Theme Week Canary Islands

Monday, 9 May 2011 - 11:59 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Theme Weeks, Environment
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Canary Islands map © Hansen

Canary Islands map © Hansen

The Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago located just off the northwest coast of mainland Africa, 100 km west of the border between Morocco and the Western Sahara. The Canaries are a Spanish Autonomous Community and an Outermost Region of the European Union. The islands include (from largest to smallest): Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera, El Hierro, and the islets La Graciosa, Alegranza, Montaña Clara, Roque del Este, Roque del Oeste and Isla de Lobos.

The archipelago’s beaches, climate and important natural attractions, especially Teide National Park and Mount Teide (the third largest volcano in the world), make it a major tourist destination, with over 12 million visitors per year, especially Tenerife, Gran Canaria and Lanzarote. The islands have a sub-tropical climate, with long hot days in summer and cooler days in winter.

After the establishment of a democratic constitutional monarchy in Spain, autonomy was granted to the Canaries via a law passed in 1982. In 1983, the first autonomous elections were held. The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) won. In the most recent autonomous elections (2007), the PSOE gained a plurality of seats, but the nationalist Canarian Coalition and the conservative Partido Popular (PP) formed a ruling coalition government. Still, the 1977 bombing of a flower shop in Gran Canaria-Gando airport and the threat of another bomb, both claimed by an pro-independence group, led to the major air disaster in Los Rodeos airport in Tenerife, which claimed hundreds of victims, the deadliest result of an indepence group bombing and threats unsurpassed by 2009.

Basilica de Candelaria © K4zem Tejeda © Roquenublogc Parliament of the Canary Islands © Frank C Müller Mount Teide - Orotava Valley © Michael Scheffler Isla de Lobos © Jesús Gallego Cuesta Iglesia de San Juan Bautista-Arucas © Mataparda Hacha Grande from Papagayo © Yummifruitbat El Draguillo - Tenerife © Mataparda Collage El Hierro © Martely Coast El Golfo - El Hierro © Bjoern HoernitzHoernitz Vista de La Graciosa © big-ashb Canary Islands map © Hansen
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Parliament of the Canary Islands © Frank C Müller
The economy is based primarily on tourism, which makes up 32% of the GDP. The Canaries receive about 12 million tourists per year. Construction makes up nearly 20% of the GDP and tropical agriculture, primarily bananas and tobacco, are grown for export to Europe and the Americas. Ecologists are concerned that the resources, especially in the more arid islands, are being overexploited but there are still many agricultural resources like tomatoes, potatoes, onions, cochineal, sugarcane, grapes, vines, dates, oranges, lemons, figs, wheat, barley, maize, apricots, peaches and almonds.

The Carnival of the Canary Islands is one of the most famous Carnivals in Spain. It is celebrated on the streets between the months of February and March.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facepage pages/Twitter accounts. Read more on Canary Islands Government, Canary Islands Tourism, Wikitravel Canary Islands and Wikipedia Canary Islands. Learn more about the use of photos.




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