Theme Week Argentina – San Salvador de Jujuy

Tuesday, 20 September 2016 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Belgrano Square and the Government Palace © Gustso/cc-by-sa-4.0

Belgrano Square and the Government Palace © Gustso/cc-by-sa-4.0

San Salvador de Jujuy, commonly known as Jujuy and locally often referred to as San Salvador, is the capital city of Jujuy Province in Argentine Northwest. It lies near the southern end of the Humahuaca Canyon where wooded hills meet the lowlands. The city lies on National Route 9 that connects La Quiaca 289 km (180 mi) with Salta 120 km (75 mi), and it is 1,525 km (948 mi) from Buenos Aires. Tourist destinations not far from the city are Tilcara 84 km (52 mi), Humahuaca 126 km (78 mi), and the Calilegua National Park 111 km (69 mi). Jujuy is located near the Andes, at the junction of the Xibi Xibi River and the Río Grande de Jujuy, 1,238 meters above sea level. The weather is humid during the summer and dry and cold during the winter. Temperatures vary widely between day and night.

The city is the provincial government, financial and cultural centre. Most administrative offices related to economic activities that take place in other parts of the province are located here; these activities include petroleum extraction and pre-processing, sugarcane and sugar industry (Ledesma), tobacco (El Carmen, 10 km south), steel (in nearby Villa Palpalá), citrus, and fruit and vegetable production for local consumption. The city has a colonial city centre including the Cabildo, the Cathedral, and colourful Andean carnivals. The population of the city, and of the province in general, has a much more aboriginal character than the rest of the country, reflected in the predominant Quechua, Aymara and Chiriguano people and cultures.

Palacio de Gobierno de Jujuy © Marcos.condori/cc-by-sa-3.0 Belgrano Square and the Government Palace © Gustso/cc-by-sa-4.0 Cathedral of St. Francis © Stéphane Batigne/cc-by-3.0 San Salvador de Jujuy Montage © Kelly/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Belgrano Square and the Government Palace © Gustso/cc-by-sa-4.0
After previous attempts in 1565 and 1592, the current city was founded as San Salvador de Velazco en el Valle de Jujuy on April 19, 1593, by Francisco de Argañarás y Murguía. The settlement initially developed as a strategic site on the mule trade route between San Miguel de Tucumán and the silver mines in Potosí, Bolivia.

Reaching its peak importance during the colonial period, San Salvador de Jujuy declined to the status of a remote provincial capital after the Argentine Declaration of Independence in 1816. The town became the capital of Jujuy Province when the latter separated from Salta Province in 1834. The 1863 Jujuy earthquake leveled the town, and it recovered slowly in the following decades. Jujuy began to grow following the arrival of the Central Northern Railway in 1900. Its first institution of higher learning, the Economic Sciences Institute, was established in 1959, and was incorporated into the new National University of Jujuy in 1973. The city was the location of a number of Argentine films, including Veronico Cruz (1988) and Una estrella y dos cafés (2005). The city’s impoverished Lower Azopardo neighborhood would later give rise to Milagro Sala‘s Indigenist Tupac Amaru Neighborhood Association.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on San Salvador de Jujuy Tourism, WelcomeArgentina.com – San Salvador de Jujuy, Wikivoyage San Salvador de Jujuy and Wikipedia San Salvador de Jujuy. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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