Theme Week Belarus – Mogilev

Thursday, 28 July 2022 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  2 minutes

City Hall © Kazimier Lachnovic/cc-by-sa-3.0

City Hall © Kazimier Lachnovic/cc-by-sa-3.0

Mogilev is a city in eastern Belarus, on the Dnieper River, about 76 kilometres (47 miles) from the border with Russia‘s Smolensk Oblast and 105 km (65 miles) from the border with Russia’s Bryansk Oblast. As of 2011, its population was 360,918, up from an estimated 106,000 in 1956. It is the administrative centre of the Mogilev Region and the third largest city in Belarus.

The city was first mentioned in historical records in 1267. From the 14th century, it was part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and since the Union of Lublin (1569), part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, where it became known as Mohylew<. In the 16th-17th centuries, the city flourished as one of the main nodes of the east–west and north–south trading routes. In 1577, Polish King Stefan Batory granted it city rights under Magdeburg law. In 1654, the townsmen negotiated a treaty of surrender to the Russians peacefully, if the Jews were to be expelled and their property divided up among Mogilev’s inhabitants. Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovitch agreed. However, instead of expelling the Jews, the Russian troops massacred them after they had led them to the outskirts of the town. The city was set afire by Charles XII‘s forces in 1708, during the Great Northern War. After the First Partition of Poland in 1772, Mogilev became part of the Russian Empire and became the centre of the Mogilev Governorate. In 1938 it was decided Mogilev was to become the capital of Belarus because Minsk was too close to the then-Polish-Soviet border. In the years 1915–1917, during World War I, the Stavka, the headquarters of the Russian Imperial Army, was based in the city and the Tsar, Nicholas II, spent long periods there as Commander-in-Chief. Following the Russian Revolution, in 1918, the city was briefly occupied by Germany and placed under their short-lived Belarusian People’s Republic. In 1919, Mogilev was captured by the forces of Soviet Russia and incorporated into the Byelorussian SSR. Up to World War II and the Holocaust, like many other cities in Europe, Mogilev had a significant Jewish population: according to the Russian census of 1897, out of the total population of 41,100, 21,500 were Jews (i.e. over 50 percent). In 1938 the leadership of Soviet Belarus decided to move the capital of the country from Minsk to Mogilev. Due to that, the now-Mogilev City Council building was built in 1938–1940 with the aim of being the government building. It was designed to resemble the Minsk Government building. During Operation Barbarossa, the city was conquered by Wehrmacht forces on 26 July 1941 and remained under German occupation until 28 June 1944. Mogilev became the official residence of High SS and police leader (HSSPF) Erich von dem Bach. During that period, the Jews of Mogilev were ghettoized and systematically murdered by Ordnungspolizei and SS personnel. Heinrich Himmler personally witnessed the executions of 279 Jews on 23 October 1941. Later that month, a number of mentally disabled patients were poisoned with car exhaust fumes as an experiment; the method of killing was thereafter applied in several Nazi extermination camps. Initial plans for establishing a death camp in Mogilev were abandoned in favour of Maly Trostenets. In 1944, with the Mogilev offensive, the devastated city was liberated by the Red Army and returned to Soviet control. Mogilev then was the site of a labour camp for German POW soldiers. Since Belarus gained its independence in 1991, Mogilev has remained one of its principal cities.

somewhere in the city center © IYY/cc-by-sa-3.0 St. Stanislaw's Cathedral © Shate/cc-by-sa-3.0 The Russian Orthodox church © Szeder Laszlo/cc-by-sa-3.0 Bishop's Palace © Yuriy Tim/cc-by-3.0 City Government Building © Мацеша Аляксей/cc-by-sa-3.0 City Hall © Kazimier Lachnovic/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Dzmitry Kamashkoy/cc-by-3.0
<
>
City Government Building © Мацеша Аляксей/cc-by-sa-3.0
After World War II, a huge metallurgy centre with several major steel mills was built. Also, several major factories of cranes, cars, tractors and a chemical plant were established. By the 1950s, tanning was Mogilev’s principal industry, and it was a major trading centre for cereal, leather, salt, sugar, fish, timber and flint: the city has been home to a major inland port on the Dnieper river since and an airport since. Since the fall of the Soviet Union and the establishment of Belarus as an independent country, Mogilev has become one of that country’s main economic and industrial centres.

The town’s most notable landmark is the late 17th-century town hall, named the Ratuša, that was built during the times of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The grand tower of the town hall sustained serious damage during the Great Northern War and the Great Patriotic War. It was eventually demolished in 1957 and rebuilt in its pre-war form in 2008. Another important landmark of Mogilev is the six-pillared St. Stanisław’s Cathedral, built in the Baroque style between 1738 and 1752 and distinguished by its frescoes. The convent of St. Nicholas preserves its magnificent cathedral of 1668, as well as the original iconostasis, bell tower, walls, and gates. It is currently under consideration to become a UNESCO World Heritage site. Minor landmarks include the archiepiscopal palace and memorial arch, both dating from the 1780s, and the enormous theater in a blend of the Neo-Renaissance and Russian Revival styles. At Polykovichi, an urban part of Mogilev, there is a 350 metre tall guyed TV mast, one of the tallest structures in Belarus.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on YesBelarus.com – Mogilev, Wikivoyage Mogilev and Wikipedia Mogilev. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Johns Hopkins University & Medicine - Coronavirus Resource Center - Global Passport Power Rank - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Montenegro - Nikšić

