in Brussels

[caption id="attachment_235026" align="aligncenter" width="578"] © flickr.com - Miguel Discart/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Jewish Museum of Belgium (French: Musée juif de Belgique, Dutch: Joods Museum van België) is a museum in the Sablon/Zavel neighbourhood of Brussels, Belgium, focusing on the history of the Jews in Belgium. The idea of founding a Jewish museum emerged in the late 1970s and was based on two motifs: the lack of a Jewish museum dealing with history and art, although Judaism has been pre...

[ read more ]

The House of Machiavelli in Tuscany

The House of Machiavelli in Tuscany

[caption id="attachment_170981" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Sailko/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The house of Machiavelli (Italian: Casa di Machiavelli), also referred to as L'Albergaccio, was the place where Niccolò Machiavelli lived during his exile from Florence. This is located in Sant'Andrea in Percussina in San Casciano in Val di Pesa, in the province of Florence in Tuscany. Niccolò Machiavelli (1469 - 1527) was secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the...

[ read more ]

Stadtcasino Basel

Stadtcasino Basel

[caption id="attachment_233469" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sinfonieorchester Basel © Benno Hunziker/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Stadtcasino Basel is a concert hall in Basel, Switzerland. It belongs to the Stadtcasino-Gesellschaft, a non-profit cultural association in Basel. It is the home of the Sinfonieorchester Basel. From 2000 there was a project to build a new Stadtcasino; although an international competition was held for architects, and a winner was announced, the voters of the canton of Basel-Sta...

[ read more ]

Messner Mountain Museum

Messner Mountain Museum

[caption id="attachment_2186" align="aligncenter" width="511" caption="© messner-mountain-museum.it"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Messner Mountain Museum or MMM is a museum project by Italian mountaineer and extreme climber, Reinhold Messner, in South Tyrol in northern Italy. The mountain museum is based at five different locations. Messner Mountain Museum Firmian [caption id="attachment_161150" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sigmundskron Castle - MMM Firmian © Hubert Berberich[/caption]The centrepiece of the Mess...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Warsaw - The Polonia Palace Hotel

Theme Week Warsaw - The Polonia Palace Hotel

[caption id="attachment_4824" align="aligncenter" width="590" caption="© poloniapalace.com"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Polonia Palace is a unique hotel in central Warsaw: boasting a long history, it has survived war and political crises with dignity, and today stands as a symbol of the best of both old and new Warsaw. The hotel is an easy walk from Warsaw's shopping districts and financial centers, and enjoys an enviable location it is directly opposite the Palace of Culture and Science, and offers its guests an unimpeded v...

[ read more ]

Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome

Column of Marcus Aurelius in Rome

[caption id="attachment_235110" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Column of Marcus Aurelius © flickr.com - Rodney/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Column of Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Columna Centenaria Divorum Marci et Faustinae, Italian: Colonna di Marco Aurelio) is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy. It is a Doric column featuring a spiral relief: it was built in honour of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius and modeled on Trajan's Column. Because the original dedicatory inscription has been destro...

[ read more ]

Agatha Christie's Greenway Estate

Agatha Christie's Greenway Estate

[caption id="attachment_24983" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Greenway House © MilborneOne/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Greenway is an estate on the River Dart near Galmpton in Devon. It was first mentioned in 1493 as "Greynway", the crossing point of the Dart to Dittisham. In the late 16th century a Tudor mansion called Greenway Court was built by the Gilbert family. Greenway was the birthplace of Humphrey Gilbert. The present Georgian house was probably built in the late 18th century by Roope Harris Roope and exte...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Pathein © panoramio.com - oikk/cc-by-3.0
Theme Week Myanmar

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia....

© PaddyBriggs
Elvis Presley’s Graceland in Memphis

Graceland is a mansion on a 13.8-acre (5.6 ha) estate in Memphis, Tennessee, once owned by the singer and actor...

© Chabe01/cc-by-sa-4.0
Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh

The Palace of Holyroodhouse, commonly referred to as Holyrood Palace, is the official residence of the British monarch in Scotland,...

Schließen