Theme Week China – Wuhan

Tuesday, 23 July 2019 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  15 minutes

East Lake © gugganij/cc-by-sa-3.0

East Lake © gugganij/cc-by-sa-3.0

Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People’s Republic of China. It’s the most populous city in Central China, and one of the nine National Central Cities of China. It lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River‘s intersection with the Han river. Arising out of the conglomeration of three cities, Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, Wuhan is known as ‘China’s Thoroughfare’, it is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. Because of its key role in domestic transportation, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as “the Chicago of China” by foreign sources.

Holding sub-provincial status, Wuhan is recognized as the political, economic, financial, cultural, educational and transportation center of central China. In 1927, Wuhan was briefly the capital of China under the left wing of the Kuomintang (KMT) government led by Wang Jingwei. The city later served as the wartime capital of China in 1937 for 10 months. The Wuhan Gymnasium held the 2011 FIBA Asia Championship and will be one of the venues for the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup. The 7th Military World Games will be hosted from Oct. 18 to 27, 2019 in Wuhan.

Wuhan and France are linked by strong economics partnerships. For example, some French companies are established in Wuhan. It is the city in China which receives the most French investment. Wuhan has attracted foreign investment from over 80 countries, with 5,973 foreign-invested enterprises established in the city with a total capital injection of $22.45 billion USD. Among these, about 50 French companies have operations in the city, representing over one third of French investment in China, and the highest level of French investment in any Chinese city. The municipal government offers various preferential policies to encourage foreign investment, including tax incentives, discounted loan interest rates and government subsidies. Wuhan is an important center for economy, trade, finance, transportation, information technology, and education in China. Its major industries include optic-electronic, automobile manufacturing, iron and steel manufacturing, new pharmaceutical sector, biology engineering, new materials industry and environmental protection. Wuhan Iron and Steel Corporation and Dongfeng-Citroen Automobile Co., Ltd headquartered in the city. Environmental sustainability is highlighted in Wuhan’s list of emerging industries, which include energy efficiency technology and renewable energy. Wuhan is one of the most competitive forces for domestic trade in China, rivaling the first-tier cities of Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou in its volume of retail. It is also among the top list of China’s metropolises. Wuhan Department Store, Zhongshang Company, Hanyang Department Store, and Central Department Store enjoy the highest reputation and are Wuhan’s four major commercial enterprises and listed companies. Hanzhengjie Small Commodities Market has been prosperous for hundreds of years and enjoys a worldwide reputation. Major industrial zones in Wuhan include:

  • Wuhan Donghu New Technology Development Zone: Wuhan Donghu New Technology Development Zone is a national level high-tech development zone. Optical-electronics, telecommunications, and equipment manufacturing are the core industries of Wuhan East Lake High-Tech Development Zone (ELHTZ) while software outsourcing and electronics are also encouraged. ELHTZ is China’s largest production centre for optical-electronic products with key players like Yangtze Optical Fiber and Cable, (the largest fiber-optical cable maker in China), and Fiberhome Telecommunications. Wuhan Donghu New Technology Development Zone also represents the development centre for China’s laser industry with key players such as HG Tech and Chutian Laser being based in the zone.
  • Wuhan Economic and Technological Development Zone: Wuhan Economic and Technological Development Zone is a national level industrial zone incorporated in 1993. Its current zone size is about 10–25 square km and it plans to expand to 25–50 square km. Industries encouraged in Wuhan Economic and Technological Development Zone include Auto-mobile Production/Assembly, Biotechnology/Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals Production and Processing, Food/Beverage Processing, Heavy Industry, and Telecommunications Equipment.
  • Wuhan Export Processing Zone: Wuhan Export Processing Zone was established in 2000. It is located in Wuhan Economic and Technology Development Zone, planned to cover 2.7 square kilometres (1.0 square mile) of land. The first 0.7-square-kilometre (0.3-square-mile) area has been launched.
  • Wuhan Optical Valley (Guanggu) Software Park: Wuhan Optical Valley (Guanggu) Software Park is located in Wuhan Donghu New Technology Development Zone. Wuhan Optics Valley Software Park is jointly developed by East Lake High-Tech Development Zone and Dalian Software Park Co., Ltd. The planned area is 0.67 square kilometres (0.26 square miles) with total floor area of 6,000,000 square metres (65,000,000 square feet). The zone is 8.5 km (5.28 mi) away from the 316 National Highway and is 46.7 km (29.02 mi) away from the Wuhan Tianhe Airport.
  • Wuhan Biolake: Biolake is an industry base established in 2008 in the Optics Valley of China. Located in East Lake New Technology Development Zone of Wuhan, Biolake covers 15 km² (5.8 sq mi), and has six parks including Bio-innovation Park, Bio-pharma Park, Bio-agriculture Park, Bio-manufacturing Park, Medical Device Park and Medical Health Park, to accommodate both research activities and living.