Theme Week Montenegro - Nikšić

[caption id="attachment_150270" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Nikšić © Borisniksic/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Nikšić is the second largest city of Montenegro, with a total population of 57,000, located in the west of the country, in the centre of the spacious Nikšić field at the foot of Mount Trebjesa. It is the center of Nikšić Municipality (Population of 75,000), which is the largest municipality by area and second most inhabited after Podgorica. It is an important industrial, cultural, and educational ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Scotland - Paisley

Theme Week Scotland - Paisley

[caption id="attachment_152539" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Paisley Cenotaph and war memorial © geograph.org.uk - Stephen Sweeney/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Paisley (Scottish Gaelic: Pàislig) is the largest town in the historic county of Renfrewshire in the west central Lowlands of Scotland and serves as the administrative centre for the Renfrewshire council area. The town is situated on the northern edge of the Gleniffer Braes, straddling the banks of the White Cart Water, a tributary of the River Clyde. ...

[ read more ]

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

[caption id="attachment_26505" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Datastat/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) is a proposed free trade agreement between the European Union (EU) and the United States of America (USA). Proponents say the agreement would result in multilateral economic growth. The American government considers the TTIP a companion agreement to the Trans-Pacific Partnership. After a proposed draft was leaked in March 2014, the European Commission launche...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Wales

Theme Week Wales

[caption id="attachment_153082" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Llandudno © Noel Walley/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Wales is a generally mountainous country, with its highest peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit, on the western side of central southern Great Britain. It is about 274 km (170 mi) north–south and 97 km (60 mi) east–west. The oft-quoted 'size of Wales' is about 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales is bordered by England to the east and by sea in all other directions...

[ read more ]

The Freedom Tower in Miami

The Freedom Tower in Miami

[caption id="attachment_27800" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Freedom Tower © Tom Schaefer/cc-by-sa-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Freedom Tower is a building in Miami, designed by Schultze and Weaver. It is currently used as a contemporary art museum and a central office to different disciplines in the arts associated with Miami Dade College. It is located at 600 Biscayne Boulevard on the Wolfson Campus of Miami Dade College. On September 10, 1979, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. It was desi...

[ read more ]

Salesforce Tower in San Francisco

Salesforce Tower in San Francisco

[caption id="attachment_191668" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Mario Roberto Durán Ortiz/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Salesforce Tower, formerly known as the Transbay Tower, is a 1,070-foot (326 m) office skyscraper in the South of Market district of downtown San Francisco. It is located at 415 Mission Street between First and Fremont Streets, next to the Transbay Transit Center site. Salesforce Tower is the centerpiece of the San Francisco Transbay redevelopment plan. The plan contains a mix of office, transport...

[ read more ]

Marco Polo Tower in Hamburg

Marco Polo Tower in Hamburg

[caption id="attachment_225171" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Huhu Uet/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Marco Polo Tower is a residential building in the HafenCity district of Hamburg's Mitte district. Together with the neighboring Unilever building, it forms a striking ensemble of buildings on the North Elbe. The Marco Polo Tower is located in the western part of HafenCity's Strandkai district. It was built on the triangular quay tongue tapering to the west, which is bordered on the south by the Norderel...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Scotland - Cumbernauld

Theme Week Scotland - Cumbernauld

[caption id="attachment_152513" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Red Deer Innkeepers Lodge © geograph.org.uk - Johnny Durnan/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Cumbernauld is a Scottish new town in North Lanarkshire. It was created in 1956 as a population overspill for Glasgow City. It is the eighth most populous settlement in Scotland and the largest in North Lanarkshire. The name comes from the Scots Gaelic comar nan allt, meaning "meeting of the streams" as, geographically, from its high point in the Scottish Central Bel...

[ read more ]

The Norwegian Joy

The Norwegian Joy

[caption id="attachment_183093" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Spaceaero2/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Norwegian Joy is a cruise ship for Norwegian Cruise Line, which entered service in April 2017. She was built by Meyer Werft in Papenburg in Germany. Base ports are Shanghai and Tianjin. The ship exclusively serves Japanese ports. The Norwegian Joy is unusual in that it was given a godfather, Chinese singer Wang Leehom, rather than a godmother. The vessel was christened June 27, 2017. It had been reported ...

[ read more ]

The Orient Express

The Orient Express

[caption id="attachment_169245" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Orient Express Restaurant car © Epistola8/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Orient Express was a long-distance passenger train service created in 1883 by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL). The route and rolling stock of the Orient Express changed many times. Several routes in the past concurrently used the Orient Express name, or slight variations. Although the original Orient Express was simply a normal international railway service, the na...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Town hall, called Il Castello (The Castle) at Piazza del Castello © IslandVita/cc-by-sa-4.0
Ventotene in Italy

Ventotene is one of the Pontine Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea, 46 kilometres (25 nautical miles) off the coast of...

Vitsebsk © panoramio.com - Svetlov Artem/cc-by-3.0
Theme Week Belarus – Vitebsk

Vitebsk or Viciebsk is a city in Belarus. The capital of the Vitebsk Region, it has 366,299 inhabitants, making it...

Assistant Secretary, U.S. Treasury, Harry Dexter White (left) and John Maynard Keynes © International Monetary Fund
Portrait: John Maynard Keynes, English economist

John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, CB, FBA, was an English economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice...

Schließen