Theme Week Bangladesh – Chittagong

Wednesday, 28 August 2019 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Ethnological Museum of Chittagong © Tanvir87bd/cc-by-sa-4.0

Ethnological Museum of Chittagong © Tanvir87bd/cc-by-sa-4.0

Chittagong, officially known as Chattogram, is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh. The city has a population of more than 2.5 million while the metropolitan area had a population of 4,009,423 in 2011, making it the second-largest city in the country. It is the capital of an eponymous District and Division. The city is located on the banks of the Karnaphuli River between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal.

Chittagong plays a vital role in the Bangladeshi economy. The Port of Chittagong is the principal maritime gateway to the country. The port is the busiest international seaport on the Bay of Bengal and the third busiest in South Asia. The Chittagong Stock Exchange is one of the country’s two stock markets. Several Chittagong-based companies are among the largest industrial conglomerates and enterprises in Bangladesh. The port city is the largest base of the Bangladesh Navy and Bangladesh Coast Guard; while the Bangladesh Army and Bangladesh Air Force also maintain bases and contribute to the city’s economy. Chittagong is the headquarters of the Eastern Zone of the Bangladesh Railway, having historically been the headquarters of British India‘s Assam Bengal Railway and East Pakistan‘s Pakistan Eastern Railway. A controversial ship breaking industry on the outskirts of the city, which supplies local steel but causes pollution, has come under international scrutiny.


Chittagong is an ancient seaport due to its natural harbor. It was noted as one of the largest Eastern ports by the Roman geographer Ptolemy in the 1st century. The harbor has been a gateway through southeastern Bengal in the Indian subcontinent for centuries. Arab sailors and traders, who once explored the Bay of Bengal, set up a mercantile station in the harbor during the 9th century. During the 14th century, the port became a “mint town” of the Sultanate of Bengal, with the status of an administrative center.

Bandarban © Saifur Rahman Zunnun/cc-by-sa-2.5 Lake of Foy's © Raihan Rana/cc-by-sa-4.0 Ship breaking by gas cutting in Bhatiary Yard © flickr.com - Naquib Hossain/cc-by-sa-2.0 Ethnological Museum of Chittagong © Tanvir87bd/cc-by-sa-4.0 Hajachara Waterfall in the Khagrachhari District © Ankan Ghosh Dastider/cc-by-sa-4.0 Office of District Commisonar of Chittagong © Iqbal Hossain/cc-by-sa-4.0 Port of Chittagong and Karnaphuli River © Moheen Reeyad/cc-by-sa-4.0 Restroom_near_the_Hanging_Bridge_of_Khagrachhari-Ankan_Ghosh_Dastider-cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
Ship breaking by gas cutting in Bhatiary Yard © flickr.com - Naquib Hossain/cc-by-sa-2.0
During the 16th century, Portuguese historian João de Barros described Chittagong as “the most famous and wealthy city of the Kingdom of Bengal”. Portuguese Chittagong was the first European colonial settlement in Bengal. A naval battle in 1666 between the Mughal Empire and Arakan resulted in the expulsion of Portuguese pirates. British colonization began in 1760 when the Nawab of Bengal ceded Chittagong to the East India Company. During World War II, Chittagong was a base for Allied Forces engaged in the Burma Campaign. The port city began to expand and industrialize during the 1940s, particularly after the Partition of British India. During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, Chittagong was site of the country’s declaration of independence.

Chittagong has a high degree of religious and ethnic diversity among Bangladeshi cities, despite having an overwhelming Bengali Muslim majority. Minorities include Bengali Hindus, Bengali Christians, Bengali Buddhists, the Chakmas, the Marmas, the Bohmong, the Rohingyas and Rakhines. Modern Chittagong is Bangladesh’s second most significant urban center after Dhaka. In 2018, the government of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina decided to change the city’s name to a version of its Bengali spelling without public consultation, drawing protests and concern.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on LonelyPlanet.com – Chittagong, Chittagong Ship Breaking Yard, Wikitravel Chittagong, Wikivoyage Chittagong and Wikipedia Chittagong. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The Benedictine abbey Stift Melk in Lower Austria

The Benedictine abbey Stift Melk in Lower Austria

[caption id="attachment_6921" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Park © Veleius[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Melk Abbey is an Austrian Benedictine abbey, and one of the world's most famous monastic sites. It is located above the town of Melk on a rocky outcrop overlooking the river Danube in Lower Austria, adjoining the Wachau valley. The abbey was founded in 1089 when Leopold II, Margrave of Austria gave one of his castles to Benedictine monks from Lambach Abbey. A monastic school, the Stiftsgymnasium Melk, was founded in t...

