Theme Week Tel Aviv

Wednesday, 29 July 2015 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Theme Weeks, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Tel Aviv from Shalom Meir Tower © Shmuliko/cc-by-sa-3.0

Tel Aviv from Shalom Meir Tower © Shmuliko/cc-by-sa-3.0

Tel Aviv or Tel Aviv-Yafo is the second most populous city in Israel, after Jerusalem, with a population of 414,600. It is located in central-west Israel, within Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area, Israel’s largest metropolitan area, containing 42% of Israel’s population. It is also the largest and most populous in Gush Dan, which is collectively home to 3,464,100 residents. Residents of Tel Aviv are referred to as Tel Avivim (singular: Tel Avivi). Tel Aviv is de jure Israel’s capital, de facto it is West Jerusalem, which, however, is only tolerated by the international community, but isn’t recognized as such.

After the Israeli Declaration of Independence, most countries established their embassies in the Israeli capital Tel Aviv, as the status of Jerusalem in accordance with the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine was considered unclear. After Israel annexed East Jerusalem in 1980 and had declared in the Jerusalem Law, the “complete and united Jerusalem” as the capital of Israel, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 called on all States that had their embassies in Jerusalem to close and relocate them. Today, all diplomatic missions are located in and around Tel Aviv.

On May 14, 2018, the Provisional US Embassy was opened in the offices of the US Consulate General in Jerusalem. The building is located in the Arnona neighborhood, centered on the City Line running through Jerusalem as part of the Green Line, and thus partially in the part that was defined as a No man’s land in 1949. Even if it was pure symbolism, especially since the construction of the new embassy building will take years and until then the vast majority of embassy staff will continue to remain in Tel Aviv, while only the ambassador and some personal employees commute. The plain announcement of the embassy move caust massive Palestinian protests, which in turn leads to 58 killed Palestinians (including children) and another 2,500 wounded by the Israelis (New York Times, 14 May 2018: Israelis kill dozens of Palestinians in Gaza protesting U.S. Embassy move to Jerusalem).

Tel Aviv Beach © H20/cc-by-sa-1.0 Tel Aviv Skyline at night © Gilad Avidan/cc-by-sa-3.0 Tel Aviv seen from Jaffa © Wikipeder Tel Aviv from Shalom Meir Tower © Shmuliko/cc-by-sa-3.0 Tel Aviv Beach © EdoM Jaffa © Maksim/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Tel Aviv from Shalom Meir Tower © Shmuliko/cc-by-sa-3.0
Tel Aviv was founded by the Jewish community on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa in 1909. Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced Jaffa’s, which had a majority Arab population at the time. Tel Aviv and Jaffa were merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the establishment of the State of Israel. Tel Aviv’s White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, comprises the world’s largest concentration of Bauhaus buildings. Today Tel Aviv is known as the “Jewish New York City” among Israelis due to the architectural mix, the large number of countries of origin of the Jews living there and the diverse cultural influences resulting from it.

Tel Aviv is a technological and economic hub, home to the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, corporate offices and research and development centers. It is the country’s financial capital and a major performing arts and business center. Tel Aviv has been ranked as the twenty-fifth most important financial center in the world. It was built on sand dunes in an area unsuitable for farming. Instead, it developed as a hub of business and scientific research. In 1926, the country’s first shopping arcade, Passage Pensak, was built there. By 1936, as tens of thousands of middle class immigrants arrived from Europe, Tel Aviv was already the largest city in Palestine. A small port was built at the Yarkon estuary, and many cafes, clubs and cinemas opened. Herzl Street became a commercial thoroughfare at this time.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Tel Aviv, LonelyPlanet.com – Tel Aviv, The German Colony in Palestine, Jerusalem Post, 24 June 2019: Tel Aviv in 2030: City releases master plan for increased tourism, Times of Israel, 23 November 2019: Buses overflow as Tel Aviv launches public transportation on Shabbat, Wikitravel Tel Aviv, Wikivoyage tel Aviv and Tel Aviv (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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