Theme Week Luxembourg – Diekirch

Saturday, 29 August 2020 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Sauer river © Phils/cc-by-sa-3.0

Sauer river © Phils/cc-by-sa-3.0

Diekirch is a commune with town status in north-eastern Luxembourg, capital city of the canton Diekirch and, until its abolition in 2015, the district of Diekirch. The town is situated on the banks of the Sauer river. Diekirch was the first town in Luxembourg to have a pedestrian zone, in 1977. Diekirch is home to a brewery of national importance carrying the town’s name. The town’s mascot is the donkey. There is a donkey fountain in the centre of Diekirch. The yearly cavalcade (carnival procession) is held under the sign of the donkey.

The town is home to the national operational headquarters of the Luxembourgish Army at the Haerebierg Military Centre (located on the hill Herrenberg) and the National Museum of Military History, reflecting Diekirch’s pivotal role in the famous Battle of the Bulge, called by the Germans Rundstedt-Offensive, a major battle of World War II. It was here that the river Sauer was crossed on the night of January 18, 1945, by the US 5th Infantry division.

US Ambassador Randy Evans at National Museum of Military History © flickr.com - U.S. Embassy Luxembourg Diekirch, seen from Härebierg © Otets/cc-by-sa-3.0 Old town street © Hbar.cc/cc-by-sa-3.0 Park © Rdeltgen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Sauer river © Phils/cc-by-sa-3.0 Town Hall © -wuppertaler/cc-by-sa-4.0
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US Ambassador Randy Evans at National Museum of Military History © flickr.com - U.S. Embassy Luxembourg
The town received its name, according to old sources, when Charlemagne in the late 8th century resettled Saxons, in order to bring them under his control. One of the centre of these settlements was in the area of Diekirch. In order to convert the pagan Saxons to Christianity, a church was built, which gave the settlement its name: “Diet-Kirch” (“people’s church”). In Old Franconian, thiuda (Old High German: “diot” – the people). Þeudō is a reconstructed word from Germanic, which plays a role in the etymology of the term “Deutsch”.

In the 14th century, John, the blind king of Bohemia, fortified it, surrounding the place with a castellated wall and a ditch supplied by a stream. It remained more or less fortified until the beginning of the 19th century when the French, during their occupation, levelled the old walls and substituted avenues of trees.

In the course of extensive excavation in the 1960s, it was shown that the St. Laurence church is a Roman building. In the early 20th century, wall ruins and mosaics were being found north of the town center. Archaeological investigations in 1992–1993, 1999 and 2008 enabled the reconstruction of a large Roman villa, which extended over all the land of the medieval town and was abandoned in the early 5th century.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Diekirch, VisitLuxembourg.com – Diekirch, Musée National d’Histoire Militaire Diekirch, Wikivoyage Diekirch and Wikipedia Diekirch. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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