[ read more ]

Nevsky Prospect in St. Petersburg

Nevsky Prospect in St. Petersburg

[caption id="attachment_234937" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Singer Company House (Book House) © Alex 'Florstein' Fedorov/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Nevsky Prospect is a main street (high street) located in the federal city of St. Petersburg in Russia. Its name comes from the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, the monastery which stands at the eastern end of the street, and which commemorates the Russian hero Prince Saint Alexander Nevsky (1221–1263). Following his founding of Saint Petersburg in 1703, Tsar Peter I plann...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan

Theme Week Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan

[caption id="attachment_219906" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque © Daniel Weiss/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bandar Seri Begawan (formerly known as Brunei Town) is the capital and largest city of Brunei. It is officially governed as a municipality (Malay: bandaran). Bandar Seri Begawan has an estimated population of 100,700, and including the whole Brunei-Muara District, the metro area has an estimated population of 279,924, over half the population of the country. Brunei Internationa...

[ read more ]

The new Magnum 100'' model of Magnum Marine

The new Magnum 100'' model of Magnum Marine

[caption id="attachment_153772" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © magnummarine.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The new Magnum 100' model, presented by Magnum Marine, will be Magnum's largest yacht and is expected to be delivered by 2012. The styling was designed by the talented young, Italian designer, Alberto Mancini, and offers a completely new concept of outdoor cockpit livability. The Magnum 100' has different seating, dining and viewing areas, with an expandable top providing various and movable shaded areas. Techno...

[ read more ]

Havasu Creek in the Grand Canyon National Park

Havasu Creek in the Grand Canyon National Park

[caption id="attachment_206196" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Havasu Falls at night © flickr.com - Jeremy Evans/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Havasu Creek is a stream in the U.S. state of Arizona associated with the Havasupai people. It is a tributary to the Colorado River, which it enters in the Grand Canyon. Frequent flooding changes the appearance of some waterfalls and causes others to appear and disappear. Navajo Falls is one such example. Havasu Creek is the second largest tributary of the Colorado River in Gr...

[ read more ]

Neuf-Brisach in Alsace

Neuf-Brisach in Alsace

[caption id="attachment_200722" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town hall © Psu973/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Neuf-Brisach is a fortified town and commune of the department of Haut-Rhin in the French region of Alsace. The fortified town was intended to guard the border between France and the Holy Roman Empire and, subsequently, the German states. It was built after the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697 that resulted in France losing the town of Breisach, on the opposite bank of the Rhine. The town's name means New Breisach...

[ read more ]

The Celebrity Solstice

The Celebrity Solstice

[caption id="attachment_168202" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Celebrity Solstice in Civitavecchia © flickr.com - Aah-Yeah/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Celebrity Solstice is the lead ship of the Solstice-class of cruise ships operated by Celebrity Cruises. Built by Meyer Werft in Papenburg, Germany, she was floated out on August 10, 2008, and christened by ocean scientist Professor Sharon L. Smith at a ceremony at Port Everglades in Fort Lauderdale in Florida on November 14, 2008. She began commercial service on Novemb...

[ read more ]

Eiderstedt, St. Peter-Ording and Tönning

Eiderstedt, St. Peter-Ording and Tönning

EIDERSTEDT PENINSULA [caption id="attachment_159799" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Eiderstedt - Lighthouse Westerhever © Viola sonans[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Eiderstedt is a peninsula in the district of Nordfriesland in the German federal state of Schleswig-Holstein. It is approximately 30 km in length and 15 km in width and has been created through diking (polders) from three islands: Eiderstedt around Tönning, Utholm around Tating, and Evershop around Garding. The diking started around the year 1000 AD. Since these thr...

[ read more ]

Arts and Crafts Movement

Arts and Crafts Movement

[caption id="attachment_192769" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Philip Webb's Red House in Upton, Bexleyheath, Greater London © Ethan Doyle White/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between about 1880 and 1920, emerging in Japan (the Mingei movement) in the 1920s. It stood for traditional craftsmanship using simple forms, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles...

[ read more ]

El Gouna in Egypt

El Gouna in Egypt

[caption id="attachment_220330" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © superdragon67/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]El Gouna is an Egyptian tourist resort, owned by Samih Sawiris and developed by Orascom Hotels and Development, dating from 1989. It is located on the Red Sea in the Red Sea Governorate of Egypt, 20 kilometres (12 miles) north of Hurghada. It is part of the Red Sea Riviera, and a host city of the El Gouna Film Festival. El Gouna has 10 kilometers of coastline and consists of 20 islands surrounded by lagoons. T...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Michelangelo by Daniele da Volterra © Metropolitan Museum of Art - online collection
Portrait: The sculptor, painter, architect and poet Michelangelo

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect...

Varendra Research Museum © Nahid.rajbd/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Bangladesh – Rajshahi

Rajshahi, historically Rampur Boalia, nicknamed Silk City, is a metropolitan city, and a major urban, commercial and educational centre of...

Saint Martin's Island © Niaz morshed Shovon
Theme Week Bangladesh

Bangladesh ("The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It shares land...

Close