Happy Valley Wuhan amusement park © flickr.com - milst1/cc-by-sa-2.0 Morning view of Wuhan from the East Lake Greenway © Majorantarktis/cc-by-sa-4.0 Wuhan Center, tallest building in Wuhan © Baycrest/cc-by-sa-2.5 Customs House © Mongol/cc-by-sa-3.0 East Lake © gugganij/cc-by-sa-3.0 Shopping mall in Honshan District © Majorantarktis/cc-by-sa-4.0 The Yellow Crane Tower © AndrewHorne/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Morning view of Wuhan from the East Lake Greenway © Majorantarktis/cc-by-sa-4.0
Zu den Sehenswürdigkeiten gehören:

  • The Yellow Crane Tower (Huanghelou) is presumed to have been first built in approximately 220 AD. The tower has been destroyed and reconstructed numerous times, and was burned last according to some sources in 1884. The tower underwent complete reconstruction in 1981. The reconstruction utilized modern materials and added an elevator while maintaining the traditional design in the tower’s outward appearance.
  • Wuchang has the largest and second largest lakes within a city in China, the East Lake and Tangxun Lake, as well as the South Lake. East Lake in Wuhan is six times the size of the West Lake in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. The total area is more than 80 km² (31 sq mi) of which the lake is covering an area of 33 km² (13 sq mi). In the springtime, the shores of East Lake become a garden of flowers with the Mei blossoms as the king and the Cherry Blossom as the queen among the species at East Lake Cherry Blossom Park. Another famous flower is the lotus. The lake has a long history and especially the Chu Kingdom is well represented around East Lake. At East Lake are gardens like the Mei Blossom Garden, Forest of the Birds, Cherry Blossom Garden and ancient monuments. Moreover, in the Moshan Botanic Garden there are many types of plum blossoms, as well as lotus flowers.
  • The Hubei Provincial Museum: With over 200,000 valued artifacts, this is one of the leading museums in China. Especially the artefacts from the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng (Zeng Hou Yi), who lived in the 5th century B.C., is a world unique treasure. The bell chime of Marquis Yi of Zeng is a bronze instrument performed 2430 years ago in ancient China (Warring States Period), and was discovered in the Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng in Suizhou, Hubei in 1978. The whole chime weighs 5 tons, can perfectly play sound which was heard 2430 years ago, and was considered “The Eighth Wonder of the World”.
  • The Wuhan Museum has a collection of more than 100,000 artifacts, including ceramic, bronze ware, paintings and calligraphy, jade, wood carving, enamel ware, seals and so on. As a modern comprehensive museum, Wuhan Museum has the function in cultural relic collection, academic reach, publicity and education, cultural exchange, and recreation and entertainment.
  • Happy Valley Wuhan is a theme park in Hongshan District. Opened on 29 April 2012, it is the fifth installation of the Happy Valley theme park chain.
  • The Rock and Bonsai Museum includes a mounted platybelodon skeleton, many unique stones, a quartz crystal the size of an automobile, and an outdoor garden with miniature trees in the penjing (“Chinese Bonsai”) style.
  • Jiqing Street holds many roadside restaurants and street performers during the evening and is the site of a Live Show with stories of events on this street by contemporary writer Chi Li.
  • The Lute Platform in Hanyang was where the legendary musician Yu Boya is said to have played. This is the birthplace of the renowned legend of seeking a soul mate through “high mountains and flowing water”. According to the story of zhīyīn (“understanding music”), Yu Boya played for the last time over the grave of his friend Zhong Ziqi, then smashed his lute because the only person able to appreciate his music was dead.
  • Mao’s Villa, Mao Zedong’s villa between 1960 and 1974; includes garden, living quarters, conference room, bomb shelter and swimming pool.
  • Some luxury riverboat tours begin here after a flight from Beijing or Shanghai, with several days of flatland cruising and then climbing through the Three Gorges with passage upstream past the Gezhouba and Three Gorges dams to the city of Chongqing. With the completion of the dam, a number of cruises now start from the upstream side and continue west, with tourists travelling by motor coach from Wuhan.
  • Wuying Pagoda or the “Shadowless Pagoda” is the oldest standing architectural feature in Wuhan, dating from the closing days of the Southern Song Dynasty.
  • Chu River and Han Street, a shopping district located in Wuchang with many tourist attractions, including Han Show theater, Madame Tussauds wax museum, and Movie Culture Park, etc. This project was initiated as a water connecting channel between East Lake and Shahu Lake.
  • Wuhan Zoo in Hanyang
  • Wuhan, capital city of the Hubei Province, is a shopping and culinary tourist destination for both Chinese nationals and overseas visitors.

