Temppeliaukio Church in Helsinki

Monday, 20 April 2020 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

© Matthew Duncan/cc-by-sa-3.0

© Matthew Duncan/cc-by-sa-3.0

Temppeliaukio Church is a Lutheran church in the Töölö neighborhood of Helsinki. The church was designed by architects and brothers Timo and Tuomo Suomalainen and opened in 1969. Built directly into solid rock, it is also known as the Church of the Rock and Rock Church.

Plans for the Temppeliaukio/Tempelplatsen (Temple square) began as early as the 1930s when a plot of land was selected for the building and a competition for the design was held. The plan by J. S. Siren, the winner of the second competition to design the architecture of the church, was interrupted in its early stages when World War II began in 1939. After the war, there was another architectural competition, subsequently won by Timo Suomalainen and Tuomo Suomalainen in 1961. For economic reasons, the suggested plan was scaled back and the interior space of the church then reduced to about one-quarter of its original plan. Construction finally began in February 1968, and the rock-temple was completed for consecration in September 1969.

The interior was excavated and built directly out of solid rock and is bathed in natural light which enters through the skylight surrounding the center copper dome. The church is used frequently as a concert venue due to its excellent acoustics. The acoustic quality is created by the rough, virtually unworked rock surfaces. The iconic rock walls were not included in the original competition entry, even though the Suomalainen brothers had considered the idea, because they believed that it was too radical for the competition jury. But when conductor Paavo Berglund shared his knowledge of acoustics from some of the best music halls and the acoustical engineer Mauri Parjo gave requirements for the wall surfaces, the Suomalainen brothers discovered that they could fulfill all the requirements for the acoustics by leaving the rock walls exposed in the Church Hall.

© Lauren Stevens/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Matthew Duncan/cc-by-sa-3.0 Pipe organ © CivArmy/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Ad Meskens/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Carlo Pelagalli/cc-by-sa-3.0 Entrance © Ranger One
<
>
Pipe organ © CivArmy/cc-by-sa-4.0
The Temppeliaukio church is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city; half a million people visit it annually. The stone-hewn church is located in the heart of Helsinki. Maintaining the original character of the square is the fundamental concept behind the building. The idiosyncratic choice of form has made it a favorite with professionals and aficionados of architecture.

The church furnishings were designed by the architects. Organ builder Veikko Virtanen manufactured the church organ, which has 43 stops and 3001 pipes. There are no bells at the church; a recording of bells composed by Taneli Kuusisto is played via loudspeakers on the exterior wall.

Before the construction of the church was even fully complete it made headlines when on the nights of 16 and 17 July 1968 a group of Christian students painted in large letters “BIAFRA” in several places on the exterior walls of the building to bring attention to the famine then going on in Biafra, which had declared independence from Nigeria in 1967. The argument of the students – then part of the ’60s student revolutionary movement – was that the money spent on the new lavish church could be better spent on aid to Biafra and elsewhere in Africa.

Read more on Temppeliaukio Church, myHelsinki.fi – Temppeliaukio Church and Wikipedia Temppeliaukio Church (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The seaside town of Ilfracombe in Devon

The seaside town of Ilfracombe in Devon

[caption id="attachment_161098" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ilfracombe © Adrian Pingstone[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ilfracombe is a seaside resort and civil parish on the North Devon coast with a small harbour, surrounded by cliffs. The parish stretches along the coast from 'The Coastguard Cottages' in Hele Bay toward the east and 4 miles along The Torrs to Lee Bay toward the west. The resort is hilly and the highest point within the parish boundary is at 'Hore Down Gate', 2 miles inland and 860 feet (270 m) above sea leve...

[ read more ]

The Suez Canal

The Suez Canal

[caption id="attachment_153638" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Port Said - Suez Canal Authority © Daniel Csörföly[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction work, it allows ship transport between Europe and eastern Asia without navigation around Africa. The northern terminus is Port Said and the southern terminus is Port Tawfiq at the city of Suez. Ismailia lies on its west ban...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Macedonia

Theme Week Macedonia

[caption id="attachment_151158" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ohrid and Lake Ohrid © flickr.com - Михал Орела/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Macedonia is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993. Macedonia is a member of the Council of Europe. Since December 2005 it has also been a candidate for joining the European Union and has...

[ read more ]

The port city of Nafplio on the Argolic Gulf

The port city of Nafplio on the Argolic Gulf

[caption id="attachment_160735" align="aligncenter" width="590"] View from Palamidi Castle © Luu[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Nafplio (or Nafplion) is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf. The town was the first capital of modern Greece, from the start of the Greek Revolution in 1821 until 1834. Nafplio is now the capital of the regional unit of Argolis. Since 2003, the University of Peloponnese has incorporated a new faculty, the School of Fi...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Dresden - State Art Collections

Theme Week Dresden - State Art Collections

[caption id="attachment_25962" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (English: Dresden State Art Collections) is a cultural institution in Dresden, owned by the State of Saxony. It is one of the most renowned and oldest museum institutions in the world, originating from the collections of the Saxon electors in the 16th century. The Staatliche Kunstsammlungen has been a state-owned enterprise since January 1, 2009. The association includ...

[ read more ]

Dartmouth in the southern English county of Devon

Dartmouth in the southern English county of Devon

[caption id="attachment_151092" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Royal Castle Hotel © Jim[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Dartmouth is a town and civil parish in the English county of Devon. It is a tourist destination set on the banks of the estuary of the River Dart, which is a long narrow tidal ria that runs inland as far as Totnes. It lies within the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and South Hams District, and has a population of 5,512. The Pilgrim Fathers put into Dartmouth's Bayard's Cove, en-route fr...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Peru - Lima

Theme Week Peru - Lima

[caption id="attachment_219368" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Lima City Hall © WMrapids[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín Rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of more than 9 million, Lima is one of the largest cities in the Americas. Lima was named by n...

[ read more ]

Bairro Alto in Lisbon

Bairro Alto in Lisbon

[caption id="attachment_162252" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Manuel Menal/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bairro Alto (Upper District) is a central district of the city of Lisbon, the Portuguese capital. Unlike many of the civil parishes of Lisbon, this region can be commonly explained as a loose association of neighbourhoods, with no formal local political authority but social and historical significance to the urban community of Lisbon. The bairro or "neighbourhood" resulted from urban expansion in t...

[ read more ]

Hotel Adlon in Berlin

Hotel Adlon in Berlin

[caption id="attachment_192214" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Denis Apel/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Hotel Adlon Kempinski Berlin is a luxury hotel in Berlin. It is located on Unter den Linden, the main boulevard in the central Mitte district, at the corner with Pariser Platz, directly opposite the Brandenburg Gate. The original Hotel Adlon was one of the most famous hotels in Europe. It opened in 1907 and was largely destroyed in 1945 in the closing days of World War II, though a small wing continued operat...

[ read more ]

Arts and Crafts Movement

Arts and Crafts Movement

[caption id="attachment_192769" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Philip Webb's Red House in Upton, Bexleyheath, Greater London © Ethan Doyle White/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between about 1880 and 1920, emerging in Japan (the Mingei movement) in the 1920s. It stood for traditional craftsmanship using simple forms, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Levent business district in Istanbul © Derrick Brutel/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Turkey

Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on...

Collins Avenue in Bal Harbour © Alexf
Bal Harbour in Florida

Bal Harbour is a village in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The population is at 3,000. Since the 1920s, the...

The Manor House Hotel © Adrian Pingstone
Castle Combe in England

Castle Combe is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 5 miles (8 km) northwest of the town...

Close