Theme Week Basque Country – Mauléon-Licharre

Saturday, 27 April 2024 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
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© Tangopaso

© Tangopaso

Mauléon-Licharre (Basque: Maule-Lextarre; Occitan: Maulion e Lisharra) is a French commune with 2,954 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2021) in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Basque part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region (before 2016: Aquitaine). The two towns only united into one municipality in 1841.

The double municipality of Mauléon-Licharre is located on the Saison, a tributary of the Gave d’Oloron, about 228 kilometers (driving distance) south of Bordeaux and about 90 kilometers southeast of Bayonne. The next largest town is Oloron-Sainte-Marie (about 31 kilometers to the east).

Pilota Square in Haute-Ville © Iñaki LL/cc-by-sa-4.0 Town Hall and Castle © Josu Goñi Etxabe Villa des Allées © Tangopaso © Tangopaso © Tangopaso © Tangopaso © Tangopaso Café de l'Europe © Iñaki LL/cc-by-sa-4.0 House of Heritage © Josu Goñi Etxabe Monastery of Aguerria © Tangopaso Moulin de Montréal and Pont des galeries © Tangopaso
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Pilota Square in Haute-Ville © Iñaki LL/cc-by-sa-4.0
About three kilometers south of Mauléon, archaeologists have discovered the prehistoric hilltop fortress of Gastelugain, located about 200 meters above the town of Libarrenx and estimated to be around 4,000 years old. The existence of a similar complex on the castle hill of Mauléon is suspected. Since the Basque language was only written down in the 16th century, very little is known about the early and medieval history of the entire region or individual places – only a few place and personal names from earlier times have survived. The Silviet, the traditional gathering of the men of the Pays de Soule (Basque: Xiberoa or Ziberua), gathered in the forest of Libarrenx in the 17th and early 18th centuries.

Like almost everywhere in the Basque Country, field and pasture farming played the dominant role in people’s lives for centuries. The soil is fertile and the proximity to the Atlantic and the Pyrenees in the south means there is sufficient rainfall. In the past, the Basques lived according to the principle of self-sufficiency, i.e. the proceeds from the fields and livestock farming were consumed within the family. Several types of cheese are produced in the region – the best known are: Ossau-Iraty, a semi-hard cheese made from sheep’s milk, and Etorki, a hard cheese made from sheep’s milk. In the 19th and 20th centuries, a little industry was added that was based on the traditional craft skills of the population – so Mauléon-Licharre became the French center for espadrille production.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Mauléon-Licharre and Wikipedia Mauléon-Licharre. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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