Tainan in Taiwan

Monday, 26 March 2018 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Confucius Temple © David Bronski

Confucius Temple © David Bronski

Tainan, officially Tainan City, is a special municipality of Taiwan, facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south. Tainan is the oldest city on the island of Taiwan and also commonly known as the “Capital City” for its over 200 years of history as the capital of Taiwan under Koxinga and later Qing dynasty rule. Tainan’s complex history of comebacks, redefinitions and renewals inspired its popular nickname “the Phoenix City”.

Tainan was initially established by the Dutch East India Company as a ruling and trading base called Fort Zeelandia during the period of Dutch rule on Taiwan. After Dutch colonists were defeated by Koxinga in 1661, Tainan remained as the capital of the Tungning Kingdom until 1683 and afterwards the capital of Taiwan Prefecture under Qing Dynasty rule until 1887, when the new provincial capital was moved to Taipei. Tainan has been historically regarded as one of the oldest cities in Taiwan, and its former name, Tayouan, has been claimed to be the origin of the name “Taiwan”. It is also one of Taiwan’s cultural capitals, for its rich folk cultures including the famous local street food and traditional cuisine, extensively preserved Taoist rites and other living local traditions covering everything from child birth to funerals. The city houses the first Confucian school–temple in Taiwan, built in 1665, the remains of the Eastern and Southern gates of the old city, and countless other historical monuments. Tainan claims more Buddhist and Taoist temples than any other city in Taiwan.

Tainan is famous for its diversity and density of temples and shrines. Some of them are the only of its kind on Taiwan Island. In all, there are officially listed seven Buddhist temples and eight Taoist. As of 2015, Tainan has the most numbers of registered temples among other municipalities, cities or counties in Taiwan, reaching 1,613 temples. Due to its abundant numbers of temples and shrines, the traditional temple decoration crafters and their business flourishes in Tainan. There are masters still passing their knowledge to maintain the temples in the traditional way.

Fort Provintia © Wei-Chen Cheng Confucius Temple © David Bronski Zhuxi Temple © Pbdragonwang/cc-by-sa-3.0 Anping Fort, site of the Fort Zeelandia © CEphoto - Uwe Aranas/cc-by-sa-3.0 Downtown Tainan © Mersh/cc-by-sa-3.0 TRA Tainan Train Station © KevinAction/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Anping Fort, site of the Fort Zeelandia © CEphoto - Uwe Aranas/cc-by-sa-3.0
Tainan has a tangible sense of history and is a pleasing city, the site of several spectacular religious festivals. As well as its string of forts, the first capital of Taiwan has some 300 ancient sanctuaries, from the island’s first Confucian temple to its first Taoist temple.

Taiwan Confucian Temple
The Taiwan Confucian Temple (or the Scholarly Temple) was built in 1665 by Cheng Ching, son of Koxinga, to offer lectures and cultivate intellectuals. It was the first learning institute for children when Taiwan was ruled by the Qing Dynasty. As a result, it is also called the First Academy of Taiwan. The temple is a popular tourist attraction and preserves ancient Confucian ceremonies, which are conducted regularly. The grounds include storerooms for the ritual implements and musical instruments that are used in these ceremonies.

National Museum of Taiwan History
The National Museum of Taiwan History is located in the Annan District. The construction of the Exhibition and Education Building began in 2005, and opened on 29 October 2011.The main objectives of this museum include collection, categorization, preservation, research, exhibition, education and promotion of artifacts related to Taiwan’s history and culture for both locals and visitors.

National Museum of Taiwan Literature
The National Museum of Taiwan Literature researches, catalogs, preserves, and exhibits local literary artifacts as part of its multilingual, multi-ethnic focus. The museum is housed in the former Tainan City Hall, constructed in 1916 and famous for its historical significance.

Fort Provintia
Fort Provintia was built in 1653 by the Dutch during their colonization of Taiwan and was eventually surrendered to Koxinga. Since 1945, the site has been known as “Chihkan Tower”, a phonetic derivation from “Sakam” (also spelled “Chakam” or “Sakkam”). In addition to the site’s architectural and artistic significance, its library of dictionaries and business transactions documents the Siraya language spoken by the native inhabitants of the region during Dutch rule.

Shopping and Recreation
As Tainan is the one of the larger metropolitan areas in Taiwan, it has many department stores, shopping malls and prestigious boutiques. Several of the best-known luxury brands have branches or counters in Tainan. Flower Night Market is a good place to enjoy the Taiwanese lifestyle. It is one of the most famous night markets and it is often considered to be the largest night market of Taiwan; however, unlike the others, this night market is open for business three days a week – Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday.

Bee hives
In Yanshui District, the most important and prominent fireworks in Lantern Festival are the so-called “bee hives”, essentially multiple launchers of bottle rockets. These rocket forts are actually thousands of bottle rockets arranged row atop row in an iron-and-wooden framework. The setup looks like a beehive full of unleashed gunpowder. When the contraption is ignited, rockets shoot out rapidly in all directions. Dazzling explosives whiz and whirl across the sky and often into the crowd itself, both thrilling and intimidating the spectators.

