Theme Week Alentejo – Elvas

Friday, 24 February 2023 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  3 minutes

© flickr.com - xiquinhosilva/cc-by-2.0

© flickr.com – xiquinhosilva/cc-by-2.0

Elvas is a Portuguese municipality, former episcopal city and frontier fortress of easternmost central Portugal, located in the district of Portalegre in Alentejo. It is situated about 200 kilometres (120 mi) east of Lisbon, and about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) west of the Spanish fortress of Badajoz, by the MadridBadajozLisbon railway. The municipality population as of 2011 in an area of 631.29 square kilometres (243.74 sq mi). The city itself had a population of 16,640 as of 2011.

Elvas is among the finest examples of intensive usage of the trace italienne (star fort) in military architecture, and has been a World Heritage Site since 30 June 2012. The inscribed site name is Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications.

© flickr.com - xiquinhosilva/cc-by-2.0 © flickr.com - xiquinhosilva/cc-by-2.0 Door of the Conception and Chapel of Our Lady of the Conception © Alvesgaspar/cc-by-sa-4.0 Fortification of Nossa Senhora da Graça © Alvesgaspar/cc-by-sa-4.0 © flickr.com - xiquinhosilva/cc-by-2.0 © flickr.com - xiquinhosilva/cc-by-2.0
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Door of the Conception and Chapel of Our Lady of the Conception © Alvesgaspar/cc-by-sa-4.0
The site, extensively fortified from the 17th to 19th centuries, represents the largest bulwarked dry ditch system in the world. Within its walls, the town contains barracks and other military buildings as well as churches and monasteries. While Elvas contains remains dating back to the 10th century, its fortification began during the Portuguese Restoration War. The fortifications played a major role in the Battle of the Lines of Elvas in 1659. The fortifications were designed by Dutch Jesuit Padre João Piscásio Cosmander and represent the best surviving example of the Dutch school of fortifications anywhere. The site consists the following:

  1. Amoreira Aqueduct, built to withstand long sieges.
  2. Historic Centre
  3. Fort of Santa Luzia and the covered way
  4. Nossa Senhora da Graça Fort
  5. Fortlet of São Mamede
  6. Fortlet of São Pedro
  7. Fortlet of São Domingos

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on VisitPortugal.com – Elvas, Wikivoyage Elvas and Wikipedia Elvas. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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