Wuhan has seven bridges and one tunnel across the Yangtze River. The Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, also called the First Bridge, was built over the Yangtze in 1957, carrying a railroad directly across the river between hills known as Snake Hill and Turtle Hill. Before this bridge was built it could take up to an entire day to barge railcars across. Including its approaches, it is 5,511 feet (1,680 m) long, and it accommodates both a double-track railway on a lower deck and a four-lane roadway above. It was built with the assistance of advisers from the Soviet Union. The Second Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge, built of pre-stressed concrete, has a central span of 400 metres (1,300 feet); it is 4,678 metres (15,348 feet) in length (including 1,877 metres (6,158 feet) of the main bridge) and 26.5 to 33.5 metres (86.9 to 109.9 feet) in width. Its main bridgeheads are 90 metres (300 feet) high each, pulling 392 thick slanting cables together in the shape of double fans, so that the central span of the bridge is well poised on the piers and the bridge’s stability and vibration resistance are ensured. With six lanes on the deck, the bridge is designed to handle 50,000 motor vehicles passing every day. The bridge was completed in 1995.

The Yellow Crane Tower, historically one of the tallest buildings in Wuhan, is considered one of the Four Great Towers of China and was destroyed twelve times, both by warfare and by fire. The tower is classified as an AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration. At 438-metre (1,437 ft) in height, the Wuhan Center skyscraper, the tallest structure in Wuhan and in Central China, is the eighth tallest structure in China. The Minsheng Bank Building, the second tallest structure in Wuhan, was the tallest building in Wuhan when it was completed in 2007. It retained the title until Wuhan Center surpassed it in 2014. Wuhan World Trade Tower is a 273-meter (896 foot) tall skyscraper located in Wuhan. It became the tallest building in Wuhan after its completion in 1998. However, it was surpassed by the Minsheng Bank Building in 2007. The Wuhan Greenland Center is a planned 636-metre (2,087 ft), 126-floor mixed-use skyscraper currently under construction and scheduled for completion in 2019. If completed as planned, it will be among the world’s tallest structures, and one of the world’s tallest buildings by occupiable floor height. The Phoenix Towers are proposed supertall skyscrapers planned for construction in Wuhan. At 1 kilometre (3,300 ft) high, the towers would also be among the tallest structures in the world when completed (List of tallest buildings in Wuhan).

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on TravelChinaGuide.com – Wuhan, Hubei cuisine, COVID-19 pandemic, Wikitravel Wuhan, Wikivoyage Wuhan and Wikipedia Wuhan. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The Élysée Palace in Paris

The Élysée Palace in Paris

[caption id="attachment_169142" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Remi Mathis(cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Élysée Palace has been the official residence of the President of France since 1848. Dating to the early 18th century, it contains the office of the President and the meeting place of the Council of Ministers. It is located near the Champs-Élysées in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, the name Élysée deriving from Elysian Fields, the place of the blessed dead in Greek mythology. Important foreign visitor...

[ read more ]

The National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis

The National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis

[caption id="attachment_167284" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Lorraine Motel © DavGreg/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The National Civil Rights Museum is a complex of museums and historic buildings in Memphis in Tennessee; its exhibits trace the history of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the 17th century to the present. The museum is built around the former Lorraine Motel, where Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968. Two other buildings and their adjacent property, also co...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Balearic Islands - Formentera

Theme Week Balearic Islands - Formentera

[caption id="attachment_152420" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Lake Pudent © ximateix![/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Formentera is the smaller and more southerly island of the Illes Pitiüses group, comprising Ibiza and Formentera, as well as various small islets. Formentera is renowned across Europe for many pristine white beaches and the fact that nude sunbathing is allowed on most of its beaches. Although metalled roads allow access to all parts of the island and cars are easily hired in the port, many people choose to...