Read more on Tainan, Tainan Tourism, Wikitravel Tainan, Wikivoyage Tainan and Wikipedia Tainan (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Richerenches, the truffle village

Richerenches, the truffle village

[caption id="attachment_151110" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Black Richerenches Truffle © Véronique PAGNIER/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Richerenches (Richarencha in Occitan) is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France with a populaton of 670. In 1136, a local lord, Hugh of Bourbouton, gave the Knights Templar land at Richerenches. Two years later he gave even more, and the next day he took his vows as a Templar. He eventually became the Commander of th...

[ read more ]

The Palestinian Museum in Birzeit

The Palestinian Museum in Birzeit

[caption id="attachment_230951" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Palestinian Museum © I Love Falastin/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Palestinian Museum is a flagship project of the Welfare Association, a non-profit organization for developing humanitarian projects in Palestine. Representing the history and aspirations of the Palestinian people, the museum aims to discuss the past, present, and future of Palestine. The Museum in Birzeit (25 km north of Jerusalem) opened on 18 May 2016, despite not having any exhi...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Tunisia - Tozeur

Theme Week Tunisia - Tozeur

[caption id="attachment_168288" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Star Wars film location © Rais67[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tozeur is an oasis and a city in south west Tunisia. The city is located North West of Chott el-Djerid, in between this Chott and the smaller Chott el-Gharsa. It is the capital of the Tozeur Governorate. It was the site of Ancient city and former bishopric Tusuros, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see. During the Romans and Byzantine empires and in the Vandal kingdom, Tozeur was the site of Tusuros, ...

[ read more ]

Bad Münstereifel - City Outlet

Bad Münstereifel - City Outlet

[caption id="attachment_209753" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © panoramio.com - Jan Uyttebroeck/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bad Münstereifel is a historical spa town in the district of Euskirchen with about 17,000 inhabitants, situated in the far southeast of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The little town is one of only few historical towns in the southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia, and because of this is often overcrowded by tourists throughout Spring and Summer. Bad Münstereifel lies abou...

[ read more ]

Philadelphia, birthplace of the United States of America

Philadelphia, birthplace of the United States of America

[caption id="attachment_226129" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Philadelphia from South Street Bridge © King of Hearts/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Philadelphia (colloquially known simply as Philly) is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States. It is the sixth-most-populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a 2020 population of 1,603,797. It is also the second-most populous city in the Northeastern United States, behind New York Cit...

[ read more ]

Penmarch in Brittany

Penmarch in Brittany

[caption id="attachment_154373" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Pointe de Penmarch © Photographe[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Penmarch is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France. It lies 18 km south-west of Quimper by road. Inhabitants of Penmarc'h are called in French Penmarchais. Penmarch is the southwest most township of Pays Bigouden, at the southern end of the Bay of Audierne. It is the most populous township of the Guilvinec's canton, with a population of 6,000 inhabitants. The ter...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Warsaw - Museum of the History of Polish Jews

Theme Week Warsaw - Museum of the History of Polish Jews

[caption id="attachment_153875" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Wojciech Kryński/cc-by-sa-3.0-pl[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews (Polish: Muzeum Historii Żydów Polskich) is a museum on the site of the former Warsaw Ghetto. The Hebrew word Polin in the museum's name means, in English, either "Poland" or "rest here" and is related to a legend on the arrival of the first Jews in Poland. The cornerstone was laid in 2007, and the museum was first opened on April 19, 2013. The museum's Core ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Canary Islands - Tenerife

Theme Week Canary Islands - Tenerife

[caption id="attachment_153404" align="aligncenter" width="590"] El Médano © Berthold Werner[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tenerife is the largest and most populous of the seven Canary Islands with a land area of 2,034.38 km² (785.47 mi2) and 906,854 inhabitants, 43% of the total population of the Canary Islands. About five million tourists visit Tenerife each year, the most of any Canary Island. Tenerife hosts one of the world's largest carnivals and the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is attempting to become a World Heritage...

[ read more ]

Brooklyn Heights in New York City

Brooklyn Heights in New York City

[caption id="attachment_25199" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © GK tramrunner229/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Brooklyn Heights is an upper middle class residential neighborhood within the New York City borough of Brooklyn. Originally referred to as "Brooklyn Village", it has been a prominent area of Brooklyn since 1834. As of 2000, Brooklyn Heights sustained a population of 22,594 people. The neighborhood is part of Brooklyn Community Board 2. Brooklyn Heights stretches from Old Fulton Street near the Brookl...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Tibet

Theme Week Tibet

[caption id="attachment_203551" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Putuo Zongcheng Temple © Gisling/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tibet is a region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Tibet Autonomous Region, China. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa, and Lhoba peoples and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han Chinese and Hui people. Tibet is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of 5,000 m (16,0...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Christopher Boyd Jr/cc-by-sa-3.0
Memphis in Tennessee

Memphis is a city in the southwestern corner of Tennessee and the county seat of Shelby County. The city is...

Prater und Stuwerviertel © flickr.com - flightlog/cc-by-2.0
The Prater in Vienna

The Prater is a large public park in Vienna's 2nd district (Leopoldstadt). The Wurstelprater amusement park, often simply called "Prater",...

San Francisco Cable Car on California Street © Fred Hsu/cc-by-sa-3.0
The San Francisco Bay Area

The San Francisco Bay Area (referred to locally as the Bay Area) is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco,...

Close