Theme Week Armenia – Yerevan

Saturday, 27 January 2024 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Republic Square and Government House © Sonanik/cc-by-sa-3.0

Republic Square and Government House © Sonanik/cc-by-sa-3.0

Yerevan (sometimes spelled Erevan) is the capital and largest city of Armenia, as well as one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. Situated along the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country, as its primate city. It has been the capital since 1918, the fourteenth in the history of Armenia and the seventh located in or around the Ararat Plain. The city also serves as the seat of the Araratian Pontifical Diocese, which is the largest diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church and one of the oldest dioceses in the world.

The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by King Argishti I of Urartu at the western extreme of the Ararat Plain. Erebuni was “designed as a great administrative and religious centre, a fully royal capital.” By the late ancient Armenian Kingdom, new capital cities were established and Yerevan declined in importance. The city was mostly depopulated by the Great Surgun of 1603–05, when the Safavid Empire forcibly deported hundreds of thousands of Armenians to Iran. In 1679, the city was mostly destroyed by an earthquake, and then rebuilt on a smaller scale. In 1828, Yerevan became part of the Russian Empire, which led to the repatriation of Armenians whose ancestors had been forcibly relocated in the 17th century. After World War I, Yerevan became the capital of the First Republic of Armenia as thousands of survivors of the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire arrived in the area. The city expanded rapidly during the 20th century while Armenia was a part of the Soviet Union. In a few decades, Yerevan was transformed from a provincial town within the Russian Empire to Armenia’s principal cultural, artistic, and industrial center, as well as becoming the seat of national government.

Mount Ararat and the Yerevan skyline © Serouj Ourishian/cc-by-4.0 © Serouj Ourishian/cc-by-sa-3.0 Cascade © Palickap/cc-by-sa-4.0 Yerevan Cathedral © Matthias Süßen/cc-by-sa-4.0 Elite Plaza Business Center © DavitEG/cc-by-sa-4.0 Eternal flame at Genocide Memorial on the hill of Tsitsernakaberd © Armineaghayan/cc-by-sa-4.0 Opera House © Matthias Süßen/cc-by-sa-4.0 Republic Square and Government House © Sonanik/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Eternal flame at Genocide Memorial on the hill of Tsitsernakaberd © Armineaghayan/cc-by-sa-4.0
With the growth of the Armenian economy, Yerevan has undergone major transformation. Much construction has been done throughout the city since the early 2000s, and retail outlets such as restaurants, shops, and street cafés, which were rare during Soviet times, have multiplied. As of 2011, the population of Yerevan was 1,060,138, just over 35% of Armenia’s total population. According to the official estimate of 2022, the current population of the city is 1,092,800. Yerevan was named the 2012 World Book Capital by UNESCO. Yerevan is an associate member of Eurocities.

Of the notable landmarks of Yerevan, Erebuni Fortress is considered to be the birthplace of the city, the Katoghike Tsiranavor church is the oldest surviving church of Yerevan, and Saint Gregory Cathedral is the largest Armenian cathedral in the world. Tsitsernakaberd is the official memorial to the victims of the Armenian genocide. The city is home to several opera houses, theatres, museums, libraries, and other cultural institutions. Yerevan Opera Theatre is the main spectacle hall of the Armenian capital, the National Gallery of Armenia is the largest art museum in Armenia and shares a building with the History Museum of Armenia, and the Matenadaran contains one of the largest depositories of ancient books and manuscripts in the world.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Wikivoyage Yerevan and Wikipedia Yerevan. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Burlington House on Piccadilly

Burlington House on Piccadilly

[caption id="attachment_26744" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Tony Hisgett/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Burlington House is a building on Piccadilly in London. It was originally a private Palladian mansion, and was expanded in the mid-19th century after being purchased by the British government. The main building is at the northern end of the courtyard and houses the Royal Academy, while five learned societies occupy the two wings on the east and west sides of the courtyard and the Piccadilly wing at the southern end...

[ read more ]

The European Union: Coronavirus Pandemic

The European Union: Coronavirus Pandemic

[responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"](Latest update: 9 December 2023) Over the coming months, the world will now experience not only how individual states will deal with the global coronavirus pandemic, but also how governments can or cannot intercept the consequences. It can be observed in real time how a real and worldwide crisis is reacted to, who has made provisions and built up reserves or has only wobbled. Already the unemployment numbers and the number of bankruptcies in the first few weeks will provide sufficient information and thus also g...