[ read more ]

The Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park

The Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park

[caption id="attachment_27252" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Luca Galuzzi/cc-by-sa-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Monument Valley is a region of the Colorado Plateau characterized by a cluster of vast sandstone buttes, the largest reaching 1,000 ft (300 m) above the valley floor. It is located on the Arizona-Utah state line, near the Four Corners area. The valley lies within the range of the Navajo Nation Reservation and is accessible from U.S. Highway 163. Monument Valley has been featured in many forms of media si...

[ read more ]

Freiburg im Breisgau, the world capital of solar technology

Freiburg im Breisgau, the world capital of solar technology

[caption id="attachment_160190" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Historical Merchants Hall © Andreas Trepte[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Located in the extreme south-west of the country, Freiburg straddles the Dreisam river, at the foot of the Schlossberg. Historically, the city has acted as the hub of the Breisgau region on the western edge of the Black Forest in the Upper Rhine Plain. One of the famous old German university towns, and archiepiscopal seat, Freiburg wa...

[ read more ]

Narbonne in southern France

Narbonne in southern France

[caption id="attachment_154384" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Canal de la Robine seen from Boulevard Gambetta © MartinD[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Narbonne is a commune in southern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon region with 50,000 inhabitants. It lies 849 km (528 mi) from Paris in the Aude department, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Once a prosperous port, it is now located about 15 km (9.3 mi) from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It is marginally the largest commune in Aude, although the capital is the slightly sma...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Mexico - Acapulco on the Pacific

Theme Week Mexico - Acapulco on the Pacific

[caption id="attachment_151249" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Beach Front district © BlackWaterPatrol[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Acapulco is a city, municipality and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 300 kilometres (190 mi) southwest from Mexico City. Acapulco is located on a deep, semi-circular bay and has been a port since the early colonial period of Mexico's history. It is a port of call for shipping and cruising lines running between Panama and San Francisco, California, United State...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Turkey - Ankara: doner kebab, good wine and Angora

Theme Week Turkey - Ankara: doner kebab, good wine and Angora

[caption id="attachment_152779" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Turkish Parliament © T.C. Büyük Millet Meclisi[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after Istanbul. The city has a mean elevation of 938 metres (3,077 ft), and as of 2008 the city had a population of 4,500,000. Ankara also serves as the capital of Ankara Province. As with many ancient cities, Ankara has gone by several names over the ages. It has been identified with the Hittite cult center Ankuwaš, alt...

[ read more ]

Magdalen Islands in Quebec

Magdalen Islands in Quebec

[caption id="attachment_192472" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Cap-aux-Meules Island - L'Étang-du-Nord Lighthouse © Renaudp10/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Magdalen Islands are a small archipelago in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence with a land area of 205.53 square kilometres (79.36 sq mi). Though closer to Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia, the islands are part of the Canadian province of Quebec. There are eight major islands: Amherst, Grande Entrée, Grindstone, Grosse-Île, House Harbour, Pointe-Aux-Loups, Ent...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Ukraine - Lviv, Little Paris of the East

Theme Week Ukraine - Lviv, Little Paris of the East

[caption id="attachment_160873" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Opera House © Jan Mehlich/cc-by-sa-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lviv is a city in western Ukraine and the administrative centre of Lviv Oblast. Formerly capital of the historical region of Galicia, Lviv is now regarded as one of the main cultural centres of today's Ukraine. The historical heart of Lviv with its old buildings and cobblestone roads has survived Soviet and Nazi occupation during World War II largely unscathed. The city has many industries and instit...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Dover - Brexit by Banksy © Paul Bissegger/cc-by-sa-4.0
The European Union: The Brexit

(Latest update: 23 August 2022) Brexit, not even legally binding (insofar, the Brexit vote has about the same weight as...

Giant Panda © flickr.com - Chen Wu/cc-by-2.0
Theme Week China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country,...

Chittenden County Trust Company Building © Beyond My Ken/cc-by-sa-4.0
Burlington in Vermont

Burlington is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Vermont and the seat of Chittenden County. It is...

Close