The Battery in New York City

Wednesday, 1 February 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, New York City, Palaces, Castles, Manors, Parks
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Battery Park and Financial District © Gryffindor/cc-by-sa-3.0

Battery Park and Financial District © Gryffindor/cc-by-sa-3.0

The Battery, formerly known as Battery Park, is a 25-acre (10 ha) public park located at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in New York City facing New York Harbor. It is bounded by Battery Place on the north, State Street on the east, New York Harbor to the south, and the Hudson River to the west. The park contains attractions such as an early 19th-century fort named Castle Clinton; multiple monuments; and the SeaGlass Carousel. The surrounding area, known as South Ferry, contains multiple ferry terminals, including the Staten Island Ferry‘s Whitehall Terminal; a boat launch to the Statue of Liberty National Monument (which includes Ellis Island and Liberty Island); and a boat launch to Governors Island.

The park and surrounding area is named for the artillery batteries that were built in the late 17th century to protect the settlement behind them. By the 1820s, the Battery had become an entertainment destination, with the conversion of Castle Clinton into a theater venue. During the mid-19th century, the modern-day Battery Park was constructed and Castle Clinton was converted into an immigration and customs center. The Battery was commonly known as the landing point for immigrants to New York City until 1892, when the immigration center was relocated to Ellis Island. Castle Clinton then hosted the New York Aquarium from 1896 to 1941.

Battery Park control house, a landmark subway entrance © Daniel Schwen/cc-by-sa-4.0 Castle Clinton National Monument © Epicgenius/cc-by-sa-4.0 East Coast War Memorial © Norbert Nagel/cc-by-sa-3.0 James Watson House facing Battery Park © Jim.henderson Korean War Memorial © Tdorante10/cc-by-sa-4.0 SeaGlass Carousel © flickr.com - edwardhblake/cc-by-2.0 'The Immigrants' by Luis Sanguino © Raphael Isla/cc-by-sa-4.0 Battery Park and Financial District © Gryffindor/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Battery Park control house, a landmark subway entrance © Daniel Schwen/cc-by-sa-4.0
By the 20th century, the quality of Battery Park had started to decline, and several new structures were proposed within the park, many of which were not built. In 1940, the entirety of Battery Park was closed for twelve years due to the construction of the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel and the Battery Park Underpass. The park reopened in 1952 after a renovation, but then subsequently went into decline. The Battery Conservancy, founded in 1994 by Warrie Price, underwrote and funded the restoration and improvement of the once-dilapidated park. In 2015, the Conservancy restored the park’s historical name, “the Battery”.

In late 2005, New York City authorities announced that builders working on the new station had found the remains of a stone wall from the British colonial era, during the late 17th or 18th century. After archeological analysis, the wall was widely reported to be the oldest man-made structure still in place in Manhattan. Four walls and over 250,000 individual artifacts were found, and a portion of one wall was placed on temporary display inside Castle Clinton. Another, long portion of the wall was embedded permanently into the entrance to the newly constructed station, at the same depth below street level as originally discovered. Robert Tierney, chairman of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, said that the wall was probably built to protect the park’s original artillery batteries. The remains were described as “an important remnant of the history of New York City”.

Read more on TheBattery.org, nycgo.com – The Battery, Wikipedia Battery Park City and Wikipedia The Battery (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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