Theme Week Moldova – Soroca

Wednesday, 28 October 2020 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Soroca Fort © Photobank MD

Soroca Fort © Photobank MD

Soroca is a city and municipality in Moldova, situated on the Dniester river about 160 km north of Chișinău. It is the administrative center of the Soroca District. Soroca had an estimated 37,500 inhabitants. The city has a sizable Romani (Gypsy) minority and is popularly known as the “Romani capital of Moldova.”

The locality was greatly extended in the 19th century, during a period of relative prosperity. Soroca became a regional center featuring large squares, modernized streets, hospitals, grammar schools and conventionalized churches. In the Soviet period, the city became an important industrial center for northern Moldova. Soroca was known for producing grapes, wheat, maize, and tobacco in 1919.

Soroca and Dnister river from Thanksgiving Candle © Visem/cc-by-sa-4.0 Soroca and Dnister river © Oxana spinoza/cc-by-sa-4.0 © flickr.com - akk_rus/cc-by-2.0 Roma mansion © Bertramz/cc-by-sa-3.0 Soroca Ethnografic Museum © Photobank MD Soroca Fort © Photobank MD Strada Independentei, the main street © Bertramz/cc-by-sa-3.0 Thanksgiving Candle © flickr.com - Ion Bargan/cc-by-sa-2.0
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Soroca and Dnister river from Thanksgiving Candle © Visem/cc-by-sa-4.0
The city has its origin in the medieval Genoese trade post of Olchionia, or Alchona. It is known for its well-preserved stronghold, established by the Moldavian prince Stephen the Great (Ştefan cel Mare in Romanian) in 1499. The origins of the name Soroca are not fully known. Its location is only a few kilometers from the Moldova-Ukrainian
border.

The original wooden fort, which defended a ford over the Dniester, was an important link in the chain of fortifications which comprised four forts (e.g. Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, then known as Akkerman, and Khotyn) on the Dniester, two forts on the Danube and three forts on the north border of medieval Moldova. Between 1543 and 1546 under the rule of Peter IV Rareș, the fort was rebuilt in stone as a perfect circle with five bastions situated at equal distances.

During the Great Turkish War, John III Sobieski‘s forces successfully defended the fort against the Ottomans. It was of vital military importance during the Pruth River Campaign of Peter the Great in 1711. The stronghold was sacked by the Russians in the Austro-Russian–Turkish War (1735–39). The Soroca Fort is an important attraction in Soroca, having preserved cultures and kept the old Soroca in the present day.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Soroca, TraveloMoldova.com – Tour To Attractions Of Soroca, LonelyPlanet.com – Soroca, Wikitravel Soroca, Wikivoyage Soroca and Wikipedia Soroca. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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