Theme Week Latvia – Tukums

Wednesday, 25 May 2022 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Durbe Manor © panoramio.com - Igors Jefimovs/cc-by-3.0

Durbe Manor © panoramio.com – Igors Jefimovs/cc-by-3.0

Tukums is a town in the Courland region of Latvia. Three regions of Latvia meet in the vicinity of Tukums – Vidzeme, Zemgale and Courland. The historical center of Tukums developed between trade routes leading from the mouth of the Daugava River to Prussia. The oldest part is today’s Talsi Street that originated at the river named Zvirgzdupite where there used to be a castle mound with a wooden castle. Since 1253 Tukums was ruled by the Livonian Order.

A masonry castle was built on the bank of the Slocene river in the end of the 13th century. The castle was surrounded by settlements of German tradesmen and craftsmen. A marketplace was formed in front of the castle and some new streets appeared later running in various directions from the marketplace.

With the development of trade in the 16th century a new straighter trade route to Prussia was built along a new street that is called Liela (large) Street today which had an important role in the life of the settlement. As a result, public buildings, major businesses, workshops and small shops were built around the street making it the unofficial high street of the area.

After the disintegration of the Livonian Order a new state, the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia was established. Like many other settlements Tukums had suffered greatly the numerous feudal wars. Under the rule of Duke Jacob (1642–1682) Tukums experienced a rapid economic boom.

Lutheran church © Dezidor/cc-by-3.0 © Dezidor/cc-by-3.0 © Dezidor/cc-by-3.0 © Dezidor/cc-by-3.0 © Dezidor/cc-by-3.0 Durbe Manor © panoramio.com - Igors Jefimovs/cc-by-3.0 Jaunmokas Manor © panoramio.com - J. Sedols/cc-by-3.0 Jaunpils Castle © Eerokangor/cc-by-sa-3.0-ee
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Durbe Manor © panoramio.com - Igors Jefimovs/cc-by-3.0
Among the places of interest near Tukums are:

  • The Engure parish by the city was host to the Soviet Navy Tukums air base. It was converted into a civilian airport.
  • Jaunpils Castle is the only fortified castle of the Order of Livonia that remains in Latvia. It was built in 1301. An exhibition hall and museum are located there on the history of the district. Jaunpils Lutheran Church which was built in 1592 is located near the castle.
  • Jaunmoku Palace (1901), 5 km (3 mi) from Tukums, surrounded by the Courlands hills, hosts an exhibition on forestry. Jaunmoku Palace is a combination of Art Nouveau elements and Neo-Gothic forms and was built as the country residence of George Armitstead, mayor of Riga (1901–12).
  • Durbe manor house, rebuilt in 1820, is a classical style palace, surrounded by a landscaped park. A stone bridge across the ravine and a rotunda are located near the manor house.
  • The Schlokenbeck estate ensemble in Milzkalne, dating from the 15th century, is the only fortified manor house in Latvia. A museum on the history of broad building techniques and an exposition of horse gear is set up there.
  • In Zante region there is the highest peak of Tukums district – Smiltinkalns (153m), in the center of Zante there is a Red Army tank, evidence of the battles in “Courland Pocket” in 1944–1945.
  • The country of Zentene and Seme has the northern landscape of Courland – hills, curved roads, objects of nature and places of culture history.
  • The seashore of Tukums district has a length of 50 km (31 mi), where old fishermen’s huts alternate with modern villas, and sandy beaches interchange with rocky shores and meadows.
  • Kandava was the capital of the ancient Couronian state of Vanema. In the beginning of the 13th century, German knights built their castle there, though not much has been preserved from that time. In the Middle Ages, Kandava underwent numerous wars, fires and plague epidemics.
  • The Kandava hills are covered with dense forests and the Abava Rapids of the Abava River. Kandava marks the beginning of the run of the Abava Valley, which is often locally referred to as “Switzerland of Courland” in as early as the 19th century. Since January 2011, the valley has been on Latvia’s Tentative World Heritage List, according to World Monuments Fund.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Tukums, VisitTukums.lv, latvia.travel – Tukums, Wikivoyage Tukums and Wikipedia Tukums. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Johns Hopkins University & Medicine - Coronavirus Resource Center - Global Passport Power Rank - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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