[ read more ]

Boulogne-sur-Mer

Boulogne-sur-Mer

[caption id="attachment_151255" align="aligncenter" width="590"] City Gate © Michel wal[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Boulogne-sur-Mer is a city in northern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department of Pas-de-Calais. The population of the city was 44,859 in the 1999 census, whereas that of the whole metropolitan area was 135,116. Boulogne-sur-Mer is the most important fishing port in France. 7,000 inhabitants derive part or all of their livelihoods from fishing. IFREMER (the French Research Institute for Exploitation of the ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Lombardy - Mantua

Theme Week Lombardy - Mantua

[caption id="attachment_153444" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © EdoM/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Mantua is a city and comune with 49,000 inhabitants, and capital of the province of the same name. In 2007, Mantua's centro storico (old town) and Sabbioneta were declared by UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site. Mantua's historic power and influence under the Gonzaga family has made it one of the main artistic, cultural, and especially musical hubs of Northern Italy and the country as a whole. Mantua is noted for its si...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Georgia

Theme Week Georgia

[caption id="attachment_215987" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Changing skyline of Batumi © flickr.com - jagermesh/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the east by Azerbaijan, and to the south by Armenia and Turkey. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its appr...

[ read more ]

The island of Ruegen - 1,000 square kilometers vacation island with historic and natural diversity

The island of Ruegen - 1,000 square kilometers vacation island with historic and natural diversity

[caption id="attachment_148995" align="aligncenter" width="578"] Rügen Karte © Devil m25[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Island of Rügen, together with the Island of Hiddensee and some smaller islands form Rügen County the county town Bergen. Other cities are Sassnitz, Putbus and Garz and the seaside resorts Binz, Sellin, Göhren, Baabe and Thiessow. Rügen is visited by many travelers from all around the world for its rich landscape and the long, sandy beaches. On the relatively small island area the full range of German hist...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Zeeland - Goes

Theme Week Zeeland - Goes

[caption id="attachment_218136" align="aligncenter" width="590"] City harbor of Goes © Takeawa/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Goes is a city and municipality in the southwestern Netherlands on Zuid-Beveland, in the province of Zeeland. The city of Goes has approximately 38,000 residents. Goes was founded in the 10th century on the edge of a creek: de Korte Gos (the Short Gos). The village grew fast, and in the early 12th century it had a market square and a church devoted to Mary Magdalene. In 1405 Goes received...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Channel Islands - Guernsey

Theme Week Channel Islands - Guernsey

[caption id="attachment_151201" align="aligncenter" width="590"] QE2 Marina - St. Peter Port © Steve Neville[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Bailiwick, as a governing entity, embraces not only all 10 parishes on the Island of Guernsey, but also the islands of Herm, Jethou, Burhou, and Lihou and their islet possessions. The Bailiwick of Guernsey also administers some aspects of two nearby crown dependencies (Alderney and Sark), and the island of Brecqhou. Although its defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom, th...

[ read more ]

Spike Island in Cork Harbour

Spike Island in Cork Harbour

[caption id="attachment_235660" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Guliolopez/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Spike Island (Irish: Inis Píc) is an island of 103 acres (42 ha) in Cork Harbour, Ireland. Originally the site of a monastic settlement, the island is dominated by an 18th-century bastion fort now named Fort Mitchel. The island's strategic location within the harbour meant it was used at times for defence and as a prison. Since the early 21st century the island has been developed as a heritage tourist at...

[ read more ]

Nationalmuseum in Stockholm

Nationalmuseum in Stockholm

[caption id="attachment_228166" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - allen watkin/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Nationalmuseum (or National Museum of Fine Arts) is the national gallery of Sweden, located on the peninsula Blasieholmen in central Stockholm. The museum's operations stretches far beyond the borders of Blasieholmen, the nationalmuseum manage the National Portrait gallery collection at Gripshom, Gustavsbergporclain museum, a handful of castle collections and the Swedish Institute in Paris (Institu...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© flickr.com - Archangel12/cc-by-2.0
Moules-frites, an advance on your next vacation on the coasts of Belgium, France and the Netherlands

Moules-frites or moules et frites (Dutch: mosselen-friet) is a main dish of mussels and French fries originating in Belgium. The...

Ararat City entrance from the M2 highway © Armineaghayan/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Armenia – Ararat City

Ararat is a town in the Ararat Municipality of the Ararat Province of Armenia, located on the Yerevan-Nakhchivan highway, 42...

Arctic circle in Juoksenki © panoramio.com - dr.eros/cc-by-3.0
Pello in Finland

Pello (formerly Turtola) is a municipality of Finland. It is located approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the Arctic...

